BMP Challenge Across the Corn Belt and Rapid Adoption of Conservation Tillage in California through Improved Technical Assistance and Managing Risk
One of the goals of this project is to accelerate the adoption of conservation tillage acreage for silage corn in California's Central Valley by providing financial guarantees against the risk of crop losses associated with the transition to a new tillage practice.
Facilitating forest-based offsets in water quality trading
This project proposes to harmonize state and local agency forest mitigation and trading requirements to ease adoption by agricultural producers, aggregators and credit buyers like developers. The project will test and refine market infrastructure, so it is immediately useful for landowners, public programs and credit buyers. It will also complete 8-10 forest-based practice pilot projects with Environmental Quality Incentives Program-eligible producers in southern Maryland to test forest protocols and market infrastructure. The project will also assist local governments in meeting the nutrient and sediment goals in their Watershed Implementation Plans by simplifying the implementation of forest based offsets and credits and easing their workload by establishing the Chesapeake Forests Offset Bank.
Conduct a multi-state, field-scale demonstration of the Best Management Practices Challenge for Enhanced Nutrient Management. Project will reduce nitrogen loads to the Chesapeake Bay watershed by 190,000 to 260,000 pounds over a three-year period.
Commercial Demonstration of the Reduction of Ammonia(NH3) Production and other Environmental Benefits in Poultry Houses through use of a Plenum Flooring System
This project will demonstrate an innovative and highly effective flooring system for reducing ammonia emissions in chicken houses. Approximately 9 billion broilers (chickens raised for meat production) are raised in the United States (US) annually producing approximately 25 billion pounds of manure. Broiler house floors have several types of material that is used to absorb/ disperse the manure moisture. In the broiler houses ammonia is produced by a natural chemical reaction in the feces and released. High levels of ammonia could be detrimental to the environment, broiler health and human health. After many years of engineering and testing, special flooring has been developed by AviHome to replace the litter as the base of the floor to rear broilers.
Enhanced BMPs for Sediment Reduction and Nutrient Recovery
This grant is to try new technology through the use of bioswales to reduce sediment and phosphorus in surface waters on livestock operations
Caroline County Soil Conservation District, via NFWF
Managing Poultry-Source Nutrients Delivery
Demonstrate two innovative options for reducing nutrient discharge from agricultural drainage channels. Project will implement treatment systems in areas of the Upper Choptank and Tuckahoe River watersheds that are fertilized with poultry manure.
Estimating N2O Reductions from Nutrient Management in the Chesapeake Watershed
The goal of the project is to develop and implement a greenhouse gas tool for estimating N2O reductions from nutrient management in the Chesapeake Bay watershed. This tool is intended to help reduce some of the technological and financial barriers to certifying carbon offset credits generated by nutrient management projects. The project will estimate the N2O emissions benefits of three different nutrient management approaches: soil testing/adaptive management, manure injection, and variable rate technology, providing the ability to compare and contrast these approaches in terms of greenhouse gas benefits, fertilizer savings and obstacles to greater implementation. Specific objectives of the project include: 1) Implementing enhanced nutrient management on approximately 3,800 acres of cropland; 2) calibrating and validating the DNDC model for cropping systems in the Chesapeake Bay watershed; 3) creating a more user-friendly version of the DNDC model by developing the underlying regional soil and climate databases; 4) testing and applying the DNDC model on participating farms, with EQIP-eligible producers, to determine the potential for carbon offset credits; 5) preparing and submitting a Greenhouse Gas Project Plan to the American Carbon Registry; 6) conducting three workshops to educate farmers and technical service providers on the pilot project; and 7) achieve third party certification and validation of credits 8) compare and contrast the greenhouse gas benefits and implementation costs of three different nutrient management approaches.
Establish a self-sustaining nutrient offset market that will leverage private dollars and catalyze support for regional water quality markets. Project will develop watershed-wide nutrient credit standards and create a web-based credit registry.
Development of Native Seed as an Alternative Crop for Soil Conservation in Maryland
Chesapeake Natives, Inc. will develop native seed as an alternative crop for soil conservation in Maryland. In the growing season of 2006, wild parent populations of species are being located and certified (for source-identification of seed lots) by the Maryland Department of Agriculture. Seed will be wild-collected in the fall of 2006. All production demonstration plots will be located on EQIP eligible farms in Maryland: 3 on the Delmarva Peninsula, 3 on the Coastal Plain west of the Bay, and 3 in the Piedmont. Production plots will be set up with signs and weed block fabric in the winter 2006/2007. Each production plot will accommodate the demonstration of 4 species and the effects of various fertility and weed control approaches. Germination protocol and seedling production will also occur in the winter 2006/2007. Production plots will be planted in the spring of 2007. In the growing seasons of 2007 and 2008, we will be meeting with farmers repeatedly to work on fertilization, weed control and harvest. In the winter 2007/2008, we will be cleaning the first harvest, and continuing germination protocol work (critical to having seed lots tested for sale in the future). In the growing season 2008, we will continue the fertility/weed control/harvest activities.
