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Table 12. Profile of farms with confined livestock types in the 1997

Profile of farms with confined livestock types in the 1997 Census of Agriculture

  Very small farms
(<35 AU of each type)
Small farms
(35-70 AU of any type)
Medium-size farms
(70-210 AU of any type)
Large farms
(more than 210 AU of any type)
Special cases* Small, medium, and large farms All farms with confined livestock types Percent of total for all farms with livestock
Number of farms 84,297 54,935 69,379 26,919 2,291 151,233 237,821 18.1%
Percent 35.4% 23.1% 29.2% 11.3% 1.0% 63.6% 100.0%  
 
Percent that primarily produce crops 15.8% 3.4% 1.1% 0.4% 1.7% 1.8% 6.8%  
Percent that primarily produce livestock 54.7% 72.8% 79.8% 90.0% 76.8% 79.1% 70.4%  
 
Number of farms by dominant livestock type:  
Fattened cattle 7,637 4,068 3,532 2,559 0 10,159 17,796  
Milk cows 15,469 31,789 38,275 9,254 0 79,318 94,787  
Swine 18,817 11,694 13,731 7,530 0 32,955 51,772  
Turkeys 96 85 585 2,543 0 3,213 3,309  
Broilers 1,525 3,505 9,698 3,048 0 16,251 17,776  
Layers 862 1,678 1,464 910 0 4,052 4,914  
Pullets 257 521 607 146 0 1,274 1,531  
Cattle other than fattened cattle or milk cows 39,634 ** ** ** 0 ** 39,634  
Veal *** 61 38 69 0 168 168  
Confined heifers *** 1,534 1,449 860 0 3,843 3,843  
 
Total agricultural sales ($) 6,148,781,785 7,717,671,953 21,592,725,106 52,880,445,173 1,874,465,200 82,190,842,232 90,214,089,217 69.9%
Sales per farm 72,942 140,487 311,229 1,964,428 818,186 543,472 379,336 386.4%
 
Livestock sales ($) 2,857,757,966 5,647,579,381 18,300,735,963 50,598,798,331 1,821,824,733 74,547,113,675 79,226,696,374 80.2%
Sales per farm:  
Mean 33,901 102,805 263,779 1,879,669 795,209 492,929 333,136 443.4%
25th percentile 11,748 60,600 135,000 500,000 37,444 94,000 33,204  
50th percentile (median) 22,718 85,000 196,000 828,250 73,150 164,950 93,620  
75th percentile 41,254 117,186 317,117 1,440,000 150,000 367,850 223,870  
90th percentile 67,500 180,000 525,000 2,781,274 825,800 834,707 588,052  
95th percentile 94,536 253,459 698,262 4,827,200 6,026,130 1,340,075 1,002,200  
Dollar value for sale of:  
Cattle other than fattened cattle 677,436,808 579,061,390 1,022,489,395 1,733,563,779 90,437,150 3,335,114,564 4,102,988,522 20.4%
Fattened cattle 754,433,949 534,519,375 1,187,328,076 17,744,904,066 531,036 19,466,751,517 20,221,716,502 99.3%
Dairy products 370,748,781 2,281,001,005 6,450,608,855 9,772,907,370 118,079,251 18,504,517,230 18,993,345,262 100.0%
Hogs and pigs 673,213,197 992,291,854 2,738,484,667 9,351,126,579 1,731,127 13,081,903,100 13,756,847,424 99.7%
Chicken and turkey products 337,894,928 1,233,702,565 6,865,721,472 11,958,441,473 1,609,770,017 20,057,865,509 22,005,530,454 99.9%
Specialty livestock products 5,308,151 2,911,069 10,321,807 9,260,950 191,020 22,493,827 27,992,998 1.7%
Horses, ponies, mules, burros, donkeys 12,959,394 7,427,332 5,599,944 3,456,047 473,954 16,483,323 29,916,671 2.9%
Sheep and goat products 25,762,758 16,664,791 20,181,747 25,138,067 611,178 61,984,605 88,358,541 11.8%
 
Animal units:  
Fattened cattle 369,674 252,866 551,842 8,341,078 260 9,145,786 9,515,719 99.2%
Beef cows 1,829,930 781,474 1,052,158 875,920 31,725 2,709,553 4,571,207 12.9%
Other beef cattle 889,940 515,752 839,379 3,713,947 40,766 5,069,077 5,999,783 29.5%
Milk cows 385,541 1,714,119 4,348,484 5,820,404 0 11,883,007 12,268,547 99.8%
Other dairy cattle 102,206 423,302 1,061,108 1,213,446 0 2,697,856 2,800,062 99.5%
Hogs and pigs 479,683 627,930 1,733,226 5,647,669 41 8,008,825 8,488,548 99.5%
Chickens 82,454 304,129 1,451,233 2,174,629 7 3,929,991 4,012,452 99.8%
Turkeys 1,839 4,664 90,344 2,008,024 0 2,103,032 2,104,871 100.0%
All types 4,141,265 4,624,235 11,127,773 29,795,117 72,798 45,547,126 49,761,190 52.2%
 
End-of-year inventory:  
Sheep and goats 350,843 137,952 162,653 113,059 16,460 413,664 780,967 8.0%
Horses, ponies, mules, burros, donkeys 89,262 45,651 37,859 21,206 1,449 104,716 195,427 7.7%
*Farms classified as special cases include dairies that went out of business, farms with only feeder pigs, and egg-hatching operations (see text).
** If more than 35 animal units of any fattened cattle, milk cows, swine, chickens, or turkeys were present on the farm, they were used to define the dominant livestock type, even if cattle were the most abundant livestock type on the farm. There were 11,782 farms that met this condition, of which 34 percent were classified as fattened cattle farms, 31 percent were classified as swine farms, and 22 percent were classified as dairies.
***For very small farms, veal and confined heifers are included with cattle other than fattened cattle or milk cows.
Note: Confined livestock types include fattened cattle, milk cows, swine, chickens, turkeys, veal, and confined heifers.

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