NRCS Conservation Programs

Wetlands Reserve Program (WRP)

The Wetlands Reserve Program (WRP) is a voluntary program offering landowners the opportunity to protect, restore, and enhance wetlands on their property. The USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS) provides technical and financial support to help landowners with their wetland restoration efforts. The NRCS goal is to achieve the greatest wetland functions and values, along with optimum wildlife habitat, on every acre enrolled in the program. WRP offers landowners an opportunity to establish long-term conservation and wildlife practices and protection.

The Agricultural Act of 2014 (enacted on February 7, 2014) moved authority for the WRP easements to the Agricultural Conservation Easement Program (ACEP).

To learn more see ACEP -- And -- WRP

Financial Information: Total Obligations | Technical Assistance | Financial Assistance | Reimbursable
Conservation Agreements: Cumulative Enrollment Data |Maps
Conservation Practice Implementation Reports: by State | by State and Conservation Practices related to: Wetlands | Water Quality| Fish and Wildlife Habitat


Financial Information

The Financial Information section presents data from the USDA Office of the Chief Financial Officer's Financial Management Modernization Initiative (FMMI) system and its predecessor, the Foundation Financial Information System (FFIS). The Financial Information presented here is Total Obligations which the Government Accountability Office defines as binding agreements (orders placed, contracts awarded, services rendered, etc.) that will result in outlays, immediately or in the future. Before obligations can be incurred, budgetary resources must be made available by Congress. The obligations displayed for each year are the total obligations reported as of the end of each fiscal year. Subsequent adjustments after the close of the fiscal year are not included.

There are three categories of Total Obligations presented below:

  • Technical Assistance (TA) Obligations refer to the scientific expertise, natural resource data, tools, and technology that USDA NRCS personnel provide to help producers, landowners, and communities develop conservation plans and implement conservation practices to solve natural resource problems at the field, operation, or larger landscape scales. NRCS is the lead agency for providing technical assistance for USDA.
  • Financial Assistance (FA) Obligations refer to the commitment of funds to contracts for payments that will be made to program participants for the purchase of easements and for implementing conservation practices, which can provide both on-site and off-site conservation benefits.
  • Reimbursable funds can be used to provide Technical or Financial Assistance, but are received from sources other than NRCS. They can also be transfers from or agreements with other Federal agencies.

Financial data should not be incorporated with the programmatic enrollment data provided below to derive a cost/acre or cost/agreement. Among other reasons, such calculations will not produce accurate results since both technical assistance and financial assistance obligations for associated conservation practices are included in these data, in addition to the obligations used for purchasing easements.

Total Obligations, by Fiscal Year and Type
WRP Total Obligations, by Fiscal Year
In thousands of dollars
Division 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014
Alabama $20,546.1
$15,059.0
$10,716.2
$8,673.1
$3,301.8
$1,006.9
Alaska $45.7
$42.0
$57.0
$15.4
$43.6
$11.0
Arizona $116.7
$64.9
$79.8
$130.1
$77.6
$25.3
Arkansas $10,431.4
$18,841.8
$12,663.1
$30,295.6
$27,392.7
$2,695.8
California $16,867.4
$28,781.9
$36,829.1
$38,096.7
$18,228.6
$1,742.5
Caribbean
$1,708.6

