NRCS Conservation Programs

Wildlife Habitat Incentive Program (WHIP)

The Wildlife Habitat Incentive Program (WHIP) is a voluntary program for conservation-minded landowners who want to develop and improve wildlife habitat on agricultural land, non-industrial private forest land, and Tribal land. The USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS) administers WHIP to provide both technical assistance and up to 75 percent cost-share assistance to establish and improve fish and wildlife habitat.

The Agricultural Act of 2014 (enacted on February 7, 2014) moved authority for WHIP to the Environmental Quality Incentives Program (EQIP).

To learn more see EQIP -- And -- WHIP

Financial Information: Total Obligations | Technical Assistance | Financial Assistance | Reimbursable
Contracts: Contract Data |Maps
Conservation Practice Implementation Reports: by State | by State and Conservation Practices related to: Fish and Wildlife Habitat
Civil Rights Report


Financial Information

The Financial Information section presents data from the USDA Office of the Chief Financial Officer's Financial Management Modernization Initiative (FMMI) system and its predecessor, the Foundation Financial Information System (FFIS). The Financial Information presented here is Total Obligations which the Government Accountability Office defines as binding agreements (orders placed, contracts awarded, services rendered, etc.) that will result in outlays, immediately or in the future. Before obligations can be incurred, budgetary resources must be made available by Congress. The obligations displayed for each year are the total obligations reported as of the end of each fiscal year. Subsequent adjustments after the close of the fiscal year are not included.

There are three categories of Total Obligations presented below:

  • Technical Assistance (TA) Obligations refer to the scientific expertise, natural resource data, tools, and technology that USDA NRCS personnel provide to help producers, landowners, and communities develop conservation plans and implement conservation practices to solve natural resource problems at the field, operation, or larger landscape scales. NRCS is the lead agency for providing technical assistance for USDA.
  • Financial Assistance (FA) Obligations refer to the commitment of funds to contracts for payments that will be made to program participants for implementing conservation practices, which can provide both on-site and off-site conservation benefits.
  • Reimbursable funds can be used to provide Technical or Financial Assistance, but are received from sources other than NRCS. They can also be transfers from or agreements with other Federal agencies.

Total Obligations, by Fiscal Year and Type
WHIP Total Obligations, by Fiscal Year
In thousands of dollars
Division 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
Alabama $1,452.3
$3,471.1
$4,517.2
$3,605.0
$5,735.0
$2,141.4
$922.3
Alaska $3,027.4
$3,103.0
$3,657.3
$302.2
$4,707.0
$138.2
$761.3
Arizona $1,500.6
$615.7
$975.8
$566.1
$96.5
$13.8
$142.4
Arkansas $1,072.2
$4,091.2
$1,145.4
$2,969.4
$2,989.8
$70.9
$523.6
California $2,455.2
$2,856.3
$4,378.5
$588.3
$1,548.6
$567.3
$432.3
Caribbean
$8.2
$130.7

