Canadian Milkvetch (Astragalus canadensis L.)
Scientific name: Astragalus canadensis L.
Family Name: Pea (Fabaceae)
Common Name: Canadian milkvetch
Habit – rhizomatous, short-lived native perennial forb, 12 to 40 inches tall, dolabriform vestiture (hairs attached at the middle, not the base, the two ends free).
Leaves - pinnately compound with an odd number of leaflets (13-35) 5-35 centimeters long, connate (united) stipules at the petiol base, leaflets medium-green 1/3 to 1/2 inches (1-4.5 millimeters) long and about half as wide, hairless or slightly hairy above, stiff, short hairs beneath, hairs attached at or toward the middle of the hair.
Flower – numerous, whorled in spike-like (2.5-16 centimeters long) congested racemes growing from the upped leaf axils. Pea flower shaped, cream colored with green tinge, ¾ inch long.
Fruit – stout oval pods with long pointed tips nearly erect on the stems with several seeds. Seeds smooth, and brownish yellow-green in color.
Blooming: From May to August. Seeds mature approximately 6-8 weeks after flowering.
Distribution and Habitat: Widely distributed in moist prairies, open woodlands, roadsides, and streambanks.