$44.8
$43.7
$8.8
Colorado $905.4
$1,528.0
$1,731.5
$1,315.0
$832.6
$130.5
Connecticut $686.5
$73.7
$100.9
$75.5
$34.0
$15.5
Delaware $727.0
$1,230.0
$419.3
$728.0
$752.5
$114.3
Florida $77,501.0
$147,968.4
$101,095.7
$79,056.9
$66,159.8
$8,288.5
Georgia $3,611.6
$5,635.6
$9,743.9
$14,048.8
$9,535.9
$987.1
Hawaii/Pacific $545.9
$92.4
$139.9
$210.3
$153.8
$48.2
Idaho $362.0
$5,119.5
$2,709.2
$2,766.9
$1,248.2
$322.0
Illinois $4,166.6
$10,326.4
$7,496.9
$6,826.6
$5,574.1
$592.0
Indiana $7,268.4
$13,414.1
$15,380.6
$9,129.8
$5,929.2
$1,009.1
Iowa $17,640.5
$13,388.0
$37,383.3
$31,368.5
$23,274.7
$521.6
Kansas $4,456.7
$5,608.7
$4,972.5
$3,138.8
$2,020.2
$210.9
Kentucky $5,220.0
$6,648.9
$8,649.3
$16,136.1
$11,430.3
$423.1
Louisiana $6,027.9
$38,429.8
$43,567.0
$44,503.6
$39,703.3
$5,316.5
Maine $55.3
$345.9
$514.3
$485.7
$75.4
$17.8
Maryland $5,530.3
$7,389.0
$7,225.6
$6,375.3
$4,484.0
$911.9
Massachusetts $5,005.3
$2,927.9
$3,845.5
$2,682.7
$2,658.3
$43.2
Michigan $6,258.3
$4,554.0
$3,842.1
$4,506.6
$5,501.2
$643.2
Minnesota $31,476.8
$15,355.4
$28,164.3
$30,564.7
$11,174.4
$2,833.3
Mississippi $5,037.8
$26,062.4
$22,880.2
$23,643.1
$14,870.9
$637.9
Missouri $8,274.6
$22,550.1
$17,218.1
$19,040.8
$9,453.7
$2,106.9
Montana $654.2
$3,367.3
$2,094.9
$3,546.2
$1,041.4
$346.0
Nebraska $23,515.6
$24,182.9
$14,380.7
$14,911.2
$8,074.1
$2,095.2
Nevada $14.2
$43.9
$3,532.6
$4,120.3
$8,431.0
$66.4
New Hampshire $20,942.6
$9,894.7
$3,171.7
$12,594.4
$4,448.9
$1,108.7
New Jersey $2,526.3
$1,260.5
$1,206.3
$1,244.8
$1,693.1
$100.7
New Mexico $147.3
$999.5
$1,596.2
$1,032.7
$112.8
$43.7
New York $5,888.4
$6,499.6
$4,718.8
$8,003.2
$4,346.0
$915.8
North Carolina $8,099.7
$10,096.1
$8,041.5
$10,344.6
$8,639.0
$550.6
North Dakota $23,902.1
$35,303.5
$34,199.7
$18,234.3
$10,334.0
$1,581.9
Ohio $3,980.8
$9,528.2
$7,390.4
$6,212.1
$5,656.8
$1,273.3
Oklahoma $4,819.1
$8,719.8
$8,896.1
$8,057.2
$5,836.5
$401.4
Oregon $14,078.2
$12,403.9
$4,893.7
$15,796.7
$4,967.9
$1,221.2
Pennsylvania $2,181.3
$4,299.9
$8,891.2
$11,029.3
$6,977.6
$1,029.1
Rhode Island $102.5
$552.2
$195.8
$579.7
$49.4
$15.3
South Carolina $7,373.9
$5,421.2
$7,949.4
$2,420.8
$2,511.7
$445.4
South Dakota $11,799.9
$20,089.4
$20,573.3
$24,482.7
$14,779.1
$1,498.4
Tennessee $22,228.8
$17,297.1
$18,974.1
$17,277.1
$14,461.7
$1,893.5
Texas $3,465.4
$38,727.9
$16,994.3
$23,429.9
$9,481.7
$1,233.7
Utah $115.6
$1,676.7
$1,616.8
$255.6
$609.5
$94.0
Vermont $1,522.2
$1,449.5
$632.4
$1,272.5
$381.4
$219.0
Virginia $464.3
$537.8
$1,204.7
$1,342.2
$927.6
$155.0
Washington $1,615.7
$1,460.4
$1,351.7
$2,994.6
$3,012.2
$657.8
West Virginia $296.4
$597.1
$772.7
$241.5
$337.8
$51.1
Wisconsin $25,533.5
$11,344.3
$9,018.7
$8,255.9
$5,650.1
$897.8
Wyoming $2,136.9
$2,603.2
$1,510.2
$1,927.0
$325.4
$169.3
Other $9,540.9
$8,666.4
$7,852.6
$14,520.2
$13,177.3
$13,125.0
Total $435,711.3
$630,169.3
$569,085.8
$587,986.2
$400,218.5
$61,852.8
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, 2012-2014 data from Financial Management Modernization Initiative (FMMI), November 2014;
2009-2011 data from Foundation Financial Information System (FFIS), December 2011.
• Caribbean includes Puerto Rico and U.S. Virgin Islands.
• Hawaii/Pacific includes Hawaii and the Pacific Basin.
• Other indicates Headquarters, Regional, or other non-State divisions.
• The Agricultural Act of 2014 (the 2014 Act) authorized the use of prior year WRP funds remaining from 2009 through 2013 to carry out contracts, agreements, or easements entered into prior to the date of enactment of the 2014 Act, including the provision of technical assistance, provided that no such contract, agreement, or easement is modified so as to increase the amount of payment received. Pursuant to this authority, the WRP funds obligated in FY 2014 were used to carry out acquisition and restoration activities on WRP contracts, agreements, or easements.
• Totals may not exactly match sum over divisions due to rounding.

WRP Technical Assistance Obligations,
by Fiscal Year
In thousands of dollars
Division 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014
Alabama $293.8
$636.2
$728.2
$1,165.5
$850.0
$185.9
Alaska $35.7
$42.0
$57.0
$5.1
$43.6
$11.0
Arizona $30.4
$51.6
$75.3
$122.6
$77.6
$25.3
Arkansas $1,498.1
$1,239.8
$1,614.6
$3,736.5
$2,920.8
$682.0
California $804.4
$1,301.3
$2,045.4
$2,440.9
$2,366.0
$558.5
Caribbean
$44.3

