NRCS Conservation Programs

Agricultural Water Enhancement Program (AWEP)

The Agricultural Water Enhancement Program (AWEP) is a voluntary conservation initiative that provides financial and technical assistance to agricultural producers to implement agricultural water enhancement activities on agricultural land to conserve surface and ground water and improve water quality. As part of the Environmental Quality Incentives Program, AWEP operates through program contracts with producers to plan and implement conservation practices in project areas established through partnership agreements.

To learn more see AWEP

Financial Information: Total Obligations | Technical Assistance | Financial Assistance
Contracts: Contract Data |Maps
Conservation Practice Implementation Reports: by State | by State and Conservation Practices related to: Irrigation Efficiency | Water Quality


Financial Information

The Financial Information section presents data from the USDA Office of the Chief Financial Officer's Financial Management Modernization Initiative (FMMI) system and its predecessor, the Foundation Financial Information System (FFIS). The Financial Information presented here is Total Obligations which the Government Accountability Office defines as binding agreements (orders placed, contracts awarded, services rendered, etc.) that will result in outlays, immediately or in the future. Before obligations can be incurred, budgetary resources must be made available by Congress. The obligations displayed for each year are the total obligations reported as of the end of each fiscal year. Subsequent adjustments after the close of the fiscal year are not included.

There are two categories of Total Obligations presented below:

  • Technical Assistance (TA) Obligations refer to the scientific expertise, natural resource data, tools, and technology that USDA NRCS personnel provide to help producers, landowners, and communities develop conservation plans and implement conservation practices to solve natural resource problems at the field, operation, or larger landscape scales. NRCS is the lead agency for providing technical assistance for USDA.
  • Financial Assistance (FA) Obligations refer to the commitment of funds to contracts for payments that will be made to program participants for implementing conservation practices, which can provide both on-site and off-site conservation benefits.
This program does not include Reimbursable funds.

Total Obligations, by Fiscal Year and Type
AWEP Total Obligations, by Fiscal Year
In thousands of dollars
Division 2009 2010 2011 2012
Alabama $1,804.0
$1,372.2
$969.6
$1,157.2
Arkansas $444.6
$842.3
$2,045.8
$1,038.7
California $20,766.0
$23,926.9
$21,269.3
$14,317.7
Colorado $370.0
$1,012.6
$1,209.1
$858.6
Florida $1,340.9
$1,358.2
$1,067.3
$108.3
Georgia $2,158.9
$2,029.4
$1,739.5
$1,800.2
Idaho $7,940.7
$3,808.7
$5,044.5
$6,192.8
Illinois $59.6
$75.8
$37.5
$35.8
Indiana $675.3
$1,273.8
$1,355.7
$1,764.1
Iowa $182.6
$129.3
$163.2
$164.7
Kansas
$4,643.8
$5,034.4
$4,308.5
Massachusetts


$0.7
Michigan $1,686.2
$2,377.6
$3,519.4
$2,712.0
Minnesota $368.4
$1,302.1
$1,166.7
$1,310.3
Mississippi $2,655.1
$2,277.9
$3,267.2
$2,872.6
Montana
$691.2
$538.5
$497.2
Nebraska $3,229.7
$5,696.8
$5,415.2
$2,063.7
New Jersey $101.4
$242.9
$176.9
$92.6
New Mexico $4,155.1
$454.1
$219.3
$135.2
New York $555.4
$515.6
$437.8
$448.8
North Carolina $60.1
$73.3
$124.7
$63.7
North Dakota $3,095.7
$3,027.1
$2,944.5
$1,203.4
Oklahoma $854.1
$994.7
$1,243.4
$652.7
Oregon $4,154.9
$3,418.0
$3,025.4
$2,385.4
South Dakota
$91.8
$283.4
$56.6
Texas $12,700.6
$5,722.5
$6,045.6
$7,589.0
Washington $1.1
$2,023.3
$832.1
$930.0
Wyoming
$579.5
$833.5
$954.7
Other $2,442.8
$2,198.4
$3,381.4
$3,043.0
Total $71,803.4
$72,159.9
$73,391.0
$58,758.4
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, 2012 data from Financial Management Modernization Initiative (FMMI), April 2013;
2009-2011 data from Foundation Financial Information System (FFIS), December 2011.
• Other indicates Headquarters, Regional, or other non-State divisions.
• Totals may not exactly match sum over divisions due to rounding.

