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Illinois Native Plant Guide - Virginia Wild Rye - Pages 80-81

Illinois Native Plant Guide

Virginia Wild Rye
Elymus virginicus

Preferred Water Depth and Inundation Tolerance

Prefers moist soil. Species tolerates inundation up to a depth of 6 inches. Can also tolerate dry soils.

Wildlife Value

Palatable to grazing species.


Used in upper shoreline zones, for streambank stabilization, for upland slope buffers, and in vegetated swales.

Availability, Establishment, and Maintenance

  • Fall and spring seeding is successful.
  • Can become aggressive if seeded too heavily.

Virginia Wild Rye
Elymus virginicus

Mature Height
Up to 3 feetVirginia Wild Rye

Plant Type
Perennial grass

Indicator Status
Facultative Wet (-)

Not available

Nutrient Load Tolerance

Salt Tolerance
Not available

Siltation Tolerance

Flowering Color and Time
June to October

Light Preference
Partial to full sun

Seeding Rate
.06 - 1.0 lbs/acre

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