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Table 3. Environmental Indicators of Pesticide Leaching and Runoff

Pesticide use surveys used to construct the pesticide use database for 1960-97.

 
Survey Source Crop Years covered States or regions covered
Doane Pesticide Profile Study Doane All 12 crops 1987-97 All 48 states
Agricultural Chemical Usage: 1990 Field Crops Summary NASS Corn 1990 CO, IL, IN, IA, KS, KY, MI, MN, MO, NE, NY, NC, ND, OH, PA, SC, SD, VA, WV, WI
Cotton 1990 AZ, AR, CA, LA, MS, TX
Potatoes 1990 CO, ID, ME, MI, MN, NY, ND, OR, PA, WA, WI
Rice 1990 AR, LA
Soybeans 1990 AL, AR, DE, FL, GA, ILL, IN, IA, KS, KY, LA, MD, MI, MN, MS, MO, NE, NJ, NC, ND, OH, OK, PA, SC, SD, TN, TX, VA, WI
Agricultural Chemical Usage: 1991 Field Crops Summary NASS Corn 1991 GA, IL, IN, IA, KS, KY, MI, MN, MO, NE, NC, OH, PA, SC, SD, TX, WI
Cotton 1991 AZ, AR, CA, LA, MS, TX
Peanuts 1991 GA, TX
Potatoes 1991 CO, ID, ME, MI, MN, NY, ND, OR, PA, WA, WI
Rice 1991 AR, LA
Soybeans 1991 AR, GA, IL, IN, IA, KS, KY, LA, MN, MS, MO, NE, NC, OH, SD, TN
Wheat 1991 CO, ID, KS, MN, MT, NE, ND, OK, OR, SD, TX, WA
Agricultural Chemical Usage: 1992 Field Crops Summary NASS Corn 1992 GA, IL, IN, IA, KS, KY, MI, MN, MO, NE, NC, OH, PA, SC, SD, TX, WI
Cotton 1992 AZ, AR, CA, LA, MS, TX
Potatoes 1992 CO, ID, ME, MI, MN, NY, ND, OR, PA, WA, WI
Rice 1992 AR, LA
Soybeans 1992 AR, GA, IL, IN, IA, KS, KY, LA, MN, MS, MO, NE, NC, OH, SD, TN
Wheat 1992 AR, CO, ID, KS, MT, NE, OK, OR, SD, TX, WA
Agricultural Chemical Usage: 1993 Field Crops Summary NASS Corn 1993 GA, IL, IN, IA, KS, KY, MI, MN, MO, NE, NC, OH, PA, SD, TX, WI
Cotton 1993 AZ, AR, CA, LA, MS, TX
Potatoes 1993 CO, ID, ME, MI, MN, NY, ND, OR, PA, WA, WI
Soybeans 1993 AR, GA, IL, IN, IA, KS, KY, LA, MN, MS, MO, NE, NC, OH, SD, TN
Wheat 1993 CO, ID, IL, KS, MN, MT, NE, ND, OH, OK, OR, SD, TX, WA
Agricultural Chemical Usage: 1994 Field Crops Summary NASS Corn 1994 IL, IN, IA, MI, MN, MO, NE, OH, SD, WI
Cotton 1994 AZ, AR, CA, LA, MS, TX
Potatoes 1994 CO, ID, ME, MI, MN, NY, ND, OR, PA, WA, WI
Soybeans 1994 AR, DE, IL, IN, IA, MN, MO, NE, OH
Wheat 1994 CO, ID, IL, KS, MN, MT, NE, ND, OH, OK, OR, SD, TX, WA
Agricultural Chemical Usage: 1995 Field Crops Summary NASS Corn 1995 DE, GA, IL, IN, IA, KS, KY, MI, MN, MO, NE, NC, OH, PA, SD, TX, WI
Cotton 1995 AZ, AR, CA, LA, MS, TX
Potatoes 1995 CO, ID, ME, MI, MN, NY, ND, OR, PA, WA, WI
Soybeans 1995 AR, GA, IL, IN, IA, KY, LA, MN, MS, MO, NE, NC, OH, TN
Wheat 1995 CO, ID, IL, KS, MN, MO, MT, NE, ND, OH, OK, OR, SD, TX, WA
Agricultural Chemical Usage: 1996 Field Crops Summary NASS Corn 1996 IL, IN, IA, KS, KY, MI, MN, MO, NE, NC, OH, PA, SC, SD, TX, WI
Cotton 1996 AZ, AR, CA, GA, LA, MS, TN, TX
Potatoes 1996 ID, ME, WA
Soybeans 1996 AR, IL, IN, IA, LA, MN, MS, MO, NE, OH, TN, WI
Wheat 1996 CO, ID, KS, MN, MT, NE, ND, OK, OR, SD, TX, WA
Agricultural Chemical Usage: 1997 Field Crops Summary NASS Corn 1997 IL, IN, IA, MI, MN, MO, NE, OH, SD, WI
Cotton 1997 AL, AZ, AR, CA, GA, LA, MS, MO, NC, SC, TN, TX
Potatoes 1997 ID, ME, MN, ND, OR, WA, WI
Soybeans 1997 AR, DE, IL, IN, IA, KS, KY, LA, MI, MN, MS, MO, NE, NC, OH, PA, SD, TN, WI
Wheat 1997 CO, ID, IL, KS, MN, MT, NE, ND, OK, OR, PA, SD, TX, WA
