Establishment of trees in areas adapted to woodlands.
How it works
A variety of desired tree species, either seedling or seeds, are planted mechanically or by hand in understocked woodlands or open fields. Tree species are matched with soil types and selected to prevent soil erosion, increase income, or boost productivity of existing woodlands.
How it helps
Protects soil from rill and sheet erosion
Protects water quality by filtering excess nutrients and chemicals from surface runoff
Increases infiltration rates
Provides long-term wildlife habitat
Is the soil suitable for producing wood crops?
Is the soil suitable for the selected tree species?
Is there a market for the species to be planted?
Is the land needed for crops or livestock?
The fall before planting, remove brush, grass or other vegetation where trees will be planted; if the soil is compacted, break up compaction layer.
Plant trees during the dormant season. If soil is frozen, plant immediately after the ground thaws.
Plant tree seedlings within seven days of arrival.
Keep roots moist during planting.
Place the root crown at ground surface or one inch below.
Remove all air pockets when planting seedlings.
The hole prepared for the seedling should have enough room for the roots to spread out completely.
Mow vegetative growth around trees until they are three to four feet high.
Use herbicides to control competing vegetation.
Check periodically for rodent, disease or insect damage.
Replant, if necessary, to achieve a desired stand.