NRCS Conservation Programs

Conservation Reserve Program (CRP)

The Conservation Reserve Program (CRP) is a voluntary program for agricultural landowners providing annual rental payments and cost-share assistance to establish long-term, resource conserving covers on eligible farmland. The Commodity Credit Corporation (CCC) makes annual rental payments based on the agriculture rental value of the land, and it provides cost-share assistance for up to 50 percent of the participant's costs in establishing approved conservation practices. Participants enroll in CRP contracts for 10 to 15 years. USDA's Farm Service Agency administers CRP, while technical support functions are provided by USDA's Natural Resource Conservation Service (NRCS), USDA's National Institute of Food and Agriculture, State forestry agencies, local soil and water conservation districts, and private sector providers of technical assistance. Acreage enrolled in the CRP is planted to resource-conserving vegetative covers, which protects millions of acres of topsoil from erosion, improves water quality by reducing runoff and sedimentation, and provides wildlife habitat.

In 2014 CRP changed from a reimbursable to a direct program. Before FY 2014, CRP only includes reimbursable technical assistance funds used to plan and apply conservation practices. Data shown here do not include financial obligations made by the Farm Service Agency to landowners.

To learn more see CRP

Financial Information: Total Obligations | Technical Assistance | Reimbursable
Conservation Practice Implementation Reports: by State | by State and Conservation Practices related to: Cropland Soil Quality | Fish and Wildlife Habitat | Water Quality| Wetlands


Financial Information

The Financial Information section presents data from the USDA Office of the Chief Financial Officer's Financial Management Modernization Initiative (FMMI) system and its predecessor, the Foundation Financial Information System (FFIS). The Financial Information presented here is Total Obligations which the Government Accountability Office defines as binding agreements (orders placed, contracts awarded, services rendered, etc.) that will result in outlays, immediately or in the future. Before obligations can be incurred, budgetary resources must be made available by Congress. The obligations displayed for each year are the total obligations reported as of the end of each fiscal year. Subsequent adjustments after the close of the fiscal year are not included.

There are two categories of Total Obligations presented below:

  • Technical Assistance (TA) Obligations refer to the scientific expertise, natural resource data, tools, and technology that USDA NRCS personnel provide to help producers, landowners, and communities develop conservation plans and implement conservation practices to solve natural resource problems at the field, operation, or larger landscape scales. NRCS is the lead agency for providing technical assistance for USDA.
  • Reimbursable funds can be used to provide Technical or Financial Assistance, but are received from sources other than NRCS. They can also be transfers from or agreements with other Federal agencies.

The table below shows the funding associated with the application of conservation practices. It does not include the rental payments that the Farm Service Agency makes to landowners.

Total Obligations, by Fiscal Year and Type
CRP Total Obligations, by Fiscal Year
In thousands of dollars
Division 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014
Alabama $443.9
$654.1
$1,996.4
$985.4
$1,315.4
$533.2
Alaska $145.6
$7.8
$58.2
$1.8
$19.1
$31.0
Arizona $9.9




$35.6
Arkansas $639.4
$741.8
$796.2
$596.1
$567.3
$456.0
California $74.3
$47.5
$358.4
$403.9
$72.1
$74.5
Caribbean $5.4
$3.5



$12.4
Colorado $551.5
$928.3
$3,663.1
$2,437.5
$1,523.5
$719.6
Connecticut
$0.5
$2.3
$13.5
$8.4
$13.7
Delaware $59.1
$42.2
$96.0
$85.1
$43.5
$24.0
Florida $101.7
$153.7
$238.0
$333.9
$118.8
$124.9
Georgia $503.0
$654.6
$1,147.8
$704.3
$721.6
$239.6
Hawaii/Pacific $2.2
$24.5
$128.4
$289.6
$37.6
$22.1
Idaho $381.8
$497.9
$1,144.6
$1,094.1
$830.7
$618.4
Illinois $4,108.8
$5,405.3
$10,063.7
$11,994.4
$5,539.0
$6,308.1
Indiana $3,475.0
$3,881.5
$6,881.7
$6,399.4
$5,102.2
$3,777.5
Iowa $4,368.1
$6,158.3
$7,153.8
$6,219.6
$5,717.2
$9,368.7
Kansas $2,080.3
$3,648.9
$6,536.1
$3,188.5
$2,591.5
$2,279.6
Kentucky $2,094.9
$2,118.4
$2,086.9
$2,159.6
$2,004.0
$1,490.2
Louisiana $634.5
$304.0
$439.3
$475.5
$149.8
$386.8
Maine $83.6
$77.4
$137.9
$138.3
$83.1
$29.4
Maryland $623.9
$207.6
$722.0
$925.6
$712.4
$581.2
Massachusetts $9.3
$0.1
$52.5
$10.1

