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Canton Soils

Soil Map Unit Description from the RI Soil Survey Report

CaC - Canton-Charlton-Rock outcrop complex, 8 to 15 percent slopes.

Link to Official Series Description for Canton Soils
Link to Official Soil Series Description for Charlton Soils

This complex consists of gently sloping to moderately sloping, well drained soils intermingled with areas of bare, hard exposed bedrock. The complex is on side slopes and crests of upland hills and ridges. Stones and boulders cover 10 to 35 percent of the surface. Areas are irregular in shape and mostly range from 5 to 40 acres. The complex is approximately 40 percent Canton soils, 20 percent Charlton soils, 20 percent rock outcrops, and 20 percent other soils. The soils and out crops are so intermingled that it was not practical to map them separately.

Typically the Canton soils have a surface layer of very dark grayish brown fine sandy loam about 3 inches thick. The subsoil is dark yellowish brown, yellowish-brown, and light olive brown fine sandy loam 19 inches thick. The substratum is olive gray and light olive gray gravelly loamy sand to a depth of 60 inches or more.

Typically the Charlton soils have a surface layer of very dark brown fine sandy loam about 2 inches thick. The subsoil is 25 inches thick. The upper 15 inches is dark yellowish brown fine sandy loam, and the lower 10 inches is yellowish brown gravelly sandy loam. The sub stratum is light brownish gray gravelly sandy loam to a depth of 60 inches or more.

Included with these soils in mapping are small areas of somewhat excessively drained Gloucester soils, well drained Paxton and Narragansett soils, and moderately well drained Sutton soils. Also included are small areas of soils that have slopes of more than 15 percent and small areas of soils with bedrock at a depth of less than 40 inches.

The permeability of the Canton soils is moderately rapid in the surface layer and subsoil and rapid in the substratum. Available water capacity is moderate, and runoff is medium. This soil is extremely acid through strongly acid.

The permeability of the Charlton soils is moderate to moderately rapid. Available water capacity is moderate, and runoff is medium. This soil is very strongly acid through medium acid.

This complex is suitable for community development but is limited by the stony surface and rock outcrops. Onsite sewage disposal systems need careful design and installation to prevent effluent from seeping to the surface, and rock outcrops make excavation difficult. Removal of stones and boulders is necessary for landscaping. The use of straw bale sediment barriers, siltation basins, and mulch and quickly establishing plant cover help to control erosion during construction.

Most areas of these soils are in woodland. The complex is suited to trees, but stoniness and rock outcrops hinder the use of equipment.

The stony surface and rock outcrops make this complex unsuitable for cultivated crops and the use of farming equipment impractical.

This complex is suitable for woodland wildlife habitat. Stoniness and rock outcrops limit the suitability for open- land wildlife habitat. The soils are too dry to provide wetland wildlife habitat. Capability subclass VIIs; wood land group 4x.

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Soil Map Unit Description from the RI Soil Survey Report

CaD - Canton-Charlton-Rock outcrop complex, 15 to 35 percent slopes.

Link to Official Series Description for Canton Soils
Link to Official Soil Series Description for Charlton Soils

This complex consists of moderately steep to very steep, well drained soils intermingled with areas of bare, hard exposed bedrock. The complex is on side slopes of upland hills and ridges. Stones and boulders cover 10 to 35 percent of the surface. Areas are irregular in shape and mostly range from 5 to 50 acres. The complex is approximately 40 percent Canton soils. 20 percent Charlton soils, 20 percent rock outcrops, and 20 percent other soils. The soils and rock outcrops are so intermingled that it was not practical to map them separately.

Typically the Canton soils have a surface layer of very dark grayish brown fine sandy loam about 3 inches thick. The subsoil is dark yellowish brown, yellowish brown and light olive brown fine sandy loam 19 inches thick. The substratum is olive gray and light olive gray gravelly loamy sand to a depth of 6 inches or more.

Typically the Charlton soils have a surface layer of very dark brown fine sandy loam about 2 inches thick. The subsoil is 25 inches thick. The upper 15 inches is dark yellowish brown fine sandy loam, and the lower 10 inches is yellowish brown gravelly sandy loam. The sub stratum is light brownish gray gravelly sandy loam to a depth of 60 inches or more.

Included with these soils in mapping are small areas of somewhat excessively drained Gloucester soils, well drained Paxton and Narragansett soils, and moderately well drained Sutton soils. Also included are small areas of soils that have slopes of less than 15 percent and small areas of soils with bedrock at a depth of less than 40 inches.

The permeability of the Canton soils is moderately rapid in the surface layer and subsoil and rapid in the substratum. Available water capacity is moderate, and runoff is rapid. This soil is extremely acid through strongly acid.

The permeability of the Charlton soils is moderate to moderately rapid. Available water capacity is moderate, and runoff is rapid. This soil is very strongly acid through medium acid.

The steep slopes, the stony surface, and rock out crops make this complex poorly suited to community development. Onsite septic systems require special design and installation to prevent effluent from seeping to the surface, and rock outcrops make excavation difficult. The use of diversions, mulching, and quickly establishing plant cover help to control erosion during construction.

