NRCS Conservation Programs

Conservation Reserve Program (CRP)

The Conservation Reserve Program (CRP) is a voluntary program for agricultural landowners providing annual rental payments and cost-share assistance to establish long-term, resource conserving covers on eligible farmland. The Commodity Credit Corporation (CCC) makes annual rental payments based on the agriculture rental value of the land, and it provides cost-share assistance for up to 50 percent of the participant's costs in establishing approved conservation practices. Participants enroll in CRP contracts for 10 to 15 years. USDA's Farm Service Agency administers CRP, while technical support functions are provided by USDA's Natural Resource Conservation Service (NRCS), USDA's National Institute of Food and Agriculture, State forestry agencies, local soil and water conservation districts, and private sector providers of technical assistance. Acreage enrolled in the CRP is planted to resource-conserving vegetative covers, which protects millions of acres of topsoil from erosion, improves water quality by reducing runoff and sedimentation, and provides wildlife habitat.

In 2014 CRP changed from a reimbursable to a direct program. Before FY 2014, CRP only includes reimbursable technical assistance funds used to plan and apply conservation practices. Data shown here do not include financial obligations made by the Farm Service Agency to landowners.

To learn more see CRP

Financial Information: Total Obligations | Technical Assistance | Reimbursable
Conservation Practice Implementation Reports: by State | by State and Conservation Practices related to: Cropland Soil Quality | Fish and Wildlife Habitat | Water Quality| Wetlands


Financial Information

The Financial Information section presents data from the USDA Office of the Chief Financial Officer's Financial Management Modernization Initiative (FMMI) system and its predecessor, the Foundation Financial Information System (FFIS). The Financial Information presented here is Total Obligations which the Government Accountability Office defines as binding agreements (orders placed, contracts awarded, services rendered, etc.) that will result in outlays, immediately or in the future. Before obligations can be incurred, budgetary resources must be made available by Congress. The obligations displayed for each year are the total obligations reported as of the end of each fiscal year. Subsequent adjustments after the close of the fiscal year are not included.

There are two categories of Total Obligations presented below:

  • Technical Assistance (TA) Obligations refer to the scientific expertise, natural resource data, tools, and technology that USDA NRCS personnel provide to help producers, landowners, and communities develop conservation plans and implement conservation practices to solve natural resource problems at the field, operation, or larger landscape scales. NRCS is the lead agency for providing technical assistance for USDA.
  • Reimbursable funds can be used to provide Technical or Financial Assistance, but are received from sources other than NRCS. They can also be transfers from or agreements with other Federal agencies.

The table below shows the funding associated with the application of conservation practices. It does not include the rental payments that the Farm Service Agency makes to landowners.

Total Obligations, by Fiscal Year and Type
CRP Total Obligations, by Fiscal Year
In thousands of dollars
Division 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
Alabama $443.9
$654.1
$1,996.4
$985.4
$1,315.4
$533.2
$438.7
Alaska $145.6
$7.8
$58.2
$1.8
$19.1
$31.0
$18.7
Arizona $9.9




$35.6
$39.9
Arkansas $639.4
$741.8
$796.2
$596.1
$567.3
$456.0
$978.8
California $74.3
$47.5
$358.4
$403.9
$72.1
$74.5
$124.4
Caribbean $5.4
$3.5



$12.4
$13.4
Colorado $551.5
$928.3
$3,663.1
$2,437.5
$1,523.5
$719.6
$915.4
Connecticut
$0.5
$2.3
$13.5
$8.4
$13.7
$16.8
Delaware $59.1
$42.2
$96.0
$85.1
$43.5
$24.0
$40.5
Florida $101.7
$153.7
$238.0
$333.9
$118.8
$124.9
$129.9
Georgia $503.0
$654.6
$1,147.8
$704.3
$721.6
$239.6
$1,308.3
Hawaii/Pacific $2.2
$24.5
$128.4
$289.6
$37.6
$22.1
$91.1
Idaho $381.8
$497.9
$1,144.6
$1,094.1
$830.7
$618.4
$484.5
Illinois $4,108.8
$5,405.3
$10,063.7
$11,994.4
$5,539.0
$6,308.1
$9,585.8
Indiana $3,475.0
$3,881.5
$6,881.7
$6,399.4
$5,102.2
$3,777.5
$6,658.6
Iowa $4,368.1
$6,158.3
$7,153.8
$6,219.6
$5,717.2
$9,368.7
$9,602.0
Kansas $2,080.3
$3,648.9
$6,536.1
$3,188.5
$2,591.5
$2,279.6
$2,251.1
Kentucky $2,094.9
$2,118.4
$2,086.9
$2,159.6
$2,004.0
$1,490.2
$1,392.9
Louisiana $634.5
$304.0
$439.3
$475.5
$149.8
$386.8
$197.3
Maine $83.6
$77.4
$137.9
$138.3
$83.1
$29.4
$41.3
Maryland $623.9
$207.6
$722.0
$925.6
$712.4
$581.2
$924.7
Massachusetts $9.3
$0.1
$52.5
$10.1

