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Pollinator Plants for Moist Sites

Fact Sheet

Perilous Plight of the Pollinators
High Value Pollinator Plants

For Moist  Sites

This fact sheet contains information about highly valued pollinator plants to consider when designing your landscapes and gardens. The plants include native flowers, shrubs, trees, grasses and herbs. An effective pollinator planting has at least three species blooming at one time, i.e.: 3-early, 3-mid and 3-late, during the growing season. This would include flowers, shrubs and trees. Bunch grasses are listed since they provide nesting habitat for bumble bees.

Native IL Prairie Flowers
*may be invasive

Common Name Scientific Name Light Needs Bloom Time
Purple Hyssop Agastache scrophulariifolia Shade mid
Butterflyweed Asclepias tuberosa Shade mid
White Wild Indigo Baptisia leucantha Full Sun mid
Cream Wild Indigo Baptisia leucophaea Shade early
Wild Senna Cassia hebecarpa Shade mid
Turtlehead Chelone glabra Full Sun late
White Prairie Clover Dalea Candidum Shade mid
Purple Prairie Clover Dalea purpureum Shade early-mid
Showy Tick Trefoil Desmodium canadense Shade mid-late
Pale Purple Coneflower Echinacea pallida Full Sun mid
Rattlesnake Master Eryngium yuccifolium Full Sun mid-late
Common Boneset Eupatorium perfoliatum Shade late
Bottle gentian Gentiana andrewsii Full Sun mid
Wild Geranium Geranium maculatum Shade very early
Showy Sunflower* Helianthus laetiflorus Full Sun late
Tall Sunflower* Helianthus giganteus Full Sun late
Sawtooth Sunflower* Helianthus grosseserratus Full Sun late
Rough Blazingstar Liatris aspera Shade late
Prairie Blazingstar Liatris pycnostachya Shade mid-late
Marsh Blazingstar Liatris spicata Full Sun mid
Cardinal Flower Lobelia cardinals Shade mid-late
Blue Lobelia Lobelia siphilitica Full Sun late
Pale Spike Lobelia Lobelia spicata Full Sun mid
Winged Loostrife Lythrum alatum Full Sun mid
Bunchflower Melanthium virginicum Full Sun mid
Wild Bergamot Monarda fistulosa Shade mid
Smooth Penstemon Penstemon digitalis Shade early-mid
Pale Penstemon Penstemon pallidus Shade early-mid
Obedient Plant Physostegia virginiana Full Sun mid-late
Mountain Mint Pycnanthemum virginianum Shade mid
Rosinweed Silphium integrifolium Full Sun mid-late
Compass Plant Silphium laciniatum Full Sun mid
Cup Plant Silphium perfoliatum Shade mid
Riddell’s Goldenrod Solidago riddellii Full Sun very late
Stiff Goldenrod Solidago rigida Shade late
Showy Goldenrod Solidago speciosa Shade very late
Smooth Blue Aster Symphyotrichum laeve Full Sun late
New England Aster Symphotrichium novae-angliae Full Sun very late
Spiderwort Tradescantia ohiensis Shade early-mid
Common Ironweed Vernonia fasciculata Full Sun late
Culver’s Root Veronicastrum virginicum Shade mid

Native IL Shrubs

Common Name Scientific Name Bloom Time
False Indigo Amorpha fruticosa early-mid
Spicebush Lindera benzoin early
American Plum Prunus amaericana early
Sunshine Rose Rosa arkansana mid

Native IL Trees

Common Name Scientific Name Bloom Time
Redbud Cercis canadensis early
Basswood Tilia americana mid
Prairie Willow Salix humilis very early

Native IL Prairie Bunch Grasses

Common Name Scientific Name
Little Bluestem Schizachyrium scoparium
Prairie Dropseed Sporobolus heterolepis

Culinary Herbs

Common Name Scientific Name Bloom Time
Anise Hyssop Agastache rupestris. mid
Borage Borago officinalis early
Fennel Foeniculum vulgare mid
Lavender Lavandula spp. early - late
Horehound Marrunbium vulgare early - mid
Chamomile Matricaria recutita early
Spearmint Mentha spicata mid
Catmint Nepeta spp. mid
Basil Ocimum spp mid
Thyme Thymus spp. mid

Referernce: NRCS Illinois Biology Technical Guide No. 23
Pollinator Biology and Habitat

 

August 2012

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Download Printable Fact Sheet

A Printed Version of this fact sheet is available in Adobe Acrobat.

Name Fact Sheet
PlantSeries-Moist.pdf (PDF, 378 kb)