$44.8
$36.7
$8.8
Colorado $352.1
$279.0
$258.2
$344.3
$257.5
$97.7
Connecticut $111.0
$73.2
$64.3
$46.2
$34.0
$15.5
Delaware $72.3
$118.0
$116.5
$106.3
$74.2
$38.3
Florida $1,518.8
$2,688.5
$3,397.7
$4,255.2
$6,045.0
$3,155.3
Georgia $197.6
$211.8
$423.6
$1,037.4
$896.9
$192.6
Hawaii/Pacific $25.8
$76.4
$97.4
$155.1
$153.8
$48.2
Idaho $47.6
$221.0
$214.4
$270.5
$245.4
$151.7
Illinois $564.5
$969.8
$668.6
$1,159.7
$1,218.2
$561.6
Indiana $580.9
$888.9
$1,346.8
$1,246.1
$1,319.7
$494.0
Iowa $1,142.1
$915.1
$1,771.1
$2,296.0
$1,881.4
$514.8
Kansas $307.3
$445.5
$413.9
$732.2
$688.8
$197.9
Kentucky $265.7
$321.1
$487.9
$900.3
$1,038.5
$215.8
Louisiana $1,077.2
$1,638.6
$3,103.9
$6,916.6
$6,729.0
$1,188.3
Maine $55.3
$98.5
$86.1
$101.5
$56.5
$17.0
Maryland $148.7
$409.2
$300.2
$721.3
$696.6
$195.7
Massachusetts $114.1
$139.7
$170.1
$142.0
$226.1
$40.0
Michigan $420.6
$539.2
$681.7
$692.7
$1,176.1
$229.3
Minnesota $1,077.1
$1,308.6
$2,107.5
$3,130.6
$2,875.4
$1,173.6
Mississippi $845.1
$1,234.0
$3,541.2
$2,027.0
$2,310.5
$760.7
Missouri $1,185.6
$1,230.1
$1,824.9
$1,916.8
$2,268.5
$659.1
Montana $188.0
$266.7
$273.8
$552.9
$690.1
$182.4
Nebraska $1,230.4
$1,224.9
$1,583.4
$1,386.2
$1,224.1
$362.7
Nevada $14.2
$43.9
$211.3
$137.7
$187.8
$57.5
New Hampshire $675.5
$440.2
$244.5
$593.7
$508.9
$205.0
New Jersey $74.9
$101.1
$134.1
$157.8
$210.3
$77.4
New Mexico $64.8
$79.4
$135.0
$106.5
$84.0
$37.7
New York $1,390.0
$987.7
$969.3
$1,839.8
$1,053.4
$256.1
North Carolina $387.7
$608.8
$693.9
$1,610.5
$1,122.5
$280.8
North Dakota $915.9
$1,001.4
$1,528.6
$3,049.2
$2,497.8
$737.7
Ohio $290.6
$671.5
$731.5
$694.2
$776.0
$103.5
Oklahoma $415.2
$566.4
$834.0
$1,321.6
$1,172.0
$264.5
Oregon $702.9
$550.0
$1,019.4
$1,965.2
$1,766.0
$1,161.7
Pennsylvania $167.0
$201.9
$289.6
$1,010.9
$736.6
$308.6
Rhode Island $50.3
$88.1
$74.8
$37.5
$40.1
$15.3
South Carolina $638.9
$399.4
$622.2
$504.7
$874.2
$309.2
South Dakota $772.9
$774.9
$1,158.6
$1,788.9
$2,343.8
$709.8
Tennessee $668.2
$580.9
$871.5
$1,491.2
$1,581.5
$703.0
Texas $412.4
$1,252.6
$879.7
$3,216.8
$2,756.4
$1,079.9
Utah $102.6
$149.3
$160.2
$197.7
$109.1
$57.6
Vermont $113.6
$194.9
$100.7
$111.2
$206.6
$43.5
Virginia $89.2
$140.6
$135.7
$257.9
$179.3
$72.3
Washington $292.0
$268.7
$447.9
$351.5
$411.9
$119.1
West Virginia $65.8
$194.6
$240.7
$101.2
$89.8
$43.6
Wisconsin $918.9
$706.8
$729.7
$799.7
$810.8
$168.7
Wyoming $246.0
$294.6
$197.0
$471.9
$303.2
$169.3
Other $7,109.2
$7,009.1
$5,822.5
$14,512.4
$11,130.9
$5,125.0
Total $30,768.6
$35,919.7
$45,686.3
$73,981.8
$69,353.9
$24,070.3
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, 2012-2014 data from Financial Management Modernization Initiative (FMMI), November 2014;
2009-2011 data from Foundation Financial Information System (FFIS), December 2011.
• Caribbean includes Puerto Rico and U.S. Virgin Islands.
• Hawaii/Pacific includes Hawaii and the Pacific Basin.
• Other indicates Headquarters, Regional, or other non-State divisions.
• The Agricultural Act of 2014 (the 2014 Act) authorized the use of prior year WRP funds remaining from 2009 through 2013 to carry out contracts, agreements, or easements entered into prior to the date of enactment of the 2014 Act, including the provision of technical assistance, provided that no such contract, agreement, or easement is modified so as to increase the amount of payment received. Pursuant to this authority, the WRP funds obligated in FY 2014 were used to carry out acquisition and restoration activities on WRP contracts, agreements, or easements.
• Totals may not exactly match sum over divisions due to rounding.

WRP Financial Assistance Obligations,
by Fiscal Year
In thousands of dollars
Division 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014
Alabama $20,252.3
$14,422.9
$9,988.0
$7,507.6
$2,451.8
$821.0
Alaska $10.0


$10.3


Arizona $86.3
$13.4
$4.5
$7.5


Arkansas $8,933.3
$17,602.0
$11,048.4
$26,559.1
$24,471.9
$2,013.8
California $16,063.1
$27,480.6
$34,783.7
$35,655.8
$15,862.6
$1,184.0
Caribbean
$1,664.3


$7.0

Colorado $553.4
$1,249.0
$1,473.3
$970.7
$575.1
$32.8
Connecticut $575.4
$0.5
$36.5
$29.3


Delaware $654.7
$1,112.0
$302.7
$621.7
$678.3
$76.0
Florida $75,982.2
$145,279.9
$97,698.0
$74,801.7
$60,114.8
$5,133.2
Georgia $3,414.0
$5,423.8
$9,320.3
$13,011.4
$8,639.0
$794.5
Hawaii/Pacific $520.2
$16.0
$42.4
$55.2


Idaho $314.4
$4,898.5
$2,494.8
$2,496.4
$1,002.8
$170.4
Illinois $3,602.2
$9,356.7
$6,828.3
$5,666.9
$4,355.9
$30.4
Indiana $6,687.5
$12,525.1
$14,033.8
$7,883.7
$4,609.5
$515.1
Iowa $16,498.4
$12,472.9
$35,612.2
$29,072.5
$21,393.3
$6.8
Kansas $4,149.3
$5,163.1
$4,558.7
$2,406.5
$1,331.4
$13.0
Kentucky $4,954.3
$6,327.8
$8,161.3
$15,235.8
$10,391.8
$207.3
Louisiana $4,950.7
$36,791.3
$40,463.1
$37,587.0
$32,974.3
$4,128.2
Maine
$247.4
$428.2
$384.2
$18.9
$0.8
Maryland $5,381.6
$6,949.7
$6,903.4
$5,654.0
$3,787.4
$702.2
Massachusetts $4,891.2
$2,788.2
$3,675.5
$2,540.7
$2,432.2
$3.2
Michigan $5,837.8
$4,014.8
$3,160.5
$3,813.9
$4,325.1
$413.9
Minnesota $30,399.8
$14,046.8
$26,056.8
$27,434.1
$8,299.0
$1,659.7
Mississippi $4,192.7
$24,828.4
$19,339.0
$21,616.1
$12,560.4
$-122.9
Missouri $7,089.0
$21,320.0
$15,393.3
$17,124.0
$7,185.2
$1,447.8
Montana $466.2
$3,100.6
$1,821.1
$2,993.3
$351.3
$163.5
Nebraska $22,285.1
$22,958.0
$12,797.3
$13,525.0
$6,850.0
$1,732.5
Nevada