$22.3
$17.6
Michigan $828.1
$890.1
$1,397.6
$697.9
$646.6
$712.1
$797.7
Minnesota $4,441.4
$3,621.8
$7,986.4
$9,968.5
$5,870.7
$4,904.5
$7,685.6
Mississippi $1,057.3
$765.8
$4,537.9
$2,369.9
$1,644.0
$2,446.2
$857.2
Missouri $2,512.0
$2,652.9
$7,332.0
$4,152.4
$6,205.3
$1,670.1
$2,119.9
Montana $1,150.9
$916.0
$1,639.6
$1,303.0
$1,093.5
$286.7
$435.7
Nebraska $1,945.8
$2,240.6
$3,459.6
$2,633.6
$1,940.3
$2,253.5
$2,600.6
Nevada

$2.8
$1.0
$0.6
$14.1
$16.9
New Hampshire $5.0




$11.2
$10.7
New Jersey $118.6
$73.6
$162.1
$134.7
$102.3
$71.8
$86.4
New Mexico $198.2
$287.6
$602.2
$474.9
$302.3
$282.1
$316.4
New York $392.2
$212.9
$347.9
$355.3
$168.6
$216.7
$334.3
North Carolina $696.7
$532.2
$1,097.2
$636.3
$581.7
$613.3
$699.8
North Dakota $3,790.8
$2,100.9
$3,037.1
$2,737.2
$2,397.9
$1,555.4
$3,445.5
Ohio $2,722.5
$4,961.7
$2,793.9
$5,452.2
$3,494.2
$5,437.1
$3,631.8
Oklahoma $542.6
$361.9
$2,721.9
$1,296.0
$1,202.4
$570.9
$136.7
Oregon $539.7
$278.1
$1,147.4
$689.4
$632.0
$521.1
$528.1
Pennsylvania $2,051.8
$1,441.0
$1,279.7
$2,423.9
$1,184.5
$2,396.1
$1,451.5
Rhode Island $0.2




$13.5
$10.8
South Carolina $820.5
$459.0
$791.4
$1,186.2
$540.8
$680.3
$547.8
South Dakota $2,930.1
$3,627.4
$3,428.3
$3,083.3
$2,216.0
$3,940.0
$2,823.8
Tennessee $878.3
$746.9
$1,046.4
$914.3
$622.4
$411.6
$516.7
Texas $1,037.4
$2,213.7
$6,289.8
$2,401.3
$2,397.0
$2,814.7
$1,679.5
Utah $28.7
$174.5
$1,109.0
$310.4
$107.7
$70.2
$238.6
Vermont $98.1
$99.4
$88.3
$105.5
$60.3
$39.2
$66.3
Virginia $946.9
$563.7
$837.5
$650.6
$847.6
$385.7
$1,030.2
Washington $289.5
$300.9
$1,395.9
$1,658.1
$942.8
$368.9
$795.4
West Virginia $240.0
$92.8
$109.2
$137.5
$41.2
$102.6
$101.2
Wisconsin $1,909.7
$1,449.1
$2,845.8
$2,899.0
$2,052.6
$1,321.1
$1,099.1
Wyoming $177.5
$169.8
$655.9
$573.1
$282.4
$204.3
$169.0
Other $3,167.4
$2,770.8
$21,001.4
$13,819.5
$184.5
$4,055.0
$3,303.3
Total $55,913.8
$59,563.2
$122,847.5
$101,520.9
$64,919.4
$65,518.8
$72,808.1
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, 2012-2015 data from Financial Management Modernization Initiative (FMMI);
2009-2011 data from Foundation Financial Information System (FFIS).
• Caribbean includes Puerto Rico and U.S. Virgin Islands.
• Hawaii/Pacific includes Hawaii and the Pacific Basin.
• Other indicates Headquarters, Regional, or other non-State divisions.
• In 2014 CRP changed from a reimbursable to a direct program. Before FY 2014, CRP only includes reimbursable technical assistance funds used to plan and apply conservation practices. Data shown here do not include financial obligations made by the Farm Service Agency to landowners.
• Totals may not exactly match sum over divisions due to rounding.

CRP Technical Assistance Obligations,
by Fiscal Year
In thousands of dollars
Division 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
Alabama




