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Pacific Islands Area Technical Notes

Agronomy Technical Notes

Technical Note # Subject Date Announcement #
1 Soil Quality - Agronomy Technical Notes
    1.   Cover and Green Manure Crop Benefits to Soil Quality (PDF; 98 KB)
    2.   Conservation Crop Rotation Effects on Soil Quality (PDF; 273 KB)
    3.   Effects of Residue Management and No-Till on Soil Quality (PDF; 106 KB)
    4.   Effect of Soil Quality on Nutrient Efficiency (PDF; 116 KB)
    5.   Herbicides (PDF; 178 KB)
    6.   Legumes and Soil Quality (PDF; 29 KB)
    7.   Effects of Soil Erosion on Soil Productivity and Soil Quality (PDF; 22 KB)
    8.   Liming to Improve Soil Quality in Acid Soils (PDF; 38 KB)
    9.   Managing Conservation Tillage (PDF; 24 KB)
    10.  Sunn Hemp: A Cover Crop for Southern and Tropical Farming Systems (PDF; 29 KB)
    16.  Interpreting the Soil Conditioning Index (PDF; 289 KB)
May 1999 Anncmt. HI-1
3 Estimating Crop Reside on Sugarcane Land (PDF; 1.3 MB) May 1999 Anncmt. HI-1
4 The Use of Chemicals for Weed Control May 1999 Anncmt. HI-1
5 Percent Cover Graphic August 2006 Anncmt. PI-24
6 HEL Worksheets for the Pacific Islands East Area
  •    Hawaii (Big Island) HEL Worksheet (XLS; 1.6 MB)
  •   Kauai HEL Worksheet (XLS; 973 KB)
  •   Lanai HEL Worksheet (XLS; 651 KB)
    •   Oahu HEL Worksheet (XLS; 1.28 MB)
    •   Tutuila Island, American Samoa HEL Worksheet (XLS; 318 KB)
    •   Maui HEL Worksheet (XLS; 1.1 MB) 
Maui EXAMPLE HEL Worksheet (XLS; 1 MB)
    •   Molokai HEL Worksheet (XLS; 746 KB)
Molokai EXAMPLE HEL Worksheet (XLS; 761 KB)
 
January 9, 2007
 
 
 
 
February 8, 2007 
August 2009 
 

 
 
Anncmt. PI-2
 
 
 
 
Anncmt. PI-4
 
Anncmt. PI-18 
 
7 HEL Worksheets for the Pacific Islands West Area
    •   Guam HEL Worksheet (XLS; 118 KB)
    •   CNMI HEL Worksheet (XLS; 173 KB)
February 8, 2007 Anncmt. PI-4
8 Mulching Principles and Calculations (DOC; 42.5 KB) April 18, 2012 Anncmt. PI-35
9 Photo Guide to Common Tillage Equipment in the Pacific Islands Area (PDF; 1.3 MB) February 2014 Anncmt. PI-46
10 Agronomy Field Inventory Sheets
  Introduction (PDF; 50 KB)
  Agron 1 - RUSLE2 (PDF; 129 KB)
  Agron 2 - Concentrated Flow(PDF; 176 KB)
  Agron 3 - Compaction (PDF; 145 KB)
  Agron 4 - Moisture Management (PDF; 153 KB)
May 2014 Anncmt. PI-47

Biology Technical Notes

Technical Note # Subject Date Announcement #
2 Native Aquatic Wildlife Inventory Worksheet (DOC; 518 KB) January 2009 Anncmt. PI-12
5 Native Forest Bird Inventory Worksheet (DOC; 463 KB) January 2009 Anncmt. PI-12
8 Native Stream Animals of Hawaii (PDF; 495 KB) May 1999 Anncmt. HI-1
9 Hawaii Stream Visual Assessment Protocol
  Introduction (DOC; 35.8 KB)
  Guidance Document (DOC; 97.8 KB)
  Guidance Document Attachment (DOC; 97.8 KB)
    •   Worksheet for Repetitive Elements (XLS; 20.4 KB)
 