Doane Countrywide Farm Panel Survey Doane Corn 1970-86 Doane regions 1, 2, 3, 4, 5; IL, IN, IA, MN, MO, NE, OH, WI, SD, MI
Soybeans 1970-84, 86 Doane regions 2, 3, 4, 5; IL, IN, IA, MN, MO, NE, OH, WI
Cotton 1970-84, 86 Doane regions 2, 4, 6, 7
Wheat 1973-86 Doane regions 5, 6, 7
Sorghum 1973-86 Doane regions 4, 5, 7
Rice 1975, 79, 81 CA, TX-AR-LA-MS, other
Barley 1976 Doane regions 5, 6
Pesticide Use on Cotton Battelle Cotton 1985 National
Pesticide Use on Soybeans Battelle Soybeans 1985 National
Specialty Crop Pesticide Study 1984 Maritz Rice 1984 CA, TX-AR-LA-MS, other
Specialty Crop Pesticide Study 1983 Doane Peanuts 1983 TX-OK, AL-GA, VA-NC, other
Potatoes 1983 CA-ID-WA-OR, ND-MN-WI, NORTHEAST-MI, other
Sugarbeets 1983 CA, MN-ND, CO-NE, other
Tobacco 1983 VA-NC-SC-GA-FL, AR-LA-AL-MS-TN-KY, other
Specialty Crop Pesticide Study 1977 Doane Peanuts 1977 TX-OK, AL-GA, VA-NC, other
Potatoes 1977 CA-ID-WA-OR, ND-MN-WI, NORTHEAST-MI, other
Sugarbeets 1977 CA, MN-ND, CO-NE, other
Tobacco 1977 VA-NC-SC-GA-FL, AR-LA-AL-MS-TN-KY, other
Specialty Crop Pesticide Study 1975 Doane Peanuts 1975 TX-OK, AL-GA, VA-NC, other
Potatoes 1975 CA-ID-WA-OR, ND-MN-WI, NORTHEAST-MI, other
Sugarbeets 1975 CA, MN-ND, CO-NE, other
Tobacco 1975 VA-NC-SC-GA-FL, AR-LA-AL-MS-TN-KY, other
Specialty Crop Pesticide Study 1973 Doane Peanuts 1973 TX-OK, AL-GA, VA-NC, other
Potatoes 1973 CA-ID-WA-OR, ND-MN-WI, NORTHEAST-MI, other
Sugarbeets 1973 CA, MN-ND, CO-NE, other
Tobacco 1973 VA-NC-SC-GA-FL, AR-LA-AL-MS-TN-KY, other
Farmer��������� Use of Pesticides, Unpublished Spreadsheets NASS Corn 1982 MD, NY, PA, KY, NC, TN, VA, AL, FL, GA, SC, AR, LA, MS, IL, IA, IN, MO, OH, MI, MN, WI, KS, NE, SD, ND, OK, TX, MT, WA, ID, AZ
Soybeans 1982 MN, IA, MO, IL, IN, OH, KY, AR, LA, MS, MD, GA, SC, NC, VA, FL, MI, WI, OK, TX
Cotton 1982 AL, GA, SC, AR, LA, MS, TN, OK, TX, MO, NC, AZ
Sorghum 1982 KY, NC, TN, VA, AL, GA, SC, AR, LA, MS, IL, MO, KS, NE, SD, OK, TX, AZ
Wheat 1982 MD, KY, NC, TN, VA, AL, GA, SC, AR, LA, MS, IL, IA, MO, OH, MI, MN, WI, KS, NE, ND, SD, OK, TX, ID, MT, WA, AZ
Rice 1982 AR, LA, MS, MO, TX
Peanuts 1982 NC, VA, AL, GA, SC, TX
Barley 1982 NC, VA, SC, MI, MN, WI, ND, SD, ID, MT, WA, AZ
Tobacco 1982 PA, KY, NC, TN, VA, FL, GA, SC, OH, IN
Oats 1982 NY, PA, NC, SC, AR, OH, MI, MN, WI, ND, SD, OK, TX, ID, MT, WA
Pesticide Use on Corn NASS Corn 1980 IL, IN, IA, MO, OH, MI, MN, WI, KS, NE, SD, TX, KY, PA, NC, GA
Pesticide Use on Soybeans NASS Soybeans 1980 NE, KS, MN, IA, MO, IL, IN, OH, KY, TN, AR, LA, MS, AL, GA, SC, NC
Pesticide Use on Sorghum NASS Sorghum 1980 KS, MO, NE, OK, SD, TX
Pesticide Use on Cotton NASS Cotton 1979 AL, GA, SC, AR, LA, MS, TN, OK, TX
Pesticide Use on Potatoes NASS Potatoes 1979 MA, NY, PA, ND, MN, NJ, MI, WA, OR, ID, CO
Farmer��������� Use of Pesticides, 1976 NASS Corn 1976 National; USDA regions NE, LK, CB, NP, AP, SE, DT, SP, MT, PA
Soybeans 1976 National; USDA regions NE, LK, CB, NP, AP, SE, DT, SP, PA
Cotton 1976 National; USDA regions AP, SE, DT, SP, MT, PA
Sorghum 1976 National; USDA regions NE, LK, CB, NP, AP, SE, DT, SP, MT, PA
Wheat 1976 National; USDA regions NE, LK, CB, NP, AP, SE, DT, SP, MT, PA
Rice 1976 National; USDA regions DT, SP, PA
Peanuts 1976 National; USDA regions AP, SE, DT, SP, MT
