The Grassland Reserve Program (GRP) is a voluntary conservation program that emphasizes support for working grazing operations, enhancement of plant and animal biodiversity, and protection of grassland under threat of conversion to other uses.
Participants voluntarily limit future development and cropping uses of the land while retaining the right to conduct common grazing practices and operations related to the production of forage and seeding, subject to certain restrictions during nesting seasons of bird species that are in significant decline or are protected under Federal or State law. Participants may conduct fire rehabilitation and construct firebreaks and fences. The GRP rental contracts and easements prohibit crop production (other than hay), fruit trees, and vineyards and any other activity inconsistent with maintaining grazing land. A grazing management plan is required for participants.
Eligible applicants include:
Landowners and operators who have general control of the acreage (for rental contracts);
Landowners who can provide clear title on privately owned lands (for easements); or
Eligible lands include:
grassland that contains forbs (including improved rangeland and pastureland or shrubland) for which grazing is the predominant use or
land that is located in an area that historically has been dominated by grassland, forbs, or shrubland that has the potential to serve as wildlife habitat of significant ecological value.
Applications may be filed for a rental contract or an easement with the Natural Resources Conservation Service or Farm Service Agency. The GRP enrollment options include: