Success Story - Cover Crops, Cover Crops and more Cover Crops
Illinois Success Story
Cover Crops, Cover Crops and more Cover Crops
By: Ciji Taylor and Jody Christiansen, NRCS Public Affairs Specialist
Date: November 2010
Radishes, oats, and annual rye grass have one thing in common – producers use
them as cover crops to improve their most valuable asset: soil. But do you know
anyone using them? Livingston County, Illinois sees many producers giving cover
crops a try. And they like what they see. With assistance from the Natural
Resources Conservation Service (NRCS) and the Livingston Soil and Water
Conservation District (SWCD), cover crops are sprouting up all over the county.
Crops Can Help
Cover crops provide multiple benefits such as:
• reducing erosion from wind and water
• increasing soil organic matter content,
• improving air and water movement through the soil,
• reducing soil compaction,
• capturing and recycling nutrients in the soil profile,
• managing soil moisture to promote biological nitrogen fixation, and
• reducing energy use.
Annual Ryegrass roots can reach depths of 40 inches
and address compaction issues.
By reducing nutrient loss from agricultural runoff, the County can improve water
quality. These benefits go even further when you consider the County’s streams
feed into the Illinois and Mississippi River Basins, which affect millions of
people, communities and water sources.
farms. Real benefits.
Producers in this area realize the impact their farm has on their communities
and beyond. That is why they experiment with new practices and find new ways to
make their farm more sustainable and build healthier soil and water. “Producers
are beginning to see value in cover crops,” said
Eric McTaggart, NRCS District Conservationist. “Once they
determine what specific issues or needs their operation faces—what they want the
cover crop to do--then we help them select the ideal cover crop species or mix
that addresses those needs.”
NRCS employees, Paul Youngstrum
and Eric McTaggart, examine a
cover crop radish.
Producer Daniel Steidinger read an
article about cover crops four years ago in Illinois AgriNews and thought he’d
give it a try. He planted radishes, which seemed to be a good fit
for his operation. As a result, Steidinger successfully increased water
infiltration in areas where water previously flowed across the field. The radish
root depth aerated the area enough to pull water further down into the soil
profile, instead of letting it run off the surface. “There was a 100 bushel
difference in my field with cover crops and in a year like we had, that just
speaks for itself.” Steidinger planted his radish cover crop after wheat
Producer Daniel Steidinger tells
NRCS employees his experience
with cover crops.
County farmers Danny and Kevin Harms
planted annual rye grass late last summer. This cover crop grows roots as deep
as 40 inches. “We wanted something to pull nutrients up from deep down and bring
them closer to the surface,” stated Danny. With its thick, fibrous roots, annual
ryegrass does that and more, helping with compaction, water infiltration and
nitrogen sequestration. Harms aerial-seeded the mixture of ryegrass and radish
two weeks before corn harvest.
Producers Danny and Kevin Harms
experiment with different cover crops
to solve specific crop needs.
Helping to break up compaction is exactly why Livingston County producer
Gary Steidinger decided to add
cover crops to his farm. “We are still experimenting. This is the first year
we’ve tried annual rye grass and if it continues to help with compaction, we’ll
stick with it,” he stated. Gary broadcast seeded ryegrass over the field in
mid-September and incorporated the seed using a vertical tillage tool.
Producer Gary Steidinger tries cover
to address soil compaction problems
on his ground.
Both McTaggart and Terry Bachtold,
SWCD’s Agriculture Resource Coordinator, work hard to encourage producers to
participate in the Environmental Quality Incentives program (EQIP) and the
Conservation Stewardship Program (CSP). Through these programs, producers may
receive financial assistance to help with cost and installation of conservation
According to Bachtold, “These producers are CSP participants and they have
used cover crops for 2 to 3 years now. The results have been positive and we see
other producers watching. Hopefully, even more producers here in Livingston
County will give cover crops a try and find the same success.”
Terry Bachtold introduces producers
during cover crop tour.
Local producer Ken Lehman used CSP
to introduce cover crops to his farm. “CSP is one of the best things SWCD and
NRCS have come up with. I’ve learned a lot and want to try more on my farm.”
Ken Lehman used the CSP to
get started using cover crops.
EQIP and CSP are both voluntary conservation programs that
encourage producers to address resource concerns by improving, maintaining, or
adding conservation practices. NRCS provides financial and technical assistance
to eligible producers to conserve and enhance soil, water, air, and related
natural resources on their land. To find out if EQIP or CSP is right for you or
to learn more about cover crops, contact your local NRCS or SWCD offices or
documents require either
6.0 or higher
Crops Livingston County (PDF, 3,260kb)