$533.2
$438.7
Alaska




$31.0
$18.7
Arizona




$35.6
$39.9
Arkansas




$456.0
$978.8
California




$73.5
$124.4
Caribbean




$12.4
$13.4
Colorado




$719.6
$915.4
Connecticut




$13.7
$16.8
Delaware




$24.0
$40.5
Florida




$124.9
$129.9
Georgia




$239.6
$1,308.3
Hawaii/Pacific




$22.1
$91.1
Idaho




$618.4
$484.5
Illinois




$6,308.1
$9,585.8
Indiana




$3,777.5
$6,658.6
Iowa




$9,368.7
$9,602.0
Kansas




$2,271.6
$2,251.1
Kentucky




$1,490.2
$1,392.9
Louisiana




$386.8
$197.3
Maine




$29.4
$41.3
Maryland




$581.2
$924.7
Massachusetts




$22.3
$17.6
Michigan




$712.1
$797.7
Minnesota




$4,904.5
$7,685.6
Mississippi




$2,446.2
$857.2
Missouri




$1,670.1
$2,119.9
Montana




$286.7
$435.7
Nebraska




$2,253.5
$2,600.6
Nevada




$14.1
$16.9
New Hampshire




$11.2
$10.7
New Jersey




$71.8
$86.4
New Mexico




$282.1
$316.4
New York




$216.7
$334.3
North Carolina




$613.3
$699.8
North Dakota




$1,555.4
$3,445.5
Ohio




$5,437.1
$3,631.8
Oklahoma




$570.9
$136.7
Oregon




$521.1
$528.1
Pennsylvania




$2,396.1
$1,451.5
Rhode Island




$13.5
$10.8
South Carolina




$680.3
$547.8
South Dakota




$3,940.0
$2,823.8
Tennessee




$411.6
$516.7
Texas




$2,814.7
$1,679.5
Utah




$70.2
$238.6
Vermont




$39.2
$66.3
Virginia




$385.7
$1,030.2
Washington




$368.9
$795.4
West Virginia




$102.6
$101.2
Wisconsin




$1,321.1
$1,099.1
Wyoming




$204.3
$169.0
Other




$4,055.0
$3,303.3
Total




$65,509.8
$72,808.1
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, 2012-2015 data from Financial Management Modernization Initiative (FMMI);
2009-2011 data from Foundation Financial Information System (FFIS).
• Caribbean includes Puerto Rico and U.S. Virgin Islands.
• Hawaii/Pacific includes Hawaii and the Pacific Basin.
• Other indicates Headquarters, Regional, or other non-State divisions.
• In 2014 CRP changed from a reimbursable to a direct program. Before FY 2014, CRP only includes reimbursable technical assistance funds used to plan and apply conservation practices. Data shown here do not include financial obligations made by the Farm Service Agency to landowners.
• Totals may not exactly match sum over divisions due to rounding.

CRP Reimbursable Obligations,
by Fiscal Year
In thousands of dollars
Division 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
Alabama $443.9
$654.1
$1,996.4
$985.4
$1,315.4


