EQIP - Confined Livestock 2009
EQIP — Environmental Quality Incentives Program
Most Common Conservation Practices
— Confined Livestock
The Environmental Quality Incentives Program (EQIP) has been around since
1996 and has seen a growth in popularity and funding. EQIP is NRCS’ principal
program for delivering conservation technical and financial assistance to
private landowners. EQIP supports the needs of agricultural operations with or
without livestock by offering ideas, solutions, and guidance for a successful
and sustainable conservation operation. Practices described, and others, can be
selected and installed after developing a conservation plan designed to address
your specific resource concerns. For confined livestock operations, the
following list of conservation practices are the most commonly used.
Nutrient Management Plan (CNMP)
A CNMP is a plan that groups conservation practices and management activities
which, when implemented as part of a conservation system, will help to ensure
that both production and natural resource protection goals are achieved. Unique
to animal feeding operations, a CNMP incorporates practices to utilize animal
manure and organic by-products as beneficial resources. The CNMP documents
planned agricultural waste management system and addresses these natural
1. Soil erosion and soil quality,
2. Water quality, and
3. Air quality.
Transfer (Conservation Practice Standard 634)
Manure Transfer is a practice that transfers animal manure (bedding material,
spilled feed, process and wash water, and other residues associated with animal
production) through a hopper or reception pit, a pump (if applicable), a
conduit, or hauling equipment. It reaches from one location to another,
1. Manure storage/treatment facility,
2. Loading area, or
3. Agricultural land for final utilization.
Storage Facility (Conservation Practice Standard 313)
A Waste Storage Facility is used to temporarily store wastes (such as manure,
wastewater, and contaminated runoff). The practice can be used where:
1. A storage facility is a component of a planned agricultural waste management
2. It can be constructed, operated and maintained without polluting air or water
3. Site conditions are suitable for construction of the facility, and
4. It includes structures such as tanks, stocking facilities and holding ponds.
Management (Conservation Practice Standard 590)
Nutrient Management addresses the rate, form, timing, and placement of nutrients
to adequately supply soils and plants what they need to produce food, forage,
and fiber. The techniques, used with other conservation practices, minimize
nutrient losses from fields and protect surface and ground water supplies.
Properly applied, these practices can:
1. Budget, supply, and conserve nutrients for plant production,
2. Minimize agricultural nonpoint source pollution of surface and groundwater
3. Use manure or organic by-products as a plant nutrient source,
4. Protect air quality by reducing odors, nitrogen emissions (ammonia, oxides of
nitrogen), and formation of atmospheric particulates, and
5. Maintain or improve the physical, chemical, and biological condition of soil.
Road (Conservation Practice Standard 560)
An Access Road is a travel-way for equipment and vehicles. When constructed as
part of a conservation system, the road provides a fixed route for vehicular
travel for management of the livestock operation and protects adjacent natural
Establishment (Conservation Practice Standard 380)
Windbreaks and Shelterbelts are linear plantings of single or multiple rows of
trees or shrubs or sets of linear plantings. In conjunction with a confined
livestock system, a windbreak can provide the following benefits:
1. Improves air quality by reducing and intercepting airborne particulate
matter, chemicals, and odors,
2. Provides living noise screens and visual screens, and
3. Provides shelter for structures or livestock.
Runoff Structure (Conservation Practice Standard 558)
A Roof Runoff Structure is typically a gutter system, used as part of an
agricultural waste management system to divert water from structures or
contaminated areas. This practice:
1. Improves runoff water quality,
2. Reduces soil erosion, and
3. Minimizes the volume of contaminated wastewater requiring treatment or
Waste Separation Facility (Conservation Practice Standard 632)
A Solid/Liquid Waste Separation Facility is a filtration or screening device,
settling tank, settling basin, or a settling channel that separates solids from
a liquid waste stream. This practice is a primary treatment process that
facilitates other treatments or uses of the waste products, such as vegetated
treatment areas, composting, feed supplement, or bedding. Benefits include :
1. Improved or protected air quality,
2. Improved or protected water quality,
3. Improved or protected animal health, and
4. Meeting management objectives.
Treatment (Conservation Practice Standard 635)
A Vegetated Treatment Area is designed to treat contaminated runoff from such
areas as feedlots, compost areas, barnyards, and other livestock holding areas.
Typically, in agricultural waste management systems, a settling basin is
positioned upstream of the vegetated treatment area to remove most of the solid
material before applying the liquid waste water to the vegetated treatment area.
As part of a waste management system, the vegetated treatment area can provide
improved water quality to reduce loading of nutrients, organics, pathogens, and
other contaminants associated with livestock, poultry, and other agricultural
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EQIP — Environmental Quality Incentives Program
Most Common Conservation Practices — Confined Livestock
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