Stream Restoration Design (National Engineering Handbook 654)



Chapter 1 – Introduction:  Ecological and Physical Considerations for Stream Projects

654.0100  Purpose

654.0101  Introduction

654.0102  Restoration, rehabilitation, and reclamation

654.0103  Understanding stream corridor dynamics

654.0104  Fluvial systems

654.0105  Channels

654.0106  Key processes affecting stream corridor ecosystems

654.0107  Stream corridor habitats

654.0108  Disturbance and response in aquatic ecosystems

654.0109  Human land uses and their effects on stream corridors

654.0110  Summary of ecological principles to guide stream designs



Chapter 2 – Goals, Objectives, and Risk

654.0200  Purpose

654.0201  Introduction

654.0202  The NRCS Conservation Planning Process and stream restoration

654.0203  Historic approaches for determining goals for stream restoration designs

654.0204  Geomorphic approaches for determining goals for stream design

654.0205  Ecosystem approaches for determining goals for stream design

654.0206  Rural stream restoration

654.0207  Developing watersheds

654.0208  Urban stream restoration

654.0209  Constraints

654.0210  Risk, consequences, and uncertainty

654.0211  Conclusion



Chapter 3 – Site Assessment and Investigation

654.0300  Purpose

654.0301  Introduction

654.0302  Preliminary investigation

654.0303  Reconnaissance

654.0304  Detailed field investigation

654.0305  Stream classification systems

654.0306  Conclusion



Chapter 4 – Stream Restoration Design Process

654.0401  Purpose

654.0402  Introduction

654.0403  The CPP for stream design

654.0404  Designing solutions for the stream corridor

654.0405  Evaluating success of stream restoration designs

654.0406  Conclusion



Chapter 5 – Stream Hydrology

654.0500  Purpose

654.0501  Introduction

654.0502  Overview of design discharges

654.0503  Probability

654.0504  Gage analysis for flow frequency

654.0505  Regional regression

654.0506  Flow duration

654.0507  Hydrologic models

654.0508  Channel-forming discharge

654.0509  Other sources of design flows

654.05010  Conclusion



Chapter 6 – Stream Hydraulics

654.0600  Purpose

654.0601  Introduction

654.0602  Channel cross-sectional parameters

654.0603  Dimensionless ratios

654.0604  Continuity

654.0605  Energy

654.0606  Momentum

654.0607  Specific force

654.0608  Stream power

654.0609  Hydraulic computations

654.0610  Water surface profile calculations

654.0611  Weir flow

654.0612  Hydraulic jumps

654.0613  Channel routing

654.0614  Hydraulics input into the stream design process



Chapter 7 – Basic Principles of Channel Design

654.0700  Purpose

654.0701  Overview of channel design

654.0702  Channel types

654.0703  Perennial, intermittent, and ephemeral streams

654.0704  Channel design variables

654.0705  Channel design methods and approaches

654.0706  Sediment impact assessment

654.0707  Conclusion



Chapter 8 – Threshold Channel Design

654.0800  Purpose

654.0801  Introduction

654.0802  Design discharges

654.0803  Allowable velocity method

654.0804  Allowable shear stress approach

654.0805  Tractive power method

654.0806  Grass-lined channels

654.0807  Allowable velocity and shear stress for channel lining materials

654.0808  Basic steps for threshold channel design in stream restoration projects

654.0809  Conclusion



Chapter 9 – Alluvial Channel Design

654.0900  Purpose

654.0901  Introduction

654.0902  Alluvial channel design variables

654.0903  Regime methods

654.0904  Analogy method and reference reaches

654.0905  Hydraulic geometry method

654.0906  Extremal hypotheses

654.0907  Constrained dependent variables

654.0908  Analytical methods

654.0909  Sediment impact analysis

654.0910  Basic steps in alluvial channel design

654.09011  Conclusion



Chapter 10 - Two-Stage Channel Design

654.1000  Purpose

654.1001  Introduction

654.1002  Background

654.1003  Field measurements

654.1004  Bankfull channel design

654.1005  Flood plain channel design

654.1006  Flood conveyance

654.1007  Spreadsheet tools for data analysis and design

654.1008  Conclusion



Chapter 11 – Rosgen Geomorphic Channel Design

654.1100  Purpose

654.1101  Introduction

654.1102  Restoration phases

654.1103  Conclusion

                 Mathematical Definitions



Chapter 12 – Channel Alignment and Variability Design

654.1200  Purpose

654.1201  Introduction

654.1202  Planform

654.1203  Natural variability