Alaska $145.6
$7.8
$58.2
$1.8
$19.1


Arizona $9.9






Arkansas $639.4
$741.8
$796.2
$596.1
$567.3


California $74.3
$47.5
$358.4
$403.9
$72.1
$1.0

Caribbean $5.4
$3.5





Colorado $551.5
$928.3
$3,663.1
$2,437.5
$1,523.5


Connecticut
$0.5
$2.3
$13.5
$8.4


Delaware $59.1
$42.2
$96.0
$85.1
$43.5


Florida $101.7
$153.7
$238.0
$333.9
$118.8


Georgia $503.0
$654.6
$1,147.8
$704.3
$721.6


Hawaii/Pacific $2.2
$24.5
$128.4
$289.6
$37.6


Idaho $381.8
$497.9
$1,144.6
$1,094.1
$830.7


Illinois $4,108.8
$5,405.3
$10,063.7
$11,994.4
$5,539.0


Indiana $3,475.0
$3,881.5
$6,881.7
$6,399.4
$5,102.2


Iowa $4,368.1
$6,158.3
$7,153.8
$6,219.6
$5,717.2


Kansas $2,080.3
$3,648.9
$6,536.1
$3,188.5
$2,591.5
$8.0

Kentucky $2,094.9
$2,118.4
$2,086.9
$2,159.6
$2,004.0


Louisiana $634.5
$304.0
$439.3
$475.5
$149.8


Maine $83.6
$77.4
$137.9
$138.3
$83.1


Maryland $623.9
$207.6
$722.0
$925.6
$712.4


Massachusetts $9.3
$0.1
$52.5
$10.1



Michigan $828.1
$890.1
$1,397.6
$697.9
$646.6


Minnesota $4,441.4
$3,621.8
$7,986.4
$9,968.5
$5,870.7


Mississippi $1,057.3
$765.8
$4,537.9
$2,369.9
$1,644.0


Missouri $2,512.0
$2,652.9
$7,332.0
$4,152.4
$6,205.3


Montana $1,150.9
$916.0
$1,639.6
$1,303.0
$1,093.5


Nebraska $1,945.8
$2,240.6
$3,459.6
$2,633.6
$1,940.3


Nevada

$2.8
$1.0
$0.6


New Hampshire $5.0






New Jersey $118.6
$73.6
$162.1
$134.7
$102.3


New Mexico $198.2
$287.6
$602.2
$474.9
$302.3


New York $392.2
$212.9
$347.9
$355.3
$168.6


North Carolina $696.7
$532.2
$1,097.2
$636.3
$581.7


North Dakota $3,790.8
$2,100.9
$3,037.1
$2,737.2
$2,397.9


Ohio $2,722.5
$4,961.7
$2,793.9
$5,452.2
$3,494.2


Oklahoma $542.6
$361.9
$2,721.9
$1,296.0
$1,202.4


Oregon $539.7
$278.1
$1,147.4
$689.4
$632.0


Pennsylvania $2,051.8
$1,441.0
$1,279.7
$2,423.9
$1,184.5


Rhode Island $0.2






South Carolina $820.5
$459.0
$791.4
$1,186.2
$540.8


South Dakota $2,930.1
$3,627.4
$3,428.3
$3,083.3
$2,216.0


Tennessee $878.3
$746.9
$1,046.4
$914.3
$622.4


Texas $1,037.4
$2,213.7
$6,289.8
$2,401.3
$2,397.0


Utah $28.7
$174.5
$1,109.0
$310.4
$107.7


Vermont $98.1
$99.4
$88.3
$105.5
$60.3


Virginia $946.9
$563.7
$837.5
$650.6
$847.6


Washington $289.5
$300.9
$1,395.9
$1,658.1
$942.8


West Virginia $240.0
$92.8
$109.2
$137.5
$41.2


Wisconsin $1,909.7
$1,449.1
$2,845.8
$2,899.0
$2,052.6


Wyoming $177.5
$169.8
$655.9
$573.1
$282.4


Other $3,167.4
$2,770.8
$21,001.4
$13,819.5
$184.5


Total $55,913.8
$59,563.2
$122,847.5
$101,520.9
$64,919.4
$9.0

Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, 2012-2015 data from Financial Management Modernization Initiative (FMMI);
2009-2011 data from Foundation Financial Information System (FFIS).
• Caribbean includes Puerto Rico and U.S. Virgin Islands.
• Hawaii/Pacific includes Hawaii and the Pacific Basin.
• Other indicates Headquarters, Regional, or other non-State divisions.
• In 2014 CRP changed from a reimbursable to a direct program. Before FY 2014, CRP only includes reimbursable technical assistance funds used to plan and apply conservation practices. Data shown here do not include financial obligations made by the Farm Service Agency to landowners.
• Totals may not exactly match sum over divisions due to rounding.

Conservation Practice Implementation

Conservation practices are planned and applied at the land unit level. The land unit is the smallest unit of land that has a permanent or contiguous boundary, a common land cover and land management, and a common owner or a common producer. The following tables include data for the fiscal years since enactment of the 2008 Food, Conservation, and Energy Act (Farm Bill) in 2009.

As conservation practices are measured in different units (acres, feet, square feet, etc.), the challenge for reporting performance at various levels is how to aggregate across practices. Although practices may affect resources beyond the land unit boundary, or be applied only on part of the land unit, the land unit does provide a common metric to aggregate over practices since each applied practice is associated with a specific land unit. Analysis of the data reveals that most practices are measured in acres and most of the practice applied amounts match the land unit acres of the field on which the practice was applied. Therefore, land unit acreage is the metric on which the acres of land receiving conservation treatment are calculated.

The data presented in this section reflect the fiscal year in which conservation practices were applied, which can occur at any point during the duration of the CRP contract. Totals presented here are not comparable to program enrollment acres or contract acres.


Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation

The following table summarizes land unit acres by fiscal year. Here, land unit acres are counted once when the program has been used to apply one or more practices on that land unit in a given fiscal year. Therefore, land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation (including practice count),
by Fiscal Year
CRP Practices
State 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count
Alabama 14,324
2,691
17,154
2,168
20,226
2,983
21,455
2,597
10,056
1,137
5,761
620
4,803
777
Alaska 1,528
3
5,474
14


4,048
20






Arkansas 18,021
2,249
19,325
2,496
24,893
2,121
18,267
1,966
8,135
869
1,907
148
1,001
281
California 48,869
1,554
35,490
983
29,266
866
20,250
792
2,486
103


174
2
Caribbean







10
1




Colorado 243,479
3,047
159,868
2,549
336,579
5,421
300,128
4,348
342,504
5,934
257,065
4,461
175,631
2,756
Delaware 66
18
22
14
78
40
225
202
33
15
113
50
6
3
Florida 562
21
32
1
845
40
222
14
492
53
40
4
1,490
140
Georgia 10,231
1,685
7,406
1,212
6,964
1,237
3,138
424
2,698
460
634
129
644
188
Hawaii/Pacific

17
5
13
2
530
10
251
15
201
6
240
6
Idaho 72,046
4,246
50,917
3,050
47,206
1,707
34,447
1,486
45,729
1,505
48,136
1,612
22,814
691
Illinois 30,326
7,417
35,177
9,486
35,808
7,366
34,412
6,424
28,263
6,189
13,828
3,479
18,177
4,487
Indiana 78,487
4,239
66,807
3,999
69,353
4,459
53,548
3,885
30,670
2,708
17,955
1,921
18,283
1,677
Iowa 214,148
30,255
218,982
29,738
225,675
26,850
150,617
16,743
73,103
6,454
27,065
4,291
61,020
10,232
Kansas 159,295
13,398
159,273
13,815
447,360
27,348
372,784
20,912
224,106
11,183
126,218
5,857
77,114
3,264
Kentucky 16,167
2,846
15,761
2,886
10,453
1,615
10,614
1,654
19,137
2,348
13,702
2,043
8,613
2,218
Louisiana 16,634
1,533
20,864
2,467
23,267
3,008
12,156
1,736
7,473
1,406
2,262
160
4,131
477
Maine 1,100
116
121
1
473
71
1,209
120
242
37
182
25
7
1
Maryland 2,151
830
2,879
990
3,194
1,284
3,042
1,019
2,927
841
1,809
360
1,588
418
Massachusetts

9
5










Michigan 16,439
2,052
5,210
712
5,297
646
7,631
958
1,819
203
311
27
472
99
Minnesota 112,032
14,033
91,785
10,595
85,602
9,753
44,934
6,509
29,836
5,584
17,384
3,562
26,423
5,333
Mississippi 7,827
1,471
9,474
2,205
15,544
3,973
12,835
3,741
10,199
4,023
10,901
4,184
12,874
8,180
Missouri 76,849
14,448
55,617
12,443
65,288
12,392
58,386
8,386
47,252
5,953
18,631
2,657
17,908
2,221
Montana 8,178
306
6,188
450
30,897
1,386
70,958
2,158
87,355
2,451
17,183
601
34,156
2,038
Nebraska 69,763
7,041
40,767
5,152
85,090
7,278
166,038
10,783
112,314
6,929
78,230
6,245
38,900
4,027
Nevada









