NRCS Conservation Programs

Conservation Reserve Program (CRP)

The Conservation Reserve Program (CRP) is a voluntary program for agricultural landowners providing annual rental payments and cost-share assistance to establish long-term, resource conserving covers on eligible farmland. The Commodity Credit Corporation (CCC) makes annual rental payments based on the agriculture rental value of the land, and it provides cost-share assistance for up to 50 percent of the participant's costs in establishing approved conservation practices. Participants enroll in CRP contracts for 10 to 15 years. USDA's Farm Service Agency administers CRP, while technical support functions are provided by USDA's Natural Resource Conservation Service (NRCS), USDA's National Institute of Food and Agriculture, State forestry agencies, local soil and water conservation districts, and private sector providers of technical assistance. Acreage enrolled in the CRP is planted to resource-conserving vegetative covers, which protects millions of acres of topsoil from erosion, improves water quality by reducing runoff and sedimentation, and provides wildlife habitat.

To learn more see CRP

Financial Information: Total Reimbursable Obligations
Conservation Practice Implementation Reports: by State | by State and Conservation Practices related to: Cropland Soil Quality | Fish and Wildlife Habitat | Water Quality | Wetlands


Financial Information

The Financial Information section presents data from the USDA Office of the Chief Financial Officer's Financial Management Modernization Initiative (FMMI) system and its predecessor, the Foundation Financial Information System (FFIS). The Financial Information presented here is Total Obligations which the Government Accountability Office defines as binding agreements (orders placed, contracts awarded, services rendered, etc.) that will result in outlays, immediately or in the future. Before obligations can be incurred, budgetary resources must be made available by Congress. The obligations displayed for each year are the total obligations reported as of the end of each fiscal year. Subsequent adjustments after the close of the fiscal year are not included.

There is one category of Total Obligations presented below:

  • Reimbursable funds can be used to provide Technical or Financial Assistance, but are received from sources other than NRCS. They can also be transfers from or agreements with other Federal agencies.

    The table below shows the funding associated with the application of conservation practices. It does not include the rental payments that the Farm Service Agency makes to landowners.

  • Total Obligations, by Fiscal Year and Type
    CRP Total Reimbursable Obligations,
    by Fiscal Year
    In thousands of dollars
    Division 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013
    Alabama $443.9
    $654.1
    $1,996.4
    $985.4
    $1,315.4
    Alaska $145.6
    $7.8
    $58.2
    $1.8
    $19.1
    Arizona $9.9




    Arkansas $639.4
    $741.8
    $796.2
    $596.1
    $567.3
    California $74.3
    $47.5
    $358.4
    $403.9
    $72.1
    Caribbean $5.4
    $3.5



    Colorado $551.5
    $928.3
    $3,663.1
    $2,437.5
    $1,523.5
    Connecticut
    $0.5
    $2.3
    $13.5
    $8.4
    Delaware $59.1
    $42.2
    $96.0
    $85.1
    $43.5
    Florida $101.7
    $153.7
    $238.0
    $333.9
    $118.8
    Georgia $503.0
    $654.6
    $1,147.8
    $704.3
    $721.6
    Hawaii/Pacific $2.2
    $24.5
    $128.4
    $289.6
    $37.6
    Idaho $381.8
    $497.9
    $1,144.6
    $1,094.1
    $830.7
    Illinois $4,108.8
    $5,405.3
    $10,063.7
    $11,994.4
    $5,539.0
    Indiana $3,475.0
    $3,881.5
    $6,881.7
    $6,399.4
    $5,102.2
    Iowa $4,368.1
    $6,158.3
    $7,153.8
    $6,219.6
    $5,717.2
    Kansas $2,080.3
    $3,648.9
    $6,536.1
    $3,188.5
    $2,591.5
    Kentucky $2,094.9
    $2,118.4
    $2,086.9
    $2,159.6
    $2,004.0
    Louisiana $634.5
    $304.0
    $439.3
    $475.5
    $149.8
    Maine $83.6
    $77.4
    $137.9
    $138.3
    $83.1
    Maryland $623.9
    $207.6
    $722.0
    $925.6
    $712.4
    Massachusetts $9.3
    $0.1
    $52.5
    $10.1

