We develop plant materials and plant technology to conserve the Caribbean Area's natural resources, including:
Developing cover crops, vegetative barriers, and windbreaks to control erosion on cropland.
Developing improved plants for wildlife food and cover.
Establishing vegetation after natural disasters.
Utilizing plants in disturbed areas, such as construction sites.
Establishing vegetative strips to improve water quality along waterways.
Utilizing native plants for ecosystem diversity.
Conservation Needs Addressed:
Plant establishment techniques and vegetative systems to improve surface and ground water quality.
Cover crops for highly erodible cropland.
Vegetative barriers and windbreaks for wind erosion control on cropland.
Plants and establishment techniques to provide wildlife habitat; stabilize the waterline and upper slopes of ditches, channels, ponds, reservoirs, and small perennial and intermittent streams; and improve water quality with filter strips, buffer strips, and bioengineering.
Native and introduced plants to improve pasturelands, control noxious weeds, and to stabilize critically eroding areas such as construction sites, road slopes, mine spoils, timber harvest areas, and recreational areas.
Improved seed mixes and techniques for use after natural disasters in both rural and urban interface areas to control soil erosion.
Location: 1,000 miles (1 ,600 kilometers) southeast of Miami; 3 3/4 hours by plane from Atlanta and New York, 4 hours from Boston and 2 1/2 hours from Miami.
Size: Approximately 100 by 35 miles (160 by 56 kilometers), roughly the size of Connecticut.
Climate: Tropical; annual temperatures average 82°F (28°C) with constant easterly trade winds. The U.S. Weather Bureau has never measured temperatures in San Juan below 70°F or higher than 97°F, 365 days a year, day or night.
The area served by the Caribbean Area Plant Materials Initiative has a unique, complex pattern of about 195 soils. The topography is characterized by valleys, rolling foothills, and rugged mountains. Elevation extremes range from 20 feet below sea level to 4,390 feet above sea level. Agriculture is extremely diversified, including tropical fruits and vegetables, extensive livestock production from native and improved pastures.
Roya del cafeto se pudiera combatir con hongos parasitarios/Coffee rust can be fought with parasitic fungi - Investigadores encontraron 15 hongos parasitarios que servirán para combatir roya del cafeto. Esos hongos viven cerca o dentro del hongo que causa la roya y uno repele otras plagas de cafetales. Falta aún más investigación para usarlos contra roya, que genera hasta 30 por ciento de pérdidas. Researchers found 15 parasitic fungi that serve to combat coffee rust. These fungi live near or within the fungus that causes rust and one repels other pests. Still more research is needed on pests to use against rust, which generates up to 30 percent crop losses. November 2015.
Carbon Sequestration in Grazing Land Ecosystems - developed by the University of Florida-Extension. This publication provides basic information about the important role of native and improved pastures (referred to as grazing land) in sequestering carbon from the atmosphere. Because of the relatively high sequestration rates and extensive area, grazing land represents an important component of terrestrial carbon dioxide (CO2) offset and is a significant sink for long-term carbon sequestration and greenhouse gas mitigation. September 2015