147
18


New Jersey 49
10
21
8
185
25
141
8
42
8
66
3
170
6
New Mexico 18,647
589
19,461
426
20,434
633
107,916
2,726
95,844
2,729
56,863
1,872
75,235
2,267
New York 677
174
1,199
205
618
106
1,129
190
446
130
392
60
240
59
North Carolina 7,440
2,450
3,254
1,471
3,816
1,507
3,102
749
3,663
801
1,432
368
2,248
860
North Dakota 96,745
4,522
93,840
5,843
107,569
4,845
109,897
3,898
90,661
6,039
37,571
2,743
20,079
1,331
Ohio 48,648
7,955
20,752
4,077
22,539
5,105
24,205
4,838
21,699
5,048
25,155
5,821
5,925
1,559
Oklahoma 17,866
268
7,078
67
13,918
430
32,758
543
38,189
329
21,576
801
4,873
158
Oregon 57,584
2,273
21,439
1,125
50,007
2,548
62,495
2,836
63,267
4,042
75,918
4,803
23,904
1,161
Pennsylvania 10,304
2,731
9,636
2,180
6,241
1,333
6,041
1,067
4,171
784
2,576
527
4,524
922
Rhode Island



28
1








South Carolina 975
223
2,878
681
2,666
318
957
139
731
77
945
82
555
166
South Dakota 176,164
11,741
99,503
6,942
103,215
6,833
156,467
8,956
155,882
8,807
68,429
6,029
58,995
4,855
Tennessee 11,443
2,483
9,209
1,951
22,627
4,524
25,228
5,135
13,958
2,590
10,391
2,295
9,281
2,413
Texas 114,212
1,807
64,499
1,188
85,827
1,777
45,755
847
34,771
998
35,559
981
37,182
1,716
Utah 822
27
182
7
11,569
331
33,817
712
13,531
327
7,329
95
1,298
16
Vermont 903
188
540
141
758
73
332
55
78
16
97
20


Virginia 15,461
2,958
7,040
1,333
10,537
1,791
7,321
1,824
2,870
532
1,336
301
1,449
400
Washington 40,656
2,296
21,709
1,632
120,554
8,536
188,176
13,408
179,632
12,972
119,851
5,378
13,296
832
West Virginia 1,004
70
1,747
74
122
44
171
38
658
56
176
23
135
22
Wisconsin 24,053
4,060
8,340
1,955
18,741
3,798
21,363
3,537
15,367
2,484
12,756
2,468
3,291
630
Wyoming 1,701
69
2,645
33
17,375
253
24,986
353
150
24
1,528
13


Total 1,863,877
162,393
1,419,590
138,775
2,188,714
166,657
2,254,134
148,746
1,822,699
115,194
1,139,610
77,143
789,149
68,889
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Planning and Agreements Database, November 2015.
• Caribbean includes Puerto Rico and U.S. Virgin Islands.
• Hawaii/Pacific includes Hawaii and the Pacific Basin.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation by Practice

The following set of chart/table combinations present conservation practice data grouped by purpose: Cropland Soil Quality, Fish and Wildlife Habitat, Water Quality, and Wetlands. Any practices not included in one of these groups are included in an All Other category. Data for practices in the All Other category can be downloaded in the Farm Bill Conservation Programs Profile csv file.

Note that there is some overlap between these groupings, since some practices address multiple resource concerns. Here land unit acres are counted each time a practice is applied on that land unit in the fiscal year. Therefore land unit acres may be counted multiple times across practices, practice groupings, and fiscal years. To learn more about specific conservation practices, see the National Handbook of Conservation Practices.


Conservation Practices Related to Cropland Soil Quality

The following chart and table includes practices that are related to Cropland Soil Quality Management. The six components of soil quality management are: enhancing organic matter, avoiding excessive tillage, managing pests and nutrients efficiently, preventing soil compaction, keeping the ground covered, and diversifying cropping systems. Choosing specific practices within each component depends on the situation since different types of soil respond differently to the same practice. Each combination of soil type and land use calls for a different set of practices to enhance soil quality. Note that only practices applied on cropland or hay land are included.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation, FY 2009-2015

Only practices representing a significant portion of the total for the period are included in the above chart. Practices not included are summed into the All Other category.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation (including practice count) by Fiscal Year
CRP Cropland Soil Quality Practices
Practice Name Practice Code 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count
Deep Tillage 324 26
2
3,121
77
1,844
72
1,243
51
90
2


10
1
Conservation Cover 327 778,606
28,299
629,409
23,140
1,140,067
35,366
1,162,163
34,243
963,663
25,812
657,344
18,774
479,617
15,961
Conservation Crop Rotation 328 24,109
556
13,321
299
8,835
241
20,622
301
8,907
171
3,667
89
4,875
117
Residue and Tillage Management, No-Till/Strip Till/Direct Seed 329 7,858
270
3,164
100
1,416
41
3,953
95
3,815
75
761
32
968
30
Contour Farming 330 372
8
338
20
102
6
86
3
72
7
127
3