$3,321.2
$3,982.6
$8,243.2
$8.9
New Hampshire $20,267.2
$9,454.5
$2,927.2
$12,000.8
$3,940.0
$903.7
New Jersey $2,451.4
$1,159.4
$1,072.2
$1,087.1
$1,482.8
$23.3
New Mexico $82.5
$920.1
$1,461.2
$926.2
$28.8
$6.0
New York $4,498.4
$5,511.8
$3,749.5
$6,163.3
$3,292.6
$659.7
North Carolina $7,712.0
$9,487.3
$7,347.7
$8,734.1
$7,516.5
$269.7
North Dakota $22,986.2
$34,302.2
$32,671.0
$15,185.1
$7,836.2
$844.2
Ohio $3,690.2
$8,856.7
$6,658.9
$5,517.9
$4,880.8
$1,169.8
Oklahoma $4,403.9
$8,153.4
$8,062.1
$6,735.6
$4,664.5
$136.9
Oregon $13,375.3
$11,854.0
$3,874.3
$13,831.5
$3,201.9
$59.5
Pennsylvania $2,014.4
$4,098.0
$8,601.6
$10,018.5
$6,241.0
$720.6
Rhode Island $52.2
$464.0
$121.0
$542.2
$9.3

South Carolina $6,735.0
$5,021.8
$7,327.2
$1,916.1
$1,637.5
$136.2
South Dakota $11,027.0
$19,314.5
$19,414.7
$22,693.8
$12,435.3
$788.5
Tennessee $21,560.6
$16,716.2
$18,102.5
$15,785.9
$12,880.2
$1,190.4
Texas $3,053.0
$37,475.3
$16,114.5
$20,213.1
$6,725.3
$153.8
Utah $13.0
$1,527.4
$1,456.5
$57.9
$500.4
$36.4
Vermont $1,408.6
$1,254.6
$482.2
$1,107.9
$148.1
$169.6
Virginia $375.2
$397.1
$1,069.0
$1,084.3
$748.3
$82.7
Washington $1,323.6
$1,191.6
$903.9
$2,643.1
$2,600.3
$538.7
West Virginia $230.6
$402.6
$532.0
$140.3
$248.0
$7.5
Wisconsin $24,614.7
$10,637.5
$8,289.0
$7,456.2
$4,839.3
$729.1
Wyoming $1,890.9
$2,308.6
$1,313.2
$1,455.1
$22.2

Other $2,431.7
$1,657.3
$2,030.2
$7.8
$2,046.4
$8,000.0
Total $404,942.7
$594,219.4
$523,327.9
$513,950.9
$330,837.9
$37,762.5
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, 2012-2014 data from Financial Management Modernization Initiative (FMMI), November 2014;
2009-2011 data from Foundation Financial Information System (FFIS), December 2011.
• Caribbean includes Puerto Rico and U.S. Virgin Islands.
• Hawaii/Pacific includes Hawaii and the Pacific Basin.
• Other indicates Headquarters, Regional, or other non-State divisions.
• The Agricultural Act of 2014 (the 2014 Act) authorized the use of prior year WRP funds remaining from 2009 through 2013 to carry out contracts, agreements, or easements entered into prior to the date of enactment of the 2014 Act, including the provision of technical assistance, provided that no such contract, agreement, or easement is modified so as to increase the amount of payment received. Pursuant to this authority, the WRP funds obligated in FY 2014 were used to carry out acquisition and restoration activities on WRP contracts, agreements, or easements.
• Negative numbers reflect fund adjustments made throughout the year.
• Totals may not exactly match sum over divisions due to rounding.

WRP Reimbursable Obligations,
by Fiscal Year
In thousands of dollars
Division 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014
Maryland
$30.2
$22.1


$14.0
Vermont

$49.5
$53.4
$26.7
$6.0
Total
$30.2
$71.5
$53.4
$26.7
$20.0
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, 2012-2014 data from Financial Management Modernization Initiative (FMMI), November 2014;
2009-2011 data from Foundation Financial Information System (FFIS), December 2011.
• The Agricultural Act of 2014 (the 2014 Act) authorized the use of prior year WRP funds remaining from 2009 through 2013 to carry out contracts, agreements, or easements entered into prior to the date of enactment of the 2014 Act, including the provision of technical assistance, provided that no such contract, agreement, or easement is modified so as to increase the amount of payment received. Pursuant to this authority, the WRP funds obligated in FY 2014 were used to carry out acquisition and restoration activities on WRP contracts, agreements, or easements.
• Totals may not exactly match sum over divisions due to rounding.

Conservation Agreements


NRCS enters into WRP contracts with landowners willing to protect, restore, and enhance wetlands on their property. WRP contract options include permanent or 30-year easements and restoration agreements, as well as 30-year contracts for land owned by Indian Tribes. By entering into an easement contract, the landowner sells development rights to the wetland and associated upland acres in the contract, and NRCS obligates funds to purchase the easement rights and to provide technical and financial assistance for planning and applying conservation practices to restore the wetland. By entering into a restoration agreement, the landowner agrees to apply specified conservation practices, and NRCS obligates funds to provide technical and financial assistance for planning and applying these conservation practices. The table below reports the number of WRP contracts signed during each contract fiscal year, and the acres associated with those contracts, as well as the cumulative totals for contracts signed prior to the 2008 Farm Act.

There were no new WRP contracts signed in 2014.

The Wetlands Reserve Program (WRP) Maps page contains maps illustrating cumulative agreements and acres enrolled by state and year.