Although this complex is poorly suited to trees, most areas are in woodland, and the soils are better suited to woodland than to most other uses. The main imitations are the steep slopes, stony surface, and rock outcrops, all of which limit the use of equipment. Logging roads and trails require careful layout to prevent erosion.

These soils are not suited to cultivated crops. Stones, boulders, and rock outcrops make the use of farming equipment impractical. The hazard of erosion is severe.

This complex is suitable for woodland wildlife habitat. Stoniness and rock outcrops make the use of the soils for openland wildlife habitat impractical. The soils are too dry to provide wetland wildlife habitat. Capability sub class VIIs; woodland group 4x.

Soil Map Unit Description from the RI Soil Survey Report

CB – Canton - Urban land complex.

Link to Official Series Description for Canton Soils

This complex consists of well drained Canton soils and areas of Urban land. The complex is on side slopes and crests of glacial upland hills in the more densely populated areas Of the State. Areas are irregular in shape and mostly range from 10 to 200 acres. Slopes are commonly about 6 percent but range from 0 to 15 percent. The complex is approximately 40 percent Canton soils, 30 percent Urban land, and 30 percent other soils. The areas are in such an intricate pattern that it was not practical to map them separately.

Typically the Canton soils have a surface layer of very dark grayish brown fine sandy loam about 3 inches thick. The subsoil is dark yellowish brown, yellowish brown, and light olive brown fine sandy loam 19 inches thick. The substratum is olive gray and light olive gray gravelly loamy sand to a depth of 60 inches or more.

Urban land consists of areas covered by streets, parking lots, and shopping centers and other structures.

Included with this complex in mapping are areas, up to 10 acres in size, of somewhat excessively drained Gloucester soils; well drained Charlton Paxton, and Narragansett soils; Udorthents; and moderately well drained Sutton soils. Also included are small areas that have slopes of more than 15 percent.

The permeability of the Canton soils is moderately rapid in the surface layer and subsoil and rapid in the substratum. Available water capacity is moderate. Runoff is medium on areas of the Canton soils. The Canton soils are extremely acid through strongly acid.

Areas of this complex are used mainly for homesites, shopping centers, industrial parks, streets, and other urban uses. The homesites are mostly 10,000 to 50,000 square feet.

Slope is the major limitation of this complex for community development. Quickly establishing plant cover and using mulch, straw bale sediment barriers, siltation basins, and diversions help to control erosion during construction.

Areas of this complex require onsite investigation and evaluation for most uses. Capability subclass and wood land group not assigned.

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Soil Map Unit Description from the RI Soil Survey Report

CC – Canton - Urban land complex, very rocky.

Link to Official Series Description for Canton Soils

This complex consists of well drained Canton soils and areas of Urban land. The complex is on side slopes and crests of glacial upland hills in the more densely populated areas of the State. The surface consists of up to 10 percent bedrock outcrops, and 2 to 10 percent of the area is covered by stones and boulders. Areas are irregular in shape and mostly range from 10 to 150 acres. Slopes are mainly about 6 percent but range from 0 to 15 percent. The complex is approximately 40 percent Canton soils, 30 percent Urban land, and 30 percent other soils and rock outcrops. The areas are in such an intricate pattern that it was not practical to map them separately.

Typically the Canton soils have a surface layer of very dark grayish brown fine sandy loam about 3 inches thick. The subsoil is dark yellowish brown, yellowish brown, and light olive brown tine sandy loam 19 inches thick. The substratum is olive gray and light olive gray gravelly loamy sand to a depth of 60 inches or more.

Urban land consists of areas covered by streets, park ing lots, and shopping centers and other structures.

Included with this complex in mapping are areas, up to 10 acres in size, of somewhat excessively drained Gloucester soils; well drained Charlton, Paxton, and Narragansett soils; Udorthents; and moderately well drained Sutton soils. Also included are small areas of soils that have slopes of more than 15 percent and areas where bedrock is less than 40 inches from the surface.

The permeability of the Canton soils is moderately rapid in the surface layer and subsoil and rapid in the substratum. Available water capacity is moderate. Runoff is medium on areas of the Canton soils. The Canton soils are extremely acid through strongly acid.

Areas of this complex are used mainly for homesites and streets. The homesites are mostly 10,000 to more than 50,000 square feet.

The main limitations of this soil for community development are the rock outcrops and slope. Onsite sewage disposal systems need careful design and installation to prevent effluent from seeping to the surface. Quickly establishing plant cover and the use of mulch, temporary diversions, straw bale sediment barriers, and siltation basins help to control erosion during construction.

Areas of this complex require onsite investigation and evaluation for most uses. Capability subclass and wood land group not assigned.

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Soil Map Unit Description from the RI Soil Survey Report

CdA - Canton and Charlton fine sandy loams, 0 to 3 percent slopes.

