NRCS Conservation Programs

Environmental Quality Incentives Program (EQIP)

The Environmental Quality Incentives Program (EQIP) is a voluntary program that provides financial and technical assistance to agricultural producers through contracts up to a maximum term of ten years in length. These contracts provide assistance to help plan and implement conservation practices that address natural resource concerns to improve and conserve soil, water, plant, animal, air and related resources on agricultural land and non-industrial private forestland. EQIP also helps producers meet Federal, State, Tribal and local environmental regulations.

To learn more see EQIP

Financial Information: Total Obligations | Technical Assistance | Financial Assistance | Reimbursable
Contracts: Contract Data | Maps
Conservation Practice Implementation Reports: by State | by State and Conservation Practices related to:
Cropland Soil Quality | Fish and Wildlife Habitat | Forest Land Conservation | Grazing Land Conservation | Irrigation Efficiency | Water Quality | Wetlands


Financial Information

The Financial Information section presents data from the USDA Office of the Chief Financial Officer's Financial Management Modernization Initiative (FMMI) system and its predecessor, the Foundation Financial Information System (FFIS). The Financial Information presented here is Total Obligations which the Government Accountability Office defines as binding agreements (orders placed, contracts awarded, services rendered, etc.) that will result in outlays, immediately or in the future. Before obligations can be incurred, budgetary resources must be made available by Congress. The obligations displayed for each year are the total obligations reported as of the end of each fiscal year. Subsequent adjustments after the close of the fiscal year are not included.

There are three categories of Total Obligations presented below:

  • Technical Assistance (TA) Obligations refer to the scientific expertise, natural resource data, tools, and technology that USDA NRCS personnel provide to help producers, landowners, and communities develop conservation plans and implement conservation practices to solve natural resource problems at the field, operation, or larger landscape scales. NRCS is the lead agency for providing technical assistance for USDA.
  • Financial Assistance (FA) Obligations refer to the commitment of funds to contracts for payments that will be made to program participants for implementing conservation practices, which can provide both on-site and off-site conservation benefits.
  • Reimbursable funds can be used to provide Technical or Financial Assistance, but are received from sources other than NRCS. They can also be transfers from or agreements with other Federal agencies.

Total Obligations, by Fiscal Year and Type
EQIP Total Obligations, by Fiscal Year
In thousands of dollars
Division 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013
Alabama $16,311.4
$16,659.1
$20,085.9
$19,084.3
$19,959.6
Alaska $6,152.9
$10,376.5
$10,127.0
$10,980.7
$4,844.3
Arizona $22,516.2
$23,976.8
$22,730.0
$22,173.5
$14,316.5
Arkansas $19,002.2
$24,512.4
$34,806.6
$57,778.8
$72,128.1
California $69,871.2
$91,860.1
$90,102.6
$116,559.8
$96,880.0
Caribbean $6,263.3
$7,116.8
$6,432.0
$7,487.1
$6,154.4
Colorado $33,800.3
$38,011.1
$35,161.8
$45,220.1
$42,220.9
Connecticut $6,816.2
$8,462.8
$7,790.4
$7,523.9
$6,122.8
Delaware $7,077.8
$7,729.0
$6,667.1
$6,608.9
$7,086.7
Florida $22,602.0
$23,836.8
$24,230.1
$28,332.6
$16,297.8
Georgia $19,488.9
$21,609.2
$19,776.0
$33,133.3
$34,898.7
Hawaii/Pacific $9,570.6
$9,494.7
$9,444.1
$12,093.4
$9,789.0
Idaho $14,832.7
$16,428.7
$18,059.3
$21,454.8
$22,800.7
Illinois $15,709.5
$15,572.5
$16,388.6
$18,785.4
$17,387.4
Indiana $15,188.5
$16,460.6
$24,745.1
$21,831.2
$32,965.3
Iowa $27,210.9
$27,785.2
$33,629.8
$33,767.2
$35,466.0
Kansas $25,937.3
$29,852.2
$30,648.2
$32,458.1
$42,924.2
Kentucky $13,535.1
$13,792.0
$15,611.6
$18,013.3
$17,812.1
Louisiana $19,695.7
$28,438.4
$21,283.1
$29,036.5
$25,165.2
Maine $11,333.7
$13,235.6
$14,227.9
$18,126.1
$14,262.5
Maryland $9,256.6
$8,913.7
$9,452.2
$10,612.9
$9,038.5
Massachusetts $6,983.2
$8,804.1
$8,530.8
$8,212.3
$3,883.7
Michigan $20,013.7
$25,190.9
$25,895.8
$28,176.0
$24,208.0
Minnesota $34,845.6
$36,551.9
$33,409.3
$29,965.9
$32,932.0
Mississippi $15,723.3
$23,438.8
$33,707.1
$32,975.5
$42,674.1
Missouri $24,163.3
$33,919.1
$37,001.7
$38,880.3
$42,454.8
Montana $28,471.0
$28,791.0
$26,261.9
$25,831.2
$21,083.4
Nebraska $28,217.4
$30,626.1
$30,252.0
$33,110.2
$37,736.5
Nevada $8,065.9
$9,972.3
$10,264.4
$13,559.7
$9,634.8
New Hampshire $6,545.7
$6,637.2
$5,180.8
$7,492.6
$5,640.5
New Jersey $6,481.5
$6,893.7
$6,806.5
$6,797.0
$5,780.7
New Mexico $24,321.1
$25,978.6
$28,641.6
$28,454.7
$30,764.1
New York $17,749.0
$19,260.2
$18,499.3
$14,716.3
$14,657.8
North Carolina $17,974.4
$17,538.5
$21,329.4
$26,705.6
$26,676.8
North Dakota $25,728.7
$21,538.1
$23,082.9
$21,390.7
$23,224.1
Ohio $19,452.4
$25,337.8
$22,298.4
$25,926.6
$23,524.8
Oklahoma $27,753.3
$29,209.0
$30,124.4
$33,386.9
$25,572.6
Oregon $15,280.0
$17,353.6
$20,183.6
$19,301.7
$17,882.0
Pennsylvania $16,532.4
$17,241.9
$19,511.3
$25,009.1
$28,866.9
Rhode Island $4,765.7
$4,888.0
$4,335.4
$4,263.9
$3,623.5
South Carolina $10,054.4
$9,295.9
$11,499.4
$14,161.2
$19,936.2
South Dakota $19,059.2
$19,627.2
$21,137.9
$23,059.8
$18,449.2
Tennessee $14,911.7
$14,616.9
$15,076.7
$25,250.4
$30,072.2
Texas $83,072.6
$96,593.9
$106,201.6
$103,278.0
$118,841.8
Utah $22,033.6
$21,452.8
$22,258.2
$25,287.2
$24,367.0
Vermont $9,382.8
$11,191.2
$12,922.0
$9,053.2
$10,492.0
Virginia $13,494.1
$14,729.2
$15,386.3
$16,394.4
$22,222.3
Washington $17,957.6
$20,631.2
$17,729.6
$21,669.5
$17,837.3
West Virginia $8,117.9
$8,298.1
$10,157.9
$11,686.7
$14,658.9
Wisconsin $21,549.9
$22,960.1
$23,909.5
$33,399.9
$39,715.0
Wyoming $15,321.5
$18,037.1
$18,777.9
$18,718.0
$17,381.1
Other $78,385.9
$83,523.4
$92,886.6
$85,385.0
$87,847.2
Total $1,054,581.6
$1,184,252.2
$1,244,659.4
$1,382,561.5
$1,391,162.0
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, 2012-2013 data from Financial Management Modernization Initiative (FMMI), November 2014;
2009-2011 data from Foundation Financial Information System (FFIS), December 2011.
• Caribbean includes Puerto Rico and U.S. Virgin Islands.
• Hawaii/Pacific includes Hawaii and the Pacific Basin.
• Other indicates Headquarters, Regional, or other non-State divisions.
• Totals may not exactly match sum over divisions due to rounding.

EQIP Technical Assistance Obligations,
by Fiscal Year
In thousands of dollars
Division 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013
Alabama $3,850.6
$3,953.2
$4,588.7
$4,643.7
$5,890.9
Alaska $1,867.7
$2,286.6
$2,208.0
$3,100.6
$2,434.8
Arizona $5,446.9
$5,957.7
$5,937.4
$6,139.4
$5,498.4
Arkansas $5,131.3
$5,476.0
$7,909.5
$7,796.8
$7,973.5
California $12,025.0
$16,693.0
$15,717.8
$16,372.3
$15,290.5
Caribbean $1,727.4
$1,799.5
$1,755.0
$2,526.9
$2,257.2
Colorado $9,384.5
$9,903.1
$9,149.4
$11,888.7
$11,291.3
Connecticut $2,042.0
$2,061.8
$2,054.0
$2,372.4
$2,335.0
Delaware $1,513.7
$1,767.2
$1,831.7
$1,671.0
$1,656.0
Florida $5,915.2
$6,234.8
$6,475.9
$5,948.5
$6,113.0
Georgia $4,593.0
$5,000.6
$5,368.2
$7,287.6
$6,279.3
Hawaii/Pacific $2,536.1
$2,556.4
$2,914.9
$3,887.0
$3,731.2
Idaho $3,874.8
$3,935.0
$4,074.6
$4,876.6
$5,049.1
Illinois $4,052.4
$4,077.6
$4,520.7
$4,521.8
$4,653.9
Indiana $3,828.9
$3,896.8
$4,989.3
$4,302.4
$4,898.7
Iowa $6,140.7
$6,639.5
$8,567.0
$7,958.0
$7,582.5
Kansas $6,704.9
$7,015.4
$7,986.8
$7,308.6
$7,969.7
Kentucky $3,102.1
$3,236.3
$4,393.9
$4,936.9
$5,294.0
Louisiana $4,290.8
$4,506.7
$5,605.3
$5,772.6
$6,172.9
Maine $2,573.2
$2,949.9
$3,569.0
$3,317.6
$4,079.8
Maryland $2,225.4
$2,317.0
$3,060.1
$2,483.8
$2,490.8
Massachusetts $1,854.9
$2,100.7
$1,993.1
$2,076.0
$2,051.0
Michigan $4,903.0
$5,935.1
$5,949.4
$4,512.2
$4,839.5
Minnesota $8,286.8
$8,311.3
$9,344.8
$7,702.2
$9,582.7
Mississippi $3,795.6
$4,601.5
$6,936.0
$5,985.0
$5,856.9
Missouri $5,736.8
$7,014.5
$7,548.7
$9,740.1
$10,681.8
Montana $6,643.7
$6,683.2
$6,828.0
$7,853.7
$8,431.6
Nebraska $6,243.5
$6,608.0
$7,615.2
$8,115.4
$8,190.7
Nevada $2,040.0
$2,426.0
$2,362.1
$2,941.8
$2,575.6
New Hampshire $1,881.3
$1,770.9
$1,641.3
$2,233.9
$1,839.1
New Jersey $1,642.9
$1,709.5
$1,787.0
$2,072.7
$2,006.3
New Mexico $6,126.8
$5,937.3
$6,338.9
$5,985.8
$6,932.5
New York $4,207.6
$4,583.2
$4,283.2
$4,153.8
$4,801.6
North Carolina $3,896.8
$3,992.5
$3,902.5
$5,516.1
$5,765.8
North Dakota $5,490.0
$5,275.5
$5,399.1
$4,820.7
$5,034.4
Ohio $4,448.3
$5,121.3
$4,930.3
$4,075.8
$4,634.2
Oklahoma $6,879.0
$7,147.2
$7,689.5
$9,083.1
$7,603.6
Oregon $3,525.2
$4,034.5
$4,451.7
$3,998.6
$3,930.6
Pennsylvania $3,649.6
$4,153.8
$5,989.4
$6,068.3
$7,538.2
Rhode Island $1,204.5
$1,262.9
$1,103.7
$1,338.7
$1,231.3
South Carolina $2,582.1
$2,498.3
$2,835.4
$3,328.6
$2,898.9
South Dakota $4,776.4
$4,846.3
$5,203.0
$5,363.8
$5,111.8
Tennessee $3,481.4
$3,600.8
$3,698.3
$5,658.9
$5,696.9
Texas $18,900.7
$20,643.9
$21,085.5
$27,176.3
$27,394.2
Utah $7,065.6
$5,961.5
$6,196.9
$8,298.4
$8,082.3
Vermont $2,121.2
$2,508.5
$3,440.2
$2,607.0
$2,814.0
Virginia $3,014.6
$3,312.5
$3,577.0
$5,757.3
$5,866.1
Washington $4,326.7
$4,764.4
$4,575.0
$4,988.6
$4,756.9
West Virginia $2,377.0
$2,486.9
$3,062.6
$4,549.5
$5,150.3
Wisconsin $5,088.6
$5,861.5
$6,359.3
$6,289.6
$6,180.8
Wyoming $4,176.4
$4,112.7
$4,326.3
$4,378.6
$5,387.0
Other $63,466.2
$65,811.2
$63,238.3
$77,631.5
$74,666.6
Total $296,659.7
$317,341.8
$336,369.0
$373,415.1
$376,475.7
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, 2012-2013 data from Financial Management Modernization Initiative (FMMI), November 2014;
2009-2011 data from Foundation Financial Information System (FFIS), December 2011.
• Caribbean includes Puerto Rico and U.S. Virgin Islands.
• Hawaii/Pacific includes Hawaii and the Pacific Basin.
• Other indicates Headquarters, Regional, or other non-State divisions.
• Totals may not exactly match sum over divisions due to rounding.

EQIP Financial Assistance Obligations,
by Fiscal Year
In thousands of dollars
Division 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013
Alabama $12,460.8
$12,705.9
$15,497.1
$14,440.5
$14,068.7
Alaska $4,285.2
$8,089.8
$7,919.0
$7,880.1
$2,409.5
Arizona $17,051.9
$17,984.7
$16,792.6
$16,034.0
$8,818.1
Arkansas $13,870.9
$19,036.4
$26,897.2
$49,982.0
$64,154.6
California $57,846.1
$75,167.1
$74,384.8
$100,187.4
$81,589.5
Caribbean $4,535.9
$5,317.3
$4,677.0
$4,960.2
$3,897.2
Colorado $24,415.7
$28,108.0
$26,012.4
$33,331.4
$30,929.6
Connecticut $4,774.2
$6,400.9
$5,736.4
$5,151.5
$3,787.8
Delaware $5,564.1
$5,961.9
$4,835.4
$4,937.9
$5,426.5
Florida $16,686.7
$17,602.0
$17,754.1
$22,384.1
$10,184.8
Georgia $14,895.9
$16,608.7
$14,407.7
$25,845.7
$28,619.4
Hawaii/Pacific $7,034.5
$6,938.2
$6,529.2
$8,206.4
$6,057.8
Idaho $10,957.9
$12,493.6
$13,984.7
$16,578.2
$17,751.6
Illinois $11,657.0
$11,494.8
$11,867.9
$14,263.6
$12,733.5
Indiana $11,359.6
$11,658.9
$19,145.3
$17,009.8
$27,820.1
Iowa $21,070.2
$21,145.7
$25,062.7
$25,809.2
$27,883.5
Kansas $19,232.4
$22,836.8
$22,661.4
$25,149.5
$34,954.5
Kentucky $10,433.0
$10,555.8
$11,217.7
$13,076.4
$12,518.1
Louisiana $15,404.9
$23,931.8
$15,677.8
$23,263.9
$18,992.3
Maine $8,760.5
$10,285.7
$10,658.9
$14,808.4
$10,182.7
Maryland $7,031.2
$6,596.7
$6,392.1
$8,129.2
$6,547.7
Massachusetts $5,128.3
$6,703.4
$6,537.7
$6,136.3
$1,832.7
Michigan $15,110.7
$15,231.9
$15,682.1
$17,434.4
$14,081.1
Minnesota $26,558.8
$28,234.0
$23,951.3
$22,240.7
$23,346.9
Mississippi $11,927.7
$18,837.3
$26,771.1
$26,990.5
$36,817.2
Missouri $18,426.5
$26,904.6
$29,452.9
$29,140.2
$31,773.0
Montana $21,827.4
$22,107.8
$19,433.9
$17,977.5
$12,651.8
Nebraska $21,948.9
$23,993.1
$22,595.1
$24,994.7
$29,545.8
Nevada $6,025.9
$7,546.3
$7,902.3
$10,617.9
$7,059.2
New Hampshire $4,664.4
$4,866.2
$3,539.5
$5,258.7
$3,801.4
New Jersey $4,838.6
$5,184.2
$5,019.5
$4,724.2
$3,774.4
New Mexico $17,753.9
$19,639.3
$21,846.5
$21,987.1
$23,387.0
New York $13,541.4
$13,264.0
$13,096.5
$9,651.7
$8,708.7
North Carolina $14,077.6
$13,546.0
$17,426.9
$21,189.5
$20,911.0
North Dakota $20,238.7
$16,262.6
$17,683.8
$16,570.0
$18,189.7
Ohio $15,004.1
$18,572.3
$11,792.3
$18,452.9
$13,973.3
Oklahoma $20,874.2
$22,061.8
$22,434.9
$24,303.8
$17,969.0
Oregon $11,754.9
$13,319.1
$15,731.9
$15,303.1
$13,951.4
Pennsylvania $12,882.8
$12,919.5
$13,492.0
$18,701.3
$21,205.8
Rhode Island $3,561.2
$3,625.1
$3,231.8
$2,925.2
$2,392.2
South Carolina $7,472.3
$6,797.6
$8,664.0
$10,832.7
$17,037.3
South Dakota $14,282.7
$14,780.9
$15,934.9
$17,696.0
$13,337.4
Tennessee $11,430.4
$11,016.1
$11,378.4
$19,591.5
$24,375.3
Texas $64,171.8
$75,950.0
$85,116.0
$76,101.7
$91,447.6
Utah $14,917.9
$15,491.3
$16,061.2
$16,988.8
$16,284.7
Vermont $7,261.6
$8,682.7
$9,481.8
$6,446.1
$7,678.0
Virginia $10,479.5
$11,416.7
$11,809.3
$10,637.2
$16,356.2
Washington $13,630.9
$15,866.8
$13,154.7
$16,681.0
$13,080.4
West Virginia $5,740.8
$5,811.2
$7,095.3
$7,137.1
$9,508.6
Wisconsin $16,461.3
$15,508.2
$15,979.7
$21,369.2
$28,404.2
Wyoming $11,145.2
$13,924.4
$14,451.6
$14,339.5
$11,994.1
Other $14,919.7
$17,712.3
$29,648.3
$16,753.6
$13,180.6
Total $757,388.9
$856,697.5
$894,508.7
$1,000,603.8
$997,383.5
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, 2012-2013 data from Financial Management Modernization Initiative (FMMI), November 2014;
2009-2011 data from Foundation Financial Information System (FFIS), December 2011.
• Caribbean includes Puerto Rico and U.S. Virgin Islands.
• Hawaii/Pacific includes Hawaii and the Pacific Basin.
• Other indicates Headquarters, Regional, or other non-State divisions.
• Totals may not exactly match sum over divisions due to rounding.

EQIP Reimbursable Obligations,
by Fiscal Year
In thousands of dollars
Division 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013
Arizona $17.5
$34.4



Delaware



$4.2
Indiana
$905.0
$610.5
$519.0
$246.5
Michigan
$4,023.9
$4,264.3
$6,229.4
$5,287.4
Minnesota
$6.6
$113.2
$23.0
$2.4
Nebraska $25.0
$25.0
$41.7


New Mexico $440.5
$401.9
$456.2
$481.8
$444.6
New York
$1,412.9
$1,119.7
$910.7
$1,147.5
Ohio
$1,644.2
$5,575.8
$3,398.0
$4,917.3
Pennsylvania
$168.6
$29.8
$239.6
$122.9
Utah $50.0




Wisconsin
$1,590.4
$1,570.4
$5,741.1
$5,130.0
Total $533.0
$10,212.9
$13,781.7
$8,542.6
$17,302.8
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, 2012-2013 data from Financial Management Modernization Initiative (FMMI), November 2014;
2009-2011 data from Foundation Financial Information System (FFIS), December 2011.
• Totals may not exactly match sum over divisions due to rounding.

Contracts


NRCS enters into EQIP contracts with eligible producers or landowners willing to implement conservation practices. By entering into a contract, the producer or landowner agrees to apply specified conservation practices, and NRCS obligates funds to provide technical and financial assistance for planning and applying these conservation practices. EQIP contracts can be up to ten years in length. The table below reports the number of active or completed EQIP contracts signed during each contract fiscal year, and the acres associated with those contracts. For example, for a ten year contract signed in contract year 2009, funds are obligated in fiscal year 2009, and conservation practices may be applied using those funds during the 2009-2013 fiscal year time period.

The Environmental Quality Incentives Program (EQIP) Maps page contains maps illustrating contracts enrolled, acres treated, and financial assistance obligated by state and year.

