Skip

Illinois Native Plant Guide - Suggested Plant Species Mixes for Stormwater Applications

Illinois Native Plant Guide

Suggested Plant Species Mixes for Stormwater Applications

Stormwater Detention Basins, Upper Shoreline Zone (Saturated)
Stormwater Detention Basins, Lower Shoreline Zone (Emergent)
Streambank Stabilization
Upland Slope Buffers-Stormwater Ponds & Streambanks
Vegetated Swales

The suggested plant species mix lists which follow are intended to provide users with an idea of species that could be used together. These lists should NOT be used without consideration of the specific information provided within this Guide for each species. Each site will provide a different set of environmental conditions and an effort should be made to match the most suitable species to those conditions. In some cases, it may be best to overlap planting of different species mixes to hedge on the establishment of a hydrology regime in a given zone. Depending on the application, it may be appropriate to select a few species from a given mix, or for maximum diversity the entire mix could be used in a given zone. For prairie or wetland restorations, or for Section 404 (of the Clean Water Act) compensatory mitigation, planting mixes should go beyond the species listed here.

Stormwater Detention Basins, Upper Shoreline Zone (Saturated)
Scientific Name Common Name
Alisma subcordatum COMMON WATER PLANTAIN
Aster lanceolatus PANICLED ASTER
Aster novae-angliae NEW ENGLAND ASTER
Bidens cernua NODDING BEGGARSTICKS
Bidens frondosa COMMON BEGGARSTICKS
Calamagrostis canadensis BLUE JOINT GRASS
Carex comosa BRISTLY SEDGE
Carex cristatella CRESTED OVAL SEDGE
Carex granularis PALE SEDGE
Carex lanuginosa WOOLY SEDGE
Carex stipata AWL-FRUITED SEDGE
Carex vulpinoidea FOX SEDGE
Celtis occidentalis HACKBERRY
Cephalanthus occidentalis COMMON BUTTONBUSH
Cornus racemosa GRAY DOGWOOD
Cornus sericea RED OSIER DOGWOOD
Cyperus esculentus FIELD NUT SEDGE
Eleocharis obtusa BLUNT SPIKE RUSH
Eleocharis smallii CREEPING SPIKE RUSH
Elymus canadensis NODDING WILD RYE
Elymus virginicus VIRGINIA WILD RYE
Eupatorium maculatum SPOTTED JOE PYE WEED
Eupatorium perfoliatum COMMON BONESET
Glyceria striata FOWL MANNA GRASS
Helenium autumnale COMMON SNEEZEWEED
Helianthus grosseserratus SAWTOOTH SUNFLOWER
Juncus effusus COMMON RUSH
Juncus torreyi TORREY’S RUSH
Leersia oryzoides RICE CUT GRASS
Pycnanthemum virginianum COMMON MOUNTAIN MINT
Quercus bicolor SWAMP WHITE OAK
Salix amygdaloides PEACHLEAF WILLOW
Salix nigra BLACK WILLOW
Solidago gigantea LATE GOLDENROD
Spartina pectinata PRAIRIE CORDGRASS
Verbena hastata BLUE VERVAIN
Vernonia fasciculata COMMON IRON WEED
Viburnum lentago NANNYBERRY

[back to top]


 

Stormwater Detention Basins, Lower Shoreline Zone (Emergent)
Scientific Name Common Name
Acorus calamus SWEET FLAG
Alisma subcordatum COMMON WATER PLANTAIN
Cephalanthus occidentalis COMMON BUTTONBUSH
Cyperus esculentus FIELD NUT SEDGE
Iris virginica BLUE FLAG IRIS
Juncus effusus COMMON RUSH
Polygonum amphibium WATER SMARTWEED
Sagittaria latifolia BROADLEAF ARROWHEAD
Scirpus acutus HARDSTEM BULRUSH
Scirpus americanus CHAIRMAKER’S RUSH
Scirpus fluviatilis RIVER BULRUSH
Scirpus tabernaemontani SOFT-STEM BULRUSH
Sparganium eurycarpum COMMON BURREED

[back to top]


 