March 2001
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
11 Index of Birds of North America (PDF; 8.6 MB) June 2002 Anncmt. HI-9
12 Critical Habitat Information (PDF; 991 KB)
    Hawaii Endangered Species Matrix (XLS; 329 KB)
September 2005 Anncmt. PI-20
13 Candidate, Threatened & Endangered Species Inventory (PDF; 2.6 MB)
  Attachment A - How to Create a CT&E Data Table (PDF; 866 KB)
  Attachment B - CT&E Data Table Template - Hawaii (XLSX; 19 KB)
  Attachment C - CT&E Data Table Template - Guam & CNMI (XLSX; 16 KB)
June 2014    Anncmt. PI-48
16 Nene Habitat Enhancement and Management (PDF; 2.5 MB | DOC; 26.7 MBB) September 2007 Anncmt. PI-6
17 Hawaiian Hawk Habitat Enhancement and Management (PDF; 591 KB | DOC; 4.5 MB) September 2007 Anncmt. PI-6
18 Threatened, Endangered and Candidate Species Compliance Process (PDF; 478 KB)
    •   Attachment A - Compliance Documentation (PDF; 2.6 MB)
    •   Attachment B - NLAA Letter to FWS Template (DOCX; 930 KB)
    •   Attachment C - NLAA Sample Letter to FWS  (PDF; 1.8 MB)
    •   Attachment D - NLAA Letter to NOAA Template (DOCX; 933 KB)
    •   Attachment E - NLAA Sample Letter to NOAA (PDF; 1.1 MB)
April 2015

Att A - Revised
May 2015

Att B, C, D & E Revised
February 2015
 Anncmt. PI-44

Anncmt. PI-49
 
19 NRCS-CPA-52 Environmental Evaluation Worksheet (XLS; 1.35 MB) July 2013 Anncmt. PI-40
20 Bats of the U.S. Pacific Islands (PDF; 1.6 MB | DOC; 1.9 MB) December 3, 2009 Anncmt. PI-20
21 Practices to Enhance Native Wildlife Habitat on Wetland Taro Farms (PDF; 2.3 MB; | DOC; 13.4 MB) December 3, 2009 Anncmt. PI-20
22 At-Risk Species and Habitats Lists (PDF; 5.2 MB | XLS; 3 MB) December 4, 2009 Anncmt. PI-21
23 Pacific Islands Area Wildlife Habitat Assessment Guide (XLS; 1.3 MB) February 2013 Anncmt. PI-38
24 Habitat Planting for Pollinators (PDF; 2 MB) November 2014 Anncmt. PI-53

Conservation Planning Technical Notes

Technical Note # Subject Date Announcement #
1 Checklists of Resource Concerns (XLSX; 334 KB) February 2015  Anncmt. PI-52
2 Revised Conservation Plan, Contract, and Combined Folder Checklists (PDF; 31.1 KB)
  •   Conservation Plan Folder Checklist (DOC; 26.5 KB)
  •   Contract Folder Checklist (DOC; 28 KB)
  •   Combined Folder Checklist (DOC; 31.7 KB)
July 2013 Anncmt. PI-40
4 Photo Documentation (PDF; 23 KB)
    •   Photo Documentation Form (DOC; 28 KB)
September 2005 Anncmt. HI-20
5 Guidance on Establishing Photo Points and Plots for Monitoring (PDF; 401 KB) April 2009 Anncmt. PI-14
6 Pacific Islands Area Permits Matrix (XLS; 25 KB) June 2012 Anncmt. PI-36
7 Toe Step, Transects, &  Fixed Radius Plots for Vegetation Inventory (XLSX; 293 KB) December 2015 Anncmt. PI-58

Cultural Resources Technical Notes

Technical Note # Subject Date Announcement #
1 Cultural Resources Investigation Worksheet for Phase I of Conservation Planning (XLSX; 27 KB) January 2016 Anncmt. PI-56
2 Cultural Resources Technical Note 2 (XLSX; 204 KB)
Use of this form is governed by the Prototype Programmatic Agreement Between the USDA Pacific Islands Area NRCS State Office, and the Hawaii State Historic Preservation Officer, Regarding Conservation Assistance. 
Use of this form is restricted to the NRCS. 
January 2016 Anncmt. PI-59
3 Cultural Resources Technical Note 3 (XLSX; 28 KB)
Use of this form is restricted to a FSA (Farm Services Agency) request for NRCS PIA's technical assistance.  It is the statutory obligation of the lead Federal Agency to fulfill the requirements of Section 106 of the NHPA, and to ensure that an agency official with jurisdiction over an undertaking takes legal and financial responsibility for Section 106 compliance in accordance with 36 CFR Part 800.
January 2016 Anncmt. PI-59
4 Cultural Resources Technical Note 4 (XLSX; 177 KB)
Use of this form is governed by the Prototype Programmatic Agreement Between the USDA Pacific Islands Area NRCS State Office, and the American Samoa State Historic Preservation Officer, Regarding Conservation Assistance.
Use of this form is restricted to the NRCS. 
January 2016 Anncmt. PI-59