WRP Cumulative Agreement Data by State and Fiscal Year
State Prior Years 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 Total
Number of Agreements Acres Enrolled Number of Agreements Acres Enrolled Number of Agreements Acres Enrolled Number of Agreements Acres Enrolled Number of Agreements Acres Enrolled Number of Agreements Acres Enrolled Number of Agreements Acres Enrolled
Alabama 44
3,911.4
68
11,892.1
30
5,376.2
33
3,326.4
13
1,234.5
10
835.9
198
26,576.4
Alaska 1
15.7










1
15.7
Arizona 3
1,724.0










3
1,724.0
Arkansas 443
193,534.6
16
4,504.4
43
10,278.9
24
5,423.7
42
7,302.6
21
7,292.2
589
228,336.5
California 250
95,782.4
9
5,588.9
11
7,340.6
37
10,251.4
26
9,029.1
2
247.0
335
128,239.4
Caribbean 1
1,230.0


1
284.5






2
1,514.5
Colorado 95
16,284.7
2
1,732.6
2
628.1
2
767.9
1
157.8
2
94.6
104
19,665.7
Connecticut 11
742.0
2
75.9
1
80.3






14
898.2
Delaware 31
1,521.9
2
223.3
4
320.6
1
15.9
2
140.0
2
167.0
42
2,388.7
Florida 84
157,283.2
22
13,449.9
15
38,749.3
9
21,500.2
9
17,030.7
7
12,201.1
146
260,214.4
Georgia 51
16,189.5
11
2,142.9
3
3,274.5
19
5,461.6
18
7,871.9
9
4,643.0
111
39,583.3
Hawaii/Pacific 10
665.8










10
665.8
Idaho 47
8,405.5
2
120.9
6
2,044.8
4
1,154.5
7
554.1
2
339.9
68
12,619.7
Illinois 264
61,189.4
7
1,072.2
17
2,609.1
19
1,783.1
12
1,419.4
10
865.1
329
68,938.3
Indiana 509
52,469.0
42
1,972.4
71
3,386.7
43
5,982.8
22
859.4
10
469.4
697
65,139.7
Iowa 683
74,421.2
44
4,061.2
31
3,372.3
41
3,729.4
52
4,594.2
29
2,780.8
880
92,959.3
Kansas 149
14,687.9
18
2,800.0
22
3,224.7
19
1,842.7
8
496.0


216
23,051.3
Kentucky 121
16,705.3
11
1,601.7
27
2,030.0
9
2,220.7
27
3,988.5
29
2,647.1
224
29,193.2
Louisiana 611
219,543.8
11
1,248.9
119
21,192.1
39
17,703.7
52
16,504.7
85
16,928.5
917
293,121.7
Maine 13
8,431.5


4
248.6
1
76.1
1
2.0


19
8,758.2
Maryland 52
3,560.1
17
3,976.5
21
2,998.3
16
1,818.1
13
1,617.5
12
792.4
131
14,762.8
Massachusetts 16
500.6
2
231.4
5
164.1
5
240.8
2
211.3
1
47.8
31
1,395.8
Michigan 406
36,866.3
25
1,964.1
19
1,033.7
14
855.9
13
590.5
3
181.8
480
41,492.2
Minnesota 601
72,238.1
125
19,193.0
48
5,328.3
93
8,062.6
82
8,702.3
30
2,882.3
979
116,406.6
Mississippi 440
147,975.1
12
2,682.6
55
11,375.9
32
5,725.2
29
6,652.3
14
1,914.7
582
176,325.8
Missouri 684
102,654.6
29
2,060.2
72
6,490.4
68
5,597.6
49
4,627.8
12
1,519.8
914
122,950.4
Montana 61
21,487.9


3
276.5
5
1,001.4
8
1,133.1


77
23,898.9
Nebraska 439
58,139.1
76
14,356.2
73
10,073.3
39
4,869.2
24
3,717.5
14
2,506.4
665
93,661.7
Nevada 1
190.0




3
3,723.3
2
6,059.3
3
926.0
9
10,898.6
New Hampshire 56
2,965.4
56
4,507.5
19
2,512.5
7
1,220.6
19
1,610.5
9
856.3
166
13,672.9
New Jersey 21
3,449.8
1
394.9
3
369.0
4
188.4
4
193.1
11
254.9
44
4,850.1
New Mexico 3
292.2


3
458.2
1
274.9
1
150.7


8
1,176.0
New York 1,181
47,473.4
54
1,910.4
49
2,289.1
27
1,291.1
28
1,333.0
14
783.3
1,353
55,080.3
North Carolina 106
38,811.9
8
3,581.5
4
5,575.2
1
2,166.9
6
1,042.2
1
550.0
126
51,727.8
North Dakota 154
25,645.1
105
22,569.4
194
30,936.6
160
26,105.8
77
11,136.7
36
5,263.0
726
121,656.7
Ohio 323
20,026.0
14
599.1
30
2,260.7
15
1,502.8
12
447.2
11
513.5
405
25,349.2
Oklahoma 233
52,040.4
14
2,792.6
29
5,195.6
11
1,328.5
17
2,318.5
4
1,618.4
308
65,294.0
Oregon 146
47,449.0
12
7,188.9
10
7,293.4
3
373.4
5
3,226.9


176
65,531.6
Pennsylvania 81
2,103.5
8
1,032.3
25
1,379.1
32
1,665.9
28
1,673.7
24
800.1
198
8,654.5
Rhode Island 6
1,630.7


1
21.0
1
20.0
1
65.0


9
1,736.7
South Carolina 209
56,061.6


16
7,340.8
8
4,757.6
8
788.8
4
787.0
245
69,735.8
South Dakota 351
35,606.5
76
5,695.2
89
10,494.7
76
8,281.0
78
8,776.5
54
4,844.6
724
73,698.5
Tennessee 136
22,338.5
54
7,551.3
32
4,985.1
14
2,258.7
24
4,784.8
44
3,852.0
304
45,770.3
Texas 120
61,835.1