$22.3
$0.3
$15.6
Colorado $1,120.8
$790.6
$687.8
$924.7
$290.6
$95.0
$42.0
Connecticut $2,145.3
$1,293.9
$1,417.9
$920.4
$828.2
$253.3
$480.2
Delaware $467.1
$318.0
$144.2
$62.3
$60.4
$6.5
$9.5
Florida $1,862.6
$1,668.1
$1,070.5
$1,124.0
$845.6
$194.9
$441.7
Georgia $1,344.8
$2,130.5
$7,460.2
$6,459.7
$6,415.7
$576.0
$1,060.8
Hawaii/Pacific $1,043.2
$319.6
$147.4
$179.2
$118.2
$14.2
$81.7
Idaho $924.7
$395.3
$720.7
$203.2
$1,345.5
$148.0
$162.5
Illinois $307.6
$297.8
$385.0
$122.0
$155.8
$18.0
$199.4
Indiana $1,310.8
$1,035.3
$825.2
$5,923.9
$203.2
$117.9
$115.2
Iowa $957.7
$992.1
$536.4
$290.5
$571.0
$14.2
$25.7
Kansas $1,283.3
$2,496.0
$1,952.3
$976.9
$1,742.6
$96.6
$225.7
Kentucky $1,059.5
$1,320.2
$1,000.1
$126.8
$158.8
$139.4
$83.4
Louisiana $1,055.7
$4,227.3
$2,595.0
$1,051.4
$917.4
$74.2
$8.1
Maine $890.1
$2,694.0
$3,017.0
$399.7
$596.9
$510.4
$544.9
Maryland $387.6
$262.7
$312.6
$124.7
$376.9
$24.1
$131.7
Massachusetts $1,976.5
$1,054.8
$1,587.0
$442.8
$358.2
$82.0
$99.4
Michigan $1,047.7
$1,921.6
$857.1
$573.1
$408.0
$51.2
$98.4
Minnesota $1,581.6
$828.6
$603.6
$152.6
$839.4
$49.2
$247.2
Mississippi $1,425.3
$3,730.6
$2,000.7
$1,592.8
$1,904.3
$266.0
$310.5
Missouri $1,450.4
$3,378.7
$721.7
$398.8
$791.5
$61.5
$152.1
Montana $770.6
$1,430.1
$384.5
$399.5
$560.3
$32.6
$161.2
Nebraska $1,482.9
$1,021.7
$673.8
$386.6
$259.2
$22.3
$13.0
Nevada $669.5
$982.1
$778.7
$592.3
$217.1
$127.9
$129.9
New Hampshire $2,531.4
$1,310.4
$1,251.8
$819.5
$371.1
$92.6
$338.9
New Jersey $1,097.2
$582.7
$497.5
$370.0
$412.0
$108.0
$107.2
New Mexico $1,128.0
$952.9
$1,008.2
$836.9
$744.8
$169.6
$131.6
New York $1,107.8
$1,285.5
$1,309.8
$358.6
$532.5
$316.2
$527.0
North Carolina $1,168.6
$823.6
$1,543.2
$134.8
$139.5
$11.0
$270.2
North Dakota $1,181.4
$724.6
$1,176.5
$286.9
$234.9
$4.0
$11.7
Ohio $923.8
$289.1
$449.7
$49.9
$81.8
$13.7
$1.0
Oklahoma $1,700.5
$1,123.1
$420.1
$865.5
$264.7
$30.2
$339.8
Oregon $1,890.1
$1,208.2
$1,286.1
$1,322.7
$1,248.3
$67.8
$73.2
Pennsylvania $793.5
$1,064.2
$980.6
$1,153.7
$2,733.1
$80.7
$238.7
Rhode Island $1,577.7
$981.3
$599.6
$390.3
$337.0
$32.8
$196.5
South Carolina $1,836.5
$2,681.1
$3,315.2
$455.8
$630.5
$137.6
$414.2
South Dakota $1,100.0
$779.1
$1,049.2
$2,232.8
$4,744.1
$116.9
$341.9
Tennessee $989.3
$1,079.7
$1,726.7
$319.6
$1,611.8
$350.2
$175.7
Texas $4,645.2
$8,834.1
$11,834.8
$647.9
$8,171.7
$1,361.6
$1,362.4
Utah $813.5
$315.8
$556.6
$255.7
$171.8
$9.8
$0.8
Vermont $1,377.1
$1,295.7
$1,527.3
$217.0
$293.7
$205.4
$739.0
Virginia $865.6
$865.9
$984.1
$324.5
$364.1
$72.5
$110.1
Washington $1,589.4
$1,309.6
$544.8
$978.9
$588.6
$50.6
$287.7
West Virginia $1,569.3
$1,115.7
$1,273.2
$299.6
$1,065.7
$314.7
$798.4
Wisconsin $1,274.2
$779.7
$494.8
$151.5
$136.7
$7.2
$0.9
Wyoming $874.1
$678.3
$834.3
$1,039.3
$318.8
$23.6
$224.7
Other $4,635.6
$4,590.2
$4,523.4
$2,389.7
$3,418.1
$156.8
$79.9
Total $72,742.9
$83,405.9
$83,872.0
$47,360.4
$63,679.3
$9,641.0
$14,393.0
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, 2012-2015 data from Financial Management Modernization Initiative (FMMI);
2009-2011 data from Foundation Financial Information System (FFIS).
• Caribbean includes Puerto Rico and U.S. Virgin Islands.
• Hawaii/Pacific includes Hawaii and the Pacific Basin.
• Other indicates Headquarters, Regional, or other non-State divisions.
• Prior to the February 7, 2014 enactment of the Agricultural Act of 2014, WHIP was authorized to obligate funds to new contracts. Upon enactment, the 2014 Act authorized the use of unobligated WHIP funds remaining from 2009 through 2013 to complete implementation of contracts entered into prior to the date of enactment, including the provision of technical assistance.
• Totals may not exactly match sum over divisions due to rounding.

WHIP Technical Assistance Obligations,
by Fiscal Year
In thousands of dollars
Division 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
Alabama $226.3
$550.7
$872.3
$503.4
$707.1
$921.1
$893.8
Alaska $947.5
$489.9
$556.1
$302.2
$668.1
$138.2
$737.9
Arizona $251.0
$297.2
$317.2
$153.3
$96.5
$13.8
$142.4
Arkansas $241.6
$657.6
$414.5
$422.0
$478.0
$68.5
$483.9
California $559.7
$556.6
$777.3
$313.2
$704.5
$544.7
$431.6
Caribbean