Tobacco 1976 National; USDA regions NE, LK, CB, AP, SE
Barley 1976 National; USDA regions NE, LK, CB, NP, AP, SE, SP, MT, PA
Farmer��������� Use of Pesticides, 1971 NASS Corn 1971 National; USDA regions NE, LK, CB, NP, AP, SE, DT, SP, MT, PA
Soybeans 1971 National; USDA regions NE, LK, CB, NP, AP, SE, DT, SP
Cotton 1971 National; USDA regions CB, AP, SE, DT, SP, MT, PA
Sorghum 1971 National; USDA regions NE, CB, NP, AP, SE, DT, SP, MT, PA
Wheat 1971 National; USDA regions NE, LK, NP, AP, SE, SP, MT, PA
Rice 1971 National; USDA regions DT, SP, PA
Peanuts 1971 National; USDA regions AP, SE, DT, SP, MT
Potatoes 1971 National; USDA regions NE, LK, NP, SE, SP, MT, PA
Tobacco 1971 National; USDA regions NE, CB, AP, SE
Barley 1971 National; USDA regions NE, LK, CB, NP, SE, SP, MT, PA
Sugarbeets 1971 National; USDA regions LK, CB, NP, MT, PA
Doane Summary Herbicide Report 1972 Doane Corn 1961-72 National
Soybeans 1961-72 National
Cotton 1961-72 National
Sorghum 1961-72 National
Wheat 1961-72 National
Barley 1961-72 National
Doane Summary Insecticide Report 1972 Doane Corn 1961-72 National
Soybeans 1961-72 National
Cotton 1961-72 National
Sorghum 1961-72 National
Wheat 1961-72 National
Barley 1961-72 National
Quantities of Pesticides Used by Farmers, 1966 NASS Corn 1966 National; USDA regions NE, LK, CB, NP, AP, SE, DT, SP, MT, PA
Soybeans 1966 National; USDA regions NE, LK, CB, NP, AP, SE, DT, SP
Cotton 1966 National; USDA regions CB, AP, SE, DT, SP, MT, PA
Sorghum 1966 National; USDA regions NE, CB, NP, AP, SE, DT, SP, MT, PA
Wheat 1966 National; USDA regions LK, CB, NP, AP, SE, SP, MT, PA
Rice 1966 National; USDA regions DT, SP
Peanuts 1966 National; USDA regions AP, SE, SP, MT
Potatoes 1966 National; USDA regions NE, LK, CB, SE, MT, PA
Tobacco 1966 National; USDA regions NE, LK, CB, AP, SE
Barley 1966 National; USDA regions NE, LK, CB, NP, AP, SE, SP, MT, PA
Sugarbeets 1966 National; USDA regions LK, CB, NP, MT, PA
Quantities of Pesticides Used by Farmers, 1964 NASS Corn 1964 National; USDA regions NE, LK, CB, NP, AP, SE, DT, SP, MT, PA
Soybeans 1964 National; USDA regions NE, LK, CB, NP, AP, SE, DT
Cotton 1964 National; USDA regions CB, AP, SE, DT, SP, PA
Sorghum 1964 National; USDA regions CB, NP, AP, SE, SP, MT
Wheat 1964 National; USDA regions LK, CB, NP, AP, SP, MT, PA
Rice 1964 National; USDA regions CB, DT, SP
Peanuts 1964 National; USDA regions AP, SE, SP, MT
Potatoes 1964 National; USDA regions NE, LK, CB, SE, MT, PA
Tobacco 1964 National; USDA regions NE, LK, CB, AP, SE
Sugarbeets 1964 National; USDA regions LK, CB, NP
Barley 1964 National; USDA regions NE, LK, CB, NP, AP, SE, DT, SP, MT, PA
Extent of Spraying and Dusting on Farms, 1958 with Comparisons (1962) NASS Corn 1958 National; USDA regions NE, LK, CB, NP, AP, SE, DT, SP, MT, PA
Cotton 1958 National; USDA regions CB, AP, SE, DT, SP, PA
Potatoes 1958 National; USDA regions NE, LK, CB, SE, MT, PA
Tobacco 1958 National; USDA regions NE, LK, CB, AP, SE

Note: USDA Regions are as follows: NE=Northeast, LK=Lake States, CB=Corn Belt, NP=Northern Plains, AP=Appalachian, SE=Southeast, DT=Delta States, SP=Southern Plains, MT=Mountain, and PA=Pacific.


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