21
17,739.5
11
7,970.6
11
4,835.6
13
3,969.5
176
96,350.2
Utah 20
12,378.5


2
412.2
1
18.2




23
12,808.9
Vermont 18
1,432.0
21
1,015.8
9
877.3
4
108.6
4
216.8
2
53.8
58
3,704.3
Virginia 41
1,396.9
4
193.5
2
140.9
7
310.6
7
187.1
2
106.0
63
2,334.9
Washington 182
26,350.3
3
46.2
2
42.4
7
546.3
2
55.0
2
232.0
198
27,272.1
West Virginia 19
481.2
3
32.4
4
22.9
2
20.1
2
23.0
2
7.4
32
587.1
Wisconsin 568
48,202.6
31
6,992.1
26
2,339.9
15
1,663.5
23
1,857.5
11
752.8
674
61,808.4
Wyoming 110
5,401.0
11
798.3
11
1,260.1
3
1,037.6
1
406.3


136
8,903.3
Total 10,205
1,901,722.0
1,028
163,852.6
1,284
246,128.3
985
176,245.1
872
149,625.2
551
85,527.1
14,925
2,723,100.3
Notes:
• Data Source: National Easement Staging Tool (NEST) October 2013.
• Caribbean includes Puerto Rico and U.S. Virgin Islands.
• Hawaii/Pacific includes Hawaii and the Pacific Basin.
• Prior year totals include FY 1992 through FY 2008 data.
• Enrollment acres are initially reported at the end of each fiscal year. Subsequent acreage reports for prior year enrollments are subject to change as acres are finalized through legal surveys, agreements are cancelled, or other modifications occur in the fiscal years following initial enrollment. Enrollment numbers for each year are based on acres in active and completed agreements as of the date the data was extracted and includes restoration cost share agreements that have since expired.
• These data do not include EWRP enrollments.
• Totals may not exactly match sum over states due to rounding.

Conservation Practice Implementation

Conservation practices are planned and applied at the land unit level. The land unit is the smallest unit of land that has a permanent or contiguous boundary, a common land cover and land management, and a common owner or a common producer. The following tables include data for the fiscal years covered by the 2008 Food, Conservation, and Energy Act (Farm Bill), 2009 through 2014.

As conservation practices are measured in different units (acres, feet, square feet, etc.), the challenge for reporting performance at various levels is how to aggregate across practices. Although practices may affect resources beyond the land unit boundary, or be applied only on part of the land unit, the land unit does provide a common metric to aggregate over practices since each applied practice is associated with a specific land unit. Analysis of the data reveals that most practices are measured in acres and most of the practice applied amounts match the land unit acres of the field on which the practice was applied. Therefore, land unit acreage is the metric on which the acres of land receiving conservation treatment are calculated.

The data presented in this section reflect the fiscal year in which conservation practices were applied, which can occur at any point during the duration of the WRP contract. Totals presented here are not comparable to program enrollment acres or contract acres.


Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation

The following table summarizes land unit acres by fiscal year. Here, land unit acres are counted once when the program has been used to apply one or more practices on that land unit in a given fiscal year. Therefore, land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation (including practice count),
by Fiscal Year
WRP Practices
State 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014
Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count
Alabama 639
72
387
74
1,587
143
7,933
403
4,356
196
1,533
73
Alaska







19
5


Arizona 128
1










Arkansas 3,678
77
16,559
174
30,789
73
27,915
170
21,960
182
6,077
111
California 30,239
695
35,824
398
27,866
327
34,075
295
27,007
124
2,447
8
Caribbean











Colorado 5,770
119
7,264
105
5,037
43
6,615
73
5,661
71
516
8
Connecticut 157
2
643
21
169
15
815
10
104
4


Delaware 400
22
216
5
356
6
331
5
138
2
116
1
Florida 53,186
9
8,733
7
9,313
68
42,046
8
38,304
69
29,032
72
Georgia 2,734
24
3,523
63
2,749
28
2,593
46
5,680
117
268
22
Hawaii/Pacific 303
20
164
8
390
6
101
2
2
1


Idaho 343
15
252
19
504
4
868
12
902
19
424
2
Illinois 4,767
89
15,878
196
5,061
39
4,780
89
2,751
150
980
34
Indiana 6,883
198
3,746
188
7,452
338
7,691
347
4,179
266
595
31
Iowa 7,927
283
10,606
274
8,405
215
7,263
334
9,800
228
999
12
Kansas 1,092
68
2,230
141
3,600
111
5,160
219
3,552
89
1,999
123
Kentucky 1,274
215
1,646
245
2,110
187
1,602
277
2,521
638
22
24
Louisiana 7,995
260
5,725
278
14,233
805
30,959
1,332
16,600
1,979
8,111
819
Maine





208
4
166
13


Maryland 247
14
589
24
623
6
1,706
17
544
5
1,200
40
Massachusetts 33
8
66
4
15
2
41
12
196
16


Michigan 7,254
506
2,703
104
2,642
200
2,528
130
4,138
195
1,666
144
Minnesota 11,982
1,301
12,678
820
15,266
886
13,573
944
13,276
999
2,049
197
Mississippi 3,143
568
3,865
498
4,522
575
10,153
728
3,808
400
3,494
301
Missouri 5,855
285
7,772
321
6,585
363
12,083
511
8,024
370
2,269
204
Montana 6,049
42
5,049
29
1,102
16
4,213
37
3,402
40
732
15
Nebraska 9,146
152
13,041
262
8,579
265
16,182
302
16,034
332
5,789
153
Nevada







1,864
2


New Hampshire 353
18
2,239
34
1,750
49
3,273
64
3,116
42
488
15
New Jersey 660
4
1,974
15
559
1
814
27
486
16
141
3
New Mexico

955
8
917
9
275
8
554
3
761
9
New York 2,675
242
2,165
182
1,675
85
2,368
163
2,235
137
548
60
North Carolina 59
12
3,058
57


