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Supporting Energy Conservation

Supporting Energy Conservation

2008 Farm Bill Conservation Programs

NRCS offers technical and financial assistance on conservation practices for on-farm energy efficiency.
NRCS offers technical and financial assistance on conservation practices for on-farm energy efficiency.


Farmers and ranchers can cut input costs, improve energy efficiency, protect soil and water resources, reduce the nation’s dependence on fossil fuels, and save money by using energy-specific conservation practices available through the USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS). NRCS is committed to providing conservation practices that save producers money and improve the energy independence of our nation.

Legislative Authorization

The Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008 (2008 Farm Bill) authorized NRCS to begin offering technical and financial assistance to landowners interested in reducing the energy consumption of animal operations, irrigation, nitrogen, tillage systems and many more agriculture practices. This assistance is being made available through the Environmental Quality Incentives Program (EQIP).

Conservation Planning

An Agricultural Energy Management Plan (AgEMP) is an analysis of current farm infrastructure and management techniques with recommendations on how to reduce energy consumption. This includes purchased fuels, electricity, and renewable energy sources used to perform farm activities.

AgEMPs are applicable to livestock production systems, field crop systems, specialized non-livestock operations (such as grain drying and cold storage operations). The plans provide cost effective ways to decrease operating costs by saving energy.

AgEMPs are specific to an individual operation and can address both the landscape (pastureland, rangeland, cropland or forestland) and headquarters (building or buildings where administrative operations are conducted). AgEMPs determine current energy usage over the past annual cycle and provide cost-effective energy alternatives and recommendations for each farm enterprise. The evaluation of energy conservation activities includes energy used in the cultivation, protection, harvesting, processing and storage of agricultural crops, and in the feeding, housing and processing of farm animals and animal products.

A qualified professional will develop the AgEMP. Farmers and ranchers may choose from an approved list of certified, registered Technical Service Providers (TSPs) who can help producers with technical assistance for specific conservation programs administered by USDA. Names are available from your local NRCS office or from the Technical Service Provider Registry located at

The cost of an AgEMP depends on the complexity of the operation, and the NRCS cost share payment rate is a percentage of the total cost of the plan – typically 75 percent for applicants. NRCS will pay cooperators when the plan is complete.

Energy conservation practices available to customers include the installation of windmills and associated equipment.
Energy conservation practices available to customers include the installation of windmills, for pumping, and associated equipment.

NRCS Energy Self Assessment Tools

NRCS has created online energy self assessment tools relating to energy conservation and renewable energy production. These tools were designed to help farmers and ranchers identify ways to reduce their energy costs.

The energy conservation modules determine if energy efficient equipment is being used and then estimates the current energy usage. The modules also calculate the estimated energy and cost savings for the use of high efficiency equipment and energy conserving practices.

The renewable energy tools help estimate the energy production from solar photovoltaic panels, solar hot water panels, wind turbines, biogas from anaerobic digesters and biomass such as wood, wood pellets, corn and prairie grass pellets.

The energy estimator tools will assist farmers in identifying where they can reduce energy costs related to animal housing, tillage, irrigation, and nitrogen application.

In particular, the Lighting Energy Self Assessment Tool will increase awareness of the energy efficiency of different types of lights used in agriculture. It will also calculate the potential savings from using high efficiency lamps. This energy calculator is designed to estimate current lighting energy usage based on your inputs and suggest more efficient alternatives when appropriate. This tool incorporates all types of lighting commonly used in agricultural enterprises including incandescent, halogen, mercury vapor, compact fluorescent (CFL)), T12 fluorescent, metal halide, T8 fluorescent, high pressure sodium and T5 fluorescent lamps. This tool provides generic lamp replacement recommendations based on the current lamp type used and the typical replacement options.

These tools can be found at: and

About EQIP

EQIP is a voluntary program that provides financial and technical assistance to agricultural producers to address natural resource concerns, and for opportunities to improve soil, water, plant, animal, air and energy-related resources on agricultural land and non-industrial private forestland.

EQIP is a competitive program (one out of three applications is funded on average) and projects are generally ranked for environmental benefits.

Energy Conservation Practices Available To Customers

NRCS offers technical and financial assistance on conservation practices for on-farm energy efficiency. Here are available conservation practices for farms and ranches in California:

  • Energy Audits:
    Energy evaluation and recommendations for higher efficiency equipment and alternative farming practices.
  • Lighting Upgrades:
    Replacement of less efficient lighting systems, including installation of more efficient lighting ballasts and bulbs.
  • Equipment Upgrades:
    Replacement of both landscape and headquarters equipment with more efficient units and advanced controllers.
  • Solar Pumping
    Installation of solar energy generation systems for pumping including photovoltaic.
  • Windmills
    Installation of windmills, for pumping, and associated equipment.
  • Anaerobic Digesters
    Installation of an on-farm manure digester and associated equipment for the purpose of energy production.

Applicants must have a completed Energy Audit (ASABE S612 Type 2) before becoming eligible for other energy-related practices. These practices are intended to reduce on-farm energy consumption or for energy production limited to on-farm use.

For more information on EQIP - Energy and other Farm Bill programs please visit the NRCS California website at:

Updated: March 2012

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