Economics & Sociology Technical Notes

Technical Note # Subject Date Announcement #
1 Inventory Methods and Tools for Economic and Social Considerations (DOC; 33 KB) May 1999 Anncmt. HI-1
2 Using Economics to Promote Conservation Practices: A Simplified Approach (PDF; 312 KB) May 1999 Anncmt. HI-1
3 The Economics of Nutrient and Pest Management (PDF; 183 KB) May 1999 Anncmt. HI-1
4 Conservation: Providing an Economic Edge for Agricultural Producers (PDF; 141 KB) May 1999 Anncmt. HI-1
6 Production costs of Selected Vegetable Crops (PDF; 88 KB) January 2000 Anncmt. HI-3
7 People Partnerships and Communities Information Sheets (PDF; 21 KB)
  23.   Human Aspects of the Conservation Planning Environment (PDF; 44 KB)
  26.  Working with People of Different Cultures (PDF; 84 KB)
  40.  Social and Professional Skills to be Effective with Small Farmers (PDF; 37 KB)
  41.  Barriers and Strategies for Small Scale Producers (PDF; 48 KB)
  42.  Gaining Trust with Small Farmers (PDF; 33.4 KB)
  43.  Working with Community Leaders (PDF; 33.8 KB)
  44.  Social Profile (PDF; 29 KB)
 
May 2005
 
June 2005
June 2005
 
June 2000
June 2005
June 2005
June 2005
 

Engineering Technical Notes

Technical Note # Subject Date Announcement #
1 Metric System Conservation Factors (PDF; 225 KB) May 1999 Anncmt. HI-1
2 Estimating Consumptive Use in Hawaii (PDF; 690 KB) May 1999 Anncmt. HI-1
3 Rainfall-Frequency and Design Rainfall Distribution for Selected Pacific Islands (PDF; 9.3 MB) September 2008  

Forestry and Agroforestry Technical Notes

Technical Note # Subject Date Announcement #
Index Forestry and Agroforestry Technical Notes Index (PDF; 19 KB) May 2015  
1 Riparian Forest Buffers - Benefits and Designs (PDF; 14.7 KB) May 2015 Anncmt. HI-1
4 Grower’s Guide to PI Agroforestry Systems, Information Resources, and Public Assistance Programs (PDF; 16.5 KB) May 2015

Anncmt. HI-1

5 Prime Forest Lands Inventory Maps (PDF; 920 KB) March 2000 Anncmt. HI-4
8 Tree Planting Tally Worksheets for Forest Ecological sites on the Island of Hawaii (XLS; 180 KB) May 2013 Anncmt. PI-39
10 Shade Overstory for Coffee in Hawaii (PDF; 1.4 MB) October 2010 Anncmt. PI-26
11 Mixed Agroforestry Specification (PDF; 47 KB) September 2013 Anncmt. PI-57

Plant Materials Technical Notes

Technical Note # Subject Date Announcement #
1 Biomass Determination Worksheet (DOC; 52 KB), Example Biomass Determination Worksheet (DOC; 40 KB) May 1999 Anncmt. HI-1
2 Nutrient Carry-Over Determination Worksheet (DOC; 47 KB), Example Nutrient Carry-Over Worksheet (DOC; 40 KB) May 1999 Anncmt. HI-1
3 Understanding Pure Live Seed (PLS) (PDF; 22 KB) October 2014 Anncmt. PI-50
5 Kansas State University Forestry Publications: (PDF; 23.4 KB)
  1. Weed Barrier Fabric Much for Tree & Shrub Plantings (PDF; 409 KB)
  2. Windbreak Management (PDF; 129 KB)
  3. Selecting and Planting a Tree (PDF; 348 KB)
  4. Weed Control Options in Tree Plantings (PDF; 77 KB)
  5. Chemical Weed Control in Tree Plantings (PDF; 124 KB)
  6. Chainsaws -- Safety, Operation, Tree Felling Techniques (PDF; 267 KB)
  7. How Windbreaks Work (PDF; 2.4 MB)
May 1999 Anncmt. HI-1
6 Commercial Sources of Plant Materials Native to the Pacific Islands Area (PDF; 103 KB) October 2014 Anncmt. PI-51
8 Plant Materials Collection Guide (PDF; 146 KB)
    •   Attachment Form NRCS-ECS-580 (PDF; 279 KB)
November 17, 2011 Anncmt. PI-33
9 Establishing Field Plantings (PDF; 26 KB) October 2014 Anncmt. PI-50
10 Understanding Inoculants (PDF; 36 KB) October 2014 Anncmt. PI-50

