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The Badin series consists of moderately deep, well drained, moderately permeable soils that formed in residuum weathered from fine-grained metavolcanic rocks of the Carolina Slate Belt. These soils are on gently sloping to steep uplands in the Piedmont. Slopes range from 2 to 55 percent. Near the type location, mean annual precipitation is 47 inches and mean annual temperature is 60 degrees F.