The Land Treatment Element addresses any land under the control of the animal production facility (AFO) owner or operator, whether it is owned, rented, or leased, and to which manure or process wastewater from the production area is, or might be, applied for crop and/or pasture production.
This element also addresses the need for, and implementation of, all appropriate conservation practices pertaining to the AFO. This includes all structural, vegetative, and management practices located in or on the farmstead, cropland and/or pasture. The Land Treatment Element documents all of the conservation practices found in the CNMP. This element serves as documentation of decisions made by the AFO operator.
Land Treatment Element Requirements
Name and contact information of owner/operator in control of the AFO
1. Owner/operator names
3. Phone numbers
Conservation Practice Schedule
1. Include what will be done, why, where, and who will provide technical assistance within the narrative statement.
o The use of the “G” narratives (PDF, 43KB) is encouraged. Adapt these narratives to be more site specific.
2. Include Operation and Maintenance activities, as detailed in the , for all practices.
3. Document all planned and/or applied practices on all land uses. The pracPA NRCS Practice Standardtice schedule includes the planned/applied location, date, and amount for each practice.
4. Job Sheet use is recommended. When using, please complete all applicable sections. (Optional)
Practice Location Map (PDF, 1068KB)
1. All maps contain a scale, legend, and north arrow. A scale of 1:660 is recommended if applicable to the size of the operation.
2. Practice Location Map(s) document the location of all structural conservation practices (existing and planned practices) which are clearly labeled in the map legend.
RUSLE 2 soil loss calculations
1. Plan View printout with the following information:
o Predominant soil type in each field
o Tolerable (T) level of soil loss for each soil type
o Slope length, feet
o Slope steepness, percentage
o Erosion rate (tons/acre/year) and description of crop rotation and tillage system for each field
o Soil Conditioning Index (SCI)
o Soil Tillage Intensity Rating (STIR)
2. Management View printout for each rotation with the following information:
o Vegetation type
o Crop Yield (if significantly different from default value)
Maps and Soil Information for all land application areas and production facilities – These maps are clear and concise, easy to understand, and serve as a visual summary of activities occurring on the operation. All maps contain a scale, legend, and north arrow. A scale of 1:660 is recommended if applicable to the size of the operation.
1. Location map(s) (PDF, 1343KB) for operation include road names, field and property boundaries, field numbers, land use designation, field acreage, and the location and identification of all utilities, power lines, cables, and pipelines.
2. Land application map(s) using aerial photography with legend clearly identify field boundaries and land application area with marked and labeled setbacks, wells, buffers, waterways, and environmentally sensitive areas such as streams or other surface water bodies, sinkholes, wetlands, gullies, drinking water sources, etc.
The CNMP, for all land uses, must meet NRCS quality criteria for Soil Erosion (sheet and rill, ephemeral gully, and classic gully) and Water Quality (nutrients, organics, and sediments in surface and groundwater) resource concerns on the animal production and land treatment areas. The resource concerns, listed below, must be addressed and improved, so that the quality criteria is met and maintained. In addition to meeting and maintaining the quality criteria, all adverse effects to these resources must be prevented.
Description of Concern
Soil Erosion - Sheet and Rill
Detachment and transport of soil particles caused by rainfall splash and runoff degrade soil quality
Sheet and rill erosion does not exceed the Soil Loss Tolerance “T”
Visual assessment (pedestals, rills) RUSLE2
Soil Erosion - Ephemeral Gully
Small channels caused by surface water runoff degrade soil quality and tend to increase in size. On cropland, they can be obscured by heavy tillage
Surface water runoff is controlled sufficiently to stabilize the small channels and prevent reoccurrence of new channels.
Visual assessment • Volume calculation • Pennsylvania Soil Quality Assessment (check for poor soil condition as possible cause)
Soil Erosion - Classic Gully
Deep, permanent channels caused by the convergence of surface runoff degrade soil
Surface water runoff is controlled sufficiently to stop progression of erosion
Visual assessment • Volume calculation
Water Quality - Excessive Nutrients and Organics, Harmful Pathogens in Surface/Ground Water
Pollution from natural or human induced nutrients such as N, P, organics (including animal and other wastes), viruses, protozoa, and bacteria degrades surface/ground water quality.
Nutrients, organics, materials that harbor pathogens are stored, handled, disposed of, and applied such that surface/ ground water uses are not adversely affected.
National Engineering Handbook, Part 651, Ag. Waste Mgt. Field Handbook •Phosphorus Leaching Index • Farm*A*Syst• SVAP (Stream Visual Assessment Protocol)