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2010 MRBI Practice Descriptions 510-590

Mississippi River Basin Healthy Watershed Initiative Practice Descriptions - 511-590

Practice Code Practice Name Practice Definition Practice Purpose
511 Forage Harvest Management The timely cutting and removal of forages from the field as hay, green-chop or ensilage This practice may be applied to accomplish one or more of the following:
� Optimize yield and quality of forage at the desired levels
� Promote vigorous plant re-growth
� Maintain stand life
� Manage for the desired species composition
� Use forage plant biomass as a soil nutrient uptake tool
� Control insects, diseases and weeds
� Maintain and/or improve wildlife habitat
512 Pasture and Hay Planting Establishing native or introduced forage species. This practice is applied to achieve one or more of the following:
� Establish adapted and compatible species, varieties, or cultivars for forage production
� Improve or maintain livestock nutrition and/or health.
� Balance forage supply and demand during periods of low forage production.
� Reduce soil erosion and improve water quality.
� Increase carbon sequestration
516 Pipeline Pipeline having an inside diameter of 8 inches or less. To convey water from a source of supply to points of use for livestock, wildlife.
528 Prescribed Grazing  Managing the harvest of vegetation with grazing and/or browsing animals This practice may be applied as a part of conservation management system to achieve one or more of the following:
� Improve or maintain desired species composition and vigor of plant communities.
� Improve or maintain quantity and quality of forage for grazing and browsing animals’ health and productivity.
� Improve or maintain surface and/or subsurface water quality and quantity
� Improve or maintain riparian and watershed function.
� Reduce accelerated soil erosion, and maintain or improve soil condition. 
� Improve or maintain the quantity and quality of food and/or cover available for wildlife.
� Manage fine fuel loads to achieve desired conditions.
533 Pumping Plant A pumping facility installed to transfer water for a conservation need. This practice may be applied to provide a dependable water source or disposal facility for water management.
554 Drainage Water Management The process of managing water discharges from surface and/or subsurface agricultural drainage systems. The purpose of this practice is:
� Reduce nutrient, pathogen, and/or pesticide loading from drainage systems into downstream receiving waters
� Improve productivity, health, and vigor of plants
� Reduce oxidation of organic matter in soils
� Reduce wind erosion or particulate matter (dust) emissions
� Provide seasonal wildlife habitat
561 Heavy Use Area Protection The stabilization of areas frequently and intensively used by people, animals or vehicles by establishing vegetative cover, by surfacing with suitable materials, and/or by installing needed structures This practice is applied to achieve one or more of the following:
� Reduce soil erosion
� Improve water quantity and quality
� Improve air quality
� Improve aesthetics
� Improve livestock health
575 Animal Trails and Walkways Established lanes or travel ways that facilitate animal movement. This practice is applied to achieve one or more of the following:
� Provide or improve access to forage, water, working/handling facilities, and/or shelter
� Improve grazing efficiency and distribution, and/or
� Protect ecologically sensitive, erosive and/or potentially erosive sites.
578 Stream Crossing A stabilized area or structure constructed across a stream to provide a travel way for people, livestock, equipment, or vehicles. � Improve water quality by reducing sediment, nutrient, organic, and inorganic loading of the stream. 
� Reduce streambank and streambed erosion.
� Provide crossing for access to another land unit
587 Structure For Water Control A structure in a water management system that conveys water, controls the direction or rate of flow, maintains a desired water surface elevation or measures water. The practice may be applied as a management component of a water management system to control the stage, discharge, distribution, delivery or direction of water flow.
590 Nutrient Management Managing the amount, source, placement, form and timing of the application of plant nutrients and soil amendments. This practice is applied to achieve one or more of the following:
� To budget and supply nutrients for plant production.
� To properly utilize manure or organic by-products as a plant nutrient source.
� To minimize agricultural nonpoint source pollution of surface and ground water resources.
� To protect air quality by reducing nitrogen emissions (ammonia and NOx compounds) and the formation of atmospheric particulates.
� To maintain or improve the physical, chemical and biological condition of soil.


Nancy Young
State Resource Conservationist
(501) 301-3134

Kenneth Lee
Assistant Conservationist for Programs
(501) 301-3165