This nearly level, poorly drained soil is in depressions or low areas
of terraces and outwash plains. Slopes range from 0 to 3 percent but are
dominantly less than 2 percent. Areas are irregular in shape and range mostly
from 2 to 50 acres.
Typically the surface layer is very dark grayish brown silt loam about 4 inches
thick. The subsoil is light olive brown, mottled silt loam 18 inches thick. The
substratum is grayish brown and yellowish brown, mottled gravelly sand to a
depth of 60 inches or more.
Included with this soil in mapping are small areas of moderately well drained
Scio soils, poorly drained Walpole soils, and very poorly drained Scarboro
soils. Included areas make up about 10 percent of this map unit.
The permeability of this soil is moderate in the surface layer and subsoil and
rapid or very rapid in the substratum. Available water capacity is moderate, and
runoff is slow to medium. This soil has a seasonal high water table at or near
the surface from late fall through midspring. The soil is very strongly acid or
strongly acid above a depth of 40 inches and strongly acid through slightly acid
below a depth of 40 inches.
The seasonal high water table makes this soil poorly suited to community
development. Onsite septic systems require special design and installation to
prevent pollution of the ground water, and areas require extensive filling.
Most areas of the soil are wooded, but the soil is poorly suited to trees. The
main limitation is wetness.
Tree windthrow is common, and the use of equipment is limited during wet
This soil is suitable for farming, but the soil dries out and warms up slowly
and artificial drainage is needed. The use of cover crops and the return of crop
residue to the soil help to maintain tilth and organic matter content.
This soil is suited to most types of wildlife habitat. Capability subclass IIIw
woodland group 4w.
Raypole soils are
HYDRIC soils associated with wetlands which are protected from disturbance
under state and Federal law. Any work done in or near this soil should be
conducted following the proper permit procedures.