AWEP Technical Assistance Obligations,
by Fiscal Year
In thousands of dollars
Division 2009 2010 2011 2012
Alabama $226.5
$177.4
$236.3
$174.5
Arkansas $108.8
$87.9
$191.1
$220.2
California $2,707.2
$2,802.0
$3,115.7
$2,138.3
Colorado $49.9
$71.3
$179.5
$156.0
Florida $175.7
$163.7
$308.8
$108.3
Georgia $294.6
$646.2
$420.8
$468.2
Idaho $1,036.5
$526.4
$721.2
$573.8
Illinois $4.6
$21.9
$37.5
$35.8
Indiana $87.9
$132.4
$143.7
$233.7
Iowa $23.8
$43.5
$60.7
$65.7
Kansas
$276.8
$604.7
$488.1
Massachusetts


$0.7
Michigan $201.9
$155.5
$354.5
$103.6
Minnesota $91.1
$103.9
$231.6
$190.1
Mississippi $359.5
$403.5
$442.1
$378.6
Montana
$42.4
$126.4
$85.7
Nebraska $418.1
$556.9
$731.2
$491.1
New Jersey $11.2
$19.1
$52.4
$31.5
New Mexico $494.0
$357.7
$191.4
$81.9
New York $12.9
$41.9
$121.8
$68.4
North Carolina $8.0
$19.6
$41.4
$35.5
North Dakota $410.0
$449.5
$554.0
$336.4
Oklahoma $114.3
$106.7
$143.6
$124.8
Oregon $474.6
$404.4
$596.0
$336.3
South Dakota
$5.9
$113.0
$56.6
Texas $1,650.7
$1,346.4
$771.7
$750.5
Washington $1.1
$150.6
$200.2
$123.1
Wyoming
$34.5
$131.0
$104.4
Other $2,442.8
$2,198.4
$3,381.4
$3,043.0
Total $11,405.7
$11,346.6
$14,203.6
$11,004.8
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, 2012 data from Financial Management Modernization Initiative (FMMI), April 2013;
2009-2011 data from Foundation Financial Information System (FFIS), December 2011.
• Other indicates Headquarters, Regional, or other non-State divisions.
• Totals may not exactly match sum over divisions due to rounding.

AWEP Financial Assistance Obligations,
by Fiscal Year
In thousands of dollars
Division 2009 2010 2011 2012
Alabama $1,577.5
$1,194.8
$733.3
$982.6
Arkansas $335.8
$754.4
$1,854.7
$818.5
California $18,058.8
$21,124.9
$18,153.6
$12,179.4
Colorado $320.1
$941.3
$1,029.6
$702.6
Florida $1,165.2
$1,194.5
$758.5

Georgia $1,864.3
$1,383.2
$1,318.7
$1,332.0
Idaho $6,904.3
$3,282.3
$4,323.3
$5,619.0
Illinois $55.1
$53.8


Indiana $587.4
$1,141.4
$1,212.0
$1,530.4
Iowa $158.8
$85.9
$102.5
$99.0
Kansas
$4,367.0
$4,429.8
$3,820.5
Michigan $1,484.2
$2,222.1
$3,164.9
$2,608.4
Minnesota $277.3
$1,198.2
$935.1
$1,120.2
Mississippi $2,295.6
$1,874.4
$2,825.1
$2,494.0
Montana
$648.8
$412.1
$411.5
Nebraska $2,811.7
$5,140.0
$4,684.0
$1,572.6
New Jersey $90.3
$223.8
$124.5
$61.1
New Mexico $3,661.0
$96.4
$27.9
$53.3
New York $542.6
$473.7
$316.0
$380.4
North Carolina $52.1
$53.7
$83.3
$28.2
North Dakota $2,685.7
$2,577.6
$2,390.5
$867.1
Oklahoma $739.9
$888.0
$1,099.8
$527.9
Oregon $3,680.3
$3,013.6
$2,429.5
$2,049.1
South Dakota
$85.8
$170.4

Texas $11,049.8
$4,376.1
$5,273.8
$6,838.6
Washington
$1,872.7
$631.9
$806.9
Wyoming
$545.1
$702.5
$850.3
Total $60,397.7
$60,813.3
$59,187.3
$47,753.6
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, 2012 data from Financial Management Modernization Initiative (FMMI), April 2013;
2009-2011 data from Foundation Financial Information System (FFIS), December 2011.
• Totals may not exactly match sum over divisions due to rounding.

Contracts


NRCS establishes partnership agreements in approved AWEP project areas, and enters into multi-year contracts with eligible producers or landowners willing to implement agricultural water enhancement activities on agricultural land to conserve surface and ground water and improve water quality. By entering into a contract, the producer or landowner agrees to apply specified conservation practices, and NRCS obligates funds to provide technical and financial assistance for planning and applying these conservation practices. The table below reports the number of active or completed AWEP contracts signed during each contract fiscal year, and the acres associated with those contracts.

The Agricultural Water Enhancement Program (AWEP) Maps page contains maps illustrating contracts enrolled, acres treated, and financial assistance obligated by state and year.

AWEP Contract Data by State and Fiscal Year
State 2009 2010 2011 2012
Number of Active and Completed Contracts Total Acres on Active and Completed Contracts Number of Active and Completed Contracts Total Acres on Active and Completed Contracts Number of Active and Completed Contracts Total Acres on Active and Completed Contracts Number of Active and Completed Contracts Total Acres on Active and Completed Contracts
Alabama 23
3,586.3
15
2,047.2
28
2,377.8
36
3,435.2
Arkansas 17
7,486.7
40
14,843.5
64
14,415.4
28
2,559.6
California 556
50,206.0
448
80,418.7
303
69,746.1
232
37,681.1
Colorado 6
1,158.0
12
1,704.6
19
3,460.2
7
1,775.9
Florida 31
4,720.3
45
4,843.3
7
490.2


Georgia 263
23,981.6
123
11,205.4
151
18,160.4
199
17,755.5
Idaho 61
10,024.9
28
4,794.0
34
10,356.8
42
5,557.2
Illinois 8
1,131.6
10
949.2




Indiana 29
6,545.3
27
12,145.9
49
9,871.3
25
14,486.8
Iowa 10
294.9
4
166.9
9
192.0
11
195.5
Kansas

108
13,690.2
44
5,404.0
35
5,296.0
Michigan 30
7,801.2
25
8,021.7
38
10,084.5
40
8,333.4
Minnesota 9
70.6
28
19,641.4
42
15,203.5
47
12,048.1
Mississippi 123
27,849.3
77
20,858.8
31
5,766.6
25
3,925.2
Montana

9
1,265.0
5
746.9
5
607.6
Nebraska 82
7,774.9
130
8,868.4
106
7,385.6
57
6,032.5
New Jersey 6
594.0
11
651.0
5
379.9
3
154.3
New Mexico 35
91,318.0
5
59.0
2
10.0
1
74.4
New York 3
56.9
13
3,053.2
13
1,995.5
13
1,236.7
North Carolina 13
44.1
5
133.0
9
491.3
3
57.7
North Dakota 90
20,162.5
67
15,399.7
59
6,575.3
37
6,486.2
Oklahoma 13
2,017.6
17
2,707.9
22
4,559.6
10
1,907.6
Oregon 59
12,794.8
72
10,802.8
58
4,458.1
56
3,406.9
South Dakota

3
259.0
3
1,384.0


Texas 237
208,761.1
148
28,062.4
183
48,449.7
253
67,724.4
Washington

14
3,389.5
10
1,490.1
13
4,025.0
Wyoming

5
685.6
5
616.7
4
523.7
Total 1,704
488,380.5
1,489
270,667.2
1,299
244,071.5
1,182
205,286.6
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, ProTracts Program Contracts System, October 2012.
• Totals may not exactly match sum over states due to rounding.

Conservation Practice Implementation

Conservation practices are planned and applied at the land unit level. The land unit is the smallest unit of land that has a permanent or contiguous boundary, a common land cover and land management, and a common owner or a common producer. The following tables include data for the fiscal years covered by the 2008 Food, Conservation, and Energy Act (2008 Farm Bill), 2009 through 2012.

As conservation practices are measured in different units (acres, feet, square feet, etc.), the challenge for reporting performance at various levels is how to aggregate across practices. Although practices may affect resources beyond the land unit boundary, or be applied only on part of the land unit, the land unit does provide a common metric to aggregate over practices since each applied practice is associated with a specific land unit. Analysis of the data reveals that most practices are measured in acres and most of the practice applied amounts match the land unit acres of the field on which the practice was applied. Therefore, land unit acreage is the metric on which the acres of land receiving conservation treatment are calculated.

The data presented in this section reflect the fiscal year in which conservation practices were applied, which can occur at any point during the duration of the AWEP contract. Totals presented here are not comparable to program enrollment acres or contract acres.


Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation

The following table summarizes land unit acres by fiscal year. Here, land unit acres are counted once when the program has been used to apply one or more practices on that land unit in a given fiscal year. Therefore, land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation (including practice count),
by Fiscal Year
AWEP Practices
State 2009 2010 2011 2012
Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count
Alabama



649
14
2,704
47
Arkansas

13
1
3,331
31
3,561
61
California 4,241
39
32,072
899
58,631
1,311
67,775
1,248
Colorado 231
6
1,090
12
1,897
47
4,338
82
Florida

1,802
41
2,059
50
1,843
30
Georgia 308
10
9,540
123
12,542
152
11,331
168
Idaho

2,015
96
3,234
113
2,735
116
Illinois 86
2
589
13
755
8
366
10
Indiana 722
46
4,541
130
14,006
325
17,729
657
Iowa 1,554
26
2,455
110
3,213
116
2,053
72
Kansas

6
1
12,878
173
8,753
131
Michigan 45
6
1,095
68
6,409
583
5,769
346
Minnesota 250
7
874
25
7,416
203
15,342
251
Mississippi 24
2
9,015
261
10,311
311
13,430
277
Montana



2,524
37
1,442
22
Nebraska 1,806
44
8,434
400
12,060
703
13,152
640
New Jersey

380
29
817
87
331
32
New Mexico

55,090
79
1,628
103
43,423
35
New York

18
5
10
6
2,958
377
North Carolina 2
2
79
15
111
6
271
18
North Dakota

16,273
319
14,072
243
14,516
349
Oklahoma 838
31
5,932
72
5,916
82
9,731
65
Oregon 1,816
6
16,128
315
8,660
461
14,280
745
South Dakota

498
7
3,057
48
288
12
Texas 2,705
21
198,810
718
48,007
380
57,918
496
Washington



292
14
7,625
173
Wyoming



424
5
1,178
23
Total 14,629
248
366,749
3,739
234,909
5,612
324,838
6,483
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Conservation Planning Database, November 2012.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years.
• Totals may not exactly match sum over states due to rounding.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation by Practice

The following set of chart/table combinations present conservation practice data grouped by purpose: Irrigation Efficiency and Water Quality. Any practices not included in one of these groups are included in an All Other category. Data for practices in the All Other category can be downloaded in the Farm Bill Conservation Programs Profile csv file.

Note that there is some overlap between these groupings, since some practices address multiple resource concerns. Here land unit acres are counted each time a practice is applied on that land unit in the fiscal year. Therefore land unit acres may be counted multiple times across practices, practice groupings, and fiscal years. To learn more about specific conservation practices, see the National Handbook of Conservation Practices.


Conservation Practices Related to Irrigation Efficiency

The following chart and table includes practices that are related to Irrigation Efficiency. The goal of these practices is to assist in properly designing, installing and maintaining irrigation systems to ensure uniform and efficient distribution of water, thereby conserving water and protecting water resources. Note that pumping plant (533) installation is only counted when applied on cropland or hay land.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation, FY 2009-2012

Only practices representing a significant portion of the total for the period are included in the above chart. Practices not included are summed into the All Other category.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation (including practice count) by Fiscal Year
AWEP Irrigation Efficiency Practices
Practice Name Practice Code 2009 2010 2011 2012
Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count
Irrigation Ditch Lining 428

139
11
342
20
289
17
Irrigation Pipeline 430 1,840
14
43,465
444
39,184
401
34,431
392
Irrigation Reservoir 436

1,129
20
3,131
22
1,372
25
Irrigation System, Microirrigation 441 387
6
13,883
287
17,518
404
17,489
371
Irrigation System, Sprinkler 442 1,136
8
48,928
486
42,540
423
41,761
433
Irrigation System, Surface and Subsurface 443 104
1
3,713
15
464
35
1,845
29
Irrigation System, Tailwater Recovery 447 286
3
705
5
526
11
1,565
20
Irrigation Water Management 449 174
5
13,446
269
51,193
812
56,038
1,011
Irrigation Land Leveling 464

1,081
32
950
16
2,181
44
Pumping Plant 533

8,230
70
19,534
171
13,839
140
Structure for Water Control 587

11,920
181
32,728
278
36,160
282
Total 3,926
37
146,637
1,820
208,109
2,593
206,970
2,764
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Conservation Planning Database, November 2012.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years.
• Totals may not exactly match sum over states due to rounding.

