NRCS New Jersey's work on NEMO, carried out in cooperation with Rutgers Cooperative Extension, adapts the original University of Connecticut model for application in Wall Township, Monmouth County and Randolph Township, Morris County. The basis of the model is the relationship between impervious surface area and storm water runoff. Runoff is a major source of nonpoint pollution, carrying such contaminants as oil, gas, and antifreeze from roads and parking lots, as well as pet wastes, fertilizers and pesticides from lawns and parks.
NEMO looks at the combination of land use and soil types to determine how much runoff will be generated at current conditions. The model is then used to determine build-out conditions (where all available land has been developed according to current zoning) and predicts increases in runoff. From this information, we develop maps which show suitability, or lack of suitability, for development within the study area. Using the knowledge gained from the NEMO process, local decision-makers on planning and zoning boards are better able to incorporate water resource protection into decisions affecting the locations and densities of future development.
This publication provides information on how water quality concerns can be voluntarily incorporated into the local master plan, zoning ordinance, and site plan review process. Its goal is to provide concepts, examples of tools that may be used, and direction to the user on where to get further help and information. The guide also provides success stories of selected municipalities where these concepts have been used. Its target audience is municipal and county planning board officials and others who make decisions regarding land use at the local level. New Jersey case studies are given for various measures, including ordinances, used to protect water. Examples in the guide include limestone protection, stream corridor protection, homeowner and lawn service nutrient management, and wellhead protection. Local contact information is also provided.
This publication was produced by the Natural Resources Conservation Service, with funding from New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection and assistance from a technical advisory committee made up of representatives of the Office of State Planning, New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection, Morris County Planning Board, Monmouth County Planning Board, Wall Township Planning Board, Great Swamp Watershed Association, Association of New Jersey Environmental Commissions and Natural Resources Conservation Service.
Contact Greg Westfall, Water Resource Planner, 732-537-6054