Link to Official Series Description for Canton Soils
Link to Official Soil Series Description for Charlton Soils

These nearly level, well drained soils are on crests of glacial upland hills and ridges. Areas are irregular in shape and mostly range from 5 to 50 acres. The mapped acreage of this unit is approximately 60 percent Canton soils, 30 percent Charlton soils, and 10 percent other soils. The areas of this unit consist of Canton soils or Charlton soils or both. These soils were mapped together because they have no major differences in use and management.

Typically the Canton soils have a surface layer of very dark grayish brown fine sandy loam about 6 inches thick. The subsoil is dark yellowish brown, yellowish-brown, and light olive brown fine sandy loam l inches thick. The substratum is olive gray and light olive gray gravelly loamy sand to a depth of 60 inches or more.

Typically the Charlton soils have a surface layer of very dark brown fine sandy loam about 6 inches thick. The subsoil is 21 inches thick. The upper ?? inches is dark yellowish brown fine sandy loam, and the lower 10 inches is yellowish brown gravelly sandy loam. The sub stratum is light brownish gray gravelly sandy loam to a depth of 60 inches or more.

Included with these soils in mapping are small areas of somewhat excessively drained Gloucester soils, well drained Paxton and Narragansett soils, and moderately well drained Sutton soils. Also included are small areas of soils that have slopes of more than 3 percent and small areas with stones on the surface.

The permeability of the Canton soils is moderately rapid in the surface layer and subsoil and rapid in the substratum. Available water capacity is moderate, and runoff is slow. This soil is extremely acid through strongly acid.

The permeability of the Charlton soils is moderate to moderately rapid. Available water capacity is moderate and runoff is slow. This soil is very strongly acid through medium acid.

Most areas of these soils are cleared and used for farming. A small acreage is cleared and used for pasture.

Those soils are suitable for community development. Quickly establishing plant cover and the use of siltation basins help to control erosion during construction.

These soils are suited to cultivated crops. The use of cover crops and the return of crop residue to the soil help to maintain tilth and organic matter content.

The soils are suitable for trees, woodland wildlife habitat, and openland wildlife habitat. They are too dry to provide wetland wildlife habitat. Capability class I; Canton part in woodland group 5o, Charlton part in woodland group 4o.

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Soil Map Unit Description from the RI Soil Survey Report

CdB - Canton and Charlton fine sandy loams, 3 to 8 percent slopes.

Link to Official Series Description for Canton Soils
Link to Official Soil Series Description for Charlton Soils

These gently sloping, well drained soils are on the crests and side slopes of glacial upland hills and ridges. Areas are irregular in shape and mostly range from 5 to 50 acres. The mapped acreage of this unit is approximately 60 percent Canton soils, 30 percent Charlton soils, and 10 percent other soils. The areas of this unit consist of either Canton soils or Charlton soils or both. The soils were mapped together because they have no major differences in use and management.

Typically the Canton soils have a surface layer of very dark grayish brown fine sandy loam about 3 inches thick.

The subsoil is dark yellowish brown, yellowish-brown, and light olive brown fine sandy loam 19 inches thick. The substratum is olive gray and light olive gray gravelly loamy sand to a depth of 60 inches or more.

Typically the Charlton soils have a surface layer of very dark brown fine sandy loam about 2 inches thick. The subsoil is 25 inches thick. The upper 15 inches is dark yellowish brown fine sandy loam, and the lower 10 inches is yellowish brown gravelly sandy loam. The sub stratum is light brownish gray gravelly sandy loam to a depth of 60 inches or more.

Included with these soils in mapping are small areas of somewhat excessively drained Gloucester soils, well drained Paxton and Narragansett soils, and moderately well drained Sutton soils. Also included are small areas of soils that have slopes of more than 8 percent.

The permeability of the Canton soils is moderately rapid in the surface layer and subsoil and rapid in the substratum. Available water capacity is moderate, and runoff is medium. This soil is very strongly acid through strongly acid.

The permeability of the Charlton soils is moderate to moderately rapid. Available water capacity is moderate, and runoff is medium. This soil is extremely acid through medium acid.

Most areas of these soils are cleared and used for farming. A small acreage is cleared and used for pasture.

These soils are suitable for community development. The use of siltation basins, straw bale sediment barriers, and mulch and quickly establishing plant cover help to control erosion during construction.

These soils are suited to cultivated crops. The hazard of erosion is moderate. Strip-cropping, the use of cover crops, and the return of crop residue to the soil help to control erosion and maintain tilth and organic matter content.

These soils are suitable for trees, woodland wildlife habitat, and openland wildlife habitat. The soils are too dry to provide wetland wildlife habitat. Capability sub class IIe; Canton part in woodland group 5o, Charlton part in woodland group 4o.

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Soil Map Unit Description from the RI Soil Survey Report

CdC - Canton and Charlton fine sandy loams, 8 to 15 percent slopes.