    Michigan $828.1
    $890.1
    $1,397.6
    $697.9
    $646.6
    Minnesota $4,441.4
    $3,621.8
    $7,986.4
    $9,968.5
    $5,870.7
    Mississippi $1,057.3
    $765.8
    $4,537.9
    $2,369.9
    $1,644.0
    Missouri $2,512.0
    $2,652.9
    $7,332.0
    $4,152.4
    $6,205.3
    Montana $1,150.9
    $916.0
    $1,639.6
    $1,303.0
    $1,093.5
    Nebraska $1,945.8
    $2,240.6
    $3,459.6
    $2,633.6
    $1,940.3
    Nevada

    $2.8
    $1.0
    $0.6
    New Hampshire $5.0




    New Jersey $118.6
    $73.6
    $162.1
    $134.7
    $102.3
    New Mexico $198.2
    $287.6
    $602.2
    $474.9
    $302.3
    New York $392.2
    $212.9
    $347.9
    $355.3
    $168.6
    North Carolina $696.7
    $532.2
    $1,097.2
    $636.3
    $581.7
    North Dakota $3,790.8
    $2,100.9
    $3,037.1
    $2,737.2
    $2,397.9
    Ohio $2,722.5
    $4,961.7
    $2,793.9
    $5,452.2
    $3,494.2
    Oklahoma $542.6
    $361.9
    $2,721.9
    $1,296.0
    $1,202.4
    Oregon $539.7
    $278.1
    $1,147.4
    $689.4
    $632.0
    Pennsylvania $2,051.8
    $1,441.0
    $1,279.7
    $2,423.9
    $1,184.5
    Rhode Island $0.2




    South Carolina $820.5
    $459.0
    $791.4
    $1,186.2
    $540.8
    South Dakota $2,930.1
    $3,627.4
    $3,428.3
    $3,083.3
    $2,216.0
    Tennessee $878.3
    $746.9
    $1,046.4
    $914.3
    $622.4
    Texas $1,037.4
    $2,213.7
    $6,289.8
    $2,401.3
    $2,397.0
    Utah $28.7
    $174.5
    $1,109.0
    $310.4
    $107.7
    Vermont $98.1
    $99.4
    $88.3
    $105.5
    $60.3
    Virginia $946.9
    $563.7
    $837.5
    $650.6
    $847.6
    Washington $289.5
    $300.9
    $1,395.9
    $1,658.1
    $942.8
    West Virginia $240.0
    $92.8
    $109.2
    $137.5
    $41.2
    Wisconsin $1,909.7
    $1,449.1
    $2,845.8
    $2,899.0
    $2,052.6
    Wyoming $177.5
    $169.8
    $655.9
    $573.1
    $282.4
    Other $3,167.4
    $2,770.8
    $21,001.4
    $13,819.5
    $184.5
    Total $55,913.8
    $59,563.2
    $122,847.5
    $101,520.9
    $64,919.4
    Notes:
    • Data Source: USDA-NRCS, 2012-2013 data from Financial Management Modernization Initiative (FMMI), November 2014;
    2009-2011 data from Foundation Financial Information System (FFIS), December 2011.
    • Caribbean includes Puerto Rico and U.S. Virgin Islands.
    • Hawaii/Pacific includes Hawaii and the Pacific Basin.
    • Other indicates Headquarters, Regional, or other non-State divisions.
    • Totals may not exactly match sum over divisions due to rounding.

    Conservation Practice Implementation

    Conservation practices are planned and applied at the land unit level. The land unit is the smallest unit of land that has a permanent or contiguous boundary, a common land cover and land management, and a common owner or a common producer. The following tables include data for the fiscal years covered by the 2008 Food, Conservation, and Energy Act (2008 Farm Bill), 2009 through 2013.

