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Fiscal Year (FY) 2014 California Air Quality EQIP Initiative

About California Air Quality EQIP Initiatives

The purpose of the California Air Quality EQIP Initiatives is to provide financial and technical assistance for conservation practices to conserve or protect air quality resources from degradation in the most cost-effective manner.

California Air Quality Chipping EQIP Initiative

The purpose of the California Air Quality Chipping EQIP Initiative is to assist agricultural producers with chipping woody debris from removed orchards or vineyards that are no longer being irrigated due to the extreme drought conditions.  These crops are located in areas where surface water deliveries are severely curtailed or suspended and no other sources of water are available for continued irrigation. Chipping the woody debris in lieu of burning will avoid smoke emissions created from agricultural burning; reducing ozone precursors and particulate matter emissions, and reducing smoke impacts to downwind receptors.  Removing the orchard or vineyard expeditiously will help reduce the threat of harboring pests and disease. Applying the chipped debris to the fallowed land surface from where the orchard or vineyard originated stabilizes the surface area to limit fugitive dust emissions from occurring due to wind erosion and helps improve soil health by increasing soil carbon, organic matter and water retention.  The wood chips may also be hauled away to a nearby composting facility or to a biomass-fueled power plant where the chips are consumed as renewable fuel for producing electricity.

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California Air Quality EQIP Initiative for Ozone Reduction

Ambient ozone reductions are achieved by reducing two primary pollutants from its source, oxides of nitrogen (NOx) and volatile organic compounds (VOC). The priorities with addressing this air quality resource concern is reducing VOC emissions by implementing precision spray application technologies or integrated pest management strategies, and limiting reactive nitrogen and odors through manure injection methods on dairies.\

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California Air Quality EQIP Initiative for Particulate Matter Reduction

Many agricultural operations are sources of “fugitive dust”, of which may contain direct particulate matter smaller than 10 microns (PM10) or 2.5 microns (PM2.5) in mean diameter. The priorities with addressing this air quality resource concern is reducing particulate matter emissions by treating unpaved roads and traffic areas, adopting on-field conservation tillage and residue management practices, establishing windbreaks and shelterbelts around animal feeding operations, and chipping orchard or vineyard removal debris in lieu of open burning.

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California Air Quality EQIP Initiative for Stationary Pumping Plants

Permanently removing in-use agricultural engines utilized for pumping irrigation water and replacing with new electric motors or with new emissions-certified diesel irrigation engines that meet or exceed Federal state, or local emission standards and guidelines. The primary air quality resource concerns are primarily ozone precursors and particulate matter. Priority is placed on replacing stationary irrigation engines with new electric motors because this eliminates the air pollutants and greenhouse gas emissions from the source.

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