$22.3
Michigan $828.1
$890.1
$1,397.6
$697.9
$646.6
$712.1
Minnesota $4,441.4
$3,621.8
$7,986.4
$9,968.5
$5,870.7
$4,904.5
Mississippi $1,057.3
$765.8
$4,537.9
$2,369.9
$1,644.0
$2,446.2
Missouri $2,512.0
$2,652.9
$7,332.0
$4,152.4
$6,205.3
$1,670.1
Montana $1,150.9
$916.0
$1,639.6
$1,303.0
$1,093.5
$286.7
Nebraska $1,945.8
$2,240.6
$3,459.6
$2,633.6
$1,940.3
$2,253.5
Nevada

$2.8
$1.0
$0.6
$14.1
New Hampshire $5.0




$11.2
New Jersey $118.6
$73.6
$162.1
$134.7
$102.3
$71.8
New Mexico $198.2
$287.6
$602.2
$474.9
$302.3
$282.1
New York $392.2
$212.9
$347.9
$355.3
$168.6
$216.7
North Carolina $696.7
$532.2
$1,097.2
$636.3
$581.7
$613.3
North Dakota $3,790.8
$2,100.9
$3,037.1
$2,737.2
$2,397.9
$1,555.4
Ohio $2,722.5
$4,961.7
$2,793.9
$5,452.2
$3,494.2
$5,437.1
Oklahoma $542.6
$361.9
$2,721.9
$1,296.0
$1,202.4
$570.9
Oregon $539.7
$278.1
$1,147.4
$689.4
$632.0
$521.1
Pennsylvania $2,051.8
$1,441.0
$1,279.7
$2,423.9
$1,184.5
$2,396.1
Rhode Island $0.2




$13.5
South Carolina $820.5
$459.0
$791.4
$1,186.2
$540.8
$680.3
South Dakota $2,930.1
$3,627.4
$3,428.3
$3,083.3
$2,216.0
$3,940.0
Tennessee $878.3
$746.9
$1,046.4
$914.3
$622.4
$411.6
Texas $1,037.4
$2,213.7
$6,289.8
$2,401.3
$2,397.0
$2,814.7
Utah $28.7
$174.5
$1,109.0
$310.4
$107.7
$70.2
Vermont $98.1
$99.4
$88.3
$105.5
$60.3
$39.2
Virginia $946.9
$563.7
$837.5
$650.6
$847.6
$385.7
Washington $289.5
$300.9
$1,395.9
$1,658.1
$942.8
$368.9
West Virginia $240.0
$92.8
$109.2
$137.5
$41.2
$102.6
Wisconsin $1,909.7
$1,449.1
$2,845.8
$2,899.0
$2,052.6
$1,321.1
Wyoming $177.5
$169.8
$655.9
$573.1
$282.4
$204.3
Other $3,167.4
$2,770.8
$21,001.4
$13,819.5
$184.5
$4,055.0
Total $55,913.8
$59,563.2
$122,847.5
$101,520.9
$64,919.4
$65,518.8
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, 2012-2014 data from Financial Management Modernization Initiative (FMMI), November 2014;
2009-2011 data from Foundation Financial Information System (FFIS), December 2011.
• Caribbean includes Puerto Rico and U.S. Virgin Islands.
• Hawaii/Pacific includes Hawaii and the Pacific Basin.
• Other indicates Headquarters, Regional, or other non-State divisions.
• In 2014 CRP changed from a reimbursable to a direct program. Before FY 2014, CRP only includes reimbursable technical assistance funds used to plan and apply conservation practices. Data shown here do not include financial obligations made by the Farm Service Agency to landowners.
• Totals may not exactly match sum over divisions due to rounding.

CRP Technical Assistance Obligations,
by Fiscal Year
In thousands of dollars
Division 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014
Alabama




