NRCS Conservation Programs

Healthy Forests Reserve Program (HFRP)

The purpose of the Healthy Forests Reserve Program (HFRP) is to assist landowners, on a voluntary basis, in restoring, enhancing and protecting forestland resources on private lands through easements, 30-year contracts and 10-year cost-share agreements. The objectives of HFRP are to promote the recovery of endangered and threatened species under the Endangered Species Act (ESA), improve plant and animal biodiversity, and enhance carbon sequestration.

To learn more see HFRP

Financial Information: Total Obligations | Technical Assistance | Financial Assistance
Conservation Agreements: Cumulative Enrollment Data
Conservation Practice Implementation Reports: by State | by State and Conservation Practices related to: Fish and Wildlife Habitat | Forest Land Conservation


Financial Information

The Financial Information section presents data from the USDA Office of the Chief Financial Officer's Financial Management Modernization Initiative (FMMI) system and its predecessor, the Foundation Financial Information System (FFIS). The Financial Information presented here is Total Obligations which the Government Accountability Office defines as binding agreements (orders placed, contracts awarded, services rendered, etc.) that will result in outlays, immediately or in the future. Before obligations can be incurred, budgetary resources must be made available by Congress. The obligations displayed for each year are the total obligations reported as of the end of each fiscal year. Subsequent adjustments after the close of the fiscal year are not included.

There are two categories of Total Obligations presented below:

  • Technical Assistance (TA) Obligations refer to the scientific expertise, natural resource data, tools, and technology that USDA NRCS personnel provide to help producers, landowners, and communities develop conservation plans and implement conservation practices to solve natural resource problems at the field, operation, or larger landscape scales. NRCS is the lead agency for providing technical assistance for USDA.
  • Financial Assistance (FA) Obligations refer to the commitment of funds to contracts for payments that will be made to program participants for the purchase of easements and for implementing conservation practices, which can provide both on-site and off-site conservation benefits.
This program does not include Reimbursable funds.

Financial data should not be incorporated with the programmatic enrollment data provided below to derive a cost/acre or cost/agreement. Among other reasons, such calculations will not produce accurate results since both technical assistance and financial assistance obligations for associated conservation practices are included in these data, in addition to the obligations used for purchasing easements.

Total Obligations, by Fiscal Year and Type
HFRP Total Obligations, by Fiscal Year
In thousands of dollars
Division 2009 2010 2011 2012
Alabama


$-0.3
Arkansas $123.1
$8.6
$8.8
$0.1
California
$636.7
$706.7
$413.4
Georgia $244.2
$92.8
$2,539.4
$218.1
Illinois


$-5.1
Indiana $137.2
$1,356.4
$1,595.2
$12.1
Kentucky
$83.5
$1,496.7
$2,219.5
Maine $26.9
$5.6
$16.5
$259.6
Michigan
$13.2
$179.3
$235.7
Minnesota $118.9
$1.2
$0.0

Mississippi $1,034.2
$1,016.9
$92.9
$414.5
Ohio
$19.0
$128.8
$222.6
Oklahoma $425.9
$1,443.1
$3,734.0
$609.4
Oregon $448.3
$3,250.4
$5,959.2
$4,152.0
Pennsylvania
$4.5
$112.0
$1,437.8
South Carolina

$1,207.2
$-448.0
Other $62.4
$13.9
$134.0
$101.8
Total $2,621.0
$7,946.0
$17,910.8
$9,843.1
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, 2012 data from Financial Management Modernization Initiative (FMMI), April 2013;
2009-2011 data from Foundation Financial Information System (FFIS), December 2011.
• Other indicates Headquarters, Regional, or other non-State divisions.
• Negative numbers reflect fund adjustments made throughout the year.
• Totals may not exactly match sum over divisions due to rounding.

HFRP Technical Assistance Obligations,
by Fiscal Year
In thousands of dollars
Division 2009 2010 2011 2012
Arkansas $3.8
$8.6
$8.8
$0.1
California
$36.7
$107.7
$61.7
Georgia $240.2
$92.8
$309.0
$17.2
Illinois


$-5.1
Indiana $108.4
$202.1
$100.5
$45.9
Kentucky
$25.0
$249.2
$178.1
Maine $26.9
$5.6
$16.5
$24.6
Michigan
$1.6
$18.8
$60.3
Minnesota $113.3
$1.2
$0.0

Mississippi $130.5
$134.6
$16.2
$47.9
Ohio
$8.4
$103.5
$35.4
Oklahoma $419.3
$466.7
$221.3
$115.8
Oregon $289.8
$468.5
$260.2
$475.3
Pennsylvania
$3.6
$24.0
$203.9
South Carolina

$257.2
$17.0
Other $32.4
$14.1
$130.8
$101.8
Total $1,364.6
$1,469.6
$1,823.9
$1,379.8
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, 2012 data from Financial Management Modernization Initiative (FMMI), April 2013;
2009-2011 data from Foundation Financial Information System (FFIS), December 2011.
• Other indicates Headquarters, Regional, or other non-State divisions.
• Negative numbers reflect fund adjustments made throughout the year.
• Totals may not exactly match sum over divisions due to rounding.