In the winter 2008/2009, seed will be cleaned and stored, and seed production manuals and presentations will be prepared. In 2009, we will use the January-to-June period covered by this grant to establish soil stabilization demonstration plots that illustrate the effective use of the native seed mix. During this period the soil stabilization team (see collaborators) will meet approximately three times a year.
Application of Innovative Bioremediation Technology to N/P Removal Associated with Agricultural Operations, N/P Offset Generation and Ecosystem Services Market Trades
The proposed project combines an anaerobic digester with a predenitrification (PDNF) cell to reduce VS and N loads, which are subsequently nitrified in an innovative bioretention system. This system is a stacked bioretention system comprised of advanced media that removes P. Through recirculation pumping from a pre-nitrification (PRNF) cell to a post-nitrification (PONF) cell, N and VS loads are reduced to ensure that the system exceeds operational performance of a traditional RW system, without the typical clogging problems, while operating at a fraction of the energy cost. The advanced media within these cells virtually eliminates P. The resulting N is very low in ammonia, eliminating odors, while providing a source of nitrate-N suitable for fertilizer. This innovative combination of a PRNF and CAD with a modified RW system utilizes the best elements of traditional technologies/methods in a manner that increases performance efficiencies, reduces or eliminates traditional systemic problems, reduces required energy inputs and adds the benefit of decreased GHG emissions.
Multi-state Outcomes Based Nitrogen Efficiency Project for Corn
The Iowa Soybean Association will expand enhanced nutrient management that involving farmer self evaluation of nitrogen (N) fertilizer needs with incentives to increase efficiency. To date, several hundred Iowa producers have used remote sensing with replicated strip trials and/or guided stalk nitrate sampling to evaluate their N needs and new N management approaches, and the majority has found they can maximize profit and reduce N losses to the environment by applying far less fertilizer and/or by adopting different application strategies. This grant would facilitate adoption of these EQIP options to at least: 80 of Iowa's 99 counties; 100 producers in Lancaster County, PA and additional counties in PA; 80 producers in Delaware; and 20 producers in Maryland. The grant also will enhance learning opportunities for producers and TSPs by developing and testing a standardized data pooling system that will overcome barriers to broader implementation of these new N management approaches.
Keywords: adaptive management, nitrogen, strip test
PA, DE, MD, IA
Manure Energy Research Corp
Cropland loading reduction through pyrolytic nutrient conversion
Demonstrate a cost effective way to reduce cropland loading from poultry operations, and reduce CO2.
DE, MD, VA
Maryland Association of Conservation Districts
Comprehensive Nutrient Management Plan Workshops
To assist poultry growers on the Eastern shore of Maryland to develop CNMP's by holding a series of plan development workshops on the Eastern Shore.
Conservation Outreach to Non-English Speaking Poultry Growers
This project will provide critical information on CAFO, MAFO, CNMO, routine maintenance procedures of installed best management practices, related water quality information, and information on federal and state stewardship cost-share programs by translating it into Korean and Vietnamese. The Maryland Association of Soil Conservation Districts will partner with poultry experts with the University of Maryland Extension, Mid-Atlantic Farm Credit, Delmarva Poultry Industry and Korean and Vietnamese community leaders to select the publications, fact sheets and other appropriate material to be translated and mailed to Korean and Vietnamese growers.
Maryland Association of Soil Conservation Districts, Inc (MASCD)
Maryland Pollinator Grant Program
This grant is to establish pollinator habitat throughout the state of Maryland, by providing outreach, technical, and financial assistance to producers
A Program to Improve Dairy Herd Nutrition Using Milk Urea Nitrogen
Milk urea nitrogen (MUN) has been shown to be an excellent predictor of nitrogen excreted directly into dairy cow manure. MUN can be used to identify herds that are overfed protein, and routine MUN analysis can help producers fine tune feed management and reduce the nitrogen excreted to manure. Currently, despite the promise of MUN analysis, there remain obstacles to its widespread adoption in the field. These barriers include milk laboratories? skepticism of the value of MUN analysis and a lack of understanding of the process and its value on the part of producers. The ultimate goal of this project is to reduce nitrogen losses to air and water from dairy farms in the Chesapeake Bay region by improving dairy herd nutrition. MUN analysis will be institutionalized in milk laboratories and diary operations, and an innovative incentive program will be established to encourage producers to reduce nitrogen lost to the environment by decreasing nitrogen feeding.
Implementing Point to Non-Point Source Nutrient Trading in the Chesapeake Bay
Maryland's Nutrient Trading Program is a recently developed public market place for buying and selling or nutrient credits. This project is the implementation of an agricultural nutrient trading or offset program for the State of Maryland to use in managing nutrient loads from point and non-point sources.