NRCS Conservation Programs

Grassland Reserve Program (GRP)

The Grassland Reserve Program (GRP) is a voluntary conservation program that emphasizes support for working grazing operations, enhancement of plant and animal biodiversity, and protection of grassland under threat of conversion to other uses. Participants voluntarily limit future development and cropping uses of the land while retaining the right to conduct common grazing practices and operations related to the production of forage and seeding, subject to certain restrictions during nesting seasons of bird species that are in significant decline or are protected under Federal or State law. A grazing management plan is required for participants.

The Agricultural Act of 2014 (enacted on February 7, 2014) moved authority for GRP easements to the Agricultural Conservation Easement Program (ACEP).

To learn more see ACEP -- And -- GRP

Financial Information: Total Obligations | Technical Assistance | Financial Assistance
Conservation Easements and Rental Agreements: Cumulative Enrollment Data | Maps | Farm Bill Summary
Conservation Practice Implementation Reports: by State | by State and Conservation Practices related to: Fish and Wildlife Habitat | Grazing Land Conservation


Financial Information

The Financial Information section presents data from the USDA Office of the Chief Financial Officer's Financial Management Modernization Initiative (FMMI) system and its predecessor, the Foundation Financial Information System (FFIS). The Financial Information presented here is Total Obligations which the Government Accountability Office defines as binding agreements (orders placed, contracts awarded, services rendered, etc.) that will result in outlays, immediately or in the future. Before obligations can be incurred, budgetary resources must be made available by Congress. The obligations displayed for each year are the total obligations reported as of the end of each fiscal year. Subsequent adjustments after the close of the fiscal year are not included.

There are two categories of Total Obligations presented below:

  • Technical Assistance (TA) Obligations refer to the scientific expertise, natural resource data, tools, and technology that USDA NRCS personnel provide to help producers, landowners, and communities develop conservation plans and implement conservation practices to solve natural resource problems at the field, operation, or larger landscape scales. NRCS is the lead agency for providing technical assistance for USDA.
  • Financial Assistance (FA) Obligations refer to the commitment of funds to contracts for payments that will be made to program participants for the purchase of easements and for implementing conservation practices, which can provide both on-site and off-site conservation benefits.
This program does not include Reimbursable funds.

Financial data should not be incorporated with the programmatic enrollment data provided below to derive a cost/acre or cost/agreement. Among other reasons, such calculations will not produce accurate results since both technical assistance and financial assistance obligations for associated conservation practices are included in these data, in addition to the obligations used for purchasing easements.

Total Obligations, by Fiscal Year and Type
GRP Total Obligations, by Fiscal Year
In thousands of dollars
Division 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014
Alabama $38.5
$65.9
$76.4
$98.4
$49.8
$1.0
Alaska $9.7
$22.2
$8.1
$7.0
$33.1
$1.3
Arizona $54.0
$84.5
$55.9
$49.5
$19.5
$1.8
Arkansas $8.1
$67.8
$64.9
$111.3
$62.4
$0.8
California $136.6
$147.3
$154.0
$286.2
$95.0
$20.6
Caribbean $11.4
$12.6



$0.1
Colorado $109.6
$144.6
$167.9
$88.4
$85.5
$183.7
Connecticut $21.7
$829.3
$147.6
$118.4
$45.4
$7.4
Delaware $4.2
$0.1
$12.4
$12.2
$17.6
$0.1
Florida $144.6
$330.0
$537.1
$121.8
$110.5
$3.9
Georgia $23.2
$36.5
$68.7
$0.8
$4.2
$0.3
Hawaii/Pacific $6.8
$109.1
$117.5
$177.5
$113.2
$7.6
Idaho $41.1
$57.3
$4,627.9
$1,237.9
$364.4
$224.9
Illinois $1.7
$40.0
$103.1
$39.1
$125.3
$6.9
Indiana $51.0
$44.0
$66.6
$54.8
$42.2
$4.3
Iowa $81.6
$176.9
$382.9
$160.8
$50.7
$0.8
Kansas $118.6
$501.9
$229.6
$540.0
$205.8
$22.2
Kentucky $56.8
$71.6
$163.8
$135.5
$29.2
$1.4
Louisiana $25.0
$66.3
$71.2
$48.8
$1.0
$0.5
Maine $13.9
$15.7
$15.7
$0.0
$1.0
$0.2
Maryland $7.0
$26.8
$17.7

$4.7
$0.1
Massachusetts $13.5
$20.7
$14.9
$2.7
$43.3
$2.6
Michigan $77.7
$93.4
$90.0
$20.2
$26.6
$1.8
Minnesota $47.0
$53.3
$14.8
$41.0
$63.6
$29.3
Mississippi $97.2
$57.3
$115.5
$32.5
$52.7
$5.1
Missouri $141.5
$218.3
$244.3
$131.8
$54.1
$3.0
Montana $149.8
$176.2
$142.9
$155.6
$173.7
$82.4
Nebraska $79.6
$92.8
$94.6
$71.0
$22.5
$0.5
Nevada $2.0
$16.4
$51.3
$165.2
$281.0
$133.1
New Hampshire $21.9
$13.3
$52.7
$16.2
$5.4
$0.1
New Jersey $11.1
$10.8
$13.8
$8.5
$15.1
$0.1
New Mexico $232.3
$216.7
$135.7
$83.1
$76.8
$11.3
New York $33.5
$122.3
$180.9
$68.3
$24.4
$0.3
North Carolina $26.9
$2.9
$10.6
$21.5
$21.2
$0.3
North Dakota $78.7
$86.0
$124.0
$67.9
$9.1
$0.4
Ohio $69.9
$130.1
$161.3
$33.0
$12.2
$0.3
Oklahoma $152.5
$179.0
$225.0
$77.6
$114.7
$12.6
Oregon $46.7
$49.3
$60.6
$-174.3
$73.7
$18.2
Pennsylvania $56.9
$133.0
$89.0
$65.4
$83.5
$3.0
Rhode Island $4.7
$0.1
$21.2
$27.7
$44.8
$1.1
South Carolina $25.5
$40.3
$51.7
$44.4
$346.1
$53.4
South Dakota $137.2
$301.6
$606.8
$325.4
$170.5
$89.6
Tennessee $83.8
$99.2
$123.0
$38.6
$79.1
$59.4
Texas $333.5
$771.0
$1,460.3
$1,361.8
$799.5
$157.8
Utah $35.3
$36.4
$228.3
$147.1
$268.4
$58.9
Vermont $16.4
$95.6
$23.4
$75.1
$15.8
$0.1
Virginia $53.9
$173.5
$196.8
$77.9
$68.4
$37.6
Washington $69.8
$65.0
$58.8
$43.9
$68.2
$0.5
West Virginia $32.9
$285.9
$80.4
$44.3
$52.8
$25.2
Wisconsin $67.2
$61.4
$88.8
$190.6
$104.6
$13.9
Wyoming $67.2
$217.6
$1,164.4
$449.9
$424.7
$21.0
Other $44,426.6
$93,438.7
$64,930.0
$58,261.9
$57,800.9
$139.7
Total $47,658.1
$100,108.4
$77,944.7
$65,264.4
$62,857.9
$1,452.4
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, 2012-2014 data from Financial Management Modernization Initiative (FMMI), November 2014;
2009-2011 data from Foundation Financial Information System (FFIS), December 2011.
• Caribbean includes Puerto Rico and U.S. Virgin Islands.
• Hawaii/Pacific includes Hawaii and the Pacific Basin.
• Other indicates Headquarters, Regional, or other non-State divisions.
• Except for the minor amount of due diligence funds administered by NRCS (state level data in this table), the Farm Service Agency (FSA) administers the majority of GRP funds for both easements and rental contracts. In this table, national totals for the funds administered by FSA are included in the "Other" category.
• The Agricultural Act of 2014 (the 2014 Act) authorized the use of prior year GRP funds remaining from 2009 through 2013 to carry out contracts, agreements, or easements entered into prior to the date of enactment of the 2014 Act, including the provision of technical assistance, provided that no such contract, agreement, or easement is modified so as to increase the amount of payment received. Pursuant to this authority, the GRP funds obligated in FY 2014 were used to carry out acquisition and restoration activities on GRP contracts, agreements, or easements.
• Negative numbers reflect fund adjustments made throughout the year.
• Totals may not exactly match sum over divisions due to rounding.

GRP Technical Assistance Obligations,
by Fiscal Year
In thousands of dollars
Division 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014
Alabama $33.3
$62.3
$62.8
$31.0
$41.0
$1.0
Alaska $9.7
$22.2
$8.1
$7.0
$33.1
$1.3
Arizona $51.5
$60.7
$52.9
$19.2
$19.5
$0.3
Arkansas $8.1
$58.0
$64.9
$36.1
$52.7
$0.8
California $136.6
$147.3
$152.5
$113.6
$92.0
$12.3
Caribbean $11.4
$12.6



$0.1
Colorado $87.3
$80.6
$78.6
$50.1
$72.7
$9.0
Connecticut $14.2
$74.3
$75.7
$115.6
$32.6
$7.4
Delaware $4.2
$0.1
$8.3
$12.2
$13.3
$0.1
Florida $114.2
$140.3
$249.8
$84.5
$83.1
$3.9
Georgia $23.2
$36.5
$28.7
$0.8
$4.2
$0.3
Hawaii/Pacific $6.8
$97.1
$99.5
$175.0
$113.2
$7.6
Idaho $38.9
$33.6
$751.3
$217.4
$324.5
$123.1
Illinois $1.7
$12.4
$63.2
$27.1
$88.7
$6.9
Indiana $46.3
$32.1
$43.5
$42.9
$42.2
$4.3
Iowa $77.7
$83.8
$89.7
$52.6
$45.4
$0.8
Kansas $118.6
$120.4
$97.5
$292.7
$125.4
$14.5
Kentucky $55.9
$60.3
$56.7
$68.9
$27.5
$1.4
Louisiana $25.0
$24.0
$24.6
$4.7
$1.0
$0.5
Maine $13.9
$15.7
$15.7
$0.0
$1.0
$0.2
Maryland $2.2
$17.7
$17.7

$4.7
$0.1
Massachusetts $13.5
$20.7
$14.9
$2.7
$43.3
$2.6
Michigan $60.8
$57.5
$66.4
$14.5
$17.4
$0.3
Minnesota $47.0
$53.3
$14.8
$20.5
$61.9
$29.3
Mississippi $55.3
$47.7
$87.0
$32.5
$40.8
$5.1
Missouri $124.9
$148.1
$167.8
$100.4
$36.5
$3.0
Montana $143.1
$142.8
$142.9
$123.3
$123.3
$4.7
Nebraska $79.6
$92.8
$92.2
$60.4
$22.5
$0.5
Nevada $2.0
$16.4
$51.3
$100.6
$263.5
$35.8
New Hampshire $14.4
$9.3
$8.9
$16.2
$5.4
$0.1
New Jersey $11.1
$10.8
$13.8
$5.0
$6.3
$0.1
New Mexico $167.3
$181.0
$105.7
$46.7
$53.8
$11.3
New York $33.5
$87.6
$86.8
$24.9
$22.4
$0.3
North Carolina $26.9
$2.9
$9.1
$21.5
$21.2
$0.3
North Dakota $78.7
$86.0
$124.0
$67.9
$9.1
$0.4
Ohio $64.8
$68.9
$51.1
$11.0
$12.2
$0.3
Oklahoma $151.1
$149.9
$202.0
$74.9
$67.3
$12.6
Oregon $46.7
$49.3
$60.6
$-174.3
$55.8
$18.2
Pennsylvania $56.9
$66.0
$57.6
$59.3
$28.2
$3.0
Rhode Island $4.7
$0.1
$0.2
$27.7
$26.8
$1.1
South Carolina $25.5
$12.3
$17.7
$9.7
$305.3
$44.9
South Dakota $128.0
$147.8
$279.7
$186.0
$129.2
$6.0
Tennessee $79.2
$77.0
$74.8
$34.6
$75.1
$47.3
Texas $333.5
$371.3
$371.3
$796.2
$684.6
$156.5
Utah $35.3
$36.4
$206.6
$103.9
$232.4
$19.9
Vermont $13.1
$15.8
$14.3
$17.0
$13.7
$0.1
Virginia $53.9
$61.3
$64.1
$49.4
$53.0
$17.3
Washington $47.2
$53.0
$45.1
$24.1
$23.5
$0.5
West Virginia $32.9
$38.5
$38.1
$41.4
$43.1
$21.0
Wisconsin $67.2
$59.1
$57.2
$123.1
$90.7
$10.4
Wyoming $67.2
$81.6
$904.4
$341.4
$412.2
$17.8
Other $3,669.6
$3,263.6
$2,174.9
$2,350.9
$1,965.3
$139.7
Total $6,615.6
$6,700.6
$7,646.8
$6,064.9
$6,163.6
$806.3
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, 2012-2014 data from Financial Management Modernization Initiative (FMMI), November 2014;
2009-2011 data from Foundation Financial Information System (FFIS), December 2011.
• Caribbean includes Puerto Rico and U.S. Virgin Islands.
• Hawaii/Pacific includes Hawaii and the Pacific Basin.
• Other indicates Headquarters, Regional, or other non-State divisions.
• Except for the minor amount of due diligence funds administered by NRCS (state level data in this table), the Farm Service Agency (FSA) administers the majority of GRP funds for both easements and rental contracts. In this table, national totals for the funds administered by FSA are included in the "Other" category.
• The Agricultural Act of 2014 (the 2014 Act) authorized the use of prior year GRP funds remaining from 2009 through 2013 to carry out contracts, agreements, or easements entered into prior to the date of enactment of the 2014 Act, including the provision of technical assistance, provided that no such contract, agreement, or easement is modified so as to increase the amount of payment received. Pursuant to this authority, the GRP funds obligated in FY 2014 were used to carry out acquisition and restoration activities on GRP contracts, agreements, or easements.
• Negative numbers reflect fund adjustments made throughout the year.
• Totals may not exactly match sum over divisions due to rounding.

GRP Financial Assistance Obligations,
by Fiscal Year
In thousands of dollars
Division 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014
Alabama $5.2
$3.5
$13.7
$67.4
$8.8

Arizona $2.5
$23.7
$3.0
$30.3

$1.6
Arkansas
$9.8

$75.3
$9.7

California

$1.5
$172.6
$3.0
$8.2
Colorado $22.4
$64.0
$89.3
$38.4
$12.8
$174.7
Connecticut $7.5
$755.0
$71.9
$2.8
$12.8

Delaware

$4.1

$4.3

Florida $30.3
$189.7
$287.3
$37.3
$27.4

Georgia

$40.0



Hawaii/Pacific
$12.0
$18.0
$2.5


Idaho $2.2
$23.7
$3,876.6
$1,020.6
$39.9
$101.8
Illinois
$27.7
$39.9
$11.9
$36.6

Indiana $4.8
$11.9
$23.2
$11.9


Iowa $3.9
$93.1
$293.2
$108.2
$5.3

Kansas
$381.5
$132.1
$247.3
$80.4
$7.7
Kentucky $1.0
$11.3
$107.1
$66.6
$1.7

Louisiana
$42.3
$46.6
$44.0


Maryland $4.8
$9.1




Michigan $16.9
$35.9
$23.6
$5.7
$9.2
$1.5
Minnesota


$20.4
$1.7

Mississippi $41.9
$9.6
$28.5

$11.9

Missouri $16.6
$70.2
$76.6
$31.5
$17.6

Montana $6.7
$33.4

$32.2
$50.4
$77.7
Nebraska

$2.5
$10.6


Nevada


$64.6
$17.5
$97.3
New Hampshire $7.5
$4.0
$43.7



New Jersey


$3.5
$8.8

New Mexico $65.0
$35.7
$30.0
$36.4
$23.0

New York
$34.6
$94.1
$43.4
$2.0

North Carolina

$1.5



Ohio $5.1
$61.2
$110.2
$22.0


Oklahoma $1.4
$29.1
$23.0
$2.7
$47.4

Oregon



$17.9

Pennsylvania
$67.1
$31.4
$6.1
$55.3

Rhode Island

$21.0

$18.0

South Carolina
$28.0
$34.0
$34.7
$40.8
$8.5
South Dakota $9.2
$153.8
$327.1
$139.4
$41.3
$83.6
Tennessee $4.6
$22.3
$48.2
$4.0
$4.0
$12.0
Texas
$399.8
$1,089.0
$565.6
$114.9
$1.3
Utah

$21.7
$43.1
$36.0
$38.9
Vermont $3.3
$79.8
$9.2
$58.0
$2.1

Virginia
$112.2
$132.8
$28.5
$15.4
$20.3
Washington $22.7
$12.0
$13.7
$19.7
$44.7

West Virginia
$247.4
$42.2
$2.9
$9.7
$4.2
Wisconsin
$2.3
$31.5
$67.5
$13.9
$3.5
Wyoming
$136.0
$260.0
$108.5
$12.5
$3.1
Other $40,757.0
$90,175.1
$62,755.1
$55,911.0
$55,835.6

Total $41,042.5
$93,407.7
$70,298.0
$59,199.5
$56,694.3
$646.1
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, 2012-2014 data from Financial Management Modernization Initiative (FMMI), November 2014;
2009-2011 data from Foundation Financial Information System (FFIS), December 2011.
• Hawaii/Pacific includes Hawaii and the Pacific Basin.
• Other indicates Headquarters, Regional, or other non-State divisions.
• Except for the minor amount of due diligence funds administered by NRCS (state level data in this table), the Farm Service Agency (FSA) administers the majority of GRP funds for both easements and rental contracts. In this table, national totals for the funds administered by FSA are included in the "Other" category.
• The Agricultural Act of 2014 (the 2014 Act) authorized the use of prior year GRP funds remaining from 2009 through 2013 to carry out contracts, agreements, or easements entered into prior to the date of enactment of the 2014 Act, including the provision of technical assistance, provided that no such contract, agreement, or easement is modified so as to increase the amount of payment received. Pursuant to this authority, the GRP funds obligated in FY 2014 were used to carry out acquisition and restoration activities on GRP contracts, agreements, or easements.
• Totals may not exactly match sum over divisions due to rounding.

Conservation Easements and Rental Contracts


NRCS enters into GRP contracts with landowners or eligible cooperating entities willing to protect and conserve their grasslands. GRP contract options include permanent easements and rental contracts (which are administered by the Farm Services Agency, and are not currently reported here). By entering into an easement contract, the participant agrees to forego future development and cropping uses of the land while retaining the right to conduct common grazing practices and operations, and NRCS obligates funds to purchase the easement rights and to provide technical and financial assistance for planning and applying conservation practices to restore the grasslands. The table below reports the number of GRP easement contracts signed during each contract fiscal year, and the acres associated with those contracts, as well as the cumulative totals for contracts signed prior to the 2008 Farm Act.

There were no new GRP contracts signed in 2014.

The Grassland Reserve Program (GRP) Maps page contains maps illustrating cumulative easements and acres enrolled by state and year.

GRP Cumulative Easement Data by State and Fiscal Year
State Prior Years 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 Total
Number of Easements Acres Enrolled Number of Easements Acres Enrolled Number of Easements Acres Enrolled Number of Easements Acres Enrolled Number of Easements Acres Enrolled Number of Easements Acres Enrolled Number of Easements Acres Enrolled
Alabama 3
179.5


2
1,014.2
3
460.9


2
598.4
10
2,253.1
Alaska 2
163.4










2
163.4
Arizona

1
1,422.0
1
1,430.0






2
2,852.0
Arkansas 2
182.6




3
511.4
3
457.4


8
1,151.3
California 2
2,731.0


1
5,975.0
1
1,227.0
1
2,631.2
1
2,036.5
6
14,600.7
Colorado 6
14,098.3
1
5,476.3
4
12,861.7
2
15,900.6
1
1,027.6
9
1,955.2
23
51,319.7
Connecticut 4
79.9


1
16.0
4
45.3
2
46.3


11
187.6
Delaware 3
55.7










3
55.7
Florida 2
438.9
2
1,170.0
4
1,544.8
3
787.3
1
194.0
1
640.0
13
4,775.0
Georgia

2
48.0
1
268.9
3
56.5




6
373.3
Hawaii/Pacific





1
44.4




1
44.4
Idaho 8
2,226.7


6
11,619.0
13
22,470.1
12
14,086.0
7
16,869.5
46
67,271.3
Illinois 3
177.3


3
343.1
2
311.6
2
128.9


10
960.8
Indiana 12
557.5
1
46.5


3
234.7
1
46.2


17
884.9
Iowa 4
277.9
5
923.3
10
1,135.6
9
956.0
3
878.9


31
4,171.6
Kansas 47
22,620.0
2
5,414.6
17
8,984.0
6
1,701.0
11
4,413.1
4
5,333.3
87
48,466.0
Kentucky 15
1,934.1
1
437.5
2
260.3
2
447.3
1
447.0


21
3,526.2
Louisiana



2
43.7
2
153.9




4
197.6
Michigan 1
226.1
3
455.9
1
81.4
3
773.0
2
241.0


10
1,777.5
Minnesota





3
122.1
1
92.6


4
214.7
Mississippi 12
1,540.8
1
39.0
2
314.7
2
263.1




17
2,157.7
Missouri 13
821.9
5
1,092.4
9
968.8
8
1,137.0
2
325.1


37
4,345.2
Montana 4
21,674.9


1
2,434.4
1
2,836.1
1
3,805.8
3
6,932.6
10
37,683.8
Nebraska 8
1,717.7
3
269.6


2
202.7




13
2,190.0
Nevada





1
1,269.3
1
711.7
2
4,456.0
4
6,437.0
New Hampshire 6
399.1


1
29.5
1
49.7




8
478.4
New Jersey 1
18.9










1
18.9
New Mexico 2
15,225.1
1
5,326.8
1
1,277.3


1
1,420.0


5
23,249.3
New York 5
381.0


1
41.3
2
42.4
2
230.8


10
695.5
North Carolina 6
258.8
2
397.5








8
656.2
North Dakota 3
2,610.1




1
3,094.1




4
5,704.2
Ohio 6
553.0
1
350.3
6
361.5
2
234.0




15
1,498.8
Oklahoma 5
5,532.0
1
147.5
5
2,413.7
2
2,339.9




13
10,433.2
Pennsylvania 5
590.6


3
336.5
1
42.3
2
227.6


11
1,197.0
Rhode Island 5
95.9






2
23.0


7
118.9
South Carolina 7
991.6


3
682.0
1
140.3


1
275.0
12
2,088.9
South Dakota 1
310.0
9
2,803.7
8
1,089.2
13
5,522.9
1
1,863.8
7
3,718.9
39
15,308.5
Tennessee 1
119.4
2
91.6
1
219.5
1
105.0


1
39.6
6
575.1
Texas 11
4,915.7
5
1,469.3
19
7,543.4
2
1,416.6
7
6,581.6


44
21,926.5
Utah 1
4,800.0




1
440.0


3
16,230.2
5
21,470.2
Vermont

1
196.0
1
82.2
1
256.7




3
534.8
Virginia 8
655.6
1
95.3
8
605.4
2
231.4
1
71.0


20
1,658.7
Washington 3
3,689.2
2
316.5
1
313.9
2
88.6


1
6.5
9
4,414.6
West Virginia 6
551.5


2
209.2


2
126.1


10
886.8
Wisconsin 15
1,444.4
1
341.8
2
557.4
3
514.8
1
1,012.1


22
3,870.5
Wyoming 5
2,763.5


5
4,941.5
2
7,691.4
1
5,879.6


13
21,276.0
Total 253
117,609.8
53
28,331.2
134
69,999.2
114
74,121.3
65
46,968.1
42
59,091.7
661
396,121.3
Notes:
• Data Source: National Easement Staging Tool (NEST) October 2013.
• Prior year totals include FY 2003 through FY 2008 data.
• Enrollment acres are initially reported at the end of each fiscal year. Subsequent acreage reports for prior year enrollments are subject to change as acres are finalized through legal surveys, agreements are cancelled, or other modifications occur in the fiscal years following initial enrollment. Enrollment numbers for each year are based on acres in active and completed agreements as of the date the data was extracted.
• This data does not include rental contracts.
• Totals may not exactly match sum over states due to rounding.

The table below shows the total easement acres enrolled with FY 2009-2014 funds, as well as the total acres contained in rental contracts funded during this same time period. Data for rental contracts by State are not currently available.

GRP Farm Bill Summary (FY 2009 through FY 2014)
Cumulative Easement and Rental Contract Acreage Enrollments
Acres
Enrolled Easement Acres
278,512
Enrolled Rental Contract Acres
839,422
Total Acres Enrolled
1,117,934
Notes:
• Data Sources: Easement data - National Easement Staging Tool (NEST) October 2014; rental contract data provided by the Farm Service Agency.

Conservation Practice Implementation

Conservation practices are planned and applied at the land unit level. The land unit is the smallest unit of land that has a permanent or contiguous boundary, a common land cover and land management, and a common owner or a common producer. The following tables include data for the fiscal years covered by the 2008 Food, Conservation, and Energy Act (Farm Bill), 2009 through 2014.

As conservation practices are measured in different units (acres, feet, square feet, etc.), the challenge for reporting performance at various levels is how to aggregate across practices. Although practices may affect resources beyond the land unit boundary, or be applied only on part of the land unit, the land unit does provide a common metric to aggregate over practices since each applied practice is associated with a specific land unit. Analysis of the data reveals that most practices are measured in acres and most of the practice applied amounts match the land unit acres of the field on which the practice was applied. Therefore, land unit acreage is the metric on which the acres of land receiving conservation treatment are calculated.

The data presented in this section reflect the fiscal year in which conservation practices were applied, which can occur at any point during the duration of the GRP contract. Totals presented here are not comparable to program enrollment acres or contract acres.


Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation

The following table summarizes land unit acres by fiscal year. Here, land unit acres are counted once when the program has been used to apply one or more practices on that land unit in a given fiscal year. Therefore, land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation (including practice count),
by Fiscal Year
GRP Practices
State 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014
Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count
Alabama 1,432
60
1,164
62
724
25
212
23
471
26
7,362
136
Alaska



103
4
147
1




Arizona



1,046
2
11,944
11
28,676
23
43,874
104
Arkansas

305
13
135
2
192
7
452
29
35
1
California 8,693
29
19,128
23
23,547
45
7,355
25
4,605
4
1,035
24
Caribbean 258
3


372
15




183
98
Colorado 3,411
16
6,065
22


2,750
1
1,552
5
1,574
2
Connecticut 20
8
371
59
145
25
78
13
179
38


Florida



171
2
171
2




Georgia 3,405
322
2,709
250
1,655
260
3,046
396
2,307
352
1,624
251
Hawaii/Pacific







1,381
4


Idaho 868
28
475
4
234
3


1,278
3


Illinois











Indiana 162
10
52
4
831
94


27
1
18
4
Iowa 775
2
216
5
722
33
888
23
528
14
177
3
Kansas 48
1
3,165
48
335
8
1,375
26
908
4
2,631
4
Kentucky 373
23
93
10
529
35
7
9
199
24
165
14
Louisiana 40
1
1,129
136
1,112
60
144
14
584
27
69
7
Maine

137
8


44
1




Massachusetts 139
16


58
14
137
26
86
8
23
16
Michigan 934
52
564
36
294
16
330
17
208
11


Minnesota

819
2


40
1
188
17


Mississippi 103
19
4
1
843
113
784
46
378
10
434
53
Missouri 629
67
2,121
273
1,955
329
2,188
215
91
8
42
9
Montana

30,484
45


2,443
3
37,462
70


Nebraska 713
5
1,117
17


254
6
126
2


Nevada

486
1




611
11


New Hampshire





21
2




New Jersey

22
1
22
2
51
9
21
8


New Mexico

5,285
32
8,036
3
2,348
51


2,348
44
New York 30
1
29
2
364
29
88
9
93
20
104
7
North Carolina











North Dakota

1,208
18


300
2
433
3
9,043
9
Ohio 83
6
966
83
1,047
35
217
6
78
5
380
50
Oklahoma 11,663
78
8,673
69
458
9
12,972
93


343
7
Oregon





43
6
965
27
2,870
6
Pennsylvania 362
20
85
13
315
27






Rhode Island











South Carolina

410
32
41
1


28
1


South Dakota

50
1




216
5


Tennessee 2,692
372
3,387
239
5,017
425
3,807
546
3,308
248
3,443
266
Texas 4,532
71
9,344
83
43,645
173
20,141
129
18,953
103
32,507
104
Utah 3,632
30
4,999
29
3,575
16
12,971
20
10,684
46
169
4
Vermont 133
21
65
8


48
1




Virginia 95
10
93
13
76
13
12
1
172
21
3
1
Washington 320
1
320
6
523
3
4,635
181
860
7


West Virginia 31
5


15
1


1,407
251
1,403
238
Wisconsin 135
2
37
1








Wyoming

16,775
21
175
1






Total 45,712
1,279
122,346
1,670
98,122
1,823
92,181
1,922
119,513
1,436
111,857
1,462
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Conservation Planning Database, November 2014.
• Caribbean includes Puerto Rico and U.S. Virgin Islands.
• Hawaii/Pacific includes Hawaii and the Pacific Basin.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation by Practice

The following set of chart/table combinations present conservation practice data grouped by purpose: Fish and Wildlife Habitat and Grazing Land Conservation. Any practices not included in one of these groups are included in an All Other category. Data for practices in the All Other category can be downloaded in the Farm Bill Conservation Programs Profile csv file.

Note that there is some overlap between these groupings, since some practices address multiple resource concerns. Here land unit acres are counted each time a practice is applied on that land unit in the fiscal year. Therefore land unit acres may be counted multiple times across practices, practice groupings, and fiscal years. To learn more about specific conservation practices, see the National Handbook of Conservation Practices.


Conservation Practices Related to Fish and Wildlife

The following chart and table includes practices that are related to Fish and Wildlife Habitat Management. The environment that NRCS helps its clients conserve, maintain, and improve is also habitat for fish and wildlife and other biological resources. While every practice and management action taken on the land has some effect on biological resources, the following practices are specifically related to fish and wildlife habitat.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation, FY 2009-2014

Only practices representing a significant portion of the total for the period are included in the above chart. Practices not included are summed into the All Other category.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation (including practice count) by Fiscal Year
GRP Fish and Wildlife Practices
Practice Name Practice Code 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014
Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count
Conservation Cover 327 831
5
597
18
652
24
218
9
577
14


Riparian Herbaceous Cover 390 27
3
9
1








Riparian Forest Buffer 391 27
3










Access Control 472 177
2
410
16
384
11


26
1
637
7
Restoration and Management of Rare or Declining Habitats 643 152
4
656
16
439
12
265
4




Wetland Wildlife Habitat Management 644 65
5










Upland Wildlife Habitat Management 645 18,654
149
42,075
214
38,706
174
23,937
198
26,611
60
53,242
112
Shallow Water Development and Management 646





2
1




Early Successional Habitat Development/Management 647 63
11
28
2


122
9
293
7


Wetland Enhancement 659 27
3










Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Conservation Planning Database, November 2014.
• Watering Facility (614) is not included in the above table. It is included for the purposes of this report in the All Other Practices category.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years.