EQIP Contract Data by State and Fiscal Year
State 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013
Number of Active and Completed Contracts Total Acres on Active and Completed Contracts Number of Active and Completed Contracts Total Acres on Active and Completed Contracts Number of Active and Completed Contracts Total Acres on Active and Completed Contracts Number of Active and Completed Contracts Total Acres on Active and Completed Contracts Number of Active and Completed Contracts Total Acres on Active and Completed Contracts
Alabama 1,199
104,353.3
1,279
115,429.2
1,384
105,584.2
1,406
121,124.9
1,312
100,463.2
Alaska 48
787,642.7
142
147,534.7
196
30,478.2
171
1,019,262.2
132
24,984.3
Arizona 174
1,187,458.6
189
758,887.2
161
840,371.7
167
1,569,652.6
118
370,593.1
Arkansas 881
110,438.4
946
131,019.6
1,239
167,123.5
2,057
459,793.9
2,786
534,034.9
California 1,743
602,239.4
1,974
1,012,635.7
1,691
941,314.1
2,133
3,368,237.8
2,059
1,263,374.3
Caribbean 280
10,602.2
327
12,976.9
316
14,412.3
353
12,350.0
375
12,789.2
Colorado 766
435,227.9
760
613,151.6
789
337,838.5
872
791,027.3
804
297,540.3
Connecticut 77
6,676.6
144
5,831.6
219
9,411.6
196
7,884.0
193
10,570.6
Delaware 138
18,859.4
129
19,838.4
137
27,516.4
241
29,915.5
252
19,377.0
Florida 364
114,310.7
437
194,016.7
470
192,869.2
613
212,380.7
336
80,262.4
Georgia 1,129
96,965.0
1,271
104,086.6
1,054
78,759.2
1,890
129,515.8
1,940
130,120.4
Hawaii/Pacific 176
14,667.5
178
16,538.7
202
15,684.9
267
35,752.0
184
12,817.7
Idaho 261
76,037.6
313
297,846.9
359
266,518.3
371
241,442.7
349
236,307.1
Illinois 1,028
83,629.0
899
74,162.4
928
73,422.9
692
73,083.3
622
91,093.7
Indiana 686
93,767.9
505
92,058.0
849
148,068.6
606
88,550.9
972
189,135.8
Iowa 1,227
96,883.5
1,267
79,374.8
1,212
99,074.1
1,658
163,646.0
1,454
138,804.7
Kansas 874
211,385.6
937
212,143.0
1,089
237,886.9
1,318
314,941.1
1,582
323,372.4
Kentucky 556
46,094.3
528
49,185.2
754
79,599.7
951
68,647.3
931
60,504.8
Louisiana 826
109,024.9
1,064
183,655.6
794
140,265.7
1,116
184,449.0
952
163,378.6
Maine 289
25,758.7
484
64,254.4
750
107,086.3
909
105,922.4
759
162,185.2
Maryland 268
26,803.6
200
28,769.1
226
30,361.4
311
13,661.5
278
14,306.5
Massachusetts 136
4,384.4
249
6,279.4
251
7,927.2
365
11,952.7
127
3,901.5
Michigan 306
62,936.3
538
98,360.8
624
91,294.4
778
119,774.7
1,021
138,217.6
Minnesota 1,142
203,041.2
1,156
272,408.1
1,132
196,117.6
1,566
214,733.4
1,493
199,279.6
Mississippi 1,684
110,834.2
1,904
155,980.1
2,453
136,277.4
1,884
121,422.1
2,269
133,566.0
Missouri 1,006
162,393.9
1,507
186,067.6
1,339
119,241.2
1,348
150,565.9
1,248
167,385.5
Montana 637
878,663.9
582
568,723.8
562
506,910.3
565
538,125.9
244
360,686.3
Nebraska 957
364,678.6
1,146
386,974.6
1,076
379,140.2
1,400
525,525.6
1,309
598,622.8
Nevada 79
115,206.3
101
85,410.0
100
70,161.7
156
1,100,995.4
121
126,906.6
New Hampshire 276
31,988.5
295
30,005.4
290
22,472.7
410
36,269.0
297
28,771.9
New Jersey 108
20,766.6
143
15,043.4
198
20,964.9
206
11,401.7
195
15,128.2
New Mexico 423
1,265,742.7
531
2,072,223.5
479
2,229,964.1
526
2,613,962.7
555
2,538,291.0
New York 364
81,457.8
415
67,348.5
365
59,864.9
492
54,509.3
391
43,931.7
North Carolina 442
48,237.0
498
49,422.9
628
69,339.9
1,143
109,939.6
1,038
81,396.2
North Dakota 751
496,619.6
798
494,054.7
1,380
404,052.1
1,126
411,598.9
844
359,694.2
Ohio 929
53,048.7
1,218
83,049.5
929
66,060.3
1,122
71,327.2
780
69,220.8
Oklahoma 1,094
380,068.1
1,207
453,884.6
1,293
427,037.7
1,375
403,387.7
1,058
329,447.0
Oregon 396
140,320.5
527
174,815.2
583
165,482.7
521
177,784.1
503
143,755.2
Pennsylvania 342
41,489.5
397
33,724.6
445
51,816.1
611
58,935.7
797
80,642.6
Rhode Island 75
5,580.3
197
8,019.3
165
9,910.5
195
12,144.3
122
6,707.9
South Carolina 264
37,273.4
333
44,721.3
330
37,156.9
624
95,442.1
964
92,783.9
South Dakota 626
545,567.5
669
591,910.6
661
457,042.3
422
489,709.7
307
350,257.4
Tennessee 984
85,506.4
969
77,851.1
888
71,747.8
1,475
104,176.6
1,679
146,751.3
Texas 3,063
1,637,110.3
3,913
1,752,081.6
4,163
2,472,476.2
4,002
2,091,191.5
4,536
2,558,651.7
Utah 327
62,794.7
323
81,697.1
367
54,658.4
377
117,781.9
339
67,711.1
Vermont 198
30,316.2
419
48,177.5
373
42,589.4
522
42,986.3
463
40,355.8
Virginia 322
30,921.8
353
33,301.1
336
35,594.5
439
38,930.2
870
92,303.6
Washington 367
162,920.7
462
134,129.0
455
182,921.4
600
242,309.0
531
305,824.2
West Virginia 209
19,438.7
287
23,114.2
386
24,617.1
397
26,783.1
488
34,579.6
Wisconsin 1,052
129,847.1
1,035
117,413.6
968
95,619.5
1,523
154,502.0
1,556
137,264.5
Wyoming 411
535,601.4
354
674,774.5
314
710,827.6
310
760,944.7
290
373,521.8
Total 31,960
12,003,582.8
36,499
13,034,363.3
38,352
13,162,934.6
44,778
19,920,353.6
44,825
13,861,573.6
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, ProTracts Program Contracts System, October 2013.
• Caribbean includes Puerto Rico and U.S. Virgin Islands.
• Hawaii/Pacific includes Hawaii and the Pacific Basin.
• Totals may not exactly match sum over states due to rounding.

Conservation Practice Implementation

Conservation practices are planned and applied at the land unit level. The land unit is the smallest unit of land that has a permanent or contiguous boundary, a common land cover and land management, and a common owner or a common producer. The following tables include data for the fiscal years covered by the 2008 Food, Conservation, and Energy Act (2008 Farm Bill), 2009 through 2013.

As conservation practices are measured in different units (acres, feet, square feet, etc.), the challenge for reporting performance at various levels is how to aggregate across practices. Although practices may affect resources beyond the land unit boundary, or be applied only on part of the land unit, the land unit does provide a common metric to aggregate over practices since each applied practice is associated with a specific land unit. Analysis of the data reveals that most practices are measured in acres and most of the practice applied amounts match the land unit acres of the field on which the practice was applied. Therefore, land unit acreage is the metric on which the acres of land receiving conservation treatment are calculated.

The data presented in this section reflect the fiscal year in which conservation practices were applied, which can occur at any point during the duration of the EQIP contract. Totals presented here are not comparable to program enrollment acres or contract acres.


Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation

The following table summarizes land unit acres by fiscal year. Here, land unit acres are counted once when the program has been used to apply one or more practices on that land unit in a given fiscal year. Therefore, land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation (including practice count),
by Fiscal Year
EQIP Practices
State 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013
Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count
Alabama 213,010
7,319
259,165
7,541
263,714
8,310
281,519
9,201
221,150
7,319
Alaska 1,005,502
329
1,241,461
461
1,025,500
506
645,026
608
640,489
762
Arizona 1,526,586
3,324
1,945,139
2,399
1,323,969
2,242
1,663,875
1,607
2,363,614
1,457
Arkansas 185,911
5,816
211,235
6,512
230,732
8,002
232,939
7,939
310,021
11,262
California 1,058,369
9,357
1,037,156
11,133
1,508,330
9,800
1,469,771
10,332
1,653,987
11,311
Caribbean 14,282
1,756
14,313
2,295
13,981
2,408
18,147
3,359
17,457
2,758
Colorado 900,124
7,833
951,786
7,880
803,869
7,433
1,022,091
7,121
881,202
6,347
Connecticut 3,843
410
6,189
657
8,173
910
12,462
1,039
8,365
993
Delaware 32,242
3,937
20,361
2,331
26,250
1,933
22,799
1,693
21,451
1,544
Florida 235,230
4,078
218,552
5,541
262,663
5,948
263,297
6,445
304,605
8,116
Georgia 152,445
9,106
188,451
10,127
184,796
9,990
195,499
9,701
206,921
9,628
Hawaii/Pacific 42,815
1,851
41,781
2,148
48,763
1,901
35,884
1,508
36,485
1,600
Idaho 250,357
3,881
219,530
3,672
269,549
3,353
377,128
3,559
567,927
3,742
Illinois 97,525
4,351
113,355
5,124
115,490
5,356
115,285
5,127
120,465
5,513
Indiana 180,670
11,124
170,494
13,155
204,530
13,685
199,322
12,946
187,704
11,330
Iowa 295,074
12,418
281,303
12,042
276,350
11,212
313,214
11,671
295,218
10,536
Kansas 580,359
10,360
518,439
7,839
507,961
8,925
561,316
8,422
570,721
8,399
Kentucky 86,679
6,319
79,967
5,458
75,486
4,888
86,629
5,740
84,401
4,947
Louisiana 201,754
8,320
167,578
7,578
223,271
8,627
193,911
7,429
214,190
8,041
Maine 36,976
1,693
47,890
2,489
56,037
2,455
71,488
2,276
132,318
2,466
Maryland 44,866
3,806
37,426
3,763
26,250
2,318
36,347
2,969
14,995
1,927
Massachusetts 16,837
4,668
16,098
4,127
14,108
2,685
16,308
1,909
16,109
2,194
Michigan 152,248
9,523
134,007
8,076
142,751
7,939
163,352
9,951
141,120
8,926
Minnesota 772,263
20,233
758,423
19,001
771,647
19,165
842,161
19,764
844,344
19,455
Mississippi 164,666
7,717
176,996
9,089
204,348
9,650
228,443
10,326
231,146
11,787
Missouri 314,434
17,297
344,164
16,783
387,322
19,472
377,405
18,263
377,101
15,569
Montana 1,538,993
6,574
1,633,062
6,756
1,377,564
5,929
1,484,328
6,824
1,643,069
6,286
Nebraska 696,707
9,286
632,333
8,862
710,614
9,891
677,223
9,267
653,515
7,831
Nevada 168,799
657
130,946
663
317,768
673
396,773
673
342,371
760
New Hampshire 35,558
1,153
44,132
1,245
50,205
1,161
46,856
1,305
44,029
1,186
New Jersey 11,934
1,396
15,434
1,584
20,370
1,876
17,574
1,812
17,382
1,588
New Mexico 3,081,654
3,836
3,741,424
4,516
2,718,042
3,346
3,425,592
3,789
3,307,797
4,344
New York 125,377
7,649
115,566
9,880
84,144
6,662
86,591
7,048
68,414
5,493
North Carolina 83,544
8,748
84,914
8,813
77,901
8,176
82,047
8,090
94,389
10,169
North Dakota 1,072,151
17,168
1,075,230
15,636
1,042,725
13,583
1,174,665
16,586
1,082,954
12,312
Ohio 122,688
9,827
138,380
9,675
151,345
11,302
172,650
14,070
169,179
13,708
Oklahoma 857,628
12,991
929,710
13,864
966,631
13,812
909,458
12,806
774,629
10,015
Oregon 547,426
5,294
321,207
4,858
360,059
3,603
622,766
4,939
586,298
4,048
Pennsylvania 60,851
5,092
56,921
4,894
61,233
4,822
54,385
4,387
57,259
4,071
Rhode Island 3,957
366
4,152
279
6,545
446
19,768
582
5,742
503
South Carolina 84,620
6,300
87,551
5,814
90,041
5,433
52,825
3,290
76,514
4,333
South Dakota 730,366
6,186
789,399
6,508
863,324
6,240
1,041,684
6,908
826,171
5,104
Tennessee 90,681
6,033
101,386
6,560
101,077
6,541
99,429
6,280
107,381
7,093
Texas 2,949,885
15,835
2,729,225
17,739
2,645,199
16,448
2,765,291
16,251
2,619,636
15,411
Utah 304,394
3,068
288,166
3,567
245,567
2,938
349,428
3,217
305,715
3,053
Vermont 30,115
2,913
46,490
3,289
58,881
2,999
59,978
2,821
67,700
2,499
Virginia 85,709
8,487
89,981
7,719
92,373
8,252
79,931
7,534
87,563
7,343
Washington 394,753
5,303
357,504
4,604
303,924
5,014
289,728
4,231
225,990
3,327
West Virginia 61,499
5,120
70,490
5,757
70,258
5,054
80,339
5,335
71,153
4,731
Wisconsin 173,334
11,929
183,994
11,888
144,632
10,378
153,631
11,460
179,735
12,682
Wyoming 1,400,678
3,104
1,333,815
2,555
991,130
2,009
773,693
1,929
682,929
1,409
Total 23,278,367
341,141
24,202,669
344,746
22,527,391
335,701
24,362,248
342,339
24,561,021
327,228
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Conservation Planning Database, November 2013.
• Caribbean includes Puerto Rico and U.S. Virgin Islands.
• Hawaii/Pacific includes Hawaii and the Pacific Basin.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation by Practice

The following set of chart/table combinations present conservation practice data grouped by purpose: Cropland Soil Quality, Fish and Wildlife Habitat, Forest Land Conservation, Grazing Land Conservation, Irrigation Efficiency, Water Quality, and Wetlands. Any practices not included in one of these groups are included in an All Other category. Data for practices in the All Other category can be downloaded in the Farm Bill Conservation Programs Profile csv file.

Note that there is some overlap between these groupings, since some practices address multiple resource concerns. Here land unit acres are counted each time a practice is applied on that land unit in the fiscal year. Therefore land unit acres may be counted multiple times across practices, practice groupings, and fiscal years. To learn more about specific conservation practices, see the National Handbook of Conservation Practices.


Conservation Practices Related to Cropland Soil Quality

The following chart and table includes practices that are related to Cropland Soil Quality Management. The six components of soil quality management are: enhancing organic matter, avoiding excessive tillage, managing pests and nutrients efficiently, preventing soil compaction, keeping the ground covered, and diversifying cropping systems. Choosing specific practices within each component depends on the situation since different types of soil respond differently to the same practice. Each combination of soil type and land use calls for a different set of practices to enhance soil quality. Note that only practices applied on cropland or hay land are included.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation, FY 2009-2013

Only practices representing a significant portion of the total for the period are included in the above chart. Practices not included are summed into the All Other category.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation (including practice count) by Fiscal Year
EQIP Cropland Soil Quality Practices
Practice Name Practice Code 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013
Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count
Alley Cropping 311 251
24
127
15
117
18
89
12
84
10
Deep Tillage 324 13,804
197
27,438
393
20,876
306
36,104
777
35,252
773
Conservation Cover 327 28,488
751
26,637
741
61,110
841
32,401
1,112
43,907
1,016
Conservation Crop Rotation 328 860,732
18,691
896,214
19,037
889,585
18,747
986,962
19,846
930,632
21,931
Residue and Tillage Management, No Till/Strip Till/Direct Seed 329 1,012,819
18,186
1,031,731
18,604
890,033
16,263
812,222
14,407
669,943
14,070
Contour Farming 330 26,231
635
27,574
715
43,365
901
48,436
936
43,781
1,164
Contour Orchard and Other Perennial Crops 331 428
49
488
43
357
49
784
73
848
69
Contour Buffer Strips 332 891
22
1,111
41
817
30
672
28
428
14
Cover Crop 340 312,552
8,756
417,606
9,837
477,292
11,910
542,125
13,656
648,983
18,058
Critical Area Planting 342 113,662
1,638
121,912
1,883
127,617
2,197
141,750
2,302
130,387
2,236
Residue Management, Seasonal 344 217,807
2,596
149,656
1,737
114,100
1,822
103,347
1,673
152,113
2,780
Residue and Tillage Management, Mulch Till 345 488,658
7,254
424,109
6,270
351,706
5,397
344,653
6,199
313,288
5,365
Residue and Tillage Management, Ridge Till 346 8,945
109
8,165
173
7,344
156
5,788
144
3,978
103
Diversion 362 18,737
281
18,331
228
17,973
312
16,964
331
16,829
278
Windbreak/Shelterbelt Establishment 380 30,849
376
24,195
420
25,017
464
27,814
500
24,315
404
Silvopasture Establishment 381 118
4








Field Border 386 22,629
573
19,225
494
16,600
498
16,448
453
15,506
323
Riparian Forest Buffer 391 679
24
1,490
28
2,210
61
1,755
68
1,835
66
Grade Stabilization Structure 410 83,133
1,537
72,441
1,521
78,269
1,559
76,844
1,535
69,417
1,498
Grassed Waterway 412 118,843
1,861
103,691
1,922
118,638
2,010
112,097
1,919
91,568
1,440
Irrigation Water Management 449 498,548
8,333
445,751
7,652
378,740
6,682
438,973
7,658
426,006
8,242
Lined Waterway or Outlet 468 2,949
77
3,221
84
3,954
110
3,204
120
4,417
103
Mulching 484 15,337
398
23,929
665
23,538
797
30,566
1,020
37,131
1,109
Forage and Biomass Planting 512 127,474
3,301
138,623
3,756
98,989
2,602
112,987
2,765
146,559
2,556
Row Arrangement 557 2,032
51
3,076
130
3,421
109
10,532
140
6,779
191
Stripcropping 585 3,876
138
3,885
95
3,680
105
1,795
86
1,772
68
Cross Wind Ridges 588 3,715
54
2,588
18
4,492
64


276
3
Cross Wind Trap Strips 589C 260
1








Nutrient Management 590 1,796,738
46,404
1,728,336
43,686
1,502,867
38,752
1,474,970
40,602
1,269,517
37,208
Integrated Pest Management (IPM) 595 1,069,064
26,381
977,508
25,263
988,999
24,797
877,627
21,025
689,442
16,821
Terrace 600 277,482
3,355
196,992
2,513
247,262
3,116
231,751
2,861
177,518
2,303
Herbaceous Wind Barriers 603 1,660
12
3,482
50
1,041
22
347
13
359
14
Subsurface Drain 606 34,364
543
51,085
803
38,916
718
44,004
802
39,460
671
Toxic Salt Reduction 610 20,886
231
14,567
257
25,571
160
18,926
249
20,914
186
Underground Outlet 620 182,672
2,743
158,267
2,580
175,700
3,028
184,445
3,062
148,930
2,516
Water and Sediment Control Basin 638 79,321
1,281
80,182
1,312
78,019
1,410
78,917
1,413
70,472
1,246
Windbreak/Shelterbelt Renovation 650 3,885
46
3,466
63
3,482
75
7,756
91
8,275
85
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Conservation Planning Database, November 2013.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years.

The following table includes program information under which the above practices related to Cropland Soil Quality Management were applied. These data reflect the geographic extent of cropland treated with soil quality practices by each conservation program during a fiscal year. Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years, but are only counted once per fiscal year.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation (including practice count) Fiscal Year
EQIP Cropland Soil Quality Practices
2009 2010 2011 2012 2013
Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count
Land Unit Acres treated by at least one practice 4,701,467
156,913
4,628,343
153,029
4,477,818
146,088
4,552,044
147,878
4,202,423
144,920
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Conservation Planning Database, November 2013.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years.

Conservation Practices Related to Fish and Wildlife

The following chart and table includes practices that are related to Fish and Wildlife Habitat Management. The environment that NRCS helps its clients conserve, maintain, and improve is also habitat for fish and wildlife and other biological resources. While every practice and management action taken on the land has some effect on biological resources, the following practices are specifically related to fish and wildlife habitat.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation, FY 2009-2013

Only practices representing a significant portion of the total for the period are included in the above chart. Practices not included are summed into the All Other category.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation (including practice count) by Fiscal Year
EQIP Fish and Wildlife Practices
Practice Name Practice Code 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013
Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count
Conservation Cover 327 285,405
1,070
45,030
973
76,353
1,091
77,389
1,671
67,477
1,409
Riparian Herbaceous Cover 390 2,379
53
3,386
39
1,417
58
4,343
64
1,249
30
Riparian Forest Buffer 391 8,764
265
15,778
233
6,500
268
6,041
268
7,100
248
Stream Habitat Improvement and Management 395 5,435
21
5,547
59
2,460
37
2,904
52
9,602
70
Aquatic Organism Passage 396 945
9
437
21
692
10
8,268
18
2,619
20
Hedgerow Planting 422 2,475
81
3,411
126
3,537
151
6,692
178
5,412
187
Access Control 472 206,356
2,099
242,788
2,765
336,295
2,961
197,518
3,481
339,778
2,985
Streambank and Shoreline Protection 580 49,440
403
38,091
378
18,772
314
16,306
313
42,761
381
Restoration and Management of Rare or Declining Habitats 643 124,777
410
43,147
470
341,016
429
101,857
594
127,849
695
Wetland Wildlife Habitat Management 644 418,253
392
17,083
227
22,552
277
29,887
824
17,183
233
Upland Wildlife Habitat Management 645 1,324,199
6,142
1,904,852
4,674
959,328
5,730
2,208,170
7,322
1,319,236
3,929
Shallow Water Development and Management 646 11,156
172
7,567
118
199,005
3,232
88,627
1,865
158,211
2,844
Early Successional Habitat Development/Management 647 17,882
408
14,988
350
33,745
559
39,049
565
46,753
671
Wetland Restoration 657 579
15
834
16
980
11
5,176
42
3,278
63
Wetland Creation 658 1,786
8
82
2
174
4
334
19
95
11
Wetland Enhancement 659 6,023
24
236
8
1,685
22
3,799
22
3,033
12
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Conservation Planning Database, November 2013.
• Watering Facility (614) is not included in the above table. It is included for the purposes of this report in the All Other Practices category.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years.

The following table includes program information under which the above practices related to Fish and Wildlife Management were applied. These data reflect the geographic extent of the land treated with fish and wildlife habitat practices by each conservation program during a fiscal year. Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years, but are only counted once per fiscal year.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation (including practice count) Fiscal Year
EQIP Fish and Wildlife Practices
2009 2010 2011 2012 2013
Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count
Land Unit Acres treated by at least one practice 2,033,530
11,572
2,204,954
10,459
1,827,303
15,154
2,565,871
17,298
1,966,176
13,788
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Conservation Planning Database, November 2013.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years.

Conservation Practices Related to Forest Land Conservation

The following chart and table includes practices that are related to Forest Land Conservation. The goals of these practices are to restore and protect forest resources and improve fish and wildlife habitat and are related to: tree planting; forest stand improvement; thinning; prescribed burning; and controlling invasive plants. Note that only practices applied on grazed forest or forest land are included.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation, FY 2009-2013

Only practices representing a significant portion of the total for the period are included in the above chart. Practices not included are summed into the All Other category.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation (including practice count) by Fiscal Year
EQIP Forest Land Conservation Practices
Practice Name Practice Code 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013
Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count
Brush Management 314 73,772
144
44,817
195
369,308
293
144,972
831
410,147
1,526
Herbaceous Weed Control 315



9,837
60
22,728
222
47,135
385
Prescribed Burning 338 75,495
731
88,576
1,023
103,460
1,067
81,535
967
118,248
1,393
Multi-Story Cropping 379



38
1
2
1
283
1
Fuel Break 383 1,890
16
7,803
32
33,330
93
33,310
107
50,202
116
Woody Residue Treatment 384 31,832
357
81,470
600
128,502
770
321,829
928
282,662
919
Riparian Forest Buffer 391 1,550
42
6,437
41
1,449
41
1,327
45
1,973
49
Firebreak 394 47,062
539
85,848
825
77,627
749
62,690
708
77,224
980
Stream Habitat Improvement and Management 395 34
3
145
2
207
3
952
8
2,016
18
Prescribed Forestry 409 54,519
963
27,919
379
6,443
152
7,732
73
4,657
25
Access Control 472 26,252
555
91,019
1,077
48,079
997
61,487
1,148
79,019
974
Tree/Shrub Site Preparation 490 107,445
1,353
131,154
1,598
106,321
1,566
238,186
1,670
552,348
2,486
Integrated Pest Management (IPM) 595 145,015
899
292,468
813
111,250
944
127,716
625
60,795
318
Tree/Shrub Establishment 612 225,025
1,517
189,544
1,968
246,453
2,230
227,946
2,018
666,492
2,907
Restoration and Management of Rare or Declining Habitats 643 45,266
196
16,965
249
13,203
231
25,097
327
30,132
494
Upland Wildlife Habitat Management 645 79,595
1,008
104,874
875
109,012
1,128
280,700
1,339
94,300
965
Early Successional Habitat Development/Management 647 12,259
126
10,659
119
29,146
224
31,642
261
36,747
279
Road/Trail/Landing Closure and Treatment 654 125
1
353
3
2,563
3
899
2
394,916
13
Forest Trails and Landings 655 102,263
203
52,655
337
38,264
327
41,321
345
43,461
240
Tree/Shrub Pruning 660 12,246
184
25,570
226
23,930
278
65,428
331
113,907
344
Forest Stand Improvement 666 803,256
3,172
1,678,694
5,081
971,772
5,642
1,085,493
5,579
1,352,302
4,866
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Conservation Planning Database, November 2013.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years.

The following table includes program information under which the above practices related to Forest Land Conservation were applied. These data reflect the geographic extent of forest and grazed forest land treated with conservation practices by each conservation program during a fiscal year. Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years, but are only counted once per fiscal year.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation (including practice count) Fiscal Year
EQIP Forest Land Conservation Practices
2009 2010 2011 2012 2013
Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count
Land Unit Acres treated by at least one practice 1,050,632
12,009
1,486,466
15,443
1,281,442
16,799
1,536,046
17,535
1,753,378
19,298
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Conservation Planning Database, November 2013.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years.

Conservation Practices Related to Grazing Land Conservation

The following chart and table includes practices that are related to Grazing Land Conservation. NRCS is committed to conserving and enhancing private grazing land resources. This includes conservation practices which: conserve and improve wildlife habitat on private grazing land; conserve and improve fish habitat and aquatic systems through grazing land conservation treatment; protect and improve water quality; improve the dependability and consistency of water supplies; and identify and manage weed, noxious weed, and brush encroachment problems. Note that only practices applied on grazed range, grazed forest, native and naturalized pasture, or pasture land are included.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation, FY 2009-2013

Only practices representing a significant portion of the total for the period are included in the above chart. Practices not included are summed into the All Other category.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation (including practice count) by Fiscal Year
EQIP Grazing Land Conservation Practices
Practice Name Practice Code 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013
Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count
Brush Management 314 3,357,572
7,972
3,965,990
8,156
4,137,330
8,399
3,814,497
8,434
3,469,120
7,859
Herbaceous Weed Control 315



11,082
209
180,405
1,763
379,155
3,114
Channel Bank Vegetation 322 1,294
6
1,166
20
1,113
11
1,765
19
126
3
Prescribed Burning 338 147,377
597
137,828
673
135,842
645
121,088
441
88,422
329
Critical Area Planting 342 136,811
1,257
132,123
1,450
153,079
1,407
160,615
1,521
124,445
1,348
Pond 378 420,184
1,716
383,932
1,468
320,554
1,616
201,126
1,321
230,080
1,349
Windbreak/Shelterbelt Establishment 380 56,920
221
46,156
293
57,786
305
45,308
277
22,836
192
Silvopasture Establishment 381 115
5
364
5
471
16
1,333
8
43
3
Fence 382 3,363,364
15,911
3,846,880
15,850
3,550,874
15,041
3,449,837
14,570
3,775,913
12,654
Forage Harvest Management 511 12,772
402
16,063
619
26,226
907
33,957
1,267
34,042
1,164
Forage and Biomass Planting 512 323,529
8,450
289,005
7,650
236,566
6,939
242,212
6,689
257,242
8,056
Livestock Pipeline 516 4,121,268
10,023
4,426,155
9,851
3,822,622
9,613
3,761,736
9,694
3,958,741
8,954
Prescribed Grazing 528 4,967,066
24,950
4,403,352
24,850
5,247,348
25,603
6,623,234
26,718
6,213,806
23,953
Pumping Plant 533 1,634,221
1,249
2,272,703
1,732
1,357,259
1,736
1,847,162
1,899
2,344,126
2,037
Grazing Land Mechanical Treatment 548 50,558
126
31,338
315
27,914
173
15,867
87
11,529
52
Range Planting 550 344,494
804
363,377
932
291,892
713
277,493
750
351,948
703
Access Road 560 154,426
260
103,166
272
153,135
279
190,032
302
220,638
248
Heavy Use Area Protection 561 129,597
3,376
222,455
3,707
244,731
4,022
248,325
3,794
393,781
3,828
Animal Trails and Walkways 575 28,057
281
17,420
331
14,946
368
21,500
362
9,512
224
Streambank and Shoreline Protection 580 24,094
180
25,808
153
13,612
122
10,316
138
15,881
132
Channel Bed Stabilization 584 80
3
5,636
14
282
5
2,831
16
13,900
12
Nutrient Management 590 284,745
8,355
227,055
7,130
261,522
7,048
213,652
7,015
163,454
5,006
Integrated Pest Management (IPM) 595 1,170,369
7,592
1,212,061
6,697
843,081
6,572
699,475
5,457
582,170
3,599
Toxic Salt Reduction 610 58,779
6
83
3
72
2
20
1
305
6
Watering Facility 614 6,471,650
12,148
7,134,225
11,876
6,064,196
11,597
5,888,517
11,944
7,022,483
10,582
Waste Recycling 633 24,256
1,070
23,911
1,173
23,802
819
21,783
899
14,790
640
Water and Sediment Control Basin 638 14,649
124
9,016
124
47,718
105
5,771
110
4,765
87
Water Well 642 999,508
1,643
1,450,547
1,769
858,837
1,603
822,175
1,644
1,419,935
1,775
Windbreak/Shelterbelt Renovation 650 189
5
831
17
1,890
16
3,374
26
3,048
32
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Conservation Planning Database, November 2013.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years.

The following table includes program information under which the above practices related to Grazing Land Conservation were applied. These data reflect the geographic extent of grazing land treated with conservation practices by each conservation program during a fiscal year. Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years, but are only counted once per fiscal year.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation (including practice count) Fiscal Year
EQIP Grazing Land Conservation Practices
2009 2010 2011 2012 2013
Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count
Land Unit Acres treated by at least one practice 14,921,851
108,732
15,803,625
107,130
14,875,277
105,891
15,688,792
107,166
15,998,042
97,941
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Conservation Planning Database, November 2013.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years.

Conservation Practices Related to Irrigation Efficiency

The following chart and table includes practices that are related to Irrigation Efficiency. The goal of these practices is to assist in properly designing, installing and maintaining irrigation systems to ensure uniform and efficient distribution of water, thereby conserving water and protecting water resources. Note that pumping plant (533) installation is only counted when applied on cropland or hay land.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation, FY 2009-2013

Only practices representing a significant portion of the total for the period are included in the above chart. Practices not included are summed into the All Other category.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation (including practice count) by Fiscal Year
EQIP Irrigation Efficiency Practices
Practice Name Practice Code 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013
Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count
Irrigation Canal or Lateral 320 3,653
26
79
1
90
3
119
1
301
3
Irrigation Field Ditch 388 1,529
25
972
28
4,445
9
1,160
21
1,499
18
Irrigation Ditch Lining 428 23,933
242
4,826
169
5,138
201
3,568
153
5,703
161
Irrigation Pipeline 430 309,072
4,024
275,837
4,123
226,118
3,567
296,432
3,528
226,555
3,536
Irrigation Reservoir 436 10,937
153
13,951
177
11,631
151
7,463
128
11,323
157
Irrigation System, Microirrigation 441 57,695
1,327
40,822
1,110
54,624
1,394
55,828
1,550
69,279
1,557
Irrigation System, Sprinkler 442 255,117
3,125
244,904
3,237
195,330
2,809
196,117
2,734
177,944
2,537
Irrigation System, Surface and Subsurface 443 46,008
960
34,619
913
25,880
654
23,137
615
30,821
791
Irrigation System, Tailwater Recovery 447 6,775
96
3,217
78
3,119
71
5,111
79
2,591
48
Irrigation Water Management 449 559,417
8,892
460,127
8,105
393,883
7,052
457,607
8,071
435,640
8,623
Irrigation Land Leveling 464 85,936
1,694
62,155
1,329
65,825
1,210
63,189
1,311
66,455
1,373
Pumping Plant 533 74,294
827
85,137
1,068
67,498
893
68,153
874
61,384
854
Structure for Water Control 587 534,518
2,741
368,189
2,750
746,880
2,421
757,933
2,661
1,487,972
3,061
Toxic Salt Reduction 610 79,665
237
14,736
266
25,644
162
18,946
250
21,299
194
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Conservation Planning Database, November 2013.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years.

The following table includes program information under which the above practices related to Irrigation Efficiency were applied. These data reflect the geographic extent of land treated to improve irrigation efficiency by each conservation program during a fiscal year. Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years, but are only counted once per fiscal year.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation (including practice count) Fiscal Year
EQIP Irrigation Efficiency Practices
2009 2010 2011 2012 2013
Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count
Land Unit Acres treated by at least one practice 1,289,150
24,369
1,047,861
23,354
1,087,725
20,597
1,151,747
21,976
1,174,263
22,913
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Conservation Planning Database, November 2013.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years.

Conservation Practices Related to Water Quality

The following chart and table includes practices that are related to Water Quality. Water quality is an indicator of the health of our environment and reflects what occurs on the land. The primary water quality issues from agriculture are sediment, nutrients, pesticides, pathogens, and in some parts of the country, salinity. Using conservation practices to improve land in an environmentally sound manner will result in better water quality for drinking, recreation, wildlife, fisheries and industry.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation, FY 2009-2013

Only practices representing a significant portion of the total for the period are included in the above chart. Practices not included are summed into the All Other category.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation (including practice count) by Fiscal Year
EQIP Water Quality Practices
Practice Name Practice Code 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013
Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count
Alley Cropping 311 251
24
127
15
124
19
89
12
84
10
Waste Storage Facility 313 39,195
1,490
36,882
1,254
28,425
1,288
31,259
1,292
22,328
1,103
Animal Mortality Facility 316 2,401
157
4,527
211
3,315
185
3,316
199
3,753
210
Composting Facility 317 3,644
179
5,610
273
3,996
207
4,811
271
3,173
213
Channel Bank Vegetation 322 1,505
15
1,883
42
2,220
59
2,491
42
338
34
Conservation Cover 327 285,405
1,070
45,030
973
76,353
1,091
77,389
1,671
67,477
1,409
Conservation Crop Rotation 328 867,381
18,827
902,265
19,151
896,116
18,898
1,047,819
20,048
940,510
22,178
Residue and Tillage Management, No Till/Strip Till/Direct Seed 329 1,016,336
18,253
1,034,562
18,649
895,143
16,321
816,367
14,463
675,038
14,140
Contour Farming 330 27,316
667
27,633
719
43,810
907
48,640
942
44,072
1,182
Contour Orchard and Other Perennial Crops 331 428
49
489
44
357
49
784
73
848
69
Contour Buffer Strips 332 1,009
23
1,111
41
817
30
745
29
428
14
Cover Crop 340 319,330
8,859
425,256
10,075
491,180
12,299
555,483
14,222
675,047
18,667
Critical Area Planting 342 270,901
3,402
297,394
3,963
346,980
4,178
339,773
4,468
388,249
4,188
Residue and Tillage Management, Mulch Till 345 489,057
7,272
425,771
6,322
352,130
5,417
345,238
6,219
314,155
5,400
Residue and Tillage Management, Ridge Till 346 8,945
109
8,165
173
7,344
156
5,980
151
3,978
103
Sediment Basin 350 8,636
190
8,044
157
16,137
103
4,077
92
3,757
91
Water Well Decommissioning 351 34,560
340
44,139
296
33,197
234
123,093
237
36,348
213
Waste Treatment Lagoon 359 2,651
95
1,670
72
287
20
332
13
254
12
Waste Facility Closure 360 2,441
151
3,430
166
1,939
126
1,847
146
2,009
143
Diversion 362 88,925
631
93,598
594
69,826
563
122,609
634
29,934
501
Windbreak/Shelterbelt Establishment 380 94,421
942
80,512
1,105
91,498
1,194
87,552
1,378
55,580
1,035
Riparian Herbaceous Cover 390 2,379
53
3,386
39
1,417
58
4,343
64
1,249
30
Riparian Forest Buffer 391 8,764
265
15,778
233
6,500
268
6,041
268
7,100
248
Filter Strip 393 14,499
377
15,345
335
13,468
323
12,034
330
8,482
231
Stream Habitat Improvement and Management 395 5,435
21
5,547
59
2,460
37
2,904
52
9,602
70
Grade Stabilization Structure 410 226,058
2,353
194,056
2,241
343,060
2,271
579,066
2,226
235,885
2,074
Grassed Waterway 412 126,308
2,113
112,073
2,165
127,812
2,205
120,596
2,167
96,957
1,621
Irrigation System, Microirrigation 441 57,695
1,327
40,822
1,110
54,624
1,394
55,828
1,550
69,279
1,557
Irrigation System, Tailwater Recovery 447 6,775
96
3,217
78
3,119
71
5,111
79
2,591
48
Irrigation Water Management 449 559,417
8,892
460,127
8,105
393,883
7,052
457,607
8,071
435,640
8,623
Access Control 472 206,356
2,099
242,788
2,765
336,295
2,961
197,518
3,481
339,778
2,985
Mulching 484 114,500
691
42,972
959
38,201
1,104
53,565
1,397
61,218
1,668
Prescribed Grazing 528 5,046,759
26,726
4,473,610
26,573
5,300,778
27,298
6,706,850
28,499
6,272,684
25,606
Drainage Water Management 554 1,592
50
1,058
79
2,627
115
5,923
162
17,163
301
Roof Runoff Structure 558 16,224
488
12,153
509
7,199
495
9,491
601
7,513
591
Access Road 560 207,034
764
196,544
763
576,586
758
929,575
917
1,552,423
760
Heavy Use Area Protection 561 315,722
4,497
253,580
5,376
268,699
5,286
287,000
5,195
440,437
5,188
Stream Crossing 578 198,983
643
118,326
670
549,229
767
403,997
824
565,235
650
Streambank and Shoreline Protection 580 49,440
403
38,091
378
18,772
314
16,306
313
42,761
381
Stripcropping 585 3,876
138
3,885
95
3,680
105
1,795
86
1,772
68
Structure for Water Control 587 534,518
2,741
368,189
2,750
746,880
2,421
757,933
2,661
1,487,972
3,061
Nutrient Management 590 2,090,645
54,977
1,962,545
51,017
1,770,287
46,038
1,694,341
47,837
1,438,482
42,421
Integrated Pest Management (IPM) 595 2,380,488
35,156
2,296,617
32,959
1,906,347
32,473
1,650,077
27,344
1,315,587
20,879
Terrace 600 279,210
3,392
198,219
2,557
248,998
3,157
233,670
2,889
180,749
2,325
Toxic Salt Reduction 610 79,665
237
14,736
266
25,644
162
18,946
250
21,299
194
Tree/Shrub Establishment 612 282,666
2,168
213,759
2,694
276,311
2,890
263,078
2,692
709,973
3,652
Waste Treatment 629 199
16
254
29
691
46
1,952
108
2,132
128
Waste Recycling 633 166,892
5,183
162,037
4,788
129,697
3,992
138,649
4,716
94,395
3,244
Waste Transfer 634 41,896
959
45,033
1,006
41,751
952
40,979
993
29,631
813
Vegetated Treatment Area 635 2,556
104
1,190
113
1,637
88
2,538
135
3,473
132
Water and Sediment Control Basin 638 94,477
1,427
91,764
1,470
126,887
1,550
85,245
1,556
75,450
1,349
Windbreak/Shelterbelt Renovation 650 6,142
125
5,458
167
8,132
268
17,257
428
15,379
352
Constructed Wetland 656 4
1
34
1
37
2
26
2


Wetland Restoration 657 579
15
834
16
980
11
5,176
42
3,278
63
Wetland Creation 658 1,786
8
82
2
174
4
334
19
95
11
Wetland Enhancement 659 6,023
24
236
8
1,685
22
3,799
22
3,033
12
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Conservation Planning Database, November 2013.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years.

The following table includes program information under which the above practices related to Water Quality were applied. These data reflect the geographic extent of land treated with water quality practices by each conservation program during a fiscal year. Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years, but are only counted once per fiscal year.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation (including practice count) Fiscal Year
EQIP Water Quality Practices
2009 2010 2011 2012 2013
Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count
Land Unit Acres treated by at least one practice 11,859,099
221,274
11,218,663
216,670
11,798,341
210,302
13,434,554
214,578
12,956,530
202,251
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Conservation Planning Database, November 2013.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years.

Conservation Practices Related to Wetlands

The following chart and table includes practices that are related to Wetlands. Healthy wetland ecosystems function to modulate drought and floods, provide wildlife habitat, filter pollutants, retain sediment, store carbon, and cycle nutrients. The goal of the wetland conservation practices is to restore, enhance and protect the quality and quantity of wetlands.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation, FY 2009-2013
Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation (including practice count) by Fiscal Year
EQIP Wetlands Practices
Practice Name Practice Code 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013
Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count
Wetland Restoration 657 579
15
834
16
980
11
5,176
42
3,278
63
Wetland Creation 658 1,786
8
82
2
174
4
334
19
95
11
Wetland Enhancement 659 6,023
24
236
8
1,685
22
3,799
22
3,033
12
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Conservation Planning Database, November 2013.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years.

The following table includes program information under which the above practices related to Wetlands were applied. These data reflect the geographic extent of land treated with wetland conservation practices by each conservation program during a fiscal year. Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years, but are only counted once per fiscal year.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation (including practice count) Fiscal Year
EQIP Wetlands Practices
2009 2010 2011 2012 2013
Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count
Land Unit Acres treated by at least one practice 8,123
47
1,152
26
2,839
37
9,224
83
6,343
86
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Conservation Planning Database, November 2013.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years.

More Information

The data in this report can be downloaded here.


For more information about NRCS Conservation Programs, visit http://www.nrcs.usda.gov/programs/

Citation for this website:
U.S. Department of Agriculture.
Financial Management Modernization Initiative (FMMI) November 2014
Foundation Financial Information System (FFIS) December 2011
ProTracts Program Contracts System October 2013
National Conservation Planning Database November 2013
Natural Resources Conservation Service, Washington, DC. 28 February 2015*
<http:http://www.nrcs.usda.gov/Internet/NRCS_RCA/reports/fb08_cp_eqip.html>

*[use date the website was accessed]