Link to Official Series Description for Canton Soils
Link to Official Soil Series Description for Charlton Soils

These sloping, well drained soils are on the crests and side slopes of glacial upland hills and ridges. Areas are long and narrow and mostly range from 5 to 50 acres. The mapped acreage of this unit is approximately 60 percent Canton soils, 30 percent Charlton soils, and 10 percent other soils. The areas of this unit consist of either Canton soils or Charlton soils or both. The soils were mapped together because they have no major differences in use and management.

Typically the Canton soils have a surface layer of very dark grayish brown fine sandy loam about 3 inches thick. The subsoil is dark yellowish brown, yellowish-brown, and light olive brown fine sandy loam 19 inches thick.

The substratum is olive gray and light olive gray gravelly loamy sand to a depth of 60 inches or more.

Typically the Charlton soils have a surface layer of very dark brown fine sandy loam about 2 inches thick. The subsoil is 25 inches thick. The upper 15 inches is dark yellowish brown fine sandy loam, and the lower 10 inches is yellowish brown gravelly sandy loam. The sub stratum is light brownish gray gravelly sandy loam to a depth of 60 inches or more.

Included with these soils in mapping are small areas of somewhat excessively drained Gloucester soils and well drained Paxton and Narragansett soils. Also included are small areas of soils that have slopes of more than 15 percent and small areas with stones on the surface.

The permeability of the Canton soils is moderately rapid in the surface layer and subsoil and rapid in the substratum. Available water capacity is moderate, and runoff is medium. The soil is extremely acid through strongly acid.

The permeability of the Charlton soils is moderate to moderately rapid. Available water capacity is moderate, and runoff is medium. This soil is very strongly acid through medium acid.

These soils are suitable for community development, but they are limited by slope. Onsite sewage disposal systems need careful design and installation to prevent effluent from seeping to the surface. Quickly establishing plant cover and the use of mulch, temporary diversions, straw bale sediment barriers, and siltation basins help to control erosion during construction.

Most areas of these soils are used for farming, a use to which the soils are suited. The main limitation is slope. The hazard of erosion is severe. The use of cover crops, grassed waterways, strip-cropping, and diversions and the return of crop residue to the soil help to control erosion and maintain tilth and organic matter content.

These soils are suited to trees, woodland wildlife habitat, and openland wildlife habitat. They are too dry to provide wetland wildlife habitat. Capability subclass IIIe; Canton part in woodland group 5o, Charlton part in woodland group 4o.

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Soil Map Unit Description from the RI Soil Survey Report

CeC - Canton and Charlton fine sandy loams, very rocky, 3 to 15 percent slopes.

Link to Official Series Description for Canton Soils
Link to Official Soil Series Description for Charlton Soils

These gently sloping to sloping, well drained soils are on side slopes and crests of bedrock-controled glacial upland hills and ridges. Stones and boulders cover 2 to 10 percent of the surface, and rock outcrops cover up to 10 percent. Areas are irregular in shape and mostly range from 3 to 250 acres. The mapped acreage of this unit is approximately 50 percent Canton soils, 30 percent Charlton soils, and 20 percent other soils. The areas of this unit consist of either Canton soils or Charlton soils or both. The soils were mapped together be cause they have no major differences in use and management.

Typically the Canton soils have a surface layer of very dark grayish brown fine sandy loam about 3 inches thick. The subsoil is dark yellowish brown, yellowish-brown, and light olive brown fine sandy loam 19 inches thick. The substratum is olive gray and light olive gray gravelly loamy sand to a depth of 60 inches or more.

Typically the Charlton soils have a surface layer of very dark brown fine sandy loam about 2 inches thick. The subsoil is 25 inches thick. The upper 15 inches is dark yellowish brown fine sandy loam, and the lower 10 inches is yellowish brown gravelly sandy loam. The sub stratum is light brownish gray gravelly sandy loam to a depth of 60 inches or more.

Included with these soils in mapping are small areas of somewhat excessively drained Gloucester soils, well drained Paxton and Narragansett soils, and moderately well drained Sutton soils. Also included are small areas of soils that have slopes of more than 15 percent, small areas of soils where more than 10 percent of the surface is stony, and areas where bedrock is less than 40 inches from the surface.

The permeability of the Canton soils is moderately rapid in the surface layer and subsoil and rapid in the substratum. Available water capacity is moderate, and runoff is medium. This soil is extremely acid through strongly acid.

The permeability of the Charlton soils is moderate to moderately rapid. Available water capacity is moderate, and runoff is medium. This soil is very strongly acid through medium acid.

Most areas of these soils are in woodland, and the soil is suited to trees. A small acreage is cleared and used for pasture.

These soils are suitable for community development but are limited by stoniness, bedrock outcrops, and slope. Onsite sewage disposal systems need careful design and installation to prevent effluent from seeping to the surface. Stones and boulders need to be removed for landscaping. The use of straw bale sediment barriers, siltation basins, and temporary diversions and quickly establishing plant cover help to control erosion during construction.

Stones and rock outcrops make these soils unsuitable for cultivated crops and severely hinder the use of farming equipment.

