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Indigenous Stewardship Methods

Cover page Edible Seeds and Grains of California Tribes and the Klamath Tribe of OregonEdible Seeds and Grains of California Tribes and the Klamath Tribe of Oregon in the Phoebe Apperson Hearst Museum of Anthropology Collections, University of California, Berkeley (PDF; 10 MB) - This report shares information on the edible wildflower and grass seeds harvested for food by California and Oregon Indian tribes. It is the result of collaboration between the Natural Resources Conservation Service, the Phoebe Apperson Hearst Museum of Anthropology (PAHMA) and the California Department of Food and Agriculture (CDFA). Projects such as this are important because they return ethnobotanical knowledge back to Indian tribes; they give us a more complete picture of the indigenous diets in different regions; they substantiate what is reported in the anthropological and historical literature with the physical evidence of plant parts; they give us an idea of the composition of the flora (native and nonnative plant species) in areas where native women gathered seeds. A more complete record of traditional foods can provide a broader diversity of native plants to select from for rebuilding native food systems.

 Cover page of Indigenous Stewardship Methods

Indigenous Stewardship Methods and NRCS Practice Standards (PDF; 1.2 MB) - This guidebook seeks to help field planners learn technology from indigenous people which could improve or expand existing NRCS practices or create new ones.

Cover of Traditional Ecological Knowledge

Technical Note No. 1 - Traditional Ecological Knowledge:  An Important Facet of Natural Resources Conservation (PDF; 1.5 MB) - This publication, the first in a series, highlights the traditional ecological knowledge acquired by indigenous and local peoples over hundreds of years through direct experience and contact with the environment.

Cover page of Indigenous Uses, Management, and Restoration of Oaks of the Far Western United States

Technical Note No. 2 -Indigenous Uses, Management, and Restoration of Oaks of the Far Western United States, (PDF; 2.7 MB) - The memories of Native American elders, the diaries of early Spanish explorers, old anthropological accounts, and archeological research all provide evidence that native peoples were actually accomplished managers of their oak environments who actively manipulated plants, populations, and habitats to increase yields, sustain production, and improve the quality of natural raw materials.

Cover page of Ozette Prairies publication

The Ozette Prairies of Olympic National Park: Their Former Indigenous Uses and Management (PDF; 3.1 MB) - This report begins by outlining the setting: the unique and valuable natural features and biodiversity of the Scientific names are from the USDA PLANTS Database. It then turns to the indigenous people of the area, describing what is known about how they used the wetlands and how they managed the wetlands with fire.

  See also:  Culturally Significant Plants