The Federal Women's Program (FWP) is a special emphasis program established in 1963 to enhance employment and advancement of women. Executive Order 11478, signed in 1969, brought the FWP into the overall Equal Employment Opportunity (EEO) Program and placed it under the stewardship of the Director of EEO.
The program seeks to:
Ensure that Federal agencies institute, plan, and take affirmative steps to provide equal opportunity to women applicants and employees in all areas of employment (recruitment, hiring, training, promotions, and awards)
Provide a means for women to communicate their concerns to management.
To ensure that agency meets the requirements of the EEO laws, Executive Orders, and EEOC guidelines.
To advise management of their FWP responsibilities, the status and progress of the program, and the concerns of women in their organization.
Women account for 46% of the total national labor workforce in 1995.
Within 1995, women represented 42.9% of the federal workforce (excluding postal services).
The ratio of women's median weekly earnings to men's in 1995 was 75.5%.
Employment and earning rates rise with educational attainment for both men and women but earnings are on an average 27.6% lower for women with various levels of college courses than for males with the same education.