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2013 Michigan CSP Enhancement Sheets

"Enhancement" means a type of conservation activity used to treat natural resources and improve conservation performance. Enhancements are installed at a level of management intensity that exceeds the sustainable level for a given resource concern. Enhancements directly related to a practice standard are applied in a manner that exceeds the minimum treatment requirements of the standard.

CSP Enhancement Sheets

Air Enhancements Pasture Enhancement Bundle
Animal Enhancements Plant Enhancements
Cropland Enhancement Bundle Range Enhancement Bundle
Energy Enhancement Activities Resource Conserving Crop Rotation
Forest Enhancement Bundle Soil Erosion Enhancements
On Farm Pilot Project Soil Quality Enhancements
On Farm Research and Demonstration Water Quality Enhancements
  Water Quantity Enhancements

Air Quality Enhancements:
AIR03 – Replace burning of prunings, removals and other crop residues with non-burning alternatives
AIR04 – Use drift reducing nozzles, low pressures, lower boom height, and adjuvants to reduce pesticide drift
AIR07 – GPS, targeted spray application
AIR-08 - Nitrification inhibitors or urease inhibitors

Animal Enhancements:
ANM03 - Incorporate native grasses and/or legumes
ANM05 - Extending riparian forest buffers
ANM07 - Extending existing field borders
ANM09 - Grazing management to improve wildlife habitat
ANM10 – Harvest hay in a manner that allows wildlife to flush and escape
ANM11 – Patch-burning to enhance wildlife habitat
ANM12 – Shallow water habitat
ANM17- Monitoring nutritional status of livestock using the NUTBAL PRO System
ANM21-Prairie restoration
ANM23 – Multi-species native perennials for biomass/wildlife habitat
ANM25 – Stockpiling of forages to extend the grazing season
ANM26 – Managing calving to coincide with forage availability
ANM27 – Wildlife-friendly fencing
ANM29 – On-farm forage based grazing system
ANM31 - Drainage water management
ANM32 - Extend existing filter strips or riparian herbaceous cover
ANM33 - Riparian buffer, terrestrial and aquatic wildlife habitat
ANM34 - Leave standing grain crops un-harvested to benefit wildlife
ANM35 - Enhance wildlife habitat on expired grass/legume covered CRP acres
ANM36 - Enhance wildlife habitat on expired tree covered CRP acres
ANM37 - Prescriptive grazing management system for grazed lands
ANM38 - Retrofit watering facility for wildlife escape

Cropland Enhancement Bundle
BCR06 - Improves nutrient and pesticide application techniques and widen buffers
BCR09 - Addresses orchard and vineyard resource concerns

Forest Enhancement Bundle:
BFO07 - Improves wildlife habitat in conifer or mixed forests
BFO08- Improves wildlife habitat in hardwood or mixed forests

Pasture Enhancement Bundle:
BPA07 - Improves forage utilization
BPA09 - Addresses multiple resource concerns

Range Enhancement Bundle:
BRA08 - Addresses multiple resource concerns
BRA09 - Addresses multiple resource concerns

Energy Enhancement Activities:
ENR01- Fuel use reduction for field operations
ENR09 - Variable Frequency Drive Electric Motors
ENR10 - Using nitrogen provided by legumes, animal manure and compost
ENR11 - Improving energy feedstock production using alley cropping systems with short rotation woody crops
ENR12 - Use of legume cover crops as a nitrogen source

On Farm Pilot Project:
FPP02 - On-farm pilot project

On Farm Research and Demonstration:
FRD01 - On Farm Research and Demonstration

Plant Enhancements:

PLT02 – Grazing management to improve wildlife habitat
PLT05 – Multi-story cropping, sustainable management of non-timber forest plants
PLT06 - Renovation of a windbreak, shelter belt or hedgerow
PLT15 – Establish pollinator and/or beneficial insect habitat
PLT16 - Intensive management of rotational grazing
PLT17 - Creating forest openings to improve hardwood stands
PLT18 - Increasing on-farm food production with edible woody buffer landscapes
PLT19 - Herbicide resistant weed management
PLT20 - High residue cover crop
PLT21 - Forest stand improvement pre-treating vegetation and fuels preceding a prescribed fire

Resource Conserving Crop Rotation

RCCR - Resource Conserving Crop Rotation

Soil Erosion Enhancements:
SOE05 - Intensive no-till

Soil Quality Enhancements:
SQL01 – Controlled traffic system
SQL04 – Use of cover crop mixes
SQL05 – Use of deep rooted crops to break up soil compaction
SQL08 – Intercropping to improve soil quality and increase biodiversity
SQL09 - Conversion of cropped land to grass-based agriculture
SQL10 - Crop management system where crop land acres were recently converted from CRP
SQL11 - Cover cropping in orchards & vineyards
SQL12 - Intensive cover cropping in annual crops

Water Quality Enhancements:
WQL01- Biological suppression and other non-chemical techniques
WQL03 - Rotation of supplement and feeding areas
WQL04 – Plant tissue testing and analysis
WQL05 - Apply nutrients no more than 30 days prior to planned planting date
WQL07 – Split nitrogen applications, 50% after crop emergence or pasture green up
WQL09 – Apply phosphorus fertilizer below the soil surface
WQL10 – Plant a cover crop that will scavenge residual nitrogen
WQL11 – Precision application technology to apply nutrients
WQL13 – High level integrated pest management
WQL14 – Land application of treated manure
WQL17 - Use of non-chemical methods to kill cover crops
WQL18 - Non-chemical pest control for livestock
WQL19- Transition to organic grazing systems
WQL20 - Transition to organic cropping systems
WQL21 - Integrated pest management for organic farming
WQL22 - On-farm composting of farm organic waste
WQL24 - Apply enhanced efficiency fertilizer products
WQL25 - Split applications of nitrogen based on a PSNT
WQL26 - Reduce the concentration of nutrients imported on farm
WQL27 - Drainage water management

Water Quantity Enhancements:
WQT01 – Irrigation system automation
WQT03 - Irrigation pumping plant evaluation

WQT05 - Remote monitoring and notification of irrigation pumping plant operation
WQT07 - Regional weather networks for irrigation scheduling
WQT08 - Decrease irrigation water quantity or conversion to non-irrigated crop production