These soils are suitable for woodland wildlife habitat. Stoniness and rock outcrops limit suitability for openland wildlife habitat, and the soils are too dry to provide wet land wildlife habitat. Capability subclass VIs; Canton part in woodland group 5o, Charlton part in woodland group 4o

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Soil Map Unit Description from the RI Soil Survey Report

ChB - Canton and Charlton very stony fine sandy loams, 3 to 8 percent slopes.

Link to Official Series Description for Canton Soils
Link to Official Soil Series Description for Charlton Soils

These gently sloping, well drained soils are on side slopes and crests of glacial upland hills and ridges. Stones and boulders cover 2 to 10 percent of the surface. Areas are irregular in shape and mostly range from 10 to 150 acres. The mapped acreage of this unit is approximately 60 percent Canton soils, 30 percent Charlton soils, and 10 percent other soils. The areas of this unit consist of either Canton soils or Charlton soils or both. The soils were mapped together because they have no major differences in use and management.

Typically the Canton soils have a surface layer of very dark grayish brown fine sandy loam about 3 inches thick. The subsoil is dark yellowish brown, yellowish-brown, and light olive brown fine sandy loam 19 inches thick. The substratum is olive gray and light olive gray gravelly loamy sand to a depth of 60 inches or more.

Typically the Charlton soils have a surface layer of very dark brown fine sandy loam about 2 inches thick. The subsoil is 25 inches thick. The upper 15 inches is dark yellowish brown fine sandy loam, and the lower 10 inches is yellowish brown gravelly sandy loam. The substratum is light brownish gray gravelly sandy loam to a depth of 60 inches or more.

Included with these soils in mapping are small areas of somewhat excessively drained Gloucester soils, well drained Paxton and Narragansett soils, and moderately well drained Sutton soils. Also included are small areas of soils that have slopes of more than 3 percent and small areas with stones on the surface.

The permeability of the Canton soils is moderately rapid in the surface layer and subsoil and rapid in the substratum. Available water capacity is moderate, and runoff is slow. This soil is extremely acid through strongly acid.

The permeability of the Charlton soils is moderate to moderately rapid. Available water capacity is moderate and runoff is slow. This soil is very strongly acid through medium acid.

Most areas of these soils are cleared and used for farming. A small acreage is cleared and used for pasture.

Those soils are suitable for community development. Quickly establishing plant cover and the use of siltation basins help to control erosion during construction.

These soils are suited to cultivated crops. The use of cover crops and the return of crop residue to the soil help to maintain tilth and organic matter content.

The soils are suitable for trees, woodland wildlife habitat, and openland wildlife habitat. They are too dry to provide wetland wildlife habitat. Capability class I; Canton part in woodland group 5o, Charlton part in woodland group 4o.

< Back to RI Soil Map Unit Legend Page

Soil Map Unit Description from the RI Soil Survey Report

ChC—Canton and Charlton very stony fine sandy loams, 8 to 15 percent slopes.

Link to Official Series Description for Canton Soils
Link to Official Soil Series Description for Charlton Soils

These sloping, well drained soils are on side slopes of glacial upland hills and ridges. Stones and boulders cover 2 to 10 percent of the surface. Areas are irregular in shape and mostly range from 15 to 250 acres. The mapped acreage of the unit is approximately 60 percent Canton soils, 30 percent Charlton soils, and 10 percent other soils. The areas of this unit consist of Canton soils or Charlton soils or both. The soils were mapped together because they have no major differences in use and management.

Typically the Canton soils have a surface layer of very dark grayish brown fine sandy loam about 3 inches thick. The subsoil is dark yellowish brown, yellowish brown, and light olive brown fine sandy loam 19 inches thick. The substratum is olive gray and light olive gray gravelly loamy sand to a depth of 60 inches or more.

Typically the Charlton soils have a surface layer of very dark brown fine sandy loam about 2 inches thick. The subsoil is 25 inches thick. The upper 15 inches is dark yellowish brown fine sandy loam, and the lower 10 inches is yellowish brown gravelly sandy loam. The substratum is light brownish gray gravelly sandy loam to a depth of 60 inches or more.

Included with these soils in mapping are small areas of somewhat excessively drained Gloucester soils, well drained Paxton and Narragansett soils, and moderately well drained Sutton soils. Also included are small areas of soils that have slopes of more than 15 percent and small areas of soils where more than 10 percent of the surface is covered by stones and boulders.

The permeability of the Canton soils is moderately rapid in the surface layer and subsoil and rapid in the substratum. Available water capacity is moderate, and runoff is medium. This soil is extremely acid through strongly acid.

The permeability of the Charlton soils is moderate to moderately rapid. Available water capacity is moderate, and runoff is medium. This soil is very strongly acid through medium acid.

Most areas of these soils are in woodland, and the soils are suited to trees. A small acreage is cleared and used for pasture.

These soils are suitable for community development. Surface stoniness and slope are main limitations, and onsite sewage disposal systems need careful design and installation to prevent effluent from seeping to the surface. Stones and boulders need to be removed for landscaping. Quickly establishing plant cover and the use of mulch, temporary diversions, straw bale sediment barriers, and siltation basins help to control erosion during construction.