$26.8

$2.4
$0.3
$14.2
Colorado $221.9
$244.6
$266.5
$169.7
$196.4
$95.0
$38.7
Connecticut $590.2
$283.8
$320.3
$307.4
$269.1
$245.9
$463.6
Delaware $148.3
$87.6
$79.6
$52.4
$51.2
$6.5
$9.5
Florida $297.3
$329.8
$407.9
$234.0
$270.8
$189.1
$433.3
Georgia $221.5
$370.2
$1,033.9
$707.1
$2,112.2
$573.4
$896.8
Hawaii/Pacific $507.7
$158.8
$132.1
$179.2
$118.2
$14.0
$81.7
Idaho $162.5
$174.4
$155.6
$119.9
$355.8
$145.1
$108.1
Illinois $170.9
$89.4
$119.0
$72.3
$155.8
$18.0
$199.4
Indiana $208.9
$270.2
$309.9
$440.5
$202.3
$116.9
$113.8
Iowa $168.3
$286.4
$261.7
$127.5
$142.0
$7.0
$3.0
Kansas $284.4
$460.1
$471.8
$235.8
$334.3
$81.1
$211.3
Kentucky $177.7
$295.5
$270.4
$123.6
$158.8
$138.9
$82.9
Louisiana $185.0
$668.0
$705.8
$259.3
$441.5
$74.2
$4.6
Maine $410.4
$523.0
$564.3
$207.1
$215.0
$212.1
$504.0
Maryland $81.6
$128.2
$117.8
$68.2
$83.8
$24.1
$129.5
Massachusetts $573.3
$262.7
$333.7
$248.4
$198.1
$27.8
$95.4
Michigan $209.7
$284.6
$343.2
$168.5
$268.5
$36.4
$97.6
Minnesota $580.1
$238.4
$234.8
$152.6
$189.6
$33.6
$247.1
Mississippi $267.9
$588.6
$438.3
$317.5
$311.4
$253.4
$304.8
Missouri $244.5
$545.7
$364.0
$260.5
$257.9
$61.3
$152.1
Montana $229.0
$292.4
$181.4
$143.2
$124.5
$17.7
$121.4
Nebraska $261.5
$277.1
$272.0
$154.4
$259.2
$22.0
$4.0
Nevada $196.2
$183.1
$154.7
$121.2
$61.0
$127.9
$129.9
New Hampshire $791.9
$280.0
$380.7
$353.3
$205.8
$83.8
$338.9
New Jersey $379.3
$165.7
$196.6
$162.6
$301.4
$107.6
$98.0
New Mexico $255.9
$194.8
$228.4
$188.9
$195.8
$169.6
$128.0
New York $243.2
$217.3
$200.5
$147.7
$106.8
$111.3
$526.9
North Carolina $211.5
$172.9
$296.6
$111.8
$110.2
$8.9
$269.5
North Dakota $233.6
$211.1
$330.9
$115.9
$195.4
$2.1
$3.5
Ohio $141.8
$96.7
$213.1
$49.9
$81.8
$12.8
$1.0
Oklahoma $329.6
$277.2
$235.0
$283.3
$264.7
$30.2
$321.6
Oregon $388.8
$313.4
$303.0
$280.7
$234.2
$57.3
$73.2
Pennsylvania $128.8
$240.1
$155.9
$181.7
$444.5
$53.2
$236.5
Rhode Island $778.7
$238.2
$206.5
$250.8
$215.5
$24.4
$196.0
South Carolina $415.0
$434.4
$619.1
$216.5
$456.6
$133.9
$381.0
South Dakota $259.1
$211.6
$240.0
$230.2
$393.3
$70.8
$240.4
Tennessee $185.6
$233.4
$408.6
$126.5
$294.7
$311.4
$136.5
Texas $686.7
$1,353.5
$2,000.2
$435.7
$1,032.5
$1,014.1
$1,049.5
Utah $203.6
$100.1
$146.9
$86.4
$85.1
$9.8
$0.8
Vermont $477.0
$267.3
$471.3
$217.0
$213.0
$150.8
$727.5
Virginia $191.4
$210.4
$251.2
$128.3
$338.8
$72.2
$110.0
Washington $298.9
$202.7
$172.1
$230.3
$262.9
$50.3
$134.5
West Virginia $359.6
$256.2
$342.2
$201.8
$331.6
$209.7
$791.6
Wisconsin $209.0
$260.2
$221.5
$127.6
$106.0
$7.2
$0.9
Wyoming $167.3
$202.5
$245.1
$194.1
$318.8
$23.6
$224.7
Other $4,635.6
$4,590.2
$4,523.4
$2,381.5
$3,418.1
$156.8
$79.9
Total $20,596.9
$20,324.1
$22,891.6
$13,266.8
$19,041.5
$7,080.0
$13,206.5
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, 2012-2015 data from Financial Management Modernization Initiative (FMMI);
2009-2011 data from Foundation Financial Information System (FFIS).
• Caribbean includes Puerto Rico and U.S. Virgin Islands.
• Hawaii/Pacific includes Hawaii and the Pacific Basin.
• Other indicates Headquarters, Regional, or other non-State divisions.
• Prior to the February 7, 2014 enactment of the Agricultural Act of 2014, WHIP was authorized to obligate funds to new contracts. Upon enactment, the 2014 Act authorized the use of unobligated WHIP funds remaining from 2009 through 2013 to complete implementation of contracts entered into prior to the date of enactment, including the provision of technical assistance.
• Totals may not exactly match sum over divisions due to rounding.