    As conservation practices are measured in different units (acres, feet, square feet, etc.), the challenge for reporting performance at various levels is how to aggregate across practices. Although practices may affect resources beyond the land unit boundary, or be applied only on part of the land unit, the land unit does provide a common metric to aggregate over practices since each applied practice is associated with a specific land unit. Analysis of the data reveals that most practices are measured in acres and most of the practice applied amounts match the land unit acres of the field on which the practice was applied. Therefore, land unit acreage is the metric on which the acres of land receiving conservation treatment are calculated.

    The data presented in this section reflect the fiscal year in which conservation practices were applied, which can occur at any point during the duration of the CRP contract. Totals presented here are not comparable to program enrollment acres or contract acres.


    Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation

    The following table summarizes land unit acres by fiscal year. Here, land unit acres are counted once when the program has been used to apply one or more practices on that land unit in a given fiscal year. Therefore, land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years.

    Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation (including practice count),
    by Fiscal Year
    CRP Practices
    State 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013
    Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count
    Alabama 14,324
    2,691
    17,169
    2,168
    20,235
    2,983
    21,553
    2,597
    10,073
    1,137
    Alaska 1,528
    3
    5,474
    14


    4,048
    20


    Arkansas 18,021
    2,249
    19,360
    2,496
    24,901
    2,121
    18,402
    1,966
    8,135
    869
    California 48,869
    1,554
    35,821
    983
    29,266
    866
    20,250
    792
    2,486
    103
    Caribbean







    10
    1
    Colorado 244,317
    3,047
    160,675
    2,549
    338,736
    5,421
    300,484
    4,348
    343,221
    5,934
    Delaware 66
    18
    22
    14
    78
    40
    225
    202
    33
    15
    Florida 562
    21
    32
    1
    845
    40
    222
    14
    492
    53
    Georgia 10,235
    1,685
    7,406
    1,212
    6,964
    1,237
    3,138
    424
    2,698
    460
    Hawaii/Pacific

    17
    5
    13
    2
    530
    10
    251
    15
    Idaho 72,739
    4,246
    50,983
    3,050
    48,090
    1,707
    34,491
    1,486
    45,729
    1,505
    Illinois 30,360
    7,417
    35,247
    9,486
    35,815
    7,366
    34,453
    6,424
    28,347
    6,189
    Indiana 78,717
    4,239
    66,845
    3,999
    69,543
    4,459
    53,934
    3,885
    30,670
    2,708
    Iowa 214,833
    30,255
    219,272
    29,738
    226,197
    26,850
    150,763
    16,743
    73,130
    6,454
    Kansas 159,483
    13,398
    159,516
    13,815
    447,744
    27,348
    373,221
    20,912
    224,382
    11,183
    Kentucky 16,168
    2,846
    15,761
    2,886
    10,453
    1,615
    10,621
    1,654
    19,282
    2,348
    Louisiana 16,634
    1,533
    20,865
    2,467
    23,267
    3,008
    12,159
    1,736
    7,473
    1,406
    Maine 1,100
    116
    121
    1
    473
    71
    1,209
    120
    242
    37
    Maryland 2,160
    830
    2,879
    990
    3,194
    1,284
    3,042
    1,019
    2,932
    841
    Massachusetts