The stones and boulders on the surface make these soils unsuitable for cultivated crops and severely hinder the use of farming equipment. The hazard of erosion is severe.

These soils are suited to woodland wildlife habitat. Stoniness limits suitability for openland wildlife habitat. The soils are too dry to provide wetland wildlife habitat. Capability subclass VIs; Canton part in woodland group 5o, Charlton part in woodland group 4o.

< Back to RI Soil Map Unit Legend Page

Soil Map Unit Description from the RI Soil Survey Report

ChD—Canton and Charlton very stony fine sandy loams, 15 to 25 percent slopes.

Link to Official Series Description for Canton Soils
Link to Official Soil Series Description for Charlton Soils

These moderately steep, well drained soils are on side slopes of glacial upland hills and ridges. Stones and boulders cover 2 to 10 percent of the surface. Areas are irregular in shape and mostly range from 15 to 100 acres. The mapped acreage of this unit is approximately 60 percent Canton soils, 30 percent Charlton soils, and 10 percent other soils. The areas of this unit consist of Canton soils or Charlton soils or both. The soils were mapped together because they have no major differences in use and management.

Typically the Canton soils have a surface layer of very dark grayish brown fine sandy loam about 3 inches thick. The subsoil is dark yellowish brown, yellowish brown, and light olive brown fine sandy loam 19 inches thick. The substratum is olive gray and light olive gray gravelly loamy sand to a depth of 60 inches or more.

Typically the Charlton soils have a surface layer of very dark brown fine sandy loam about 2 inches thick. The subsoil is 25 inches thick. The upper 1 5 inches is dark yellowish brown fine sandy loam, and the lower 10 inches is yellowish brown gravelly sandy loam. The sub stratum is light brownish gray gravelly sandy loam to a depth of 60 inches or more.

Included with these soils in mapping are small areas of somewhat excessively drained Gloucester soils, well drained Paxton and Narragansett soils, and moderately well drained Sutton soils. Also included are small areas of soils that have slopes of more than 25 percent and small areas of soils where more than 10 percent of the surface is covered by stones and boulders.

The permeability of the Canton soils is moderately rapid in the surface layer and subsoil and rapid in the substratum. Available water capacity is moderate, and runoff is rapid. The soil is extremely acid through strongly acid.

The permeability of the Charlton soils is moderate to moderately rapid. Available water capacity is moderate, and runoff is rapid. The soil is very strongly acid through medium acid.

The steep slopes make these soils poorly suited to community development. Onsite septic systems need special design and installation to prevent effluent from seeping to the surface. Stones and boulders need to be removed for landscaping. Quickly establishing plant cover and the use of temporary diversions and siltation basins help to control erosion during construction.

These soils are suited to trees, and most areas are wooded. The steep slopes hinder the use of some equipment.

These soils are not suitable for farming. The stones and boulders on the surface and the steep slopes hinder the use of equipment. The hazard of erosion is severe.

These soils are suited to woodland wildlife habitat. Stoniness and steep slopes limit suitability for openland wildlife habitat. The soils are too dry to provide wetland wildlife habitat. Capability subclass VIs; Canton part in woodland group 5r, Charlton part in woodland group 4r.

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Soil Map Unit Description from the RI Soil Survey Report

CkC—Canton and Charlton extremely stony fine sandy loams, 3 to 15 percent slopes.

Link to Official Series Description for Canton Soils
Link to Official Soil Series Description for Charlton Soils

These gently sloping to sloping, well drained soils are on side slopes of glacial upland hills and ridges. Stones and boulders cover 10 to 35 percent of the surface. Areas are irregular in shape and mostly range from 10 to 150 acres. The mapped acreage of this unit is approximately 60 percent Canton soils, 30 percent Charlton soils, and 10 percent other soils. The areas of this unit consist of Canton soils or Charlton soils or both. These soils were mapped together because they have no major differences in use and management

Typically the Canton soils have a surface layer of very dark grayish brown fine sandy loam about 3 inches thick. The subsoil is dark yellowish brown, yellowish brown and light olive brown fine sandy loam 19 inches thick. The substratum is light olive gray gravelly loamy sand to a depth of 60 inches or more.

Typically the Charlton soils have a surface layer of very dark brown fine sandy loam about 2 inches thick. The subsoil is 25 inches thick. The upper 15 inches is dark yellowish brown fine sandy loam, and the lower 10 inches is yellowish brown gravelly sandy loam. The sub stratum is light brownish gray gravelly sandy loam to a depth of 60 inches or more.

Included with these soils in mapping are small areas of somewhat excessively drained Gloucester soils, well drained Paxton and Narragansett soils, and moderately well drained Sutton soils. Also included are small areas of soils that have slopes of more than 15 percent and small areas where stones and boulders cover less than 10 percent of the surface.

The permeability of Canton soils is moderately rapid in the surface layer and subsoil and rapid in the substratum. Available water capacity is moderate, and runoff is medium. This soil is extremely acid through strongly acid.