Contour Buffer Strips 332 8,435
429
11,494
640
6,674
408
2,804
297
1,332
121
722
103
57
41
Cover Crop 340 35,364
978
19,745
716
51,688
1,056
113,049
1,499
59,063
751
48,484
597
23,868
254
Critical Area Planting 342 26,914
959
39,243
1,108
38,890
990
34,369
729
14,997
351
8,991
236
4,867
391
Residue Management, Seasonal 344 4,915
80
2,368
44
882
17
3,889
49
455
8
243
7
655
7
Residue and Tillage Management, Mulch Till 345 10,165
240
6,295
106
6,392
119
9,631
76
2,822
49
730
19
1,117
47
Diversion 362 106
2
8
1
58
1


73
1




Windbreak/Shelterbelt Establishment 380 37,232
1,374
32,105
1,079
26,616
975
20,553
851
9,176
509
16,693
469
14,068
495
Field Border 386 20,056
1,917
17,027
1,817
14,145
1,068
8,115
731
3,476
329
2,302
272
5,111
955
Riparian Forest Buffer 391 9,573
989
8,603
989
7,202
687
7,325
813
4,866
668
3,355
616
9,609
977
Grade Stabilization Structure 410 15,447
552
11,347
457
17,913
534
12,200
384
7,477
326
4,150
172
3,751
224
Grassed Waterway 412 164,470
5,338
165,823
5,404
182,993
5,362
148,966
4,972
77,920
3,984
43,313
2,429
36,969
1,953
Irrigation Water Management 449 394
6
599
2
612
6
3
1


1,125
11
609
7
Lined Waterway or Outlet 468 5,012
127
11,690
222
11,439
239
8,302
180
6,247
145
3,043
82
2,479
56
Mulching 484 33,126
754
29,760
697
27,715
685
21,865
435
8,313
247
18,802
359
13,679
503
Forage and Biomass Planting 512 4,174
153
3,835
123
7,922
190
24,864
347
27,301
283
35,975
208
16,407
247
Stripcropping 585 321
5
40
5
1
1
36
13
64
1


148
3
Cross Wind Trap Strips 589C 8
4
16
11
16
11








Nutrient Management 590 24,825
1,527
20,443
998
13,354
670
9,491
247
5,189
229
616
49
1,705
98
Integrated Pest Management (IPM) 595 341,056
11,961
339,999
11,549
580,172
15,787
509,868
11,152
228,200
5,545
149,617
3,128
129,979
2,737
Terrace 600 1,232
21
229
2
383
6
407
13


94
2
151
1
Herbaceous Wind Barriers 603



21
1








Subsurface Drain 606 39,641
1,232
42,279
1,016
37,128
1,008
34,233
858
16,243
680
16,742
493
9,172
248
Toxic Salt Reduction 610 5,078
182
12,499
519
6,993
278
5,636
207
7,085
230
1,671
74
1,169
77
Underground Outlet 620 4,706
116
4,767
129
1,921
98
1,085
46
493
64
71
14
206
18
Water and Sediment Control Basin 638 518
11
387
16
641
16
171
8
0
1
54
1
24
1
Windbreak/Shelterbelt Renovation 650

2
2
267
5
34
4
3
1


5
1
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Planning and Agreements Database, November 2015.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years.

The following table includes program information under which the above practices related to Cropland Soil Quality Management were applied. These data reflect the geographic extent of cropland treated with soil quality practices by each conservation program during a fiscal year. Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years, but are only counted once per fiscal year.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation (including practice count) Fiscal Year
CRP Cropland Soil Quality Practices
2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count
Land Unit Acres treated by at least one practice 1,014,757
58,092
853,085
51,288
1,427,578
65,944
1,405,595
58,605
979,064
40,590
670,210
28,239
454,675
25,450
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Planning and Agreements Database, November 2015.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years.

Conservation Practices Related to Fish and Wildlife

The following chart and table includes practices that are related to Fish and Wildlife Habitat Management. The environment that NRCS helps its clients conserve, maintain, and improve is also habitat for fish and wildlife and other biological resources. While every practice and management action taken on the land has some effect on biological resources, the following practices are specifically related to fish and wildlife habitat.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation, FY 2009-2015

Only practices representing a significant portion of the total for the period are included in the above chart. Practices not included are summed into the All Other category.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation (including practice count) by Fiscal Year
CRP Fish and Wildlife Practices
Practice Name Practice Code 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count
Conservation Cover 327 815,412
30,119
659,059
24,607
1,183,876
37,133
1,193,281
35,559
1,003,496
26,992
682,078
19,925
507,073
17,164
Riparian Herbaceous Cover 390 8,473
415
8,598
643
8,786
728
8,172
679
9,079
639
3,881
335
7,457
355
Riparian Forest Buffer 391 44,162
2,762
18,728
2,138
17,448
2,171
38,347
1,745
9,138
1,227
5,715
966
16,441
1,340
Stream Habitat Improvement and Management 395 503
13
157
3
1
1


