Marsh type area with saturated soils and water loving plants that provides habitat for many species of wildlife.
How it works
Natural wetlands — swamps, bogs, sloughs, potholes and marshes — occur in every state in the Nation and vary widely in size, shape and type. A wetland may have standing water year-round, while a seasonal wetland may hold surface water for only part of the year.
How it helps
Removes nutrients, pesticides and bacteria from surface water
Filters and collects sediment from runoff water
Slows and stores runoff water, reducing soil erosion and downstream flooding
Recharges groundwater supplies by releasing water slowly into the ground
Provides breeding, nesting and feeding habitat for birds and waterfowl as well as habitat for terrestrial vertebrates, fish and shellfish, and plant communities
Adds beauty and value to a farm
Wildlife and recreation may be enhanced by adding habitat for adjoining uplands and/or goose nests, wood duck boxes, and other protection for waterfowl.
Protective vegetative cover should be established on exposed surfaces.
The landowner is responsible for obtaining necessary permits.
Keep livestock from the area, unless it is included in a planned grazing management plan.
Provide fish passage into and out of the wetland.
You may need to plant wetland vegetation until a good stand is established.
Use weed management to maintain desirable plant and animal species.
Wetlands need to be managed to retain or develop desired conditions. This may include soil management, native plantings, and/or micro-topography modifications.
Keep intakes clean and outlets free of debris.
Inspect pipe structures and repair any damages.
You may need to install and/or remove boards controlling the water levels each year.