Range and Pasture Technical Notes

Technical Note # Subject Date Announcement #
1 Methods for Determining the Crown Canopy of Shrubs and Trees (PDF; 609 KB) May 1999 Anncmt. HI-1
2 Common Questions to Ask Ranchers (DOC; 88.5 KB) July 2009 Anncmt. PI-15
3 Invasive Plant Fact Sheets: (PDF; 6.5 MB)
  1.    Stachytarpheta cayennensis (PDF; 210 KB)
  2.    Imperata cylindrica (PDF; 196 KB)
  3. Antigonon leptopus (PDF; 149 KB)
  4. Sphagneticola trilobata (PDF; 261 KB)
  5. Coccinia grandis (PDF; 201 KB)
  6. Lantana camara (PDF; 227 KB)
  7. Chromolaena odorata (PDF; 243 KB)
  8. Miscanthus floridulus (PDF; 347 KB)
  9. Acacia mearnsii (PDF; 397 KB)
  10. Caesalpinia decapetala (PDF; 221 KB)
  11. Mikania macrantha (PDF; 232 KB)
  12. Senecio madagascariensis (PDF; 377 KB)
  13. Psidium cattleianum (PDF; 329 KB)
  14. Grevillea robusta (PDF; 809 KB)
  15. Schinus terebinthifolius (PDF; 288 KB)
  16. Rauvolfia vomitoria (PDF; 258 KB)
  17. Spathodea campanulata (PDF; 351 KB)
  18. Passiflora suberosa (PDF; 329 KB)
  19. Thurnbergia grandiflora (PDF; 314 KB)
  20. Clerodendrum quadriloculare (PDF; 250 KB)
  21. Pennisetum setaceum (PDF; 273 KB)
  22. Senna alata (PDF; 273 KB)
  23. Miconia calvescens (PDF; 346 KB)
October 17, 2011 Anncmt. PI-31
4 Grazing Land Trend Worksheet (XLSX; 17 KB) December 2013  Anncmt. PI-44
5 Grazing Land Condition Scoresheet  (XLSX; 44 KB) December 2013  Anncmt. PI-44

Soil Quality Technical Notes

Technical Note # Subject Date Announcement #
1 Soil Test Results Interpretations and Related Soil Fertility Issues (PDF; 84 KB) May 1999 Anncmt. HI-1
2 Soil Quality Information Sheets: (PDF; 863 KB)
  •   Soil Quality - Introduction
  •   Indicators for Soil Quality Evaluation
  •   Soil Quality Indicators: Organic Matter
  •   Soil Quality Indicators: pH
  •   Soil Quality Indicators: Aggregate Stability
  •   Soil Quality Indicators: Infiltration
  •   Soil Quality Resource Concerns: Soil Erosion
  •   Soil Quality Resource Concerns: Compaction
  •   Soil Quality Resource Concerns: Available Water Capacity
  •   Soil Quality Resource Concerns: Soil Biodiversity
  •   Soil Quality Resource Concerns: Sediment Deposition on Cropland
  •   Soil Quality Concerns: Pesticides
  •   Soil Quality Resource Concerns: Salinization
May 1999