3,563
30
2,326
61
2,378
4
North Dakota 1,807
70
13,451
453
16,984
1,197
34,732
1,480
30,085
1,522
6,937
365
Ohio 1,743
73
1,022
33
775
64
1,043
80
1,290
176
636
67
Oklahoma 10,116
141
8,372
89
11,378
145
5,151
114
9,896
203
1,390
26
Oregon 9,252
171
9,395
294
7,989
212
9,499
301
23,972
486
3,071
91
Pennsylvania 143
17
558
27
550
32
1,118
37
788
55
608
54
Rhode Island

117
4
2,200
4
50
1
50
1


South Carolina 7,579
60
2,455
16
4,216
51
1,064
13
1,096
39
918
4
South Dakota 6,379
195
5,771
166
13,310
395
10,260
388
16,502
554
3,883
140
Tennessee 944
122
1,789
55
2,302
143
7,186
382
3,177
162
2,822
134
Texas 9,745
92
14,584
84
9,134
48
15,861
53
4,662
63
4,442
18
Utah

926
22
1,021
14
1,057
7
512
5


Vermont 331
47
527
32
313
17
627
37
761
43
563
17
Virginia 73
13
48
20
109
13
394
51
390
34
498
44
Washington 1,914
159
1,617
61
983
57
3,274
134
1,219
64
713
41
West Virginia

5
2
1,482
7
1,551
12
52
5
80
4
Wisconsin 2,210
104
1,307
49
1,750
98
3,700
72
5,094
95
373
15
Wyoming 12,617
43
5,556
29
900
26
1,386
36
1,985
26
51
3
Total 239,823
6,628
237,053
5,990
239,249
7,388
349,677
9,797
305,232
10,304
101,616
3,508
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Conservation Planning Database, November 2014.
• Caribbean includes Puerto Rico and U.S. Virgin Islands.
• Hawaii/Pacific includes Hawaii and the Pacific Basin.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation by Practice

The following set of chart/table combinations present conservation practice data grouped by purpose: Fish and Wildlife Habitat, Water Quality, and Wetlands. Any practices not included in one of these groups are included in an All Other category. Data for practices in the All Other category can be downloaded in the Farm Bill Conservation Programs Profile csv file.

Note that there is some overlap between these groupings, since some practices address multiple resource concerns. Here land unit acres are counted each time a practice is applied on that land unit in the fiscal year. Therefore land unit acres may be counted multiple times across practices, practice groupings, and fiscal years. To learn more about specific conservation practices, see the National Handbook of Conservation Practices.


Conservation Practices Related to Fish and Wildlife

The following chart and table includes practices that are related to Fish and Wildlife Habitat Management. The environment that NRCS helps its clients conserve, maintain, and improve is also habitat for fish and wildlife and other biological resources. While every practice and management action taken on the land has some effect on biological resources, the following practices are specifically related to fish and wildlife habitat.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation, FY 2009-2014

Only practices representing a significant portion of the total for the period are included in the above chart. Practices not included are summed into the All Other category.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation (including practice count) by Fiscal Year
WRP Fish and Wildlife Practices
Practice Name Practice Code 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014
Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count
Conservation Cover 327 15,120
278
11,480
177
15,221
451
31,109
561
27,934
382
4,550
106
Riparian Herbaceous Cover 390 7
1
1,318
8
9
2
551
6
301
4
18
1
Riparian Forest Buffer 391 650
18
1,306
30
1,929
22
1,375
21
209
7
495
3
Stream Habitat Improvement and Management 395 1,362
43
2,639
8
208
4
915
12
844
5
66
1
Aquatic Organism Passage 396 68
3
205
1
36
2
975
4
203
3


Hedgerow Planting 422 49
1
31
4
243
2
656
3
36
3


Access Control 472 13,743
147
7,247
142
7,651
153
21,356
383
14,405
230
2,802
58
Streambank and Shoreline Protection 580 137
7
1,517
3
1,473
7
2,727
9
678
3


Restoration and Management of Rare and Declining Habitats 643 4,375
128
12,673
143
5,704
120
8,138
245
9,001
246
6,789
53
Wetland Wildlife Habitat Management 644 82,940
1,407
73,757
1,016
61,377
1,070
63,994
1,178
69,345
1,375
25,598
392
Upland Wildlife Habitat Management 645 33,047
597
26,071
470
27,973
498
46,107
571
58,108
683
8,633
192
Shallow Water Development and Management 646 5,053
107
22,288
141
17,877
423
29,706
288
15,184
942
7,300
230
Early Successional Habitat Development/Management 647 1,416
59
1,305
31
2,375
41
2,585
74
1,570
81
1,991
93
Wetland Restoration 657 144,127
1,672
132,881
1,883
107,579
2,282
220,643
2,950
144,044
2,901
55,031
982
Wetland Creation 658 12,806
19
8,650
57
3,901
40
2,766
34
1,764
34
751
7
Wetland Enhancement 659 43,660
385
53,735
443
71,181
515
100,200
1,041
111,237
622
276,241
168
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Conservation Planning Database, November 2014.
• Watering Facility (614) is not included in the above table. It is included for the purposes of this report in the All Other Practices category.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years.

The following table includes program information under which the above practices related to Fish and Wildlife Management were applied. These data reflect the geographic extent of the land treated with fish and wildlife habitat practices by each conservation program during a fiscal year. Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years, but are only counted once per fiscal year.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation (including practice count) Fiscal Year
WRP Fish and Wildlife Practices
2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014
Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count
Land Unit Acres treated by at least one practice 220,348
4,872
213,138
4,557
218,130
5,632
326,383
7,380
278,678
7,521
85,298
2,286
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Conservation Planning Database, November 2014.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years.