The permeability of the Charlton soils is moderate to moderately rapid. Available water capacity is moderate, and runoff is medium. This soil is very strongly acid through medium acid.

These soils are suitable for community development, but stones and boulders hinder the use of excavating equipment and need to be removed for landscaping. Onsite sewage disposal systems need careful design and installation to prevent effluent from seeping to the surface. Quickly establishing plant cover and the use of mulch, temporary diversions, straw bale sediment barriers, and siltation basins help to control erosion during construction.

These soils are suited to trees, and most of the areas are wooded. Stones and boulders hinder the use of most types of harvesting equipment.

The stones and boulders on the surface make these soils unsuitable for farming and the use of equipment impractical. The hazard of erosion is moderate to severe.

These soils are suited to woodland wildlife habitat. Stoniness limits suitability for openland wildlife habitat. The soils are too dry to provide wetland wildlife habitat.

Capability subclass VIIs; Canton part in woodland group 5x, Charlton part in woodland group 4x.

Soil Map Unit Description from the RI Soil Survey Report

CrC - Canton fine sandy loam, 3 to 15 percent slopes, rocky

Link to Official Series Description for Canton Soils

These gently sloping to sloping, well drained soils are on side slopes and crests of bedrock-controlled glacial upland hills and ridges. Areas are irregular in shape and cover about 70 acres in RI (2014 soils). The mapped acreage of this unit is approximately 85 percent Canton soils, 7 percent Charlton soils (on similar landforms), 3 percent Glucester soils (on convex knobs) and 5 percent other soils. Areas of exposed bedrock and shallow soils cover about 1 percent of the map unit.

Generated Map Unit Description:
The parent material consists of coarse-loamy  over sandy and gravelly melt-out till derived from granite and/or schist and/or gneiss. Depth to a root restrictive layer is greater than 60 inches. The natural drainage class is well drained.  Water movement in the most restrictive layer is high. Available water to a depth of 60 inches is low.  Shrink-swell potential is low. This soil is not flooded. It is not ponded. There is no zone of water saturation within a depth of 72 inches. Organic matter content in the surface horizon is about 70 percent.  Nonirrigated land capability classification is 6s.  This soil does not meet hydric criteria.

Typically the Canton soils have a surface layer of very dark grayish brown fine sandy loam about 3 inches thick. The subsoil is dark yellowish brown, yellowish-brown, and light olive brown fine sandy loam 19 inches thick. The substratum is olive gray and light olive gray gravelly loamy sand to a depth of 60 inches or more.

Most areas of these soils are in woodland, and the soil is suited to woodland productivity. Site index for Eastern white pine is 58 and 52 for Northern red oak.

These soils are suitable for community development but are limited by shallow soils, bedrock outcrops, and slope. Onsite sewage disposal systems need careful design and installation to prevent effluent from seeping to the surface. Stones and boulders need to be removed for landscaping. The use of silt fences, siltation basins, and temporary diversions and quickly establishing plant cover help to control erosion during construction.

Surface stones and rock outcrops make these soils unsuitable for cultivated crops and severely hinder the use of farming equipment.

These soils are suitable for woodland wildlife habitat. Stoniness and rock outcrops limit suitability for openland wildlife habitat, and the soils are too dry to provide wet land wildlife habitat. Capability subclass VIs.

Soil Map Unit Description from the RI Soil Survey Report


CrD - Canton fine sandy loam, 15 to 35 percent slopes, rocky

Link to Official Series Description for Canton Soils

These steep, well drained soils are on side slopes and crests of bedrock-controlled glacial upland hills and ridges. Areas are irregular in shape and cover about 1500 acres in RI (2014 soils). The mapped acreage of this unit is approximately 85 percent Canton soils, 7 percent Charlton soils (on similar landforms), 3 percent Glucester soils (on convex knobs) and 5 percent other soils. Areas of exposed bedrock and shallow soils cover about 1 percent of the map unit.

Generated Map Unit Description:
The parent material consists of coarse-loamy  over sandy and gravelly melt-out till derived from granite and/or schist and/or gneiss. Depth to a root restrictive layer is greater than 60 inches. The natural drainage class is well drained.  Water movement in the most restrictive layer is high. Available water to a depth of 60 inches is low.  Shrink-swell potential is low. This soil is not flooded. It is not ponded. There is no zone of water saturation within a depth of 72 inches. Organic matter content in the surface horizon is about 70 percent.  Nonirrigated land capability classification is 6s.  This soil does not meet hydric criteria.

Typically the Canton soils have a surface layer of very dark grayish brown fine sandy loam about 3 inches thick. The subsoil is dark yellowish brown, yellowish-brown, and light olive brown fine sandy loam 19 inches thick. The substratum is olive gray and light olive gray gravelly loamy sand to a depth of 60 inches or more.

Most areas of these soils are in woodland, and the soil is suited to woodland productivity. Site index for Eastern white pine is 58 and 52 for Northern red oak.