6
1




Hedgerow Planting 422



55
13
615
16
120
7
19
4


Access Control 472 588,607
23,545
518,548
20,466
1,054,263
30,117
968,877
26,196
754,069
18,718
498,867
12,739
343,436
11,966
Streambank and Shoreline Protection 580 1,183
62
93
15
10
2


13
1




Restoration and Management of Rare or Declining Habitats 643 43,936
2,069
51,761
2,115
130,730
4,173
112,865
2,698
118,532
2,233
94,116
1,527
74,287
1,176
Wetland Wildlife Habitat Management 644 73,348
2,004
70,849
2,110
59,653
1,456
55,097
1,624
30,703
1,257
18,945
770
19,313
818
Upland Wildlife Habitat Management 645 897,346
34,799
694,704
28,086
914,681
28,160
882,797
25,220
670,036
20,063
425,770
12,559
291,992
10,932
Shallow Water Development and Management 646 927
97
1,309
160
861
123
932
144
847
67
301
50
127
31
Early Successional Habitat Development/Management 647 93,785
5,484
72,196
5,027
138,737
6,332
122,610
5,476
107,138
5,953
115,776
5,187
81,966
3,067
Wetland Restoration 657 92,871
2,938
84,904
2,808
78,212
2,418
66,333
2,080
45,978
1,758
29,002
1,045
43,745
1,166
Wetland Creation 658 1,399
74
1,218
70
279
27
534
37
398
11
116
21
26
4
Wetland Enhancement 659 17,751
299
14,414
208
13,366
133
1,844
31
491
14
120
16
120
14
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Planning and Agreements Database, November 2015.
• Watering Facility (614) is not included in the above table. It is included for the purposes of this report in the All Other Practices category.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years.

The following table includes program information under which the above practices related to Fish and Wildlife Management were applied. These data reflect the geographic extent of the land treated with fish and wildlife habitat practices by each conservation program during a fiscal year. Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years, but are only counted once per fiscal year.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation (including practice count) Fiscal Year
CRP Fish and Wildlife Practices
2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count
Land Unit Acres treated by at least one practice 1,357,251
104,680
1,112,755
88,456
1,864,391
112,987
1,736,395
101,505
1,360,133
78,941
927,722
55,144
672,320
48,033
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Planning and Agreements Database, November 2015.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years.

Conservation Practices Related to Water Quality

The following chart and table includes practices that are related to Water Quality. Water quality is an indicator of the health of our environment and reflects what occurs on the land. The primary water quality issues from agriculture are sediment, nutrients, pesticides, pathogens, and in some parts of the country, salinity. Using conservation practices to improve land in an environmentally sound manner will result in better water quality for drinking, recreation, wildlife, fisheries and industry.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation, FY 2009-2015

Only practices representing a significant portion of the total for the period are included in the above chart. Practices not included are summed into the All Other category.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation (including practice count) by Fiscal Year
CRP Water Quality Practices
Practice Name Practice Code 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count
Waste Storage Facility 313 7
1












Conservation Cover 327 815,412
30,119
659,059
24,607
1,183,876
37,133
1,193,281
35,559
1,003,496
26,992
682,078
19,925
507,073
17,164
Conservation Crop Rotation 328 24,131
559
13,326
301
8,835
241
20,654
308
8,965
179
3,667
89
4,875
117
Residue and Tillage Management, No-Till/Strip Till/Direct Seed 329 7,858
270
3,164
100
1,416
41
3,981
97
3,815
75
761
32
968
30
Contour Farming 330 372
8
338
20
102
6
86
3
73
8
187
19


Contour Buffer Strips 332 8,465
431
11,506
648
6,710
413
2,804
297
1,385
132
725
104
57
41
Cover Crop 340 35,750
994
23,463
733
51,980
1,060
113,733
1,504
59,216
753
49,143
605
23,938
257
Critical Area Planting 342 29,047
1,058
40,059
1,201
42,332
1,076
35,272
820
15,350
404
10,107
247
5,030
400
Residue and Tillage Management, Mulch Till 345 10,165
240
6,295
106
6,392
119
9,637
81
2,880
56
730
19
1,117
47
Sediment Basin 350 50
1




8
4
159
2




Water Well Decommissioning 351





501
4
1,814
10
277
2


Diversion 362 106
2
8
1
58
1


73
1


10
1
Windbreak/Shelterbelt Establishment 380 39,052
1,513
32,311
1,142
26,746
1,027
20,963
910
9,318
535
16,734
486
14,170
526
Riparian Herbaceous Cover 390 8,473
415
8,598
643
8,786
728
8,172
679
9,079
639
3,881
335
7,457
355
Riparian Forest Buffer 391 44,162
2,762
18,728
2,138
17,448
2,171
38,347
1,745
9,138
1,227
5,715
966
16,441
1,340
Filter Strip 393 109,216
8,704
96,508
7,031
72,287
5,671
48,331
4,369
39,049
3,841
20,112
2,310
14,536
1,965
Stream Habitat Improvement and Management 395 503
13
157
3
1
1


6
1




Grade Stabilization Structure 410 16,077
560
11,675
467
18,142
541
12,437
391
7,484
327
4,167
174
3,772
226
Grassed Waterway 412 165,075
5,394
166,500
5,450
183,510
5,401
149,115
4,992
78,146
4,003
43,353
2,462
37,485
2,007
Irrigation System, Microirrigation 441 31
6
9
6
8
8
19
4
167
2