    9
    5






    Michigan 16,546
    2,052
    5,221
    712
    5,368
    646
    7,652
    958
    1,827
    203
    Minnesota 112,943
    14,033
    92,397
    10,595
    85,745
    9,753
    45,384
    6,509
    29,972
    5,584
    Mississippi 7,827
    1,471
    9,475
    2,205
    15,573
    3,973
    12,847
    3,741
    10,199
    4,023
    Missouri 77,185
    14,448
    55,748
    12,443
    65,328
    12,392
    58,408
    8,386
    47,422
    5,953
    Montana 8,178
    306
    6,188
    450
    30,897
    1,386
    71,137
    2,158
    87,355
    2,451
    Nebraska 69,865
    7,041
    41,692
    5,152
    85,217
    7,278
    167,233
    10,783
    112,608
    6,929
    New Jersey 49
    10
    21
    8
    185
    25
    141
    8
    42
    8
    New Mexico 18,736
    589
    19,461
    426
    20,604
    633
    109,000
    2,726
    96,264
    2,729
    New York 677
    174
    1,199
    205
    618
    106
    1,129
    190
    446
    130
    North Carolina 7,442
    2,450
    3,254
    1,471
    3,816
    1,507
    3,102
    749
    3,665
    801
    North Dakota 97,219
    4,522
    93,985
    5,843
    107,874
    4,845
    110,198
    3,898
    90,799
    6,039
    Ohio 49,031
    7,955
    20,971
    4,077
    22,906
    5,105
    24,217
    4,838
    21,709
    5,048
    Oklahoma 18,448
    268
    7,078
    67
    13,918
    430
    32,892
    543
    38,553
    329
    Oregon 57,800
    2,273
    21,439
    1,125
    50,014
    2,548
    62,496
    2,836
    63,285
    4,042
    Pennsylvania 10,309
    2,731
    9,640
    2,180
    6,244
    1,333
    6,042
    1,067
    4,191
    784
    Rhode Island



    28
    1




    South Carolina 975
    223
    2,878
    681
    2,666
    318
    957
    139
    731
    77
    South Dakota 176,883
    11,741
    100,032
    6,942
    103,329
    6,833
    156,542
    8,956
    156,119
    8,807
    Tennessee 11,443
    2,483
    9,209
    1,951
    22,707
    4,524
    25,268
    5,135
    13,970
    2,590
    Texas 114,355
    1,807
    65,194
    1,188
    86,148
    1,777
    45,820
    847
    34,771
    998
    Utah 822
    27
    182
    7
    11,569
    331
    33,817
    712
    13,531
    327
    Vermont 903
    188
    540
    141
    758
    73
    332
    55
    78
    16
    Virginia 15,461
    2,958
    7,040
    1,333
    10,537
    1,791
    7,325
    1,824
    2,870
    532
    Washington 40,883
    2,296
    22,701
    1,632
    120,699
    8,536
    188,311
    13,408
    180,278
    12,972
    West Virginia 1,004
    70
    1,747
    74
    122
    44
    171
    38
    658
    56
    Wisconsin 24,156
    4,060
    8,352
    1,955
    18,760
    3,798
    21,416
    3,537
    15,425
    2,484
    Wyoming 1,701
    69
    2,645
    33
    17,375
    253
    24,986
    353
    150
    24
    Total 1,870,955
    162,393
    1,425,762
    138,775
    2,194,818
    166,657
    2,259,566
    148,746
    1,826,503
    115,194
    Notes:
    • Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Conservation Planning Database, November 2013.
    • Hawaii/Pacific includes Hawaii and the Pacific Basin.
    • Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years.

    Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation by Practice

    The following set of chart/table combinations present conservation practice data grouped by purpose: Cropland Soil Quality, Fish and Wildlife Habitat, Water Quality, and Wetlands. Any practices not included in one of these groups are included in an All Other category. Data for practices in the All Other category can be downloaded in the Farm Bill Conservation Programs Profile csv file.

    Note that there is some overlap between these groupings, since some practices address multiple resource concerns. Here land unit acres are counted each time a practice is applied on that land unit in the fiscal year. Therefore land unit acres may be counted multiple times across practices, practice groupings, and fiscal years. To learn more about specific conservation practices, see the National Handbook of Conservation Practices.


    Conservation Practices Related to Cropland Soil Quality

    The following chart and table includes practices that are related to Cropland Soil Quality Management. The six components of soil quality management are: enhancing organic matter, avoiding excessive tillage, managing pests and nutrients efficiently, preventing soil compaction, keeping the ground covered, and diversifying cropping systems. Choosing specific practices within each component depends on the situation since different types of soil respond differently to the same practice. Each combination of soil type and land use calls for a different set of practices to enhance soil quality. Note that only practices applied on cropland or hay land are included.

    Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation, FY 2009-2013

    Only practices representing a significant portion of the total for the period are included in the above chart. Practices not included are summed into the All Other category.

    Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation (including practice count) by Fiscal Year
    CRP Cropland Soil Quality Practices
    Practice Name Practice Code 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013
    Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count
    Deep Tillage 324 26
    2
    3,121
    77
    1,844
    72
    1,243
    51
    90
    2
    Conservation Cover 327 778,606
    28,299
    629,409
    23,140
    1,140,067
    35,366
    1,162,163
    34,243
    963,663
    25,812
    Contour Buffer Strips 332 8,435
    429
    11,494
    640
    6,674
    408
    2,804
    297
    1,332
    121
    Cover Crop 340 35,364
    978
    19,745
    716
    51,688
    1,056
    113,049
    1,499
    59,063
    751
    Critical Area Planting 342 26,914
    959
    39,243
    1,108
    38,890
    990
    34,369
    729
    14,997
    351
    Diversion 362 106
    2
    8
    1
    58
    1


    73
    1
    Windbreak/Shelterbelt Establishment 380 37,232
    1,374
    32,105
    1,079
    26,616
    975
    20,553
    851
    9,176
    509
    Field Border 386 20,056
    1,917
    17,027
    1,817
    14,145
    1,068
    8,115
    731
    3,476
    329
    Riparian Forest Buffer 391 9,573
    989
    8,603
    989
    7,202
    687
    7,325
    813
    4,866
    668
    Grade Stabilization Structure 410 15,447
    552
    11,347
    457
    17,913
    534
    12,200
    384
    7,477
    326
    Grassed Waterway 412 164,470
    5,338
    165,823
    5,404
    182,993
    5,362
    148,966
    4,972
    77,920
    3,984
    Lined Waterway or Outlet 468 5,012
    127
    11,690
    222
    11,439
    239
    8,302
    180
    6,247
    145
    Mulching 484 33,126
    754
    29,760
    697
    27,715
    685
    21,865
    435
    8,313
    247
    Forage and Biomass Planting 512 4,174
    153
    3,835
    123
    7,922
    190
    24,864
    347
    27,301
    283
    Cross Wind Trap Strips 589C 8
    4
    16
    11
    16
    11




    Nutrient Management 590 24,825
    1,527
    20,443
    998
    13,354
    670
    9,491
    247
    5,189
    229
    Integrated Pest Management (IPM) 595 341,056
    11,961
    339,999
    11,549
    580,172
    15,787
    509,868
    11,152
    228,200
    5,545
    Terrace 600 1,232
    21
    229
    2
    383
    6
    407
    13


    Herbaceous Wind Barriers 603



    21
    1




    Subsurface Drain 606 39,641
    1,232
    42,279
    1,016
    37,128
    1,008
    34,233
    858
    16,243
    680
    Toxic Salt Reduction 610 5,078
    182
    12,499
    519
    6,993
    278
    5,636
    207
    7,085
    230
    Underground Outlet 620 4,706
    116
    4,767
    129
    1,921
    98
    1,085
    46
    493
    64
    Water and Sediment Control Basin 638 518
    11
    387
    16
    641
    16
    171
    8
    0
    1
    Windbreak/Shelterbelt Renovation 650

    2
    2
    267
    5
    34
    4
    3
    1
    Notes:
    • Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Conservation Planning Database, November 2013.
    • Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years.

    The following table includes program information under which the above practices related to Cropland Soil Quality Management were applied. These data reflect the geographic extent of cropland treated with soil quality practices by each conservation program during a fiscal year. Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years, but are only counted once per fiscal year.

    Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation (including practice count) Fiscal Year
    CRP Cropland Soil Quality Practices
    2009 2010 2011 2012 2013
    Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count
    Land Unit Acres treated by at least one practice 1,017,643
    58,092
    856,037
    51,288
    1,429,690
    65,944
    1,407,297
    58,605
    980,184
    40,590
    Notes:
    • Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Conservation Planning Database, November 2013.
    • Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years.

    Conservation Practices Related to Fish and Wildlife

    The following chart and table includes practices that are related to Fish and Wildlife Habitat Management. The environment that NRCS helps its clients conserve, maintain, and improve is also habitat for fish and wildlife and other biological resources. While every practice and management action taken on the land has some effect on biological resources, the following practices are specifically related to fish and wildlife habitat.

    Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation, FY 2009-2013

    Only practices representing a significant portion of the total for the period are included in the above chart. Practices not included are summed into the All Other category.

    Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation (including practice count) by Fiscal Year
    CRP Fish and Wildlife Practices
    Practice Name Practice Code 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013
    Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count
    Conservation Cover 327 815,412
    30,119
    659,059
    24,607
    1,183,876
    37,133
    1,193,281
    35,559
    1,003,496
    26,992
    Riparian Herbaceous Cover 390 8,473
    415
    8,598
    643
    8,786
    728
    8,172
    679
    9,079
    639
    Riparian Forest Buffer 391 44,162
    2,762
    18,728
    2,138
    17,448
    2,171
    38,347
    1,745
    9,138
    1,227
    Stream Habitat Improvement and Management 395 503
    13
    157
    3
    1
    1


    6
    1
    Hedgerow Planting 422



    55
    13
    615
    16
    120
    7
    Access Control 472 588,607
    23,545
    518,548
    20,466
    1,054,263
    30,117
    968,877
    26,196
    754,069
    18,718
    Streambank and Shoreline Protection 580 1,183
    62
    93
    15
    10
    2


    13
    1
    Restoration and Management of Rare or Declining Habitats 643 43,936
    2,069
    51,761
    2,115
    130,730
    4,173
    112,865
    2,698
    118,532
    2,233
    Wetland Wildlife Habitat Management 644 73,348
    2,004
    70,849
    2,110
    59,653
    1,456
    55,097
    1,624
    30,703
    1,257
    Upland Wildlife Habitat Management 645 897,346
    34,799
    694,704
    28,086
    914,681
    28,160
    882,797
    25,220
    670,036
    20,063
    Shallow Water Development and Management 646 927
    97
    1,309
    160
    861
    123
    932
    144
    847
    67
    Early Successional Habitat Development/Management 647 93,785
    5,484
    72,196
    5,027
    138,737
    6,332
    122,610
    5,476
    107,138
    5,953
    Wetland Restoration 657 92,871
    2,938
    84,904
    2,808
    78,212
    2,418
    66,333
    2,080
    45,978
    1,758
    Wetland Creation 658 1,399
    74
    1,218
    70
    279
    27
    534
    37
    398
    11
    Wetland Enhancement 659 17,751
    299
    14,414
    208
    13,366
    133
    1,844
    31
    491
    14
    Notes:
    • Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Conservation Planning Database, November 2013.
    • Watering Facility (614) is not included in the above table. It is included for the purposes of this report in the All Other Practices category.
    • Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years.

    The following table includes program information under which the above practices related to Fish and Wildlife Management were applied. These data reflect the geographic extent of the land treated with fish and wildlife habitat practices by each conservation program during a fiscal year. Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years, but are only counted once per fiscal year.

    Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation (including practice count) Fiscal Year
    CRP Fish and Wildlife Practices
    2009 2010 2011 2012 2013
    Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count
    Land Unit Acres treated by at least one practice 1,361,424
    104,680
    1,117,461
    88,456
    1,869,128
    112,987
    1,739,139
    101,505
    1,362,715
    78,941
    Notes:
    • Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Conservation Planning Database, November 2013.
    • Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years.