654.1204  Practical channel design equations for meander bend geometry

654.1205  Bankline migration

654.1206  Conclusion



Chapter 13 – Sediment Impact Assessments

654.1300  Purpose

654.1301  Introduction

654.1302  Bed stability

654.1303  Threshold versus alluvial channels

654.1305  Visual geomorphic assessment

654.1306  Equilibrium slope calculations

654.1307  Sediment rating curve analysis

654.1308  Sediment budget analysis

654.1309  Computer models

654.1310  Nonequilibrium sediment transport

654.1311  Choosing the appropriate technique

654.1312  Conclusion



Chapter 14 – Treatment Technique Design

654.1400  Purpose

654.1401  Introduction

654.1402  Design analysis

654.1403  Treatment techniques

654.1404  Conclusion


Chapter 15 – Project Implementation

654.1500  Purpose

654.1501  Introduction

654.1502  Planning

654.1503  Design

654.1504  Contracts and agreements

654.1505  Installation

654.1506  Conclusion


Chapter 16 – Maintenance and Monitoring

654.1600  Purpose

654.1601  Introduction

654.1602  Development of monitoring plans

654.1603  Developing plans for maintenance

654.1604  Monitoring and maintenance plan documentation

654.1605  Adaptive management

654.1606  Conclusion



Chapter 17 – Permitting Overview

654.1700  Purpose

654.1701  Introduction

654.1702  Initiating a permitting process

654.1703  U.S. Army Corps of Engineers Regulatory Program

654.1704  National Flood Insurance Program

654.1705  Endangered Species Act, as amended 1073

654.1706  Fish and Wildlife Coordination Act, as amended 1965

654.1707  National Environmental Policy Act, as amended 1982

654.1708  Magnuson-Stevens Fishery Conservation and Management Act, as amended 1996

654.1709  State regulations and permitting – general

654.1710  State regulations and permitting – fish passage

654.1711  Conclusion




Appendix A  Postscript

Appendix B  References

Technical Supplements


TS2  Use of Historic Information for Design

TS3A  Stream Corridor Inventory and Assessment Techniques

TS3B  Using Aerial Videography and GIS for Stream Channel Stabilization in the Deep Loess  Region of Western Iowa

TS3C  Streambank Inventory and Evaluation

TS3D  Overview of United States Bats

TS3E  Rosgen Stream Classification Technique – Supplemental Materials

TS5  Developing Regional Relationships for Bankfull Discharge Using Bankfull Indices

TS13A  Guidelines for Sampling Bed Material

TS13B  Sediment Budget Example

TS14A  Soil Properties and Special Geotechnical Problems Related to Stream Stabilization Projects

TS14B  Scour Calculations

TS14C  Stone Sizing Criteria

TS14D  Geosynthetics in Stream Restoration

TS14E  Use and Design of Soil Anchors

TS14F  Pile Foundations

TS14G  Grade Stabilization Techniques

TS14H  Flow Changing Techniques

TS14I  Streambank Soil Bioengineering

TS14J  Use of Large Woody Material for Habitat and Bank Protection

TS14K  Streambank Armor Protection with Stone Structures

TS14L  Use of Articulating Concrete Block Revetment Systems for Systems for Stream Restoration and Stabilization Projects

TS14M  Vegetated Rock Walls

TS14N  Fish Passage and Screening Design

TS14O  Stream Habitat Enhancement Using LUNKERS

TS14P  Gullies and Their Control

TS14Q  Abutment Design for Small Bridges

TS14R  Design and Use of Sheet Pile Walls in Stream Restoration and Stabilization Projects

TS14S  Sizing Stream Setbacks to Help Maintain Stream Stability

Case Studies


CS1  Chalk Creek, Summit County, Utah

CS2  Goode Road/Cottonwood Creek, Hutchins, Texas

CS3  Little Elk River, Price County, Wisconsin

CS4  Silver Creek, Silver Creek, New York

CS5  Rose River, Madison County, Virginia

CS6  Big Bear Creek, Lycoming County, Pennsylvania

CS7  Spafford Creek, Otisco Lake Watershed, New York

CS8  Copper Mine Brook, Burlington, Connecticut

CS9  Little Blue River, Washington County, Kansas

CS10  Newaukum River, Lewis County, Washington

CS11  Streambank Stabilization in the Red River Basin, North Dakota

CS12  Grade Control Structures in Western Iowa Streams

CS13  Owl Creek Farms, North Branch of the Kokosing River, Knox County, Ohio

CS14  Streambank Stabilization in the Merrimack River Basin, New Hampshire

CS15  Streambank Stabilization in the Guadalupe River Basin, Santa Clara County, California

CS16  Coffee Creek, Edmond, Oklahoma

CS17  Stream Barbs on the Calapooia River, Oregon

CS18  Wiley Creek, Sweet Home, Oregon

[H_210_NEH_654 - May 2008]