Streambank Stabilization
Scientific Name Common Name
Alisma subcordatum COMMON WATER PLANTAIN
Carex vulpinoidea FOX SEDGE
Celtis occidentalis HACKBERRY
Cephalanthus occidentalis COMMON BUTTONBUSH
Cornus racemosa GRAY DOGWOOD
Cornus sericea RED OSIER DOGWOOD
Eleocharis obtusa BLUNT SPIKE RUSH
Eleocharis smallii CREEPING SPIKE RUSH
Elymus canadensis NODDING WILD RYE
Elymus virginicus VIRGINIA WILD RYE
Fraxinus pennsylvanica GREEN ASH
Glyceria striata FOWL MANNA GRASS
Helenium autumnale COMMON SNEEZEWEED
Leersia oryzoides RICE CUT GRASS
Panicum virgatum SWITCH GRASS
Salix amygdaloides PEACHLEAF WILLOW
Salix nigra BLACK WILLOW
Scirpus americanus CHAIRMAKER’S RUSH
Solidago gigantea LATE GOLDENROD
Spartina pectinata PRAIRIE CORDGRASS
Verbena hastata BLUE VERVAIN
Viburnum lentago NANNYBERRY

NOTE: In severe erosion situations where the dormant willow post method is appropriate, sandbar willow (Salix interior) may be recommended due to its aggressive nature.

[back to top]

 

Upland Slope Buffers-Stormwater Ponds & Streambanks
Scientific Name Common Name
Andropogon gerardii BIG BLUESTEM
Aster laevis SMOOTH BLUE ASTER
Aster lanceolatus PANICLED ASTER
Aster novae-angliae NEW ENGLAND ASTER
Bidens frondosa COMMON BEGGARSTICKS
Bouteloua curtipendula SIDE-OATS GRAMA
Celtis occidentalis HACKBERRY
Coreopsis tripteris TALL COREOPSIS
Cornus racemosa GRAY DOGWOOD
Cornus sericea RED OSIER DOGWOOD
Elymus canadensis NODDING WILD RYE
Elymus virginicus VIRGINIA WILD RYE
Fraxinus pennsylvanica GREEN ASH
Monarda fistulosa WILD BERGAMOT
Panicum virgatum SWITCH GRASS
Petalostemum purpureum PURPLE PRAIRIE CLOVER
Pycnanthemum virginianum COMMON MOUNTAIN MINT
Quercus bicolor SWAMP WHITE OAK
Quercus macrocarpa BUR OAK
Quercus palustris PIN OAK
Ratibida pinnata YELLOW CONE FLOWER
Rudbeckia hirta BLACK-EYED SUSAN
Schizachyrium scoparium LITTLE BLUESTEM
Silphium laciniatum COMPASS PLANT
Silphium terebinthinaceum PRAIRIE DOCK
Solidago rigida STIFF GOLDENROD
Sorghastrum nutans INDIAN GRASS
Spartina pectinata PRAIRIE CORDGRASS
Tradescantia ohiensis SPIDERWORT
Vernonia fasciculata COMMON IRON WEED
Viburnum dentatum lucidum ARROW WOOD VIBURNUM
Viburnum lentago NANNYBERRY

[back to top]

 

Vegetated Swales
Scientific Name Common Name
Acorus calamus SWEET FLAG
Alisma subcordatum COMMON WATER PLANTAIN
Aster lanceolatus PANICLED ASTER
Bidens cernua NODDING BEGGARSTICKS
Bidens frondosa COMMON BEGGARSTICKS
Calamagrostis canadensis BLUE JOINT GRASS
Carex cristatella CRESTED OVAL SEDGE
Carex lanuginosa WOOLY SEDGE
Carex stipata AWL-FRUITED SEDGE
Carex vulpinoidea FOX SEDGE
Eleocharis obtusa BLUNT SPIKE RUSH
Elymus canadensis NODDING WILD RYE
Elymus virginicus VIRGINIA WILD RYE
Eupatorium maculatum SPOTTED JOE PYE WEED
Eupatorium perfoliatum COMMON BONESET
Glyceria striata FOWL MANNA GRASS
Helenium autumnale COMMON SNEEZEWEED
Helianthus grosseserratus SAWTOOTH SUNFLOWER
Iris virginica BLUE FLAG IRIS
Juncus effusus COMMON RUSH
Juncus torreyi TORREY’S RUSH
Leersia oryzoides RICE CUT GRASS
Panicum virgatum SWITCHGRASS
Pycnanthemum virginianum COMMON MOUNTAIN MINT
Scirpus acutus HARD STEM BULRUSH
Scirpus americanus CHAIRMAKER’S RUSH
Scirpus fluviatilis RIVER BULRUSH
Scirpus tabernaemontani SOFT-STEM BULRUSH
Solidago gigantea LATE GOLDENROD
Spartina pectinata PRAIRIE CORDGRASS
Verbena hastata BLUE VERVAIN

[back to top]