Various Revision Dates for Each Issue
Anncmt. HI-1
3 Field Indicators of Hydric Soils (PDF; 13 KB)
    •   In Hawaii and the Pacific Basin (PDF; 85 KB)
    •   In the United States, A Guide for identifying and Delineating Hydric Soils, Version 7.0 (PDF; 5.5 MB)
March 2010 Anncmt. HI-1
4 Soil Quality Properties and Checklist
    •   Soil Quality Intro (DOC; 34 KB)
    •   Soil Quality Checklist (DOC; 199 KB)
    •   Example Soil Quality Checklist (DOC; 70 KB)
May 1999 Anncmt. HI-1
6 The Lavas of Hawaii (PDF; 232 KB) May 1999 Anncmt. HI-1
7 Soil Quality Institute’s Catalog of Products & Informational Documents (PDF; 351 KB) May 1999 Anncmt. HI-1
8 Ephemeral Gully Worksheet (XLS; 169 KB) April 2003 Anncmt. HI-10
9 Pacific Islands Area Vegetative Guide
    •   Collecting Soil and Manure Samples Intro (DOC; 31 KB)
    •   Protocol for Collecting Soil and Manure Samples (DOC; 71 KB)
    •   Request Form for UH Lab Agricultural Analysis (XLS; 53 KB)
February 2004 Anncmt. HI-13
10 NRCS Soil Quality Publications List (PDF; 146 KB) February 2004 Anncmt. HI-13
11 Cooperative Extension Service Soils Publications: (DOC; 32 KB)
    •   AS-1. Liming Acid Soils of Hawaii (PDF; 63 KB)
    •   AS-2. Predicting Phosphorus Requirements of Some Hawaii Soils (PDF; 140 KB)
    •   AS-3. Adequate Nutrient Levels in Soils and Plants in Hawaii (General Guide) (PDF; 13 KB)
    •   AS-4. Testing Your Soil - Why and How to Take a Soil-Test Sample (PDF; 25 KB)
    •   SCM-1. Managing Manganese Toxicity in Former Sugarcane Soils on Oahu (PDF; 166 KB)
    •   SCM-6. Testing for Soil Nitrogen and Phosphorous for Environmental Pollution Monitoring (PDF; 30 KB)
February 2004 Anncmt. HI-13
12 Soil Health Assessment (XLSX; 631 KB) February 2014  Anncmt. PI-46

Water Quality Technical Notes

Technical Note # Subject Date Announcement #
3 2005 Groundwater Contamination Maps (PDF; 475 KB) August 2006 Anncmt. HI-24
4 Aquifer Identification and Classification Publications (PDF; 11 KB)
  •   Aquifer Identification and Classification for the island of Hawai`i: Groundwater Protection Strategy for Hawai`i (PDF; 12.4 MB)
  •   Aquifer Identification and Classification for Kaua`i: Groundwater Protection Strategy for Hawai`i (PDF; 2.6 KB)
  •   Aquifer Identification and Classification for Lana`i: Groundwater Protection Strategy for Hawai`i (PDF; 1 MB)
  •   Aquifer Identification and Classification for Maui: Groundwater Protection Strategy for Hawai`i (PDF; 3.8 MB)
  •   Aquifer Identification and Classification for Moloka`i: Groundwater Protection Strategy for Hawai`i (PDF; 2 MB)
  •   Aquifer Identification and Classification for O`ahu: Groundwater Protection Strategy for Hawai`i (PDF; 2.9 MB)
May 1999 Anncmt. HI-1
5 Soil Leaching and Surface Loss Potential Tables (PDF; 9.7 KB)
    •   Hawaii (Big Island) Tables (PDF; 1 MB)
    •   Kauai Tables (PDF; 819 KB)
    •   Maui Tables (PDF; 926 KB)
    •   Molokai and Lanai Tables (PDF; 928 KB)
    •   Oahu Tables (PDF; 930 KB)
May 1999 Anncmt. HI-1
6 Water Areas to be Protected (PDF; 3 MB) May 1999 Anncmt. HI-1
7 Candidate Streams for Protection (PDF; 770 KB) May 1999 Anncmt. HI-1
8 Outstanding Aquatic Resources (PDF; 477 KB) May 1999 Anncmt. HI-1
9 1998 List of Water Quality Limited Waters and Maps (PDF; 1.6 MB) May 1999 Anncmt. HI-1
10 Contaminants Present in the Original Water Quality Limited Segments (PDF; 427 KB) May 1999 Anncmt. HI-1
11 Water Budget Worksheet (PDF; 326 KB)
Blank Water Budget Worksheets (DOC; 53 KB | XLS; 33.8 KB)
October 19999 Anncmt. HI-2
12 Final 2004 List of Impaired Waters in Hawaii (PDF; 2.4 MB) August 20055 Anncmt. HI-19
13 Water Quality Field Inventory Sheets
  Introduction (PDF; 16 KB)
  WQ 1 - Nutrient Management (PDF; 128 KB)
   WQ 2 - Pesticide Management (PDF; 131 KB)
  WQ 3 - Animal Waste (PDF; 551 KB)
May 2014 Anncmt. PI-47
14 Risk Evaluation of Commonly Used Pesticides (PDF; 77 KB) December 2015 Anncmt. PI-58