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Contour Orchard and Other Perennial Crops

An orchard established on the contour of the land

Practice Code: 331
Reporting Unit: Acre (Ac.)

Contour Orchard and other perennial crops is the planting orchards, vineyards, or other perennial crops so that all cultural operations are done on or near the contour.

Purposes and Benefits

  • Contour orchard and other fruit areas reduces soil erosion and improves soil health
  • Increases water infiltration, contouring promotes better water quality
  • Improves plant productivity by increasing the amount of water stored in the soil
  • Provides wildlife food and habitat
  • Provides sites for pollinator species such as bees

Ground Disturbing Potential of Conservation Practices

This is a potential ground disturbing conservation practice. Any project with ground disturbing or potential ground disturbing practices planned may need to be submitted for review by the State Historic Preservation Officer and Tribal Historic Preservation Officers. Please see the Cultural Resources Review Process Flowchart for an outline of this process.

View a list of conservation practices used in New York State, and their ground disturbing potential.   

Conservation Practice Documents

Web link image: Field Office Technical GuideDocuments associated with this and other conservation practices are available at the NRCS Field Office Technical Guide web site.


Related Conservation Practices

This practice is commonly used in a Conservation Management System with practices such as:

Access Road (560)
Contour Farming (330)
Conservation Cover (327)
Cover Crop (340)
Diversion (342)
Grassed Waterway (620)

If you want to learn how you can protect natural resources on your farm or forestland, please contact your local NRCS Service Center.


How to Get Assistance




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