Irrigation Water Management 449 394
7
599
2
612
6
4
2


1,125
11
609
7
Access Control 472 588,607
23,545
518,548
20,466
1,054,263
30,117
968,877
26,196
754,069
18,718
498,867
12,739
343,436
11,966
Mulching 484 33,858
787
30,241
718
27,936
714
22,358
449
8,762
253
19,022
387
14,154
527
Prescribed Grazing 528 175,357
1,567
52,145
788
64,672
1,049
168,614
1,915
212,281
2,010
84,596
731
22,303
268
Access Road 560 5,745
51
2,057
25
349
7
285
8
488
5
100
2
299
6
Heavy Use Area Protection 561 1,026
72
966
47
430
26
392
18
520
32
79
6
213
15
Stream Crossing 578 1,443
107
1,082
65
1,248
68
1,440
69
447
38
114
21
198
9
Streambank and Shoreline Protection 580 1,183
62
93
15
10
2


13
1




Stripcropping 585 321
5
40
5
1
1
36
13
64
1


148
3
Structure for Water Control 587 2,003
83
1,436
72
1,289
48
1,729
68
952
19
626
43
314
20
Nutrient Management 590 25,724
1,631
22,220
1,051
13,760
711
9,616
286
5,221
232
616
49
1,714
100
Integrated Pest Management (IPM) 595 365,264
12,920
359,996
12,263
593,084
16,229
523,555
11,519
240,598
5,823
155,261
3,287
138,873
2,981
Terrace 600 1,232
21
229
2
383
6
407
13


94
2
151
1
Toxic Salt Reduction 610 6,087
243
12,897
542
7,174
285
5,723
211
7,140
232
1,671
74
1,278
78
Tree/Shrub Establishment 612 45,249
3,253
52,027
2,749
47,465
3,052
28,913
2,359
22,901
1,900
11,541
1,051
12,130
837
Waste Recycling 633 21
1


147
3








Water and Sediment Control Basin 638 546
12
437
17
641
16
171
8
0
1
54
1
24
1
Windbreak/Shelterbelt Renovation 650

2
2
267
5
34
4
3
1


7
2
Constructed Wetland 656 27
4
101
6
26
5
12
2
21
4


71
1
Wetland Restoration 657 92,871
2,938
84,904
2,808
78,212
2,418
66,333
2,080
45,978
1,758
29,002
1,045
43,745
1,166
Wetland Creation 658 1,399
74
1,218
70
279
27
534
37
398
11
116
21
26
4
Wetland Enhancement 659 17,751
299
14,414
208
13,366
133
1,844
31
491
14
120
16
120
14
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Planning and Agreements Database, November 2015.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years.

The following table includes program information under which the above practices related to Water Quality were applied. These data reflect the geographic extent of land treated with water quality practices by each conservation program during a fiscal year. Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years, but are only counted once per fiscal year.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation (including practice count) Fiscal Year
CRP Water Quality Practices
2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count
Land Unit Acres treated by at least one practice 1,398,071
100,732
1,052,047
86,518
1,768,586
110,566
1,775,106
97,055
1,391,389
70,240
862,327
47,261
572,350
42,482
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Planning and Agreements Database, November 2015.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years.

Conservation Practices Related to Wetlands

The following chart and table includes practices that are related to Wetlands. Healthy wetland ecosystems function to modulate drought and floods, provide wildlife habitat, filter pollutants, retain sediment, store carbon, and cycle nutrients. The goal of the wetland conservation practices is to restore, enhance and protect the quality and quantity of wetlands.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation, FY 2009-2015
Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation (including practice count) by Fiscal Year
CRP Wetlands Practices
Practice Name Practice Code 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count
Wetland Restoration 657 92,871
2,938
84,904
2,808
78,212
2,418
66,333
2,080
45,978
1,758
29,002
1,045
43,745
1,166
Wetland Creation 658 1,399
74
1,218
70
279
27
534
37
398
11
116
21
26
4
Wetland Enhancement 659 17,751
299
14,414
208
13,366
133
1,844
31
491
14
120
16
120
14
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Planning and Agreements Database, November 2015.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years.

The following table includes program information under which the above practices related to Wetlands were applied. These data reflect the geographic extent of land treated with wetland conservation practices by each conservation program during a fiscal year. Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years, but are only counted once per fiscal year.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation (including practice count) Fiscal Year
CRP Wetlands Practices
2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count
Land Unit Acres treated by at least one practice 92,433
3,311
83,171
3,086
81,197
2,578
63,076
2,148
43,871
1,783
27,822
1,082
30,227
1,184
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Planning and Agreements Database, November 2015.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years.

More Information

The data in this report can be downloaded here.


For more information about NRCS Conservation Programs, visit http://www.nrcs.usda.gov/programs/

Citation for this website:
U.S. Department of Agriculture.
Financial Management Modernization Initiative (FMMI) 2012-2015 Data
Foundation Financial Information System (FFIS) 2009-2011 Data
ProTracts Program Contracts System October 2015
National Planning and Agreements Database November 2015
Natural Resources Conservation Service, Washington, DC. 30 September 2016*
<http:http://www.nrcs.usda.gov/Internet/NRCS_RCA/reports/fb08_cp_crp.html>

*[use date the website was accessed]