$533.2
Alaska




$31.0
Arizona




$35.6
Arkansas




$456.0
California




$73.5
Caribbean




$12.4
Colorado




$719.6
Connecticut




$13.7
Delaware




$24.0
Florida




$124.9
Georgia




$239.6
Hawaii/Pacific




$22.1
Idaho




$618.4
Illinois




$6,308.1
Indiana




$3,777.5
Iowa




$9,368.7
Kansas




$2,271.6
Kentucky




$1,490.2
Louisiana




$386.8
Maine




$29.4
Maryland




$581.2
Massachusetts




$22.3
Michigan




$712.1
Minnesota




$4,904.5
Mississippi




$2,446.2
Missouri




$1,670.1
Montana




$286.7
Nebraska




$2,253.5
Nevada




$14.1
New Hampshire




$11.2
New Jersey




$71.8
New Mexico




$282.1
New York




$216.7
North Carolina




$613.3
North Dakota




$1,555.4
Ohio




$5,437.1
Oklahoma




$570.9
Oregon




$521.1
Pennsylvania




$2,396.1
Rhode Island




$13.5
South Carolina




$680.3
South Dakota




$3,940.0
Tennessee




$411.6
Texas




$2,814.7
Utah




$70.2
Vermont




$39.2
Virginia




$385.7
Washington




$368.9
West Virginia




$102.6
Wisconsin




$1,321.1
Wyoming




$204.3
Other




$4,055.0
Total




$65,509.8
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, 2012-2014 data from Financial Management Modernization Initiative (FMMI), November 2014;
2009-2011 data from Foundation Financial Information System (FFIS), December 2011.
• Caribbean includes Puerto Rico and U.S. Virgin Islands.
• Hawaii/Pacific includes Hawaii and the Pacific Basin.
• Other indicates Headquarters, Regional, or other non-State divisions.
• In 2014 CRP changed from a reimbursable to a direct program. Before FY 2014, CRP only includes reimbursable technical assistance funds used to plan and apply conservation practices. Data shown here do not include financial obligations made by the Farm Service Agency to landowners.
• Totals may not exactly match sum over divisions due to rounding.

CRP Reimbursable Obligations,
by Fiscal Year
In thousands of dollars
Division 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014
Alabama $443.9
$654.1
$1,996.4
$985.4
$1,315.4

Alaska $145.6
$7.8
$58.2
$1.8
$19.1

Arizona $9.9





Arkansas $639.4
$741.8
$796.2
$596.1
$567.3

California $74.3
$47.5
$358.4
$403.9
$72.1
$1.0
Caribbean $5.4
$3.5




Colorado $551.5
$928.3
$3,663.1
$2,437.5
$1,523.5

Connecticut
$0.5
$2.3
$13.5
$8.4

Delaware $59.1
$42.2
$96.0
$85.1
$43.5

Florida $101.7
$153.7
$238.0
$333.9
$118.8

Georgia $503.0
$654.6
$1,147.8
$704.3
$721.6

Hawaii/Pacific $2.2
$24.5
$128.4
$289.6
$37.6

Idaho $381.8
$497.9
$1,144.6
$1,094.1
$830.7

Illinois $4,108.8
$5,405.3
$10,063.7
$11,994.4
$5,539.0

Indiana $3,475.0
$3,881.5
$6,881.7
$6,399.4
$5,102.2

Iowa $4,368.1
$6,158.3
$7,153.8
$6,219.6
$5,717.2

Kansas $2,080.3
$3,648.9
$6,536.1
$3,188.5
$2,591.5
$8.0
Kentucky $2,094.9
$2,118.4
$2,086.9
$2,159.6
$2,004.0

