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Table 6. Environmental Indicators of Pesticide Leaching and Runoff

Table 6. Percentage of Pesticide Risk Indicator (TEUs) by Crop.

 
  1960-65 1966-71 1972-77 1978-83 1984-90 1991-97
Pesticide leaching index for protection of drinking water
Barley 0.2% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0%
Corn 62.5% 75.6% 78.5% 72.6% 61.4% 41.6%
Cotton 3.4% 5.9% 3.5% 2.0% 6.9% 12.9%
Oats 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0%
Peanuts 7.8% 2.7% 2.5% 5.9% 4.2% 8.4%
Potatoes 19.8% 7.8% 3.7% 4.1% 6.2% 5.1%
Rice 0.4% 0.1% 0.4% 0.5% 0.4% 0.9%
Sugarbeets 0.1% 0.2% 0.1% 0.0% 2.4% 5.4%
Sorghum 2.7% 7.2% 6.3% 7.6% 7.5% 5.0%
Soybeans 0.0% 0.1% 0.5% 1.9% 2.1% 3.8%
Tobacco 3.0% 0.2% 4.4% 5.3% 8.8% 16.7%
Wheat 0.1% 0.1% 0.1% 0.2% 0.2% 0.2%
  100.0% 100.0% 100.0% 100.0% 100.0% 100.0%
Pesticide runoff index for protection of drinking water
Barley 0.4% 0.5% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.1%
Corn 92.1% 91.9% 81.7% 75.1% 80.8% 79.9%
Cotton 2.1% 2.6% 5.3% 3.3% 3.5% 6.9%
Oats 0.0% 0.0% 0.1% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0%
Peanuts 0.2% 0.2% 0.3% 0.3% 0.3% 0.1%
Potatoes 0.1% 0.4% 0.3% 0.2% 0.6% 1.7%
Rice 0.1% 0.1% 0.5% 1.3% 1.3% 2.0%
Sugarbeets 0.3% 0.1% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.2%
Sorghum 0.9% 1.3% 2.7% 2.8% 2.6% 2.7%
Soybeans 0.5% 1.4% 7.1% 15.3% 9.6% 5.8%
Tobacco 3.2% 1.4% 1.3% 0.9% 0.3% 0.1%
Wheat 0.0% 0.2% 0.6% 0.7% 0.8% 0.5%
  100.0% 100.0% 100.0% 100.0% 100.0% 100.0%
Pesticide leaching index for protection of fish
Barley 0.1% 0.6% 0.1% 0.1% 0.1% 0.0%
Corn 10.2% 66.6% 73.4% 65.5% 42.9% 22.4%
Cotton 2.9% 4.7% 2.9% 2.4% 7.5% 23.0%
Oats 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0%
Peanuts 49.1% 18.1% 7.4% 6.3% 15.9% 17.2%
Potatoes 5.2% 4.2% 1.6% 1.8% 2.1% 4.2%
Rice 0.0% 0.1% 5.6% 3.6% 2.6% 3.1%
Sugarbeets 0.9% 2.8% 0.3% 0.1% 0.5% 1.1%
Sorghum 0.0% 0.0% 0.3% 4.4% 3.3% 1.7%
Soybeans 0.4% 2.0% 0.7% 4.7% 4.3% 0.8%
Tobacco 31.2% 0.8% 7.5% 11.0% 20.4% 26.3%
Wheat 0.0% 0.1% 0.1% 0.1% 0.5% 0.1%
  100.0% 100.0% 100.0% 100.0% 100.0% 100.0%
Pesticide runoff index for protection of fish
Barley 0.1% 0.4% 0.0% 0.0% 0.5% 0.1%
Corn 10.7% 14.4% 14.5% 15.8% 15.6% 12.4%
Cotton 17.0% 18.9% 38.2% 12.2% 17.7% 42.4%
Oats 0.0% 0.0% 0.1% 0.0% 0.1% 0.0%
Peanuts 0.9% 0.8% 6.6% 27.5% 4.7% 2.6%
Potatoes 68.6% 59.3% 27.7% 22.9% 39.4% 26.2%
Rice 0.0% 0.1% 0.2% 0.5% 0.3% 0.5%
Sugarbeets 0.2% 0.2% 0.3% 1.6% 3.6% 3.1%
Sorghum 0.4% 0.4% 0.8% 0.7% 0.6% 0.8%
Soybeans 0.7% 4.6% 9.8% 15.2% 10.6% 7.2%
Tobacco 1.2% 0.6% 0.8% 1.8% 0.6% 2.1%
Wheat 0.0% 0.2% 1.1% 1.9% 6.2% 2.6%
  100.0% 100.0% 100.0% 100.0% 100.0% 100.0%
Pesticide leaching index for protection of algae
