Conservation cropping systems for residue management and improving soil quality, water quality and profitability on cropland in Mississippi.
Residue and Tillage Management no Till/Strip-till
This practice includes planting methods commonly referred to as no-till, strip till, direct seed, zero till, slot till or zone till. Approved implements are: no-till and strip-till planters; certain drills and air seeder; strip-type fertilizer and manure injectors and applicators; in-row chisels; and similar implements that only disturb strips and slots. All others are considered to be full-width or capable of full disturbance and therefore not compatible.
Residue Management, Seasonal
Seasonal residue management includes managing residues of annual crops from harvest until the residue is:
Buried by tillage for seedbed preparation
Removed by grazing, or
It also includes the management of residues form biennial of perennial seed crops from the time of seed harvest until regrowth begins the next season.
Residue and Tillage Management Mulch-till
This practice includes tillage methods commonly referred to as mulch tillage where a majority of the soil surface is disturbed by tillage operations such as vertical tillage, chiseling and disking and also includes tillage/planting systems with relatively minimal soil disturbance but which do not meet the criteria for Residue and Tillage Management (NoTill/Stiip Till/Direct Seed) (Code 329). It applies to stubble mulching on summer-fallowed land, to tillage for annually planted crops and to tillage for planting perennial crops.
It also includes some planting operations, such as hoe drills that disturb a large percentage of the soil surface during the planting operation and cropping systems in which the majority of surface area is disturbed during harvest.
Residue and Tillage Management Ridge-till
This practice includes tillage and planting methods commonly referred to as ridge till or ridge planting. It does not include no-till planting on ridges, or bedding or listing operations that bury crop residues.
Following crop harvest, residues shall remain on the surface until planting with no additional disturbance except for normal weathering.
After planting, residues shall be maintained in the furrows until the ridges are rebuilt by cultivation. Ridges shall be rebuilt to their design height and shape during the last row cultivation.
Managing Cover Crops
Termination Cover Crops
Organic Farming and Transitioning to Organic Farming
Mississippi EQIP Guidelines for Organic and Transiting to Organic Farming (Page 13)
Nutrient Management Conservation Practice Standard 590
Integrated Pest Management