Louisiana $634.5
$304.0
$439.3
$475.5
$149.8

Maine $83.6
$77.4
$137.9
$138.3
$83.1

Maryland $623.9
$207.6
$722.0
$925.6
$712.4

Massachusetts $9.3
$0.1
$52.5
$10.1


Michigan $828.1
$890.1
$1,397.6
$697.9
$646.6

Minnesota $4,441.4
$3,621.8
$7,986.4
$9,968.5
$5,870.7

Mississippi $1,057.3
$765.8
$4,537.9
$2,369.9
$1,644.0

Missouri $2,512.0
$2,652.9
$7,332.0
$4,152.4
$6,205.3

Montana $1,150.9
$916.0
$1,639.6
$1,303.0
$1,093.5

Nebraska $1,945.8
$2,240.6
$3,459.6
$2,633.6
$1,940.3

Nevada

$2.8
$1.0
$0.6

New Hampshire $5.0





New Jersey $118.6
$73.6
$162.1
$134.7
$102.3

New Mexico $198.2
$287.6
$602.2
$474.9
$302.3

New York $392.2
$212.9
$347.9
$355.3
$168.6

North Carolina $696.7
$532.2
$1,097.2
$636.3
$581.7

North Dakota $3,790.8
$2,100.9
$3,037.1
$2,737.2
$2,397.9

Ohio $2,722.5
$4,961.7
$2,793.9
$5,452.2
$3,494.2

Oklahoma $542.6
$361.9
$2,721.9
$1,296.0
$1,202.4

Oregon $539.7
$278.1
$1,147.4
$689.4
$632.0

Pennsylvania $2,051.8
$1,441.0
$1,279.7
$2,423.9
$1,184.5

Rhode Island $0.2





South Carolina $820.5
$459.0
$791.4
$1,186.2
$540.8

South Dakota $2,930.1
$3,627.4
$3,428.3
$3,083.3
$2,216.0

Tennessee $878.3
$746.9
$1,046.4
$914.3
$622.4

Texas $1,037.4
$2,213.7
$6,289.8
$2,401.3
$2,397.0

Utah $28.7
$174.5
$1,109.0
$310.4
$107.7

Vermont $98.1
$99.4
$88.3
$105.5
$60.3

Virginia $946.9
$563.7
$837.5
$650.6
$847.6

Washington $289.5
$300.9
$1,395.9
$1,658.1
$942.8

West Virginia $240.0
$92.8
$109.2
$137.5
$41.2

Wisconsin $1,909.7
$1,449.1
$2,845.8
$2,899.0
$2,052.6

Wyoming $177.5
$169.8
$655.9
$573.1
$282.4

Other $3,167.4
$2,770.8
$21,001.4
$13,819.5
$184.5

Total $55,913.8
$59,563.2
$122,847.5
$101,520.9
$64,919.4
$9.0
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, 2012-2014 data from Financial Management Modernization Initiative (FMMI), November 2014;
2009-2011 data from Foundation Financial Information System (FFIS), December 2011.
• Caribbean includes Puerto Rico and U.S. Virgin Islands.
• Hawaii/Pacific includes Hawaii and the Pacific Basin.
• Other indicates Headquarters, Regional, or other non-State divisions.
• In 2014 CRP changed from a reimbursable to a direct program. Before FY 2014, CRP only includes reimbursable technical assistance funds used to plan and apply conservation practices. Data shown here do not include financial obligations made by the Farm Service Agency to landowners.
• Totals may not exactly match sum over divisions due to rounding.

Conservation Practice Implementation

Conservation practices are planned and applied at the land unit level. The land unit is the smallest unit of land that has a permanent or contiguous boundary, a common land cover and land management, and a common owner or a common producer. The following tables include data for the fiscal years covered by the 2008 Food, Conservation, and Energy Act (Farm Bill), 2009 through 2014.

As conservation practices are measured in different units (acres, feet, square feet, etc.), the challenge for reporting performance at various levels is how to aggregate across practices. Although practices may affect resources beyond the land unit boundary, or be applied only on part of the land unit, the land unit does provide a common metric to aggregate over practices since each applied practice is associated with a specific land unit. Analysis of the data reveals that most practices are measured in acres and most of the practice applied amounts match the land unit acres of the field on which the practice was applied. Therefore, land unit acreage is the metric on which the acres of land receiving conservation treatment are calculated.

The data presented in this section reflect the fiscal year in which conservation practices were applied, which can occur at any point during the duration of the CRP contract. Totals presented here are not comparable to program enrollment acres or contract acres.


Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation

The following table summarizes land unit acres by fiscal year. Here, land unit acres are counted once when the program has been used to apply one or more practices on that land unit in a given fiscal year. Therefore, land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation (including practice count),
by Fiscal Year
CRP Practices
State 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014
Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count
Alabama 14,324
2,691
17,169
2,168
20,235
2,983
21,553
2,597
10,073
1,137
5,831
620
Alaska 1,528
3
5,474
14


4,048
20




Arkansas 18,021
2,249
19,360
2,496
24,901
2,121
18,402
1,966
8,135
869
1,907
148
California 48,869
1,554
35,821
983
29,266
866
20,250
792
2,486
103


Caribbean







10
1


Colorado 244,317
3,047
160,675
2,549
338,736
5,421
300,484
4,348
343,221
5,934
260,517
4,461
Connecticut











Delaware 66
18
22
14
78
40
225
202
33
15
113
50
Florida 562
21
32
1
845
40
222
14
492
53
40
4
Georgia 10,235
1,685
7,406
1,212
6,964
1,237
3,138
424
2,698
460
634
129
Hawaii/Pacific

17
5
13
2
530
10
251
15
201
6
Idaho 72,739
4,246
50,983
3,050
48,090
1,707
34,491
1,486
45,729
1,505
48,136
1,612
Illinois 30,360
7,417
35,247
9,486
35,815
7,366
34,453
6,424
28,347
6,189
13,851
3,479
Indiana 78,717
4,239
66,845
3,999
69,543
4,459
53,934
3,885
30,670
2,708
18,221
1,921
Iowa 214,833
30,255
219,272
29,738
226,197
26,850
150,763
16,743
73,130
6,454
27,280
4,291
Kansas 159,483
13,398
159,516
13,815
447,744
27,348
373,221
20,912
224,382
11,183
126,256
5,857
Kentucky 16,168
2,846
15,761
2,886
10,453
1,615
10,621
1,654
19,282
2,348
13,765
2,043
Louisiana 16,634
1,533
20,865
2,467
23,267
3,008
12,159
1,736
7,473
1,406
2,285
160
Maine 1,100
116
121
1
473
71
1,209
120
242
37
182
25
Maryland 2,160
830
2,879
990
3,194
1,284
3,042
1,019
2,932
841
1,809
360
Massachusetts

