|Practice Code ||Practice Name ||Practice Definition ||Practice Purpose |
|511 ||Forage Harvest Management ||The timely cutting and removal of forages from the field as hay, green-chop or ensilage ||This practice may be applied to accomplish one or more of the following: |
� Optimize yield and quality of forage at the desired levels
� Promote vigorous plant re-growth
� Maintain stand life
� Manage for the desired species composition
� Use forage plant biomass as a soil nutrient uptake tool
� Control insects, diseases and weeds
� Maintain and/or improve wildlife habitat
|512 ||Pasture and Hay Planting ||Establishing native or introduced forage species. ||This practice is applied to achieve one or more of the following: |
� Establish adapted and compatible species, varieties, or cultivars for forage production
� Improve or maintain livestock nutrition and/or health.
� Balance forage supply and demand during periods of low forage production.
� Reduce soil erosion and improve water quality.
� Increase carbon sequestration
|516 ||Pipeline ||Pipeline having an inside diameter of 8 inches or less. ||To convey water from a source of supply to points of use for livestock, wildlife. |
|528 ||Prescribed Grazing ||Managing the harvest of vegetation with grazing and/or browsing animals ||This practice may be applied as a part of conservation management system to achieve one or more of the following: |
� Improve or maintain desired species composition and vigor of plant communities.
� Improve or maintain quantity and quality of forage for grazing and browsing animals’ health and productivity.
� Improve or maintain surface and/or subsurface water quality and quantity
� Improve or maintain riparian and watershed function.
� Reduce accelerated soil erosion, and maintain or improve soil condition.
� Improve or maintain the quantity and quality of food and/or cover available for wildlife.
� Manage fine fuel loads to achieve desired conditions.
|533 ||Pumping Plant ||A pumping facility installed to transfer water for a conservation need. ||This practice may be applied to provide a dependable water source or disposal facility for water management. |
|554 ||Drainage Water Management ||The process of managing water discharges from surface and/or subsurface agricultural drainage systems. ||The purpose of this practice is: |
� Reduce nutrient, pathogen, and/or pesticide loading from drainage systems into downstream receiving waters
� Improve productivity, health, and vigor of plants
� Reduce oxidation of organic matter in soils
� Reduce wind erosion or particulate matter (dust) emissions
� Provide seasonal wildlife habitat
|561 ||Heavy Use Area Protection ||The stabilization of areas frequently and intensively used by people, animals or vehicles by establishing vegetative cover, by surfacing with suitable materials, and/or by installing needed structures ||This practice is applied to achieve one or more of the following: |
� Reduce soil erosion
� Improve water quantity and quality
� Improve air quality
� Improve aesthetics
� Improve livestock health
|575 ||Animal Trails and Walkways ||Established lanes or travel ways that facilitate animal movement. ||This practice is applied to achieve one or more of the following: |
� Provide or improve access to forage, water, working/handling facilities, and/or shelter
� Improve grazing efficiency and distribution, and/or
� Protect ecologically sensitive, erosive and/or potentially erosive sites.
|578 ||Stream Crossing ||A stabilized area or structure constructed across a stream to provide a travel way for people, livestock, equipment, or vehicles. ||� Improve water quality by reducing sediment, nutrient, organic, and inorganic loading of the stream. |
� Reduce streambank and streambed erosion.
� Provide crossing for access to another land unit
|587 ||Structure For Water Control ||A structure in a water management system that conveys water, controls the direction or rate of flow, maintains a desired water surface elevation or measures water. ||The practice may be applied as a management component of a water management system to control the stage, discharge, distribution, delivery or direction of water flow. |
|590 ||Nutrient Management ||Managing the amount, source, placement, form and timing of the application of plant nutrients and soil amendments. ||This practice is applied to achieve one or more of the following: |
� To budget and supply nutrients for plant production.
� To properly utilize manure or organic by-products as a plant nutrient source.
� To minimize agricultural nonpoint source pollution of surface and ground water resources.
� To protect air quality by reducing nitrogen emissions (ammonia and NOx compounds) and the formation of atmospheric particulates.
� To maintain or improve the physical, chemical and biological condition of soil.