    Conservation Practices Related to Water Quality

    The following chart and table includes practices that are related to Water Quality. Water quality is an indicator of the health of our environment and reflects what occurs on the land. The primary water quality issues from agriculture are sediment, nutrients, pesticides, pathogens, and in some parts of the country, salinity. Using conservation practices to improve land in an environmentally sound manner will result in better water quality for drinking, recreation, wildlife, fisheries and industry.

    Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation, FY 2009-2013

    Only practices representing a significant portion of the total for the period are included in the above chart. Practices not included are summed into the All Other category.

    Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation (including practice count) by Fiscal Year
    CRP Water Quality Practices
    Practice Name Practice Code 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013
    Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count
    Waste Storage Facility 313 7
    1








    Conservation Cover 327 815,412
    30,119
    659,059
    24,607
    1,183,876
    37,133
    1,193,281
    35,559
    1,003,496
    26,992
    Contour Buffer Strips 332 8,465
    431
    11,506
    648
    6,710
    413
    2,804
    297
    1,385
    132
    Cover Crop 340 35,750
    994
    23,463
    733
    51,980
    1,060
    113,733
    1,504
    59,216
    753
    Critical Area Planting 342 29,047
    1,058
    40,059
    1,201
    42,332
    1,076
    35,272
    820
    15,350
    404
    Sediment Basin 350 50
    1




    8
    4
    159
    2
    Water Well Decommissioning 351





    501
    4
    1,814
    10
    Diversion 362 106
    2
    8
    1
    58
    1


    73
    1
    Windbreak/Shelterbelt Establishment 380 39,052
    1,513
    32,311
    1,142
    26,746
    1,027
    20,963
    910
    9,318
    535
    Riparian Herbaceous Cover 390 8,473
    415
    8,598
    643
    8,786
    728
    8,172
    679
    9,079
    639
    Riparian Forest Buffer 391 44,162
    2,762
    18,728
    2,138
    17,448
    2,171
    38,347
    1,745
    9,138
    1,227
    Filter Strip 393 109,216
    8,704
    96,508
    7,031
    72,287
    5,671
    48,331
    4,369
    39,049
    3,841
    Stream Habitat Improvement and Management 395 503
    13
    157
    3
    1
    1


    6
    1
    Grade Stabilization Structure 410 16,077
    560
    11,675
    467
    18,142
    541
    12,437
    391
    7,484
    327
    Grassed Waterway 412 165,075
    5,394
    166,500
    5,450
    183,510
    5,401
    149,115
    4,992
    78,146
    4,003
    Irrigation System, Microirrigation 441 31
    6
    9
    6
    8
    8
    19
    4
    167
    2
    Access Control 472 588,607
    23,545
    518,548
    20,466
    1,054,263
    30,117
    968,877
    26,196
    754,069
    18,718
    Mulching 484 33,858
    787
    30,241
    718
    27,936
    714
    22,358
    449
    8,762
    253
    Prescribed Grazing 528 175,357
    1,567
    52,145
    788
    64,672
    1,049
    168,614
    1,915
    212,281
    2,010
    Access Road 560 5,745
    51
    2,057
    25
    349
    7
    285
    8
    488
    5
    Heavy Use Area Protection 561 1,026
    72
    966
    47
    430
    26
    392
    18
    520
    32
    Stream Crossing 578 1,443
    107
    1,082
    65
    1,248
    68
    1,440
    69
    447
    38
    Streambank and Shoreline Protection 580 1,183
    62
    93
    15
    10
    2


    13
    1
    Structure for Water Control 587 2,003
    83
    1,436
    72
    1,289
    48
    1,729
    68
    952
    19
    Nutrient Management 590 25,724
    1,631
    22,220
    1,051
    13,760
    711
    9,616
    286
    5,221
    232
    Integrated Pest Management (IPM) 595 365,264
    12,920
    359,996
    12,263
    593,084
    16,229
    523,555
    11,519
    240,598
    5,823
    Terrace 600 1,232
    21
    229
    2
    383
    6
    407
    13


