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News Release

Wetlands Reserve Program Marks 20 Years of Wetlands Conservation

Nation’s Largest Wetland Restoration Program Has Protected 2.6 Million Acres.



CONTACT: Christy Morgan
Acting Public Affairs Specialist

Lexington, KY 12-20-2012
— In its two decades of existence, the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s federal Wetlands Reserve Program (WRP) has restored more than 2.6 million acres of wetlands habitat across the U.S, creating prime wildlife habitat and helping the environment by holding and cleaning water. This includes over 20,000 acres here in Kentucky.

USDA’s Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS) administers the voluntary program that works with landowners to protect, restore and enhance wetlands on private and tribal lands, a mission that helps rural and urban communities throughout the country by reducing flood damage, contributing to groundwater recharge and carbon sequestration, and providing recreational opportunities. Seventy-five percent of wetlands in the U.S. are located on private lands.

“The Wetlands Reserve Program is a great conservation tool, providing landowners a way to protect and restore wetland areas while making improvements to their properties—it is a win-win for the environment, the landowner and the community,” NRCS Acting Chief Jason Weller said.

Through the program, NRCS provides technical and financial assistance to help landowners voluntarily restore and protect wetland ecosystems. Landowners may select either a permanent or 30-year easement, retaining ownership of the land once the easement is in place.

The first land enrolled in WRP in Kentucky was in 1995.  Since that time, more than 150 landowners across the state have participated in this voluntary program. Landowners can receive financial assistance to restore wetlands on the saturated and flooded portions of their property that are difficult to farm, focusing their agricultural efforts on more productive soils.

Wetlands slow and store water, lowering the risk of flooding for nearby communities during storms and other severe weather events.

The program is best suited for frequently flooded agriculture lands, where restoration will maximize habitat for migratory birds and other wildlife, and improve water quality.

Wetlands are among the most biologically diverse ecosystems in the world. Rare and endangered wildlife, such as the whooping crane, wood stork, bog turtle and other species, are thriving on WRP easement lands.

In Kentucky, the program enrolls more land every year.  The acres enrolled in 2012 were twice that of 2011.  Active farmers often enroll former wetlands into WRP in order to retire wet or flood-prone fields from production in order to purchase better cropland.  Some landowners enroll to enhance recreational opportunities or to give younger generations a way to stay connected to the family farm. Other landowners may deed an easement to protect the land into the future, for the love of wildlife or passion for the outdoors.

“The farmers and landowners in Kentucky are not our only citizens who have benefited from the Wetlands Reserve Program,” NRCS State Conservationist Karen Woodrich said. “The program has led to cleaner water, aesthetic open spaces and abundant habitat for wildlife. Kentucky will continue to benefit from WRP as more land is set aside for wetland areas.”

NRCS attributes WRP’s milestone achievements to landowner interest, strong partnerships and effective science-based technical assistance. NRCS technical specialists work cooperatively with landowners, federal and state wildlife agencies, researchers and universities, conservation districts and non-governmental organizations to develop and implement effective hydrologic and vegetative restoration and management techniques.  

WRP success stories from around the nation can be found in the following publication:

For more information about WRP, please visit:

Stay up to date on WRP and other Farm Bill programs through GovDelivery:

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