9
5








Michigan 16,546
2,052
5,221
712
5,368
646
7,652
958
1,827
203
311
27
Minnesota 112,943
14,033
92,397
10,595
85,745
9,753
45,384
6,509
29,972
5,584
17,445
3,562
Mississippi 7,827
1,471
9,475
2,205
15,573
3,973
12,847
3,741
10,199
4,023
11,029
4,184
Missouri 77,185
14,448
55,748
12,443
65,328
12,392
58,408
8,386
47,422
5,953
18,747
2,657
Montana 8,178
306
6,188
450
30,897
1,386
71,137
2,158
87,355
2,451
17,183
601
Nebraska 69,865
7,041
41,692
5,152
85,217
7,278
167,233
10,783
112,608
6,929
78,230
6,245
Nevada









147
18
New Hampshire











New Jersey 49
10
21
8
185
25
141
8
42
8
66
3
New Mexico 18,736
589
19,461
426
20,604
633
109,000
2,726
96,264
2,729
57,070
1,872
New York 677
174
1,199
205
618
106
1,129
190
446
130
392
60
North Carolina 7,442
2,450
3,254
1,471
3,816
1,507
3,102
749
3,665
801
1,434
368
North Dakota 97,219
4,522
93,985
5,843
107,874
4,845
110,198
3,898
90,799
6,039
37,757
2,743
Ohio 49,031
7,955
20,971
4,077
22,906
5,105
24,217
4,838
21,709
5,048
25,243
5,821
Oklahoma 18,448
268
7,078
67
13,918
430
32,892
543
38,553
329
21,576
801
Oregon 57,800
2,273
21,439
1,125
50,014
2,548
62,496
2,836
63,285
4,042
75,918
4,803
Pennsylvania 10,309
2,731
9,640
2,180
6,244
1,333
6,042
1,067
4,191
784
2,579
527
Rhode Island



28
1






South Carolina 975
223
2,878
681
2,666
318
957
139
731
77
945
82
South Dakota 176,883
11,741
100,032
6,942
103,329
6,833
156,542
8,956
156,119
8,807
68,665
6,029
Tennessee 11,443
2,483
9,209
1,951
22,707
4,524
25,268
5,135
13,970
2,590
10,402
2,295
Texas 114,355
1,807
65,194
1,188
86,148
1,777
45,820
847
34,771
998
35,623
981
Utah 822
27
182
7
11,569
331
33,817
712
13,531
327
7,329
95
Vermont 903
188
540
141
758
73
332
55
78
16
97
20
Virginia 15,461
2,958
7,040
1,333
10,537
1,791
7,325
1,824
2,870
532
1,336
301
Washington 40,883
2,296
22,701
1,632
120,699
8,536
188,311
13,408
180,278
12,972
120,065
5,378
West Virginia 1,004
70
1,747
74
122
44
171
38
658
56
176
23
Wisconsin 24,156
4,060
8,352
1,955
18,760
3,798
21,416
3,537
15,425
2,484
12,773
2,468
Wyoming 1,701
69
2,645
33
17,375
253
24,986
353
150
24
1,528
13
Total 1,870,955
162,393
1,425,762
138,775
2,194,818
166,657
2,259,566
148,746
1,826,503
115,194
1,145,093
77,143
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Conservation Planning Database, November 2014.
• Caribbean includes Puerto Rico and U.S. Virgin Islands.
• Hawaii/Pacific includes Hawaii and the Pacific Basin.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation by Practice

The following set of chart/table combinations present conservation practice data grouped by purpose: Cropland Soil Quality, Fish and Wildlife Habitat, Water Quality, and Wetlands. Any practices not included in one of these groups are included in an All Other category. Data for practices in the All Other category can be downloaded in the Farm Bill Conservation Programs Profile csv file.

Note that there is some overlap between these groupings, since some practices address multiple resource concerns. Here land unit acres are counted each time a practice is applied on that land unit in the fiscal year. Therefore land unit acres may be counted multiple times across practices, practice groupings, and fiscal years. To learn more about specific conservation practices, see the National Handbook of Conservation Practices.