Conservation Practices Related to Water Quality

The following chart and table includes practices that are related to Water Quality. Water quality is an indicator of the health of our environment and reflects what occurs on the land. The primary water quality issues from agriculture are sediment, nutrients, pesticides, pathogens, and in some parts of the country, salinity. Using conservation practices to improve land in an environmentally sound manner will result in better water quality for drinking, recreation, wildlife, fisheries and industry.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation, FY 2009-2014

Only practices representing a significant portion of the total for the period are included in the above chart. Practices not included are summed into the All Other category.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation (including practice count) by Fiscal Year
WRP Water Quality Practices
Practice Name Practice Code 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014
Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count
Channel Bank Vegetation 322





982
3




Conservation Cover 327 15,120
278
11,480
177
15,221
451
31,109
561
27,934
382
4,550
106
Cover Crop 340 1,202
9
285
4
757
12
1,784
19
1,865
11
1,226
10
Critical Area Planting 342 6,574
123
9,270
119
8,067
115
12,727
148
7,527
200
3,024
111
Sediment Basin 350



71
2


2,030
3


Water Well Decommissioning 351 6
1




147
2
354
3
1,319
4
Waste Facility Closure 360



96
1






Diversion 362 114
1




47
2
64
2
146
1
Windbreak/Shelterbelt Establishment 380 409
3


218
4
18
1
9
1
351
3
Riparian Herbaceous Cover 390 7
1
1,318
8
9
2
551
6
301
4
18
1
Riparian Forest Buffer 391 650
18
1,306
30
1,929
22
1,375
21
209
7
495
3
Filter Strip 393 231
1
92
1
21
1
3
1


82
1
Stream Habitat Improvement and Management 395 1,362
43
2,639
8
208
4
915
12
844
5
66
1
Grade Stabilization Structure 410 622
9
283
5
77
1
1,245
11
758
11
86
4
Grassed Waterway 412

24
1


10
1
43
1


Access Control 472 13,743
147
7,247
142
7,651
153
21,356
383
14,405
230
2,802
58
Mulching 484 792
11
477
22
1,112
24
4,824
46
2,189
56
1,217
24
Prescribed Grazing 528 4,835
43
10,633
29
5,834
51
5,973
29
10,285
48
29
1
Drainage Water Management 554

7
1








Access Road 560 6,308
53
3,251
26
2,349
27
8,373
50
1,083
19
481
4
Heavy Use Area Protection 561 5,933
9
497
3
1,271
3
84
3
18,179
26


Stream Crossing 578 729
3
268
4
646
4
4,331
16
1,076
8
656
10
Streambank and Shoreline Protection 580 137
7
1,517
3
1,473
7
2,727
9
678
3


Structure for Water Control 587 18,567
188
19,796
163
21,916
170
20,514
209
20,386
200
6,716
104
Nutrient Management 590 1,988
14
333
4
926
19
3,278
57
538
27
11
1
Integrated Pest Management (IPM) 595 18,966
247
21,969
272
18,844
437
20,057
374
26,099
443
9,951
150
Terrace 600







39
1


Tree/Shrub Establishment 612 19,477
250
113,797
290
24,024
261
48,620
390
24,908
468
12,126
199
Water and Sediment Control Basin 638



583
4
472
5




Constructed Wetland 656





17
1




Wetland Restoration 657 144,127
1,672
132,881
1,883
107,579
2,282
220,643
2,950
144,044
2,901
55,031
982
Wetland Creation 658 12,806
19
8,650
57
3,901
40
2,766
34
1,764
34
751
7
Wetland Enhancement 659 43,660
385
53,735
443
71,181
515
100,200
1,041
111,237
622
276,241
168
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Conservation Planning Database, November 2014.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years.

The following table includes program information under which the above practices related to Water Quality were applied. These data reflect the geographic extent of land treated with water quality practices by each conservation program during a fiscal year. Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years, but are only counted once per fiscal year.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation (including practice count) Fiscal Year
WRP Water Quality Practices
2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014
Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count
Land Unit Acres treated by at least one practice 206,622
3,535
206,659
3,695
198,653
4,612
313,874
6,385
264,024
5,716
83,926
1,953
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Conservation Planning Database, November 2014.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years.

Conservation Practices Related to Wetlands

The following chart and table includes practices that are related to Wetlands. Healthy wetland ecosystems function to modulate drought and floods, provide wildlife habitat, filter pollutants, retain sediment, store carbon, and cycle nutrients. The goal of the wetland conservation practices is to restore, enhance and protect the quality and quantity of wetlands.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation, FY 2009-2014
Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation (including practice count) by Fiscal Year
WRP Wetlands Practices
Practice Name Practice Code 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014
Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count
Wetland Restoration 657 144,127
1,672
132,881
1,883
107,579
2,282
220,643
2,950
144,044
2,901
55,031
982
Wetland Creation 658 12,806
19
8,650
57
3,901
40
2,766
34
1,764
34
751
7
Wetland Enhancement 659 43,660
385
53,735
443
71,181
515
100,200
1,041
111,237
622
276,241
168
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Conservation Planning Database, November 2014.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years.

The following table includes program information under which the above practices related to Wetlands were applied. These data reflect the geographic extent of land treated with wetland conservation practices by each conservation program during a fiscal year. Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years, but are only counted once per fiscal year.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation (including practice count) Fiscal Year
WRP Wetlands Practices
2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014
Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count
Land Unit Acres treated by at least one practice 177,678
2,076
171,729
2,383
166,078
2,837
284,878
4,025
225,540
3,557
71,865
1,157
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Conservation Planning Database, November 2014.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years.

More Information

The data in this report can be downloaded here.


For more information about NRCS Conservation Programs, visit http://www.nrcs.usda.gov/programs/

Citation for this website:
U.S. Department of Agriculture.
Financial Management Modernization Initiative (FMMI) November 2014
Foundation Financial Information System (FFIS) December 2011
National Easement Staging Tool (NEST) October 2013
National Conservation Planning Database November 2014
Natural Resources Conservation Service, Washington, DC. 15 July 2015*
<http:http://www.nrcs.usda.gov/Internet/NRCS_RCA/reports/fb08_cp_wrp.html>

*[use date the website was accessed]