HFRP Financial Assistance Obligations,
by Fiscal Year
In thousands of dollars
Division 2009 2010 2011 2012
Alabama


$-0.3
Arkansas $119.2



California
$600.0
$599.0
$351.7
Georgia $4.0

$2,230.4
$200.9
Indiana $28.8
$1,154.3
$1,494.8
$-33.8
Kentucky
$58.5
$1,247.5
$2,041.4
Maine


$235.0
Michigan
$11.6
$160.5
$175.4
Minnesota $5.6



Mississippi $903.7
$882.3
$76.7
$366.6
Ohio
$10.6
$25.3
$187.2
Oklahoma $6.6
$976.3
$3,512.7
$493.6
Oregon $158.6
$2,781.9
$5,699.0
$3,676.7
Pennsylvania
$1.0
$88.0
$1,233.9
South Carolina

$950.0
$-465.0
Other $30.0

$3.1

Total $1,256.5
$6,476.4
$16,086.9
$8,463.3
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, 2012 data from Financial Management Modernization Initiative (FMMI), April 2013;
2009-2011 data from Foundation Financial Information System (FFIS), December 2011.
• Other indicates Headquarters, Regional, or other non-State divisions.
• Negative numbers reflect fund adjustments made throughout the year.
• Totals may not exactly match sum over divisions due to rounding.

Conservation Agreements


NRCS enters into HFRP contracts with landowners or eligible cooperating entities willing to restore, enhance and protect private forestlands for threatened or endangered species habitat. In exchange they avoid certain regulatory restrictions under the Endangered Species Act on the use of that land. HFRP contract options include 30-year and permanent easements, and 10-year restoration agreements, as well as 30-year contracts for land owned by Indian Tribes. By entering into an easement contract, the participant agrees to forego future development uses of the land while retaining the right to conduct common forestry practices and operations, and NRCS obligates funds to purchase the easement rights and to provide technical and financial assistance for planning and applying conservation practices to restore and improve the forestland. The table below reports the number of HFRP easement contracts signed during each contract fiscal year, and the acres associated with those contracts, as well as the cumulative totals for contracts signed prior to the 2008 Farm Act.

HFRP Cumulative Agreement Data by State and Fiscal Year
State Prior Years 2009 2010 2011 2012 Total
Number of Agreements Acres Enrolled Number of Agreements Acres Enrolled Number of Agreements Acres Enrolled Number of Agreements Acres Enrolled Number of Agreements Acres Enrolled Number of Agreements Acres Enrolled
Arkansas 1
200.0
1
113.0






2
313.0
California



1
2,747.1
3
11,915.0
5
1,695.2
9
16,357.3
Georgia





5
1,850.0


5
1,850.0
Indiana



4
417.5
4
739.1


8
1,156.6
Kentucky





2
1,465.0
8
2,586.5
10
4,051.5
Maine 2
190,877.0






3
493,776.0
5
684,653.0
Michigan





4
85.3
1
82.9
5
168.2
Mississippi 4
2,561.0
5
532.9
1
785.0


1
305.0
11
4,183.9
Ohio 







2
102.4
2
102.4
Oklahoma



4
1,499.3
20
5,324.4


24
6,823.8
Oregon



4
625.5
5
896.5
2
827.0
11
2,349.0
Pennsylvania 







2
1,143.5
2
1,143.5
South Carolina





1
675.0


1
675.0
Total 7
193,638.0
6
645.9
14
6,074.5
44
22,950.2
24
500,518.5
95
723,827.1
Notes:
• Data Source: National Easement Staging Tool (NEST) 10-4-12.
• Prior year totals include FY 2006 through FY 2008 data.
• Enrollment acres are initially reported at the end of each fiscal year. Subsequent acreage reports for prior year enrollments are subject to change as acres are finalized through legal surveys, agreements are cancelled, or other modifications occur in the fiscal years following initial enrollment. Enrollment numbers for each year are based on acres in active and completed agreements as of the date the data was extracted.
• In FY 2011, 3 contracts associated with significant acreage were deobligated due to the expiration of funds. These acres are no longer enrolled in HFRP.
• Totals may not exactly match sum over states due to rounding.

Conservation Practice Implementation

Conservation practices are planned and applied at the land unit level. The land unit is the smallest unit of land that has a permanent or contiguous boundary, a common land cover and land management, and a common owner or a common producer. The following tables include data for the fiscal years covered by the 2008 Food, Conservation, and Energy Act (2008 Farm Bill), 2009 through 2012.