WHIP Financial Assistance Obligations,
by Fiscal Year
In thousands of dollars
Division 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
Alabama $1,226.0
$2,920.4
$3,644.9
$3,101.6
$5,027.9
$1,220.3
$28.6
Alaska $2,079.9
$2,613.1
$3,101.2

$4,038.9

$23.4
Arizona $1,249.6
$318.5
$658.6
$412.8



Arkansas $830.6
$3,433.6
$730.9
$2,555.7
$2,511.8
$2.4
$39.7
California $1,895.5
$2,299.7
$3,601.2
$275.1
$844.1
$22.6
$0.7
Caribbean
$8.2
$103.9

$19.9

$1.4
Colorado $898.9
$546.1
$421.3
$755.0
$94.2

$3.4
Connecticut $1,555.1
$1,010.1
$1,097.5
$613.0
$559.1
$7.4
$16.6
Delaware $318.8
$230.5
$64.7
$9.9
$9.2


Florida $1,565.3
$1,338.3
$662.6
$890.0
$574.8
$5.8
$8.3
Georgia $1,123.3
$1,760.4
$6,426.3
$5,752.6
$4,303.5
$2.6
$164.0
Hawaii/Pacific $535.5
$160.8
$15.4


$0.2

Idaho $762.2
$220.9
$565.1
$83.3
$989.7
$2.9
$54.4
Illinois $136.7
$208.4
$266.1
$49.7



Indiana $1,101.8
$737.1
$513.0
$5,481.4
$0.9
$1.0
$1.4
Iowa $789.3
$705.7
$274.7
$163.1
$429.0
$7.2
$22.6
Kansas $998.9
$2,035.9
$1,480.4
$741.2
$1,408.3
$15.5
$14.4
Kentucky $881.8
$1,024.7
$729.7
$3.3

$0.4
$0.4
Louisiana $870.8
$3,559.3
$1,889.2
$792.2
$475.9

$3.5
Maine $479.8
$2,171.0
$2,452.7
$192.6
$381.9
$298.3
$40.9
Maryland $306.0
$134.5
$194.9
$56.6
$293.1

$2.3
Massachusetts $1,403.2
$792.1
$1,253.3
$194.4
$160.1
$54.2
$4.0
Michigan $837.9
$1,223.7
$398.2
$154.0

$0.7
$0.8
Minnesota $1,001.6
$590.2
$360.1

$649.8
$0.5

Mississippi $1,157.4
$3,141.9
$1,562.4
$1,275.3
$1,592.9
$12.6
$5.7
Missouri $1,205.9
$2,833.0
$357.7
$138.3
$533.6
$0.2

Montana $541.6
$1,137.6
$203.2
$256.3
$435.8
$14.8
$39.9
Nebraska $1,221.4
$744.6
$401.8
$232.2

$0.2
$9.0
Nevada $473.3
$799.0
$624.0
$471.1
$156.1


New Hampshire $1,739.5
$1,030.5
$871.2
$466.2
$165.3
$8.8

New Jersey $717.9
$417.1
$300.9
$207.4
$110.6
$0.4
$9.2
New Mexico $872.1
$758.2
$779.8
$648.0
$549.0

$3.6
New York $864.6
$1,036.5
$940.9
$53.7
$399.2
$204.9
$0.1
North Carolina $957.1
$650.7
$1,246.6
$23.0
$29.3
$2.1
$0.7
North Dakota $947.8
$513.4
$845.5
$171.1
$39.5
$1.9
$8.1
Ohio $782.1
$187.8
$185.8


$0.9

Oklahoma $1,370.9
$845.9
$185.1
$582.2

$-0.1
$18.2
Oregon $1,501.2
$894.8
$983.1
$1,042.0
$1,014.1
$10.5

Pennsylvania $664.7
$822.2
$771.2
$970.5
$2,288.6
$27.5
$2.2
Rhode Island $799.0
$743.2
$393.1
$139.5
$121.5
$8.4
$0.5
South Carolina $1,421.4
$2,246.8
$2,696.1
$239.4
$173.9
$3.8
$33.3
South Dakota $841.0
$567.6
$809.2
$2,002.6
$4,350.8
$46.1
$101.5
Tennessee $803.7
$846.3
$1,318.2
$193.0
$1,317.1
$38.8
$39.2
Texas $3,958.5
$7,480.7
$9,834.6
$212.2
$7,139.2
$347.4
$312.9
Utah $609.9
$215.6
$409.7
$169.3
$86.7


Vermont $900.0
$1,028.4
$1,056.0

$80.7
$54.6
$11.4
Virginia $674.3
$655.4
$732.9
$196.1
$25.3
$0.3
$0.1
Washington $1,290.6
$1,106.9
$372.8
$748.6
$325.7
$0.3
$153.2
West Virginia $1,209.6
$859.5
$931.1
$97.8
$734.1
$105.1
$6.8
Wisconsin $1,065.2
$519.6
$273.3
$24.0
$30.7


Wyoming $706.8
$475.7
$589.2
$845.2



Total $52,146.0
$62,602.1
$60,580.9
$33,682.2
$44,471.8
$2,531.7
$1,186.5
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, 2012-2015 data from Financial Management Modernization Initiative (FMMI);
2009-2011 data from Foundation Financial Information System (FFIS).
• Caribbean includes Puerto Rico and U.S. Virgin Islands.
• Hawaii/Pacific includes Hawaii and the Pacific Basin.
• Prior to the February 7, 2014 enactment of the Agricultural Act of 2014, WHIP was authorized to obligate funds to new contracts. Upon enactment, the 2014 Act authorized the use of unobligated WHIP funds remaining from 2009 through 2013 to complete implementation of contracts entered into prior to the date of enactment, including the provision of technical assistance.
• Negative numbers reflect fund adjustments made throughout the year.
• Totals may not exactly match sum over divisions due to rounding.

