Op-Ed: Celebrating Hoosier Farmers Who Are Protecting an Irreplaceable Resource
By Jane E. Hardisty, Indiana NRCS State Conservationist
For most, celebrations of National Agriculture Day conjure up scenes of a farm family around a dinner table, a tractor planting corn, or school children visiting a hog farm. Although I grew up on a farm, when I think of Ag Week I see visions of healthy soil.
"Agriculture: 365 Sunrises and 7 Billion Mouths to Feed" is this year’s Ag Day theme and those who live and work in the agricultural community are keenly aware production will need to increase sharply over the next few decades in order to feed and clothe the world. We must develop new technologies and techniques to produce more feed, fiber, food and fuel with less— less land, less water, less energy, and fewer nutrient inputs. That’s why the Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS) is focused on soil health.
Over the past two years NRCS has worked with hundreds of farmers in Indiana to improve the health of their soil. From every corner of the state we are hearing stories of increased production and improved bottom line, all while improving the soil resource. That’s good news for all us at a time when we are faced with climate and sustainability challenges.
It’s not a new concept, nor is it difficult to improve soil health. Here’s how: till the soil as little as possible; grow as many different species of plants as possible through rotations and a mixture of cover crops; keep living plants in the soil as long as possible; and keep the soil’s surface covered with residue year round.
A healthy soil is full of life (bacteria, fungi, microscopic insects, earthworms, etc.); high in organic matter; covered all the time by growing plants and/or their residues; and well structured (full of holes to allow for air and water movement).
Each day in Indiana, the NRCS with farmers and other private landowners to help them make good conservation decisions about their land. Whether it’s on one acre or a thousand acres, sustaining our natural resources has never been more important.
As we celebrate Ag Day throughout this week, I want to thank Indiana’s farm families for all you do to care for the land, improve the environment, and provide us safe and affordable food. I look forward to continuing to work together to safeguard this irreplaceable resource—our soil!
You are invited to learn more about soil health and conservation practices. Stop by and talk with one of our district conservationists or visit our website www.in.nrcs.usda.gov. To locate the office nearest you, visit: http://www.nrcs.usda.gov/wps/portal/nrcs/main/in/contact/local/.