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Acres of Non-Federal Wetlands in 1992

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Description

This shaded polygon map shows acres of wetlands in 1992 for each 8-digit hydrologic unit. The number of acres are presented in five categories based on the following divisions: more than 750,000 acres, 300,000 to 750,000 acres, 150,000 to 300,000 acres, 50,000 to 150,000 acres, and less than 50,000 acres. There was a total of 111,307,700 acres of wetlands. Wetlands includes palustrine and estuarine wetlands identified using the cowardin system, it does not include deepwater habitats or wetlands located on Federal land. Areas with 95% or more Federal area are shaded gray.

Cautions for this Product:
This map may not be used for site-specific information. The map does not include deepwater habitats or wetlands on Federal Land. Data are not collected on Federal land. Data are not available for Alaska or the Pacific Basin. Data for Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgin Islands is shown by 6-digit hydrologic unit.



Sources

Source: National Resources Inventory, 1997
Distributor: USDA-NRCS-RIAD
Reliability:
NRI sample data are generally reliable at the 95% confidence interval for state and certain broad substate area analyses. Generally, analyses that aggregate data points by smaller geographic areas and/or more specific criteria result in fewer data points for each aggregation and therefore less reliable estimates. NRI maps reflect national patterns rather than site- specific information.


Layers

Aggregate Layer: 8 Digit Hydrologic Unit Areas with Federal Land
Other Layers Displayed: States, Rivers


Definitions

Cowardin system:
A classification system of wetlands and deep water habitats of the United States, officially adopted by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS) used to develop wetland data bases. The system was developed by Lewis M. Cowardin of the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service and others. The five major systems are recognized in the NRI: Estuarine, Lacustrine, Marine, Palustrine, and Riverine. [USFWS]

Estuarine system:
Deepwater tidal habitats and adjacent tidal wetlands that are semienclosed by land but have open, partly obstructed, or sporadic access to the open ocean, and in which ocean water is at least occasionally diluted by freshwater runoff from the land. [USFWS]

Federal land:
A land ownership class designating land that is owned by the Federal Government. It does not include, for example, trust lands administered by the Bureau of Indian Affairs nor Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA) land. No data are collected for any year that land is in this ownership. [NRI-97]

Hydric soil:
A soil that is saturated, flooded, or ponded long enough during the growing season to develop anaerobic conditions in the upper part. [NFSAM]

Hydrologic units:
A hierarchical system developed by the U.S. Geological Survey that divides the United States and the Caribbean into 21 major regions, 222 subregions, 352 accounting units, and further subdivided into 2,150 cataloging units that delineate river basins having drainage areas usually greater than 700 square miles. [USGS]

Palustrine system:
All non-tidal wetlands dominated by trees, shrubs, persistent emergents, emergent mosses, or lichens, and all such wetlands that occur in tidal areas where salinity due to ocean derived salts is below 0.5 percent [U.S.FWS]

Wetland:
Areas that have a predominance of hydric soils and that are inundated or saturated by surface or ground water at a frequency and duration sufficient to support, and under normal circumstances do support, a prevalence of hydrophytic vegetation typically adapted for life in saturated soil conditions. [NFSAM]

Wetland System:
Complex of wetland habitats that share the influence of similar hydrologic, geomorphologic, chemical, or biological factors. [U.S. FWS]


Product Information

Product ID: 5813
Production Date: 1/18/01
Product Type: Map


For additional information contact the Resources Inventory and Assessment Division. Please include the Product ID you are inquiring about. nri@wdc.usda.gov or 1400 Independence Avenue SW - P.O. Box 2890 - Washington D.C. 20013. If you use our analysis products, please be aware of our disclaimer.