WHIP Reimbursable Obligations,
by Fiscal Year
In thousands of dollars
Division 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
Arkansas


$-8.3



Indiana
$28.0
$2.3
$2.0



Michigan
$413.4
$115.7
$250.6
$139.5
$14.1

Minnesota

$8.7


$15.1

New York
$31.6
$168.5
$157.2
$26.5


Ohio
$4.6
$50.9




Pennsylvania
$2.0
$53.5
$1.5



Other


$8.3



Total
$479.6
$399.5
$411.3
$166.0
$29.3

Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, 2012-2015 data from Financial Management Modernization Initiative (FMMI);
2009-2011 data from Foundation Financial Information System (FFIS).
• Other indicates Headquarters, Regional, or other non-State divisions.
• Prior to the February 7, 2014 enactment of the Agricultural Act of 2014, WHIP was authorized to obligate funds to new contracts. Upon enactment, the 2014 Act authorized the use of unobligated WHIP funds remaining from 2009 through 2013 to complete implementation of contracts entered into prior to the date of enactment, including the provision of technical assistance.
• Negative numbers reflect fund adjustments made throughout the year.
• Totals may not exactly match sum over divisions due to rounding.

Contracts


NRCS enters into WHIP contracts with eligible participants willing to implement conservation practices to develop and improve wildlife habitat on agricultural land, nonindustrial private forest land, and Indian land. Applicants must own or control land and provide evidence that they will be in control of land for the duration of a cost-share agreement. By entering into a contract, the participant agrees to apply specified conservation practices, and NRCS obligates funds to provide technical and financial assistance for planning and applying these conservation practices. WHIP contracts can be up to ten years in length. When working with at-risk wildlife species WHIP also provides Essential contracts that are a minimum of 15 years in length with a 90 percent cost-share rate. The table below reports the number of active or completed WHIP contracts signed during each contract fiscal year, and the acres associated with those contracts. For example, for a ten year contract signed in contract year 2009, funds are obligated in fiscal year 2009, and conservation practices may be applied using those funds during the 2009-2019 fiscal year time period.

The Wildlife Habitat Incentive Program (WHIP) Maps page contains maps illustrating contracts enrolled, acres treated, and financial assistance obligated by state and year.

WHIP Contract Data by State and Fiscal Year
State 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014
Number of Active and Completed Contracts Total Acres on Active and Completed Contracts Number of Active and Completed Contracts Total Acres on Active and Completed Contracts Number of Active and Completed Contracts Total Acres on Active and Completed Contracts Number of Active and Completed Contracts Total Acres on Active and Completed Contracts Number of Active and Completed Contracts Total Acres on Active and Completed Contracts Number of Active and Completed Contracts Total Acres on Active and Completed Contracts
Alabama 142
14,484.3
384
61,072.9
337
29,098.5
176
47,442.1
404
58,009.2
84
12,444.4
Alaska 11
7,814.7
21
5,733.4
30
35,021.9


32
92,871.6


Arizona 11
176,250.6
8
4,812.2
11
21,285.0
4
2,267.0




Arkansas 90
16,034.7
270
49,572.8
58
12,634.9
165
21,700.9
156
26,901.5


California 50
17,882.0
37
55,162.1
81
29,148.3
10
1,826.9
21
1,684.9


Caribbean

1
2.0
10
381.0


3
75.5


Colorado 35
3,167.3
19
5,609.0
12
15,655.9
80
1,322.8
1
293.0


Connecticut 77
815.8
30
392.6
37
894.5
10
302.4
18
398.6


Delaware 36
1,359.2
14
1,462.3
12
366.2
2
6.9
1
1.2


Florida 123
40,636.1
117
17,186.2
78
9,513.3
77
21,560.7
57
6,268.9


Georgia 123
7,798.1
131
11,235.2
412
29,008.6
215
44,432.6
203
30,007.3


Hawaii/Pacific 6
3,655.9
3
7.0
2
10.2






Idaho 15
1,056.6
9
2,123.8
29
18,935.8
5
145.5
51
3,518.9


Illinois 19
380.0
17
516.7
20
531.2
1
83.9




Indiana 98
2,712.5
80
2,195.8
60
1,001.0
288
68,286.6




Iowa 113
4,838.2
106
3,464.4
56
1,967.2
8
239.1
15
862.0


Kansas 115
19,993.3
150
35,743.7
119
23,799.1
25
20,902.4
37
36,256.1


Kentucky 136
4,730.3
145
4,339.7
92
3,193.4
1
11.0




Louisiana 111
6,887.6
395
99,927.7
137
13,397.9
28
3,448.9
12
1,586.6


Maine 35
2,811.6
92
36,308.4
108
39,048.5
10
117.4
8
601.7
7
202.0
Maryland 29
173.6
21
156.8
6
102.9
1
10.0
9
290.0


Massachusetts 46
940.8
42
749.3
49
1,468.7
5
218.4
5
98.9
1
2.3
Michigan 100
3,074.8
115
2,907.6
44
1,494.5
61
1,207.3
9
535.5


