The test questions below are taken from previous year's Wildlife Section tests. The test is given in two timed segments. One is written and the other is hands-on. In the actual hands-on test many of the photo's shown here would be actual specimens, pelts, scat, tracks, animal calls or animal parts. (No animals are harmed for the purpose of collecting specimens for the test.)
Note: You will have to print this page or write your answers on a paper to compare with the answer key, linked at the bottom of the page.
Which statement is false:
A single Little Brown Bat, (Myotis lucifugus) can eat 1,200 insects in one hour.
The Hoary bat (Lasiurus cinereus) is a fruit-eating bat.
More people die annually from dog attacks, bee stings, lightning & household accidents than from bat-transmitted rabies.
a & c
Due to habitat destruction, which of NJ’s three toads is in decline?
True or false: NJ's two native rats are the Eastern Wood rat (Neotoma floridana) & the Marsh Rice rat (Oryzomys pulustris)
An ecosystem with high biodiversity:
Is in its climax state, with very little species population fluctuation.
Is more vulnerable to rapid change than an ecosystem with low biodiversity.
Is rich in organisms and populations, as well as the genetic relationships between them.
Has a large number of individuals, but few distinct species.
True or False – Brown-headed cowbirds (Molothrus ater) are nest parasites. They are also native birds, and are protected under the Migratory Bird Treaty.
Integrated Pest Management (IPM) seeks to use environmentally conservative methods to maintain insect pests and other pests below the level at which they cause a defined amount of damage. Which concept is not true of IPM?
When chemical pesticides must be used, it is best to select one pesticide that targets a broad spectrum of pest species rather than select a different pesticide for each target pest.
The presence of pests on your crop, orchard or lawn does not necessarily constitute a pest problem. You will have to determine your own threshold, or amount of damage from pests that is acceptable.
Actions should be taken to develop or restore natural checks and balances of a functioning ecosystem, not necessarily to eliminate the pest species.
The following have led to increased problems between humans and goose populations, except:
People feeding the geese
Geese are attracted to the lawns and wide expanses of short grasses that humans create
More and more people are building near lakes and other wetland habitats
The natural food sources of geese have been eliminated and therefore they must move into human population centers to find food
Which of the following is not an effective way to control mosquitoes around your home?
Clean bird baths regularly
Use rain barrels to collect and store rain water from the gutters
Aerate or add fish to ornamental ponds
Empty and discard old tires, cans and buckets that hold standing water
The Great Blue Heron is listed as Endangered in New Jersey. T or F
Three characteristics common to all butterflies are: