NRCS Conservation Programs

Farm and Ranch Lands Protection Program (FRPP)

The Farm and Ranch Lands Protection Program (FRPP) provides matching funds to help purchase development rights to keep productive farm and ranchland in agricultural uses. Working through existing programs, USDA partners with State, Tribal, or local governments and non-governmental organizations to acquire conservation easements or other interests in land from landowners. USDA provides up to 50 percent of the fair market easement value of the conservation easement.

To learn more see FRPP

Financial Information: Total Obligations | Technical Assistance | Financial Assistance | Reimbursable
Conservation Easements: Cumulative Enrollment Data | Maps


Financial Information

The Financial Information section presents data from the USDA Office of the Chief Financial Officer's Financial Management Modernization Initiative (FMMI) system and its predecessor, the Foundation Financial Information System (FFIS). The Financial Information presented here is Total Obligations which the Government Accountability Office defines as binding agreements (orders placed, contracts awarded, services rendered, etc.) that will result in outlays, immediately or in the future. Before obligations can be incurred, budgetary resources must be made available by Congress. The obligations displayed for each year are the total obligations reported as of the end of each fiscal year. Subsequent adjustments after the close of the fiscal year are not included.

There are three categories of Total Obligations presented below:

  • Technical Assistance (TA) Obligations refer to the scientific expertise, natural resource data, tools, and technology that USDA NRCS personnel provide to help producers, landowners, and communities develop conservation plans and implement conservation practices to solve natural resource problems at the field, operation, or larger landscape scales. NRCS is the lead agency for providing technical assistance for USDA.
  • Financial Assistance (FA) Obligations refer to the commitment of funds to contracts for payments that will be made to program participants for the purchase of easements, which can provide both on-site and off-site conservation benefits.
  • Reimbursable funds can be used to provide Technical or Financial Assistance, but are received from sources other than NRCS. They can also be transfers from or agreements with other Federal agencies.

Financial data should not be incorporated with the programmatic enrollment data provided below to derive a cost/acre or cost/agreement. Among other reasons, such calculations will not produce accurate results since both technical assistance and financial assistance obligations for associated conservation practices are included in these data, in addition to the obligations used for purchasing easements.

Total Obligations, by Fiscal Year and Type
FRPP Total Obligations, by Fiscal Year
In thousands of dollars
Division 2009 2010 2011 2012
Alabama $570.4
$568.4
$129.3
$56.8
Alaska $717.0
$10.4
$5.4
$471.7
Arizona $131.1
$9.0
$22.1
$248.0
Arkansas $17.5

$6.8
$9.1
California $3,755.4
$5,132.3
$3,279.8
$4,054.7
Colorado $5,701.0
$6,581.2
$8,584.2
$7,322.5
Connecticut $5,919.7
$6,504.3
$6,551.3
$6,773.3
Delaware $5,728.4
$5,063.2
$5,068.4
$4,892.5
Florida $1,504.2
$8,621.1
$5,194.6
$5,031.4
Georgia $17.6
$24.5
$830.9
$159.9
Hawaii/Pacific $335.9
$15.5
$653.2
$2,564.2
Idaho $1,094.3
$1,373.3
$1,220.7
$1,148.0
Illinois $1,633.3
$16.9
$11.8
$37.0
Indiana $2.2
$0.2
$9.4

Iowa $0.2

$0.6

Kansas $1,036.7
$835.6
$424.4
$1,738.0
Kentucky $3,188.4
$2,514.2
$2,203.2
$442.7
Maine $354.7
$674.3
$2,167.3
$1,443.2
Maryland $4,320.0
$4,565.7
$2,531.1
$1,236.0
Massachusetts $6,120.4
$8,844.2
$5,680.8
$9,632.1
Michigan $3,039.2
$6,679.5
$4,085.9
$3,327.2
Minnesota $3,061.2
$1,434.2
$1,208.3
$1,287.9
Missouri $21.2
$20.9
$146.1
$4.6
Montana $2,799.7
$2,652.9
$6,515.7
$4,273.4
Nebraska $1,481.5
$1,144.4
$1,517.6
$1,078.1
Nevada $3,625.1
$5,435.9
$30.7
$5,428.9
New Hampshire $3,972.9
$2,681.5
$2,539.3
$1,941.7
New Jersey $6,879.5
$9,130.6
$8,371.0
$10,062.8
New Mexico $624.0
$617.8
$814.3
$867.3
New York $2,541.5
$5,391.9
$5,781.9
$5,429.8
North Carolina $3,020.9
$2,620.5
$2,511.2
$2,517.5
North Dakota $5.6
$10.6
$10.6

Ohio $3,363.7
$4,081.3
$12,132.7
$8,652.4
Oklahoma $308.8
$345.7
$63.1
$16.3
Oregon $8.1
$6.8
$6.9

Pennsylvania $5,821.7
$7,216.9
$4,558.4
$4,586.0
Rhode Island $5,398.3
$3,048.4
$4,298.5
$6,480.2
South Carolina $2,814.1
$3,564.5
$2,727.2
$1,552.5
South Dakota $5.4
$0.3
$1.2

Tennessee $1,035.5
$1,271.5
$5.0
$4.0
Texas $2,228.3
$2,110.1
$2,962.7
$5,695.8
Utah $920.2
$270.4
$1,007.2
$1,907.6
Vermont $3,393.6
$3,216.8
$3,200.9
$3,645.7
Virginia $1,789.5
$1,226.9
$962.8
$4,283.4
Washington $5,942.9
$6,302.0
$1,767.4
$4,043.0
West Virginia $5,622.1
$5,798.1
$2,587.5
$3,263.5
Wisconsin $1,519.6
$1,942.9
$822.3
$977.4
Wyoming $3,866.0
$21,093.1
$53,365.2
$15,780.9
Other $1,507.7
$1,428.2
$2,331.6
$545.9
Total $118,766.2
$152,098.9
$170,908.7
$144,914.9
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, 2012 data from Financial Management Modernization Initiative (FMMI), April 2013;
2009-2011 data from Foundation Financial Information System (FFIS), December 2011.
• Hawaii/Pacific includes Hawaii and the Pacific Basin.
• Other indicates Headquarters, Regional, or other non-State divisions.
• Totals may not exactly match sum over divisions due to rounding.

FRPP Technical Assistance Obligations,
by Fiscal Year
In thousands of dollars
Division 2009 2010 2011 2012
Alabama $30.4
$25.8
$32.5
$56.8
Alaska $17.0
$10.4
$5.4
$40.2
Arizona $11.1
$9.0
$22.1
$18.2
Arkansas $17.5

$6.8
$9.1
California $109.3
$106.6
$98.5
$275.8
Colorado $159.9
$129.3
$189.5
$188.1
Connecticut $186.3
$191.2
$214.8
$349.7
Delaware $139.4
$144.6
$149.8
$130.2
Florida $45.0
$114.8
$98.2
$138.8
Georgia $17.6
$24.5
$39.5
$9.9
Hawaii/Pacific $10.9
$15.5
$45.8
$62.8
Idaho $33.4
$38.6
$20.2
$44.8
Illinois $51.8
$8.6
$8.8
$37.0
Indiana $2.2
$0.2
$9.4

Iowa $0.2

$0.6

Kansas $31.8
$19.6
$13.7
$46.5
Kentucky $164.3
$74.2
$70.9
$103.3
Maine $36.6
$54.3
$88.5
$82.8
Maryland $298.0
$256.1
$176.4
$163.3
Massachusetts $255.4
$190.4
$181.1
$481.0
Michigan $153.0
$138.2
$110.9
$114.2
Minnesota $74.9
$48.4
$47.5
$169.5
Missouri $21.2
$20.1
$4.1

Montana $88.8
$64.3
$147.7
$111.3
Nebraska $29.7
$24.3
$22.1
$42.3
Nevada $65.9
$143.4
$27.5
$26.4
New Hampshire $166.6
$175.4
$173.8
$94.0
New Jersey $423.6
$251.7
$260.9
$411.8
New Mexico $22.8
$17.8
$22.4
$16.1
New York $132.1
$148.9
$189.3
$238.0
North Carolina $99.6
$91.0
$100.4
$219.2
North Dakota $5.6
$10.6
$10.6

Ohio $145.1
$106.7
$313.0
$437.8
Oklahoma $40.7
$69.2
$62.8
$16.1
Oregon $8.1
$6.8
$6.9

Pennsylvania $293.2
$377.3
$336.4
$193.3
Rhode Island $97.1
$129.9
$171.0
$163.2
South Carolina $72.1
$59.7
$59.8
$52.5
South Dakota $5.4
$0.3
$1.2

Tennessee $35.5
$21.5
$5.0
$4.0
Texas $65.1
$35.1
$62.5
$111.9
Utah $26.9
$14.7
$26.9
$44.1
Vermont $288.8
$211.1
$211.3
$306.8
Virginia $54.2
$49.4
$49.8
$141.7
Washington $157.0
$106.0
$88.3
$218.2
West Virginia $155.9
$156.2
$124.0
$158.3
Wisconsin $112.6
$96.5
$68.5
$126.9
Wyoming $83.9
$437.6
$1,231.3
$411.7
Other $1,307.7
$1,428.2
$2,259.1
$545.9
Total $5,851.0
$5,854.1
$7,667.7
$6,613.7
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, 2012 data from Financial Management Modernization Initiative (FMMI), April 2013;
2009-2011 data from Foundation Financial Information System (FFIS), December 2011.
• Hawaii/Pacific includes Hawaii and the Pacific Basin.
• Other indicates Headquarters, Regional, or other non-State divisions.
• Totals may not exactly match sum over divisions due to rounding.

FRPP Financial Assistance Obligations,
by Fiscal Year
In thousands of dollars
Division 2009 2010 2011 2012
Alabama $540.0
$542.7
$96.8

Alaska $700.0


$431.5
Arizona $120.0


$229.8
California $3,646.1
$5,025.7
$3,181.3
$3,778.9
Colorado $5,541.1
$6,451.9
$8,394.7
$7,134.4
Connecticut $5,733.4
$6,313.0
$6,336.4
$6,423.6
Delaware $5,589.0
$4,918.6
$4,918.6
$4,762.3
Florida $1,459.2
$8,506.3
$5,096.3
$4,892.6
Georgia

$791.4
$150.0
Hawaii/Pacific $325.0

$607.4
$2,501.4
Idaho $1,060.9
$1,334.7
$1,200.5
$1,103.1
Illinois $1,581.5
$8.3
$3.0

Kansas $1,004.9
$816.0
$410.7
$1,691.5
Kentucky $3,024.2
$2,440.0
$2,132.4
$339.4
Maine $318.1
$620.0
$2,078.9
$1,360.4
Maryland $4,022.0
$4,309.6
$2,354.7
$1,072.7
Massachusetts $5,865.0
$8,653.8
$5,499.7
$9,151.0
Michigan $2,886.2
$6,134.4
$2,012.2
$3,201.1
Minnesota $2,986.4
$1,385.8
$1,160.8
$1,118.4
Missouri
$0.8
$142.0
$4.6
Montana $2,710.9
$2,588.5
$6,368.0
$4,162.2
Nebraska $1,451.7
$1,120.1
$1,495.5
$1,035.8
Nevada $3,559.2
$5,292.5
$3.2
$5,402.5
New Hampshire $3,806.3
$2,506.1
$2,365.6
$1,847.7
New Jersey $6,455.8
$8,878.9
$8,110.1
$9,651.1
New Mexico $601.2
$600.0
$791.8
$851.2
New York $2,409.4
$4,159.2
$5,591.9
$5,191.8
North Carolina $2,921.3
$2,529.5
$2,410.7
$2,298.4
Ohio $3,218.6
$3,658.8
$11,802.2
$8,214.7
Oklahoma $268.0
$276.5
$0.3
$0.3
Pennsylvania $5,528.5
$6,443.0
$4,008.2
$4,392.6
Rhode Island $5,301.2
$2,918.5
$4,127.5
$6,317.1
South Carolina $2,742.0
$3,504.8
$2,667.5
$1,500.0
Tennessee $1,000.0
$1,250.0


Texas $2,163.2
$2,075.0
$2,900.2
$5,583.9
Utah $893.3
$255.7
$980.3
$1,863.5
Vermont $3,104.9
$3,005.7
$2,989.6
$3,338.9
Virginia $1,735.4
$1,177.5
$912.9
$4,141.7
Washington $5,785.9
$6,196.0
$1,679.1
$3,824.8
West Virginia $5,466.1
$5,641.9
$2,463.5
$3,105.1
Wisconsin $1,407.0
$1,846.5
$753.8
$850.5
Wyoming $3,782.2
$20,655.5
$52,134.0
$15,369.2
Other $200.0

$72.5

Total $112,915.2
$144,041.8
$161,046.1
$138,289.2
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, 2012 data from Financial Management Modernization Initiative (FMMI), April 2013;
2009-2011 data from Foundation Financial Information System (FFIS), December 2011.
• Hawaii/Pacific includes Hawaii and the Pacific Basin.
• Other indicates Headquarters, Regional, or other non-State divisions.
• Totals may not exactly match sum over divisions due to rounding.

FRPP Reimbursable Obligations,
by Fiscal Year
In thousands of dollars
Division 2009 2010 2011 2012
Michigan
$406.9
$1,962.8
$11.9
New York
$1,083.7
$0.8

Ohio
$315.8
$17.5

Pennsylvania
$396.6
$213.9

Total
$2,203.0
$2,194.9
$11.9
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, 2012 data from Financial Management Modernization Initiative (FMMI), April 2013;
2009-2011 data from Foundation Financial Information System (FFIS), December 2011.
• Totals may not exactly match sum over divisions due to rounding.

Conservation Easements


The Farm and Ranch Lands Protection Program (FRPP) provides matching funds to State, Tribal, or local governments and non-governmental organizations with existing farm or ranch land protection programs to purchase permanent conservation easements. Prior to enrollment, landowners agree to sell a conservation easement, limiting the non-agricultural development rights on the enrolled acres, to the local farm or ranch land protection program. Upon enrollment, NRCS agrees to provide financial assistance to the local program, by contributing up to fifty-percent of conservation easements fair market value to the purchase of the easement. NRCS reimburses the local program for this portion of the purchase price after closing. The table below reports the number of FRPP easements enrolled during each fiscal year, the acres associated with those enrollments, and the cumulative totals for enrollments prior to the 2008 Farm Act.

The Farm and Ranch Lands Protection Program (FRPP) Maps page contains maps illustrating cumulative easements and acres enrolled by state and year.

FRPP Cumulative Easement Data by State and Fiscal Year
State Prior Years 2009 2010 2011 2012 Total
Number of Easements Acres Enrolled Number of Easements Acres Enrolled Number of Easements Acres Enrolled Number of Easements Acres Enrolled Number of Easements Acres Enrolled Number of Easements Acres Enrolled
Alabama 26
5,207.6
5
786.1






31
5,993.7
Alaska 2
80.0
1
40.0






3
120.0
Arizona 3
2,347.0






2
399.0
5
2,746.0
California 57
18,633.2
8
3,218.9
9
9,925.0
5
2,994.8
8
2,038.0
87
36,809.8
Colorado 75
47,730.0
17
5,570.6
17
23,254.4
18
9,476.8
15
18,575.5
142
104,607.2
Connecticut 85
8,635.7
16
1,532.3
22
1,235.8
22
911.5
25
1,809.5
170
14,124.8
Delaware 150
23,302.6
38
2,380.8
25
2,794.7
20
2,293.0


233
30,771.0
Florida 16
15,126.4
5
265.0
3
4,908.0
3
1,450.0
7
2,273.7
34
24,023.1
Georgia 16
2,446.6




1
223.2


17
2,669.8
Hawaii/Pacific 3
302.6
1
6.3






4
308.9
Idaho 12
4,397.7
2
4,780.0
2
1,109.0
2
3,200.0
1
11,000.0
19
24,486.7
Illinois 27
4,014.0
3
328.0






30
4,342.0
Iowa 12
2,731.5








12
2,731.5
Kansas 17
17,985.0
2
5,837.4
3
3,572.3
3
1,616.0
16
6,882.0
41
35,892.7
Kentucky 171
28,538.0
11
1,682.0
9
1,104.5
4
986.7
1
256.0
196
32,567.2
Maine 23
5,038.0
2
107.0
3
667.0
7
3,644.5
9
641.6
44
10,098.1
Maryland 220
29,657.3
6
1,030.2
9
2,017.2
9
1,625.3
4
164.5
248
34,494.5
Massachusetts 172
11,688.9
16
1,301.1
22
1,455.5
20
1,507.6
35
2,017.0
265
17,970.1
Michigan 71
8,767.4
5
771.5
31
4,595.7
13
1,736.5
20
2,645.1
140
18,516.2
Minnesota 30
3,232.9
8
1,141.0
14
1,098.0
13
1,522.0
11
932.0
76
7,925.9
Missouri 2
172.0