Minnesota 207
7,193.5
140
3,834.1
79
3,179.2


67
2,012.6


Mississippi 298
18,358.6
417
53,331.5
264
17,367.3
143
12,313.5
240
18,991.9


Missouri 117
6,143.9
340
44,650.1
64
2,412.6
31
571.9
81
4,039.4


Montana 29
8,047.8
14
19,891.7
9
31,098.1
10
6,080.4
11
5,632.6


Nebraska 76
9,162.0
69
10,137.3
42
4,982.1
23
22,497.6




Nevada 13
2,597.3
10
3,812.0
9
2,145.8
17
12,397.1
7
5,957.4


New Hampshire 91
2,792.4
82
2,927.8
51
2,285.3
12
582.0
7
156.0


New Jersey 49
2,166.4
25
1,238.1
17
549.6
10
126.9
8
184.6


New Mexico 31
132,008.4
28
41,643.9
35
24,489.6
15
118,530.7
11
22,306.5


New York 75
2,979.4
128
3,168.5
107
2,025.8
9
124.6
29
580.5
13
185.3
North Carolina 71
9,196.8
78
9,647.3
124
11,522.6
8
1,448.6
6
114.2


North Dakota 47
56,633.5
48
11,099.3
40
12,933.2
4
12,300.0
1
1,840.0


Ohio 39
2,055.5
19
593.8
38
683.1






Oklahoma 90
36,396.6
57
19,361.4
10
3,013.7
6
9,617.4




Oregon 54
11,245.5
19
17,963.7
26
10,598.2
10
8,314.6
16
17,407.9


Pennsylvania 64
1,216.9
57
1,223.4
49
1,108.2
44
1,679.3
81
4,153.4


Rhode Island 28
2,097.6
42
3,094.7
29
983.5
5
2,160.3
3
545.0


South Carolina 95
15,687.4
161
18,519.2
229
23,773.3
6
1,654.0
5
481.1


South Dakota 69
22,394.4
38
12,886.4
43
21,872.8
27
91,009.0
175
96,375.5


Tennessee 97
5,799.4
115
4,648.9
123
5,230.4
23
1,761.1
115
6,522.3
9
187.0
Texas 104
78,558.4
245
225,166.2
283
317,448.9
8
23,482.0
197
380,020.5
10
3,527.5
Utah 7
7,260.6
5
1,772.6
7
9,489.9
3
223.2
2
49.2


Vermont 120
6,177.0
117
9,854.5
142
5,043.1


8
88.9
1
2.4
Virginia 89
4,938.7
84
4,421.0
86
4,090.1
20
1,355.4
3
140.0


Washington 57
3,089.5
42
104,092.5
18
822.4
7
12,482.0
16
3,186.3


West Virginia 84
12,069.9
75
9,967.6
88
10,243.7
15
955.7
93
9,901.9
19
1,655.6
Wisconsin 64
2,106.4
57
2,131.3
30
1,084.7
2
47.0
1
5.0


Wyoming 20
6,625.2
12
12,334.8
14
30,220.4
11
37,313.7




Total 3,706
812,496.9
4,731
1,054,095.0
3,856
848,656.0
1,641
614,560.9
2,225
840,954.1
144
18,206.5
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, ProTracts Program Contracts System, October 2015.
• Caribbean includes Puerto Rico and U.S. Virgin Islands.
• Hawaii/Pacific includes Hawaii and the Pacific Basin.
• Prior to the February 7, 2014 enactment of the Agricultural Act of 2014, WHIP was authorized to obligate funds to new contracts. Upon enactment, the 2014 Act authorized the use of unobligated WHIP funds remaining from 2009 through 2013 to complete implementation of contracts entered into prior to the date of enactment, including the provision of technical assistance.
• Totals may not exactly match sum over states due to rounding.

Conservation Practice Implementation

Conservation practices are planned and applied at the land unit level. The land unit is the smallest unit of land that has a permanent or contiguous boundary, a common land cover and land management, and a common owner or a common producer. The following tables include data for the fiscal years since enactment of the 2008 Food, Conservation, and Energy Act (Farm Bill) in 2009.

As conservation practices are measured in different units (acres, feet, square feet, etc.), the challenge for reporting performance at various levels is how to aggregate across practices. Although practices may affect resources beyond the land unit boundary, or be applied only on part of the land unit, the land unit does provide a common metric to aggregate over practices since each applied practice is associated with a specific land unit. Analysis of the data reveals that most practices are measured in acres and most of the practice applied amounts match the land unit acres of the field on which the practice was applied. Therefore, land unit acreage is the metric on which the acres of land receiving conservation treatment are calculated.

The data presented in this section reflect the fiscal year in which conservation practices were applied, which can occur at any point during the duration of the WHIP contract. Totals presented here are not comparable to program enrollment acres or contract acres.


Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation

The following table summarizes land unit acres by fiscal year. Here, land unit acres are counted once when the program has been used to apply one or more practices on that land unit in a given fiscal year. Therefore, land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation (including practice count),
by Fiscal Year
WHIP Practices
State 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count
Alabama 59,165
847
36,603
910
88,532
1,198
89,889
1,339
80,503
1,200
133,081
2,048
72,046
743
Alaska 6,628
26
1,437
30
43,905
68
32,829
75
25,411
28
45,751
107
82,145
98
Arizona 308,123
84
451,211
70
403,988
65
41,419
52
198,021
39
47,465
37
5,115
7
Arkansas 25,331
700
25,402
646
77,464
1,316
35,719
598
42,926
767
44,428
771
25,031
368
California 26,939
224
28,648
243
56,852
217
73,328
456
38,879
444
61,846
401
23,218
165
Caribbean