Conservation Practices Related to Cropland Soil Quality

The following chart and table includes practices that are related to Cropland Soil Quality Management. The six components of soil quality management are: enhancing organic matter, avoiding excessive tillage, managing pests and nutrients efficiently, preventing soil compaction, keeping the ground covered, and diversifying cropping systems. Choosing specific practices within each component depends on the situation since different types of soil respond differently to the same practice. Each combination of soil type and land use calls for a different set of practices to enhance soil quality. Note that only practices applied on cropland or hay land are included.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation, FY 2009-2014

Only practices representing a significant portion of the total for the period are included in the above chart. Practices not included are summed into the All Other category.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation (including practice count) by Fiscal Year
CRP Cropland Soil Quality Practices
Practice Name Practice Code 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014
Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count
Deep Tillage 324 26
2
3,121
77
1,844
72
1,243
51
90
2


Conservation Cover 327 778,606
28,299
629,409
23,140
1,140,067
35,366
1,162,163
34,243
963,663
25,812
657,344
18,774
Contour Buffer Strips 332 8,435
429
11,494
640
6,674
408
2,804
297
1,332
121
722
103
Cover Crop 340 35,364
978
19,745
716
51,688
1,056
113,049
1,499
59,063
751
48,484
597
Critical Area Planting 342 26,914
959
39,243
1,108
38,890
990
34,369
729
14,997
351
8,991
236
Diversion 362 106
2
8
1
58
1


73
1


Windbreak/Shelterbelt Establishment 380 37,232
1,374
32,105
1,079
26,616
975
20,553
851
9,176
509
16,693
469
Field Border 386 20,056
1,917
17,027
1,817
14,145
1,068
8,115
731
3,476
329
2,302
272
Riparian Forest Buffer 391 9,573
989
8,603
989
7,202
687
7,325
813
4,866
668
3,355
616
Grade Stabilization Structure 410 15,447
552
11,347
457
17,913
534
12,200
384
7,477
326
4,150
172
Grassed Waterway 412 164,470
5,338
165,823
5,404
182,993
5,362
148,966
4,972
77,920
3,984
43,313
2,429
Lined Waterway or Outlet 468 5,012
127
11,690
222
11,439
239
8,302
180
6,247
145
3,043
82
Mulching 484 33,126
754
29,760
697
27,715
685
21,865
435
8,313
247
18,802
359
Forage and Biomass Planting 512 4,174
153
3,835
123
7,922
190
24,864
347
27,301
283
35,975
208
Cross Wind Trap Strips 589C 8
4
16
11
16
11






Nutrient Management 590 24,825
1,527
20,443
998
13,354
670
9,491
247
5,189
229
616
49
Integrated Pest Management (IPM) 595 341,056
11,961
339,999
11,549
580,172
15,787
509,868
11,152
228,200
5,545
149,617
3,128
Terrace 600 1,232
21
229
2
383
6
407
13


94
2
Herbaceous Wind Barriers 603



21
1






Subsurface Drain 606 39,641
1,232
42,279
1,016
37,128
1,008
34,233
858
16,243
680
16,742
493
Salinity and Sodic Soil Management 610 5,078
182
12,499
519
6,993
278
5,636
207
7,085
230
1,671
74
Underground Outlet 620 4,706
116
4,767
129
1,921
98
1,085
46
493
64
71
14
Water and Sediment Control Basin 638 518
11
387
16
641
16
171
8
0
1
54
1
Windbreak/Shelterbelt Renovation 650

2
2
267
5
34
4
3
1


Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Conservation Planning Database, November 2014.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years.

The following table includes program information under which the above practices related to Cropland Soil Quality Management were applied. These data reflect the geographic extent of cropland treated with soil quality practices by each conservation program during a fiscal year. Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years, but are only counted once per fiscal year.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation (including practice count) Fiscal Year
CRP Cropland Soil Quality Practices
2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014
Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count
Land Unit Acres treated by at least one practice 992,264
56,927
842,591
50,712
1,418,415
65,513
1,381,725
58,067
972,905
40,279
667,359
28,078
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Conservation Planning Database, November 2014.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years.

Conservation Practices Related to Fish and Wildlife

The following chart and table includes practices that are related to Fish and Wildlife Habitat Management. The environment that NRCS helps its clients conserve, maintain, and improve is also habitat for fish and wildlife and other biological resources. While every practice and management action taken on the land has some effect on biological resources, the following practices are specifically related to fish and wildlife habitat.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation, FY 2009-2014

Only practices representing a significant portion of the total for the period are included in the above chart. Practices not included are summed into the All Other category.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation (including practice count) by Fiscal Year
CRP Fish and Wildlife Practices
Practice Name Practice Code 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014
Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count
Conservation Cover 327 815,412
30,119
659,059
24,607
1,183,876
37,133
1,193,281
35,559
1,003,496
26,992
682,078
19,925
Riparian Herbaceous Cover 390 8,473
415
8,598
643
8,786
728
8,172
679
9,079
639
3,881
335
Riparian Forest Buffer 391 44,162
2,762
18,728
2,138
17,448
2,171
38,347
1,745
9,138
1,227
5,715
966
Stream Habitat Improvement and Management 395 503
13
157
3
1
1