As conservation practices are measured in different units (acres, feet, square feet, etc.), the challenge for reporting performance at various levels is how to aggregate across practices. Although practices may affect resources beyond the land unit boundary, or be applied only on part of the land unit, the land unit does provide a common metric to aggregate over practices since each applied practice is associated with a specific land unit. Analysis of the data reveals that most practices are measured in acres and most of the practice applied amounts match the land unit acres of the field on which the practice was applied. Therefore, land unit acreage is the metric on which the acres of land receiving conservation treatment are calculated.

The data presented in this section reflect the fiscal year in which conservation practices were applied, which can occur at any point during the duration of the HFRP contract. Totals presented here are not comparable to program enrollment acres or contract acres.


Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation

The following table summarizes land unit acres by fiscal year. Here, land unit acres are counted once when the program has been used to apply one or more practices on that land unit in a given fiscal year. Therefore, land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation (including practice count),
by Fiscal Year
HFRP Practices
State 2009 2010 2011 2012
Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count
California



10,304
25
4,414
43
Indiana 1,085
1


88
6


Mississippi



303
9
58
51
Oklahoma



167
2


Oregon



82
11


Total 1,085
1


10,943
53
4,472
94
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Conservation Planning Database, November 2012.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years.
• Totals may not exactly match sum over states due to rounding.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation by Practice

The following set of chart/table combinations present conservation practice data grouped by purpose: Fish and Wildlife Habitat and Forest Land Conservation. Any practices not included in one of these groups are included in an All Other category. Data for practices in the All Other category can be downloaded in the Farm Bill Conservation Programs Profile csv file.

Note that there is some overlap between these groupings, since some practices address multiple resource concerns. Here land unit acres are counted each time a practice is applied on that land unit in the fiscal year. Therefore land unit acres may be counted multiple times across practices, practice groupings, and fiscal years. To learn more about specific conservation practices, see the National Handbook of Conservation Practices.


Conservation Practices Related to Fish and Wildlife

The following chart and table includes practices that are related to Fish and Wildlife Habitat Management. The environment that NRCS helps its clients conserve, maintain, and improve is also habitat for fish and wildlife and other biological resources. While every practice and management action taken on the land has some effect on biological resources, the following practices are specifically related to fish and wildlife habitat.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation, FY 2009-2012

Only practices representing a significant portion of the total for the period are included in the above chart. Practices not included are summed into the All Other category.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation (including practice count) by Fiscal Year
HFRP Fish and Wildlife Practices
Practice Name Practice Code 2009 2010 2011 2012
Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count
Riparian Forest Buffer 391





5
2
Access Control 472





63
11
Restoration and Management of Rare or Declining Habitats 643



2
2
88
12
Upland Wildlife Habitat Management 645



138
2


Early Successional Habitat Development/Management 647





4
2
Total



140
4
161
27
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Conservation Planning Database, November 2012.
• Watering Facility (614) is not included in the above table. It is included for the purposes of this report in the All Other Practices category.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years.
• Totals may not exactly match sum over states due to rounding.

Conservation Practices Related to Forest Land Conservation

The following chart and table includes practices that are related to Forest Land Conservation. The goals of these practices are to restore and protect forest resources and improve fish and wildlife habitat and are related to: tree planting; forest stand improvement; thinning; prescribed burning; and controlling invasive plants. Note that only practices applied on grazed forest or forest land are included.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation, FY 2009-2012

Only practices representing a significant portion of the total for the period are included in the above chart. Practices not included are summed into the All Other category.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation (including practice count) by Fiscal Year
HFRP Forest Land Conservation Practices
Practice Name Practice Code 2009 2010 2011 2012
Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count
Prescribed Burning 338



63
1
47
4
Riparian Forest Buffer 391





5
2
Firebreak 394



63
1
52
5
Access Control 472





61
10
Tree/Shrub Site Preparation 490





5
1
Tree/Shrub Establishment 612



151
5
5
1
Restoration and Management of Rare or Declining Habitats 643



0
1
88
12
Upland Wildlife Habitat Management 645



138
2


Early Successional Habitat Development/Management 647





4
2
Forest Trails and Landings 655





31
1
Forest Stand Improvement 666 1,085
1


82
4
52
5
Total 1,085
1


498
14
352
43
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Conservation Planning Database, November 2012.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years.
• Totals may not exactly match sum over states due to rounding.

More Information

The data in this report can be downloaded here.


For more information about NRCS Conservation Programs, visit http://www.nrcs.usda.gov/programs/

Citation for this website:
U.S. Department of Agriculture.
Financial Management Modernization Initiative (FMMI) April 2013
Foundation Financial Information System (FFIS) December 2011
National Easement Staging Tool (NEST) October 2011, February 2012 and October 2012
National Conservation Planning Database November 2012
Natural Resources Conservation Service, Washington, DC. 16 May 2013*
<http://soils.usda.gov/survey/rca/viewer/reports/fb08_cp_hfrp.html>

*[use date the website was accessed]