5
3
98
23
128
10
193
11
92
20
Colorado 138,864
319
56,611
310
59,143
193
44,358
189
13,504
277
12,059
61
11,108
66
Connecticut 1,902
362
3,189
583
2,643
570
2,453
570
1,881
329
1,759
321
1,236
221
Delaware 2,972
58
4,233
95
4,435
46
915
28
282
10
1,252
16
177
5
Florida 19,979
285
43,743
577
65,938
737
45,350
681
34,530
697
34,708
815
23,002
432
Georgia 11,448
420
10,461
499
21,029
659
28,268
982
39,950
1,097
54,964
1,645
42,898
962
Hawaii/Pacific 14,291
121
11,343
85
13,437
113
10,130
59
1,510
21
109
43
486
19
Idaho 805
69
2,983
151
5,131
56
19,735
104
5,616
59
8,395
105
3,797
99
Illinois 1,215
137
2,093
107
4,981
208
2,997
214
1,377
98
1,544
93
2,848
251
Indiana 5,706
225
9,894
329
8,736
401
13,739
576
59,431
2,820
26,853
1,177
13,674
522
Iowa 12,420
568
13,944
584
20,615
857
17,639
525
11,603
310
4,323
87
1,909
45
Kansas 15,942
676
28,860
825
37,581
985
34,630
635
32,322
321
68,642
500
54,786
352
Kentucky 12,469
508
15,300
930
15,260
1,033
16,276
990
9,318
528
2,638
165
1,379
83
Louisiana 10,409
580
16,210
456
93,843
2,460
29,612
814
21,006
598
13,817
432
6,481
129
Maine 13,307
205
8,666
167
19,132
335
61,623
394
24,345
208
13,675
321
9,477
130
Maryland 5,438
133
3,684
88
1,700
95
317
22
519
30
837
12
1,158
19
Massachusetts 5,914
473
5,266
411
6,258
338
5,269
458
4,683
328
3,641
248
1,148
149
Michigan 6,754
643
5,011
291
8,408
659
7,192
408
4,453
416
2,855
194
4,521
154
Minnesota 7,235
551
11,002
753
9,742
684
8,825
561
3,048
162
3,879
170
1,170
97
Mississippi 12,345
575
19,155
535
37,747
989
24,874
1,100
21,521
574
26,060
813
6,850
236
Missouri 17,744
942
11,123
770
49,252
1,774
23,668
1,216
8,903
433
8,824
344
4,562
159
Montana 52,143
162
24,198
243
29,918
204
43,050
207
53,544
217
48,102
156
42,477
104
Nebraska 10,660
432
14,828
405
22,776
524
22,828
484
15,476
181
19,964
114
3,993
49
Nevada 563
28
2,398
41
3,057
46
4,566
62
13,312
89
5,097
48
7,064
16
New Hampshire 13,342
300
24,555
382
21,932
416
23,454
391
12,413
241
12,168
267
7,529
198
New Jersey 4,283
248
5,089
398
5,872
312
3,046
260
2,023
112
1,232
82
1,524
41
New Mexico 32,790
67
103,773
128
86,928
92
103,375
132
138,168
66
33,947
85
51,003
83
New York 2,107
222
4,256
331
6,104
577
6,687
575
4,623
394
7,106
549
6,273
449
North Carolina 10,445
428
319,768
381
321,916
637
333,249
799
316,816
432
11,584
242
305,123
109
North Dakota 44,074
412
13,371
308
29,645
381
52,676
392
12,011
149
53,473
314
17,551
128
Ohio 2,686
141
5,342
101
7,876
255
6,867
179
4,777
55
3,799
23
185
12
Oklahoma 43,040
277
72,408
435
51,898
457
49,591
270
20,132
166
18,014
99
24,333
125
Oregon 51,285
231
44,570
217
58,707
185
65,420
205
64,106
187
46,814
144
28,696
65
Pennsylvania 4,240
248
5,971
354
11,560
379
8,751
322
15,151
253
23,793
203
17,778
121
Rhode Island 2,441
43
1,632
71
5,140
105
4,715
104
1,765
50
5,103
73
2,651
42
South Carolina 19,939
537
30,178
507
40,342
881
36,697
1,421
22,130
654
10,712
291
6,831
160
South Dakota 11,191
469
28,297
339
28,751
321
28,786
242
49,065
190
121,509
568
93,879
558
Tennessee 11,062
520
12,329
590
11,203
637
7,187
439
4,249
264
4,091
446
1,866
196
Texas 83,441
582
170,078
960
351,816
1,398
345,929
1,653
232,507
702
304,100
829
177,313
383
Utah 24,575
48
23,007
57
29,736
60
36,163
63
8,580
42
10,845
45
1,938
20
Vermont 24,913
727
30,076
1,071
25,948
1,044
29,529
1,039
22,001
671
13,627
412
8,117
309
Virginia 5,106
482
22,932
675
23,675
772
14,794
669
8,140
275
5,745
174
3,557
43
Washington 9,439
225
11,485
291
20,984
244
10,504
301
10,878
110
10,008
145
14,053
86
West Virginia 25,647
609
16,866
640
21,871
504
27,262
733
15,745
383
13,095
494
9,960
325
Wisconsin 5,223
350
28,581
401
10,439
286
6,989
242
4,450
112
1,293
55
452
15
Wyoming 52,378
91
22,660
90
21,617
115
35,000
125
21,818
72
59,727
188
29,512
74
Total 1,290,358
17,610
1,864,718
19,861
2,405,471
26,891
1,978,265
24,378
1,759,551
17,871
1,468,542
16,983
1,263,967
9,242
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Planning and Agreements Database, November 2015.
• Caribbean includes Puerto Rico and U.S. Virgin Islands.
• Hawaii/Pacific includes Hawaii and the Pacific Basin.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation by Practice