These soils are poorly suitable for community development due to steep slopes and bedrock outcrops. Onsite sewage disposal systems need careful design and installation to prevent effluent from seeping to the surface. Stones and boulders need to be removed for landscaping. The use of silt fences, siltation basins, and temporary diversions and quickly establishing plant cover help to control erosion during construction.

Slope and rock outcrops make these soils unsuitable for cultivated crops and severely hinder the use of farming equipment.

These soils are suitable for woodland wildlife habitat. Stoniness and rock outcrops limit suitability for openland wildlife habitat, and the soils are too dry to provide wet land wildlife habitat. Capability subclass VIs.
 

Soil Map Unit Description from the RI Soil Survey Report

CxC - Canton fine sandy loam, 3 to 15 percent slopes, extremely bouldery

Link to Official Series Description for Canton Soils

These gently sloping to sloping, well drained soils are on side slopes of glacial upland hills and ridges. Boulders and stones cover 10 to 35 percent of the surface. Areas are irregular in shape and cover about 200 acres in RI (2014 soils). The mapped acreage of this unit is approximately 90 percent Canton extremely bouldery soils, 4 percent Charlton soils, 3 percent Narragansett soils, and 3 percent other soils.

Generated Map Unit Description:
The Canton, extremely bouldery component makes up 90 percent of the map unit. Slopes are 3 to 15 percent. This component is on hills on uplands. The parent material consists of coarse-loamy  over sandy and gravelly melt-out till derived from granite and/or schist and/or gneiss. Depth to a root restrictive layer is greater than 60 inches. The natural drainage class is well drained.  Water movement in the most restrictive layer is high. Available water to a depth of 60 inches is low.  Shrink-swell potential is low. This soil is not flooded. It is not ponded. There is no zone of water saturation within a depth of 72 inches. Organic matter content in the surface horizon is about 70 percent.  Nonirrigated land capability classification is 3e. This soil does not meet hydric criteria.

Typically the Canton soils have a surface layer of very dark grayish brown fine sandy loam about 3 inches thick. The subsoil is dark yellowish brown, yellowish brown and light olive brown fine sandy loam 19 inches thick. The substratum is light olive gray gravelly loamy sand to a depth of 60 inches or more.

These soils are suitable for community development, but stones and boulders hinder the use of excavating equipment and need to be removed for landscaping. Onsite sewage disposal systems need careful design and installation to prevent effluent from seeping to the surface. Quickly establishing plant cover and the use of mulch, temporary diversions, straw bale sediment barriers, and siltation basins help to control erosion during construction.

These soils are suited to trees, and most of the areas are wooded. Stones and boulders hinder the use of most types of harvesting equipment. Site index for Eastern white pine is 58 and 52 for Northern red oak.

The stones and boulders on the surface make these soils unsuitable for farming and the use of equipment impractical. The hazard of erosion is moderate to severe.

These soils are suited to woodland wildlife habitat. Stoniness limits suitability for openland wildlife habitat. The soils are too dry to provide wetland wildlife habitat.

Capability subclass VIIs.

Soil Map Unit Description from the RI Soil Survey Report

CxD - Canton fine sandy loam, 15 to 35 percent slopes, extremely bouldery

Link to Official Series Description for Canton Soils

The Canton, extremely bouldery component makes up 90 percent of the map unit. Slopes are 15 to 35 percent. This component is on hills on uplands. The parent material consists of coarse-loamy  over sandy and gravelly melt-out till derived from granite and/or schist and/or gneiss. Depth to a root restrictive layer is greater than 60 inches. The natural drainage class is well drained.  Water movement in the most restrictive layer is high. Available water to a depth of 60 inches is low.  Shrink-swell potential is low. This soil is not flooded. It is not ponded. There is no zone of water saturation within a depth of 72 inches. Organic matter content in the surface horizon is about 70 percent.  Nonirrigated land capability classification is 7s.  This soil does not meet hydric criteria.

Typically the Canton soils have a surface layer of very dark grayish brown fine sandy loam about 3 inches thick. The subsoil is dark yellowish brown, yellowish brown, and light olive brown fine sandy loam 19 inches thick. The substratum is olive gray and light olive gray gravelly loamy sand to a depth of 60 inches or more.

The steep slopes and surface boulders make these soils poorly suited to community development. Onsite septic systems need special design and installation to prevent effluent from seeping to the surface. Stones and boulders need to be removed for landscaping. Quickly establishing plant cover and the use of temporary diversions and siltation basins help to control erosion during construction.

These soils are suited to trees, and most areas are wooded. The steep slopes and boulders hinder the use of some equipment. Site index for Eastern white pine is 58 and 52 for Northern red oak.

These soils are not suitable for farming. The steep slopes, stones and boulders on the surface hinder the use of equipment. The hazard of erosion is severe.

These soils are suited to woodland wildlife habitat. Stoniness and steep slopes limit suitability for openland wildlife habitat. The soils are too dry to provide wetland wildlife habitat. Capability subclass VIs.

 

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