The following table includes program information under which the above practices related to Fish and Wildlife Management were applied. These data reflect the geographic extent of the land treated with fish and wildlife habitat practices by each conservation program during a fiscal year. Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years, but are only counted once per fiscal year.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation (including practice count) Fiscal Year
GRP Fish and Wildlife Practices
2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014
Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count
Land Unit Acres treated by at least one practice 19,872
185
41,843
267
36,657
221
19,086
221
22,936
82
46,770
119
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Conservation Planning Database, November 2014.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years.

Conservation Practices Related to Grazing Land Conservation

The following chart and table includes practices that are related to Grazing Land Conservation. NRCS is committed to conserving and enhancing private grazing land resources. This includes conservation practices which: conserve and improve wildlife habitat on private grazing land; conserve and improve fish habitat and aquatic systems through grazing land conservation treatment; protect and improve water quality; improve the dependability and consistency of water supplies; and identify and manage weed, noxious weed, and brush encroachment problems. Note that only practices applied on grazed range, grazed forest, native and naturalized pasture, or pasture land are included.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation, FY 2009-2014

Only practices representing a significant portion of the total for the period are included in the above chart. Practices not included are summed into the All Other category.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation (including practice count) by Fiscal Year
GRP Grazing Land Conservation Practices
Practice Name Practice Code 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014
Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count
Brush Management 314 472
1
2,919
26
556
28
4,831
32
1,097
57
978
54
Herbaceous Weed Control 315



42
4
2,749
13
1,301
4


Prescribed Burning 338 52
3
599
6
889
29
1,334
18




Critical Area Planting 342 44
3
321
2
16
2
147
1
20
1


Pond 378 97
2




147
1
127
1
111
2
Fence 382 618
26
2,406
12
45
2
77
3
871
18
291
14
Forage Harvest Management 511 1,503
70
3,313
140
3,683
171
5,851
228
1,145
75
757
41
Forage and Biomass Planting 512 199
11
245
15
1,302
26
95
10
253
19
485
14
Livestock Pipeline 516 140
6
6
1
22
1
34
6
923
18
89
3
Prescribed Grazing 528 37,856
453
108,495
637
92,654
593
94,049
710
117,392
700
16,825
655
Range Planting 550





541
2




Heavy Use Area Protection 561 13
2






38
2
76
1
Animal Trails and Walkways 575

24
1


24
1
64
2


Nutrient Management 590 3,119
146
2,908
187
4,374
175
4,229
225
2,528
120
2,053
112
Integrated Pest Management (IPM) 595 5,353
233
8,232
224
9,989
334
8,011
275
3,608
185
3,070
169
Watering Facility 614 127
5
1,296
1
108
4
306
10
839
12
12
2
Waste Recycling 633

31
2








Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Conservation Planning Database, November 2014.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years.

The following table includes program information under which the above practices related to Grazing Land Conservation were applied. These data reflect the geographic extent of grazing land treated with conservation practices by each conservation program during a fiscal year. Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years, but are only counted once per fiscal year.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation (including practice count) Fiscal Year
GRP Grazing Land Conservation Practices
2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014
Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count
Land Unit Acres treated by at least one practice 32,959
961
114,959
1,254
88,002
1,369
87,470
1,535
118,085
1,214
15,937
1,067
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Conservation Planning Database, November 2014.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years.

More Information

The data in this report can be downloaded here.


For more information about NRCS Conservation Programs, visit http://www.nrcs.usda.gov/programs/

Citation for this website:
U.S. Department of Agriculture.
Financial Management Modernization Initiative (FMMI) November 2014
Foundation Financial Information System (FFIS) December 2011
National Easement Staging Tool (NEST) October 2013
Farm Service Agency Rental Contract Data October 2014
National Conservation Planning Database November 2014
Natural Resources Conservation Service, Washington, DC. 15 July 2015*
<http:http://www.nrcs.usda.gov/Internet/NRCS_RCA/reports/fb08_cp_grp.html>

*[use date the website was accessed]