2
210.0


4
382.0
Montana 26
34,435.2
12
6,422.0
6
5,241.4
11
49,299.2
8
15,588.0
63
110,985.8
Nebraska 2
782.0
5
2,270.9
3
5,316.0
2
25,712.0
2
252.2
14
34,333.1
Nevada 4
405.0
1
45.0




2
4,200.0
7
4,650.0
New Hampshire 107
6,450.6
6
773.9
8
306.3
11
789.6
6
200.3
138
8,520.6
New Jersey 159
16,644.4
12
823.8
12
720.5
20
1,538.8
23
1,580.2
226
21,307.7
New Mexico 11
309.8
1
2,880.0
1
2,040.0
2
2,277.0
3
15,637.0
18
23,143.8
New York 90
20,200.9
6
2,515.3
17
2,799.4
12
1,247.9
16
2,175.4
141
28,938.9
North Carolina 60
9,640.8
11
2,001.2
11
996.2
11
785.3
10
1,031.9
103
14,455.4
North Dakota 3
210.0








3
210.0
Ohio 128
24,827.7
20
3,613.0
15
2,994.4
69
9,704.2
39
4,516.2
271
45,655.5
Oklahoma 17
1,972.1


3
379.2




20
2,351.3
Oregon 5
15,908.0








5
15,908.0
Pennsylvania 325
45,101.3
31
3,958.4
38
4,336.1
19
2,671.2
30
3,141.5
443
59,208.4
Rhode Island 39
2,208.0
5
260.4
3
118.6
5
272.8
8
200.3
60
3,060.1
South Carolina 42
4,999.6
3
1,759.1
3
380.9
5
1,161.0


53
8,300.6
Tennessee 5
742.0
2
819.4






7
1,561.4
Texas 7
4,262.9
2
637.0
2
694.0
1
828.0
6
1,404.0
18
7,825.9
Utah 15
3,029.0
2
53.1
1
10.3
5
610.0
1
52.2
24
3,754.6
Vermont 241
48,831.3
20
3,210.8
20
3,688.6
18
2,311.2
22
3,120.3
321
61,162.2
Virginia 28
6,350.3
5
614.6
3
955.0
4
557.0
9
1,497.2
49
9,974.1
Washington 67
5,622.9
23
1,947.4
14
3,190.6
5
543.0
27
1,999.1
136
13,302.9
West Virginia 58
6,885.5
28
3,086.4
25
3,474.7
16
1,349.0
20
2,962.7
147
17,758.3
Wisconsin 79
10,986.4
4
1,089.3
9
1,647.4
3
619.2
7
1,494.2
102
15,836.4
Wyoming 17
29,642.0
4
4,992.0
16
27,649.8
26
100,352.0
16
39,058.0
79
201,693.8
Total 2,725
540,481.9
349
74,551.0
379
124,676.4
387
236,026.3
409
149,744.6
4,249
1,125,480.1
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Easement Staging Tool (NEST) 10-4-12, supplemented by information from State Program Managers.
• Hawaii/Pacific includes Hawaii and the Pacific Basin.
• Prior year totals include FY 1996 through FY 2008 data, with the exception of FY 1999 when FRPP easements were not funded.
• It was clarified in 71 Fed. Reg. 144, 42568 (July 27, 2006) (codified at 7 CFR 1491.4(a), 1491.22(d), and 1491.30(b)) that FRPP easements enrolled through September 30 2008, should name the United States as a grantee in the deed of easement. In other fiscal years, the United States should have received a contingent right or a right of enforcement in the deed of easement.
• Enrollment acres are initially reported at the end of each fiscal year. Subsequent acreage reports for prior year enrollments are subject to change as acres are finalized through legal surveys, agreements are cancelled, or other modifications occur in the fiscal years following initial enrollment. Enrollment numbers for each year are based on acres in pending and acquired parcels as of the date the data was extracted.
• Totals may not exactly match sum over states due to rounding.

More Information

The data in this report can be downloaded here.


For more information about NRCS Conservation Programs, visit http://www.nrcs.usda.gov/programs/

Citation for this website:
U.S. Department of Agriculture.
Financial Management Modernization Initiative (FMMI) April 2013
Foundation Financial Information System (FFIS) December 2011
National Easement Staging Tool (NEST) January 2012 and October 2012
Natural Resources Conservation Service, Washington, DC. 16 May 2013*
<http://soils.usda.gov/survey/rca/viewer/reports/fb08_cp_frpp.html>

*[use date the website was accessed]