Barley 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0%
Corn 96.1% 92.9% 94.0% 91.6% 89.4% 89.2%
Cotton 0.1% 0.1% 0.0% 0.0% 0.1% 0.1%
Oats 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0%
Peanuts 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.2% 0.2%
Potatoes 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0%
Rice 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0%
Sugarbeets 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0%
Sorghum 3.7% 7.1% 5.9% 8.1% 9.9% 9.9%
Soybeans 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.2% 0.4% 0.3%
Tobacco 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0%
Wheat 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.1% 0.2%
  100.0% 100.0% 100.0% 100.0% 100.0% 100.0%
Pesticide runoff index for protection of algae
Barley 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0%
Corn 96.7% 94.7% 94.3% 92.4% 92.2% 91.9%
Cotton 0.4% 0.2% 0.2% 0.2% 0.2% 0.4%
Oats 0.1% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0%
Peanuts 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0%
Potatoes 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0%
Rice 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0%
Sugarbeets 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0%
Sorghum 2.7% 4.8% 4.7% 5.9% 6.1% 6.5%
Soybeans 0.1% 0.2% 0.8% 1.5% 1.3% 0.9%
Tobacco 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0%
Wheat 0.2% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.1% 0.3%
  100.0% 100.0% 100.0% 100.0% 100.0% 100.0%
Pesticide leaching index for protection of crustaceans
Barley 0.0% 0.6% 0.1% 0.1% 0.1% 0.0%
Corn 0.4% 57.9% 80.5% 74.2% 64.5% 49.2%
Cotton 95.7% 35.9% 2.3% 0.7% 2.5% 8.5%
Oats 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0%
Peanuts 1.3% 1.1% 5.6% 5.9% 7.8% 8.2%
Potatoes 0.7% 0.8% 0.3% 0.5% 0.9% 3.6%
Rice 0.0% 0.1% 6.1% 4.1% 3.9% 7.0%
Sugarbeets 1.7% 1.6% 0.2% 0.1% 0.3% 0.8%
Sorghum 0.0% 0.1% 0.4% 5.3% 5.2% 3.6%
Soybeans 0.1% 1.8% 1.2% 4.1% 3.4% 0.9%
Tobacco 0.0% 0.0% 3.0% 5.1% 10.8% 17.8%
Wheat 0.0% 0.1% 0.1% 0.1% 0.6% 0.3%
  100.0% 100.0% 100.0% 100.0% 100.0% 100.0%
Pesticide runoff index for protection of crustaceans
Barley 0.6% 6.3% 0.2% 0.1% 0.2% 0.1%
Corn 30.5% 44.9% 58.5% 66.3% 56.7% 46.7%
Cotton 33.4% 15.0% 15.5% 11.2% 23.7% 31.3%
Oats 0.2% 0.6% 0.6% 0.2% 0.0% 0.0%
Peanuts 5.0% 3.2% 2.1% 2.4% 3.5% 6.8%
Potatoes 5.0% 6.1% 2.9% 1.8% 2.4% 4.3%
Rice 0.3% 0.3% 0.5% 1.3% 0.7% 0.8%
Sugarbeets 3.7% 2.0% 1.1% 1.0% 0.8% 1.4%
Sorghum 17.8% 8.5% 9.1% 4.6% 2.7% 1.7%
Soybeans 1.9% 8.3% 4.7% 6.9% 4.8% 2.6%
Tobacco 1.3% 0.6% 0.7% 0.9% 1.5% 2.1%
Wheat 0.4% 4.3% 4.2% 3.3% 2.9% 2.0%
  100.0% 100.0% 100.0% 100.0% 100.0% 100.0%

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