The following chart/table combination present conservation practice data grouped by purpose: Fish and Wildlife Habitat. Any practices not included in this group are included in an All Other category. Data for practices in the All Other category can be downloaded in the Farm Bill Conservation Programs Profile csv file.

Land unit acres are counted each time a practice is applied on that land unit in the fiscal year. Therefore land unit acres may be counted multiple times across practices and fiscal years. To learn more about specific conservation practices, see the National Handbook of Conservation Practices.


Conservation Practices Related to Fish and Wildlife

The following chart and table includes practices that are related to Fish and Wildlife Habitat Management. The environment that NRCS helps its clients conserve, maintain, and improve is also habitat for fish and wildlife and other biological resources. While every practice and management action taken on the land has some effect on biological resources, the following practices are specifically related to fish and wildlife habitat.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation, FY 2009-2015

Only practices representing a significant portion of the total for the period are included in the above chart. Practices not included are summed into the All Other category.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation (including practice count) by Fiscal Year
WHIP Fish and Wildlife Practices
Practice Name Practice Code 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count
Conservation Cover 327 16,087
591
30,518
706
41,530
928
42,731
711
17,540
319
24,386
334
25,127
206
Riparian Herbaceous Cover 390 14
4
10,063
13
11,685
36
971
27
736
8
104
8
1,412
4
Riparian Forest Buffer 391 9,621
48
1,683
60
2,370
60
3,239
77
542
24
1,920
18
592
22
Stream Habitat Improvement and Management 395 6,320
96
5,074
94
4,466
55
3,662
84
1,747
36
1,052
23
82
5
Aquatic Organism Passage 396 8,035
44
6,273
33
4,856
39
21,747
18
4,952
14
191
12
57
4
Hedgerow Planting 422 7,088
135
2,444
133
4,647
132
6,362
115
1,474
53
822
30
522
19
Access Control 472 9,660
247
11,690
216
15,741
187
53,687
433
25,086
399
24,387
68
1,988
20
Streambank and Shoreline Protection 580 2,965
91
6,869
107
3,374
99
5,258
121
1,827
62
5,102
88
8,885
57
Restoration and Management of Rare or Declining Habitats 643 46,928
525
47,791
534
63,224
624
71,942
798
44,737
485
50,228
488
23,433
268
Wetland Wildlife Habitat Management 644 21,908
211
26,277
285
37,136
375
27,224
426
15,030
144
13,111
177
16,947
73
Upland Wildlife Habitat Management 645 885,610
5,113
969,672
4,541
1,042,580
5,527
544,868
5,018
284,645
2,501
414,536
2,487
279,188
1,572
Shallow Water Development and Management 646 2,383
53
5,605
91
213,197
3,535
58,074
862
44,797
745
35,448
595
3,769
55
Early Successional Habitat Development/Management 647 88,832
1,841
92,337
2,440
106,212
2,408
113,706
2,292
79,838
1,478
70,938
1,590
123,113
1,290
Wetland Restoration 657 8,056
91
6,376
86
4,978
68
3,970
97
1,652
30
208
9
211
3
Wetland Creation 658 342
12
1,174
18
2,261
28
1,122
20
731
4
107
2
5
1
Wetland Enhancement 659 1,633
37
3,274
35
2,065
30
6,285
41
763
7
229
4
4
1
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Planning and Agreements Database, November 2015.
• Watering Facility (614) is not included in the above table. It is included for the purposes of this report in the All Other Practices category.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years.

The following table includes program information under which the above practices related to Fish and Wildlife Management were applied. These data reflect the geographic extent of the land treated with fish and wildlife habitat practices by each conservation program during a fiscal year. Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years, but are only counted once per fiscal year.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation (including practice count) Fiscal Year
WHIP Fish and Wildlife Practices
2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count
Land Unit Acres treated by at least one practice 765,811
9,139
892,354
9,392
1,185,018
14,131
773,631
11,140
409,568
6,309
514,336
5,933
371,446
3,600
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Planning and Agreements Database, November 2015.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years.

More Information

The data in this report can be downloaded here.


For more information about NRCS Conservation Programs, visit http://www.nrcs.usda.gov/programs/

Citation for this website:
U.S. Department of Agriculture.
Financial Management Modernization Initiative (FMMI) 2012-2015 Data
Foundation Financial Information System (FFIS) 2009-2011 Data
ProTracts Program Contracts System October 2014
National Planning and Agreements Database November 2015
Natural Resources Conservation Service, Washington, DC. 30 September 2016*
<http:http://www.nrcs.usda.gov/Internet/NRCS_RCA/reports/fb08_cp_whip.html>

*[use date the website was accessed]