6
1


Hedgerow Planting 422



55
13
615
16
120
7
19
4
Access Control 472 588,607
23,545
518,548
20,466
1,054,263
30,117
968,877
26,196
754,069
18,718
498,867
12,739
Streambank and Shoreline Protection 580 1,183
62
93
15
10
2


13
1


Restoration and Management of Rare and Declining Habitats 643 43,936
2,069
51,761
2,115
130,730
4,173
112,865
2,698
118,532
2,233
94,116
1,527
Wetland Wildlife Habitat Management 644 73,348
2,004
70,849
2,110
59,653
1,456
55,097
1,624
30,703
1,257
18,945
770
Upland Wildlife Habitat Management 645 897,346
34,799
694,704
28,086
914,681
28,160
882,797
25,220
670,036
20,063
425,770
12,559
Shallow Water Development and Management 646 927
97
1,309
160
861
123
932
144
847
67
301
50
Early Successional Habitat Development/Management 647 93,785
5,484
72,196
5,027
138,737
6,332
122,610
5,476
107,138
5,953
115,776
5,187
Wetland Restoration 657 92,871
2,938
84,904
2,808
78,212
2,418
66,333
2,080
45,978
1,758
29,002
1,045
Wetland Creation 658 1,399
74
1,218
70
279
27
534
37
398
11
116
21
Wetland Enhancement 659 17,751
299
14,414
208
13,366
133
1,844
31
491
14
120
16
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Conservation Planning Database, November 2014.
• Watering Facility (614) is not included in the above table. It is included for the purposes of this report in the All Other Practices category.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years.

The following table includes program information under which the above practices related to Fish and Wildlife Management were applied. These data reflect the geographic extent of the land treated with fish and wildlife habitat practices by each conservation program during a fiscal year. Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years, but are only counted once per fiscal year.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation (including practice count) Fiscal Year
CRP Fish and Wildlife Practices
2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014
Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count
Land Unit Acres treated by at least one practice 1,361,424
104,680
1,117,461
88,456
1,869,128
112,987
1,739,139
101,505
1,362,715
78,941
929,456
55,144
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Conservation Planning Database, November 2014.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years.

Conservation Practices Related to Water Quality

The following chart and table includes practices that are related to Water Quality. Water quality is an indicator of the health of our environment and reflects what occurs on the land. The primary water quality issues from agriculture are sediment, nutrients, pesticides, pathogens, and in some parts of the country, salinity. Using conservation practices to improve land in an environmentally sound manner will result in better water quality for drinking, recreation, wildlife, fisheries and industry.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation, FY 2009-2014

Only practices representing a significant portion of the total for the period are included in the above chart. Practices not included are summed into the All Other category.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation (including practice count) by Fiscal Year
CRP Water Quality Practices
Practice Name Practice Code 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014
Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count
Waste Storage Facility 313 7
1










Conservation Cover 327 815,412
30,119
659,059
24,607
1,183,876
37,133
1,193,281
35,559
1,003,496
26,992
682,078
19,925
Contour Buffer Strips 332 8,465
431
11,506
648
6,710
413
2,804
297
1,385
132
725
104
Cover Crop 340 35,750
994
23,463
733
51,980
1,060
113,733
1,504
59,216
753
49,143
605
Critical Area Planting 342 29,047
1,058
40,059
1,201
42,332
1,076
35,272
820
15,350
404
10,107
247
Sediment Basin 350 50
1




8
4
159
2


Water Well Decommissioning 351





501
4
1,814
10
277
2
Diversion 362 106
2
8
1
58
1


73
1


Windbreak/Shelterbelt Establishment 380 39,052
1,513
32,311
1,142
26,746
1,027
20,963
910
9,318
535
16,734
486
Riparian Herbaceous Cover 390 8,473
415
8,598
643
8,786
728
8,172
679
9,079
639
3,881
335
Riparian Forest Buffer 391 44,162
2,762
18,728
2,138
17,448
2,171
38,347
1,745
9,138
1,227
5,715
966
Filter Strip 393 109,216
8,704
96,508
7,031
72,287
5,671
48,331
4,369
39,049
3,841
20,112
2,310
Stream Habitat Improvement and Management 395 503
13
157
3
1
1


6
1


Grade Stabilization Structure 410 16,077
560
11,675
467
18,142
541
12,437
391
7,484
327
4,167
174
Grassed Waterway 412 165,075
5,394
166,500
5,450
183,510
5,401
149,115
4,992
78,146
4,003
43,353
2,462
Irrigation System, Microirrigation 441 31
6
9
6
8
8
19
4
167
2