Conservation Practices Related to Water Quality

The following chart and table includes practices that are related to Water Quality. Water quality is an indicator of the health of our environment and reflects what occurs on the land. The primary water quality issues from agriculture are sediment, nutrients, pesticides, pathogens, and in some parts of the country, salinity. Using conservation practices to improve land in an environmentally sound manner will result in better water quality for drinking, recreation, wildlife, fisheries and industry.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation, FY 2009-2012

Only practices representing a significant portion of the total for the period are included in the above chart. Practices not included are summed into the All Other category.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation (including practice count) by Fiscal Year
AWEP Water Quality Practices
Practice Name Practice Code 2009 2010 2011 2012
Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count
Waste Storage Facility 313

15
1
12
2
152
8
Composting Facility 317 28
1
102
4
6
1
113
4
Conservation Cover 327 138
3
587
7
621
15
1,092
20
Conservation Crop Rotation 328 1,999
48
8,655
204
21,243
347
15,753
395
Residue and Tillage Management, No Till/Strip Till/Direct Seed 329 297
5
1,250
16
9,861
160
15,351
316
Contour Farming 330 56
1


14
2
28
1
Contour Buffer Strips 332 48
1
53
1
45
2


Cover Crop 340 561
20
6,885
197
15,637
403
20,278
431
Critical Area Planting 342 271
5
711
22
776
46
1,298
30
Residue and Tillage Management, Mulch Till 345 149
2
2,634
46
4,800
57
4,814
72
Sediment Basin 350

182
6
111
2


Water Well Decommissioning 351



1,421
3
230
10
Waste Facility Closure 360

15
1
4
1
4
2
Diversion 362

4
1
5
2
64
3
Windbreak/Shelterbelt Establishment 380 2
1
100
5
132
10
236
17
Riparian Herbaceous Cover 390





14
1
Riparian Forest Buffer 391



4
2
29
1
Filter Strip 393 43
1
103
1
46
3
96
3
Grade Stabilization Structure 410 15
1
217
6
218
3
4,149
17
Grassed Waterway 412 466
4
520
9
761
8
343
4
Irrigation System, Microirrigation 441 387
6
13,883
287
17,518
404
17,489
371
Irrigation System, Tailwater Recovery 447 286
3
705
5
526
11
1,565
20
Irrigation Water Management 449 174
5
13,446
269
51,193
812
56,038
1,011
Access Control 472 2,101
11
14,056
35
2,654
11
2,351
17
Mulching 484

69
11
126
10
1,777
41
Prescribed Grazing 528 160
4
6,875
42
6,860
136
8,540
122
Roof Runoff Structure 558

125
7
83
4
117
25
Access Road 560

3
1
3,716
3
80
3
Heavy Use Area Protection 561 20
1
1,510
51
3,960
64
1,225
44
Stream Crossing 578

92
8
78
2
34
2
Streambank and Shoreline Protection 580





188
6
Stripcropping 585





303
3
Structure for Water Control 587

11,920
181
32,728
278
36,160
282
Nutrient Management 590 378
12
9,367
87
7,956
315
20,337
911
Integrated Pest Management (IPM) 595 586
14
6,062
83
8,509
270
12,562
294
Terrace 600 305
5
861
23
1,069
14
571
12
Tree/Shrub Establishment 612 9
2
41
5
3
1
11
1
Waste Treatment 629

125
2


6
1
Waste Recycling 633

12,810
344
4,553
126
1,235
26
Waste Transfer 634 4
1
1,647
41
1,280
29
1,622
34
Water and Sediment Control Basin 638

94
7
1,085
20
1,670
20
Windbreak/Shelterbelt Renovation 650



125
2


Wetland Restoration 657

14
1
139
1


Wetland Creation 658 198
2






Total 8,680
159
115,737
2,017
199,879
3,582
227,925
4,581
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Conservation Planning Database, November 2012.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years.
• Totals may not exactly match sum over states due to rounding.

More Information

The data in this report can be downloaded here.


For more information about NRCS Conservation Programs, visit http://www.nrcs.usda.gov/programs/

Citation for this website:
U.S. Department of Agriculture.
Financial Management Modernization Initiative (FMMI) April 2013
Foundation Financial Information System (FFIS) December 2011
ProTracts Program Contracts System October 2012
National Conservation Planning Database November 2012
Natural Resources Conservation Service, Washington, DC. 16 May 2013*
<http://soils.usda.gov/survey/rca/viewer/reports/fb08_cp_awep.html>

*[use date the website was accessed]