    Toxic Salt Reduction 610 6,087
    243
    12,897
    542
    7,174
    285
    5,723
    211
    7,140
    232
    Tree/Shrub Establishment 612 45,249
    3,253
    52,027
    2,749
    47,465
    3,052
    28,913
    2,359
    22,901
    1,900
    Waste Recycling 633 21
    1


    147
    3




    Water and Sediment Control Basin 638 546
    12
    437
    17
    641
    16
    171
    8
    0
    1
    Windbreak/Shelterbelt Renovation 650

    2
    2
    267
    5
    34
    4
    3
    1
    Constructed Wetland 656 27
    4
    101
    6
    26
    5
    12
    2
    21
    4
    Wetland Restoration 657 92,871
    2,938
    84,904
    2,808
    78,212
    2,418
    66,333
    2,080
    45,978
    1,758
    Wetland Creation 658 1,399
    74
    1,218
    70
    279
    27
    534
    37
    398
    11
    Wetland Enhancement 659 17,751
    299
    14,414
    208
    13,366
    133
    1,844
    31
    491
    14
    Notes:
    • Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Conservation Planning Database, November 2013.
    • Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years.

    The following table includes program information under which the above practices related to Water Quality were applied. These data reflect the geographic extent of land treated with water quality practices by each conservation program during a fiscal year. Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years, but are only counted once per fiscal year.

    Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation (including practice count) Fiscal Year
    CRP Water Quality Practices
    2009 2010 2011 2012 2013
    Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count
    Land Unit Acres treated by at least one practice 1,402,986
    100,732
    1,055,626
    86,518
    1,772,552
    110,566
    1,778,886
    97,055
    1,394,150
    70,240
    Notes:
    • Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Conservation Planning Database, November 2013.
    • Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years.

    Conservation Practices Related to Wetlands

    The following chart and table includes practices that are related to Wetlands. Healthy wetland ecosystems function to modulate drought and floods, provide wildlife habitat, filter pollutants, retain sediment, store carbon, and cycle nutrients. The goal of the wetland conservation practices is to restore, enhance and protect the quality and quantity of wetlands.

    Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation, FY 2009-2013
    Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation (including practice count) by Fiscal Year
    CRP Wetlands Practices
    Practice Name Practice Code 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013
    Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count
    Wetland Restoration 657 92,871
    2,938
    84,904
    2,808
    78,212
    2,418
    66,333
    2,080
    45,978
    1,758
    Wetland Creation 658 1,399
    74
    1,218
    70
    279
    27
    534
    37
    398
    11
    Wetland Enhancement 659 17,751
    299
    14,414
    208
    13,366
    133
    1,844
    31
    491
    14
    Notes:
    • Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Conservation Planning Database, November 2013.
    • Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years.

    The following table includes program information under which the above practices related to Wetlands were applied. These data reflect the geographic extent of land treated with wetland conservation practices by each conservation program during a fiscal year. Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years, but are only counted once per fiscal year.

    Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation (including practice count) Fiscal Year
    CRP Wetlands Practices
    2009 2010 2011 2012 2013
    Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count
    Land Unit Acres treated by at least one practice 92,570
    3,311
    83,301
    3,086
    81,214
    2,578
    63,379
    2,148
    43,912
    1,783
    Notes:
    • Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Conservation Planning Database, November 2013.
    • Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years.

    More Information

    The data in this report can be downloaded here.


    For more information about NRCS Conservation Programs, visit http://www.nrcs.usda.gov/programs/

    Citation for this website:
    U.S. Department of Agriculture.
    Financial Management Modernization Initiative (FMMI) November 2014
    Foundation Financial Information System (FFIS) December 2011
    National Conservation Planning Database November 2013
    Natural Resources Conservation Service, Washington, DC. 28 February 2015*
    <http:http://www.nrcs.usda.gov/Internet/NRCS_RCA/reports/fb08_cp_crp.html>

    *[use date the website was accessed]