Access Control 472 588,607
23,545
518,548
20,466
1,054,263
30,117
968,877
26,196
754,069
18,718
498,867
12,739
Mulching 484 33,858
787
30,241
718
27,936
714
22,358
449
8,762
253
19,022
387
Prescribed Grazing 528 175,357
1,567
52,145
788
64,672
1,049
168,614
1,915
212,281
2,010
84,596
731
Access Road 560 5,745
51
2,057
25
349
7
285
8
488
5
100
2
Heavy Use Area Protection 561 1,026
72
966
47
430
26
392
18
520
32
79
6
Stream Crossing 578 1,443
107
1,082
65
1,248
68
1,440
69
447
38
114
21
Streambank and Shoreline Protection 580 1,183
62
93
15
10
2


13
1


Structure for Water Control 587 2,003
83
1,436
72
1,289
48
1,729
68
952
19
626
43
Nutrient Management 590 25,724
1,631
22,220
1,051
13,760
711
9,616
286
5,221
232
616
49
Integrated Pest Management (IPM) 595 365,264
12,920
359,996
12,263
593,084
16,229
523,555
11,519
240,598
5,823
155,261
3,287
Terrace 600 1,232
21
229
2
383
6
407
13


94
2
Salinity and Sodic Soil Management 610 6,087
243
12,897
542
7,174
285
5,723
211
7,140
232
1,671
74
Tree/Shrub Establishment 612 45,249
3,253
52,027
2,749
47,465
3,052
28,913
2,359
22,901
1,900
11,541
1,051
Waste Recycling 633 21
1


147
3






Water and Sediment Control Basin 638 546
12
437
17
641
16
171
8
0
1
54
1
Windbreak/Shelterbelt Renovation 650

2
2
267
5
34
4
3
1


Constructed Wetland 656 27
4
101
6
26
5
12
2
21
4


Wetland Restoration 657 92,871
2,938
84,904
2,808
78,212
2,418
66,333
2,080
45,978
1,758
29,002
1,045
Wetland Creation 658 1,399
74
1,218
70
279
27
534
37
398
11
116
21
Wetland Enhancement 659 17,751
299
14,414
208
13,366
133
1,844
31
491
14
120
16
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Conservation Planning Database, November 2014.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years.

The following table includes program information under which the above practices related to Water Quality were applied. These data reflect the geographic extent of land treated with water quality practices by each conservation program during a fiscal year. Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years, but are only counted once per fiscal year.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation (including practice count) Fiscal Year
CRP Water Quality Practices
2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014
Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count
Land Unit Acres treated by at least one practice 1,378,434
99,643
1,043,002
85,984
1,761,833
110,152
1,756,793
96,551
1,386,922
69,921
861,618
47,091
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Conservation Planning Database, November 2014.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years.

Conservation Practices Related to Wetlands

The following chart and table includes practices that are related to Wetlands. Healthy wetland ecosystems function to modulate drought and floods, provide wildlife habitat, filter pollutants, retain sediment, store carbon, and cycle nutrients. The goal of the wetland conservation practices is to restore, enhance and protect the quality and quantity of wetlands.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation, FY 2009-2014
Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation (including practice count) by Fiscal Year
CRP Wetlands Practices
Practice Name Practice Code 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014
Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count
Wetland Restoration 657 92,871
2,938
84,904
2,808
78,212
2,418
66,333
2,080
45,978
1,758
29,002
1,045
Wetland Creation 658 1,399
74
1,218
70
279
27
534
37
398
11
116
21
Wetland Enhancement 659 17,751
299
14,414
208
13,366
133
1,844
31
491
14
120
16
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Conservation Planning Database, November 2014.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years.

The following table includes program information under which the above practices related to Wetlands were applied. These data reflect the geographic extent of land treated with wetland conservation practices by each conservation program during a fiscal year. Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years, but are only counted once per fiscal year.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation (including practice count) Fiscal Year
CRP Wetlands Practices
2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014
Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count
Land Unit Acres treated by at least one practice 92,570
3,311
83,301
3,086
81,214
2,578
63,379
2,148
43,912
1,783
27,822
1,082
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Conservation Planning Database, November 2014.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years.

More Information

The data in this report can be downloaded here.


For more information about NRCS Conservation Programs, visit http://www.nrcs.usda.gov/programs/

Citation for this website:
U.S. Department of Agriculture.
Financial Management Modernization Initiative (FMMI) November 2014
Foundation Financial Information System (FFIS) December 2011
National Conservation Planning Database November 2014
Natural Resources Conservation Service, Washington, DC. 15 July 2015*
<http:http://www.nrcs.usda.gov/Internet/NRCS_RCA/reports/fb08_cp_crp.html>

*[use date the website was accessed]