Watershed protection is the onsite treatment of watershed areas for the primary purpose of reducing offsite soil and water related resource problems associated with floodwater, erosion, sediment, and agriculture related pollutants. It is the element that distinguishes the watershed program from other Federal or federally assisted programs for the conservation and development of water and related resources. Under this program, land and water conservation practices are designed to protect and restore the watershed hydrology and reduce the rate and amount of runoff and erosion. Downstream flood peaks are reduced, as is the delivery of sediment and other pollutants carried by floodwater.
Examples of watershed protection practices:
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Fencing and water distribution systems for livestock