NRCS Conservation Programs

Agricultural Management Assistance (AMA)

The Agricultural Management Assistance (AMA) program provides financial and technical assistance to agricultural producers to voluntarily address issues such as water management, water quality, and erosion control by incorporating conservation into their farming operations. Producers may construct or improve water management structures or irrigation structures; plant trees for windbreaks or to improve water quality; and mitigate risk through production diversification or resource conservation practices, including soil erosion control, integrated pest management, or transition to organic farming. AMA is available in 16 states where participation in the Federal Crop Insurance Program is historically low: Connecticut, Delaware, Hawaii, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Nevada, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Utah, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming.

To learn more see AMA

Financial Information: Total Obligations | Technical Assistance | Financial Assistance
Contracts: Contract Data |Maps
Conservation Practice Implementation Reports: by State | by State and Conservation Practices related to: Cropland Soil Quality | Irrigation Efficiency | Water Quality


Financial Information

The Financial Information section presents data from the USDA Office of the Chief Financial Officer's Financial Management Modernization Initiative (FMMI) system and its predecessor, the Foundation Financial Information System (FFIS). The Financial Information presented here is Total Obligations which the Government Accountability Office defines as binding agreements (orders placed, contracts awarded, services rendered, etc.) that will result in outlays, immediately or in the future. Before obligations can be incurred, budgetary resources must be made available by Congress. The obligations displayed for each year are the total obligations reported as of the end of each fiscal year. Subsequent adjustments after the close of the fiscal year are not included.

There are two categories of Total Obligations presented below:

  • Technical Assistance (TA) Obligations refer to the scientific expertise, natural resource data, tools, and technology that USDA NRCS personnel provide to help producers, landowners, and communities develop conservation plans and implement conservation practices to solve natural resource problems at the field, operation, or larger landscape scales. NRCS is the lead agency for providing technical assistance for USDA.
  • Financial Assistance (FA) Obligations refer to the commitment of funds to contracts for payments that will be made to program participants for implementing conservation practices, which can provide both on-site and off-site conservation benefits.
This program does not include Reimbursable funds.

Total Obligations, by Fiscal Year and Type
AMA Total Obligations, by Fiscal Year
In thousands of dollars
Division 2009 2010 2011 2012
Connecticut $344.3
$118.3
$58.1
$113.6
Delaware $153.6
$138.5
$72.0
$83.6
Hawaii $153.3
$336.9
$151.2
$121.1
Maine $315.7
$195.3
$2,349.3
$312.2
Maryland $372.3
$499.4
$149.1
$100.6
Massachusetts $164.4
$251.4
$476.0
$151.4
Nevada $429.7
$817.0
$123.6
$76.6
New Hampshire $150.2
$155.6
$43.2
$38.8
New Jersey $370.7
$368.8
$409.0
$250.5
New York $1,113.8
$698.6
$794.7
$188.3
Pennsylvania $1,291.8
$1,056.1
$916.9
$229.1
Rhode Island $81.5
$95.4
$71.2
$50.2
Utah $789.9
$587.6
$311.4
$207.3
Vermont $274.0
$411.1
$313.9
$114.5
West Virginia $475.0
$336.6
$441.4
$164.1
Wyoming $898.0
$1,183.2
$787.8
$178.1
Total $7,378.1
$7,249.7
$7,468.9
$2,380.0
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, 2012 data from Financial Management Modernization Initiative (FMMI), April 2013;
2009-2011 data from Foundation Financial Information System (FFIS), December 2011.
• Totals may not exactly match sum over divisions due to rounding.

AMA Technical Assistance Obligations,
by Fiscal Year
In thousands of dollars
Division 2009 2010 2011 2012
Connecticut $37.9
$31.8
$32.4
$17.4
Delaware $21.9
$43.5
$47.6
$12.8
Hawaii $8.3
$39.8
$48.5
$14.7
Maine $50.6
$23.0
$164.1
$35.0
Maryland $59.0
$86.1
$88.2
$21.9
Massachusetts $24.3
$27.9
$52.5
$21.8
Nevada $50.2
$27.9
$42.3
$13.8
New Hampshire $27.8
$22.3
$22.3
$6.4
New Jersey $102.6
$44.1
$72.3
$32.6
New York $192.6
$169.9
$198.2
$60.3
Pennsylvania $214.2
$201.0
$228.5
$61.0
Rhode Island $3.6
$14.4
$17.2
$6.0
Utah $99.6
$105.6
$94.7
$31.8
Vermont $72.7
$169.0
$175.7
$33.4
West Virginia $100.7
$63.0
$81.9
$36.1
Wyoming $130.7
$132.0
$162.6
$50.0
Total $1,196.7
$1,201.3
$1,529.1
$454.9
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, 2012 data from Financial Management Modernization Initiative (FMMI), April 2013;
2009-2011 data from Foundation Financial Information System (FFIS), December 2011.
• Totals may not exactly match sum over divisions due to rounding.

AMA Financial Assistance Obligations,
by Fiscal Year
In thousands of dollars
Division 2009 2010 2011 2012
Connecticut $306.5
$86.4
$25.8
$96.2
Delaware $131.7
$95.0
$24.4
$70.8
Hawaii $144.9
$297.0
$102.7
$106.4
Maine $265.1
$172.3
$2,185.2
$277.2
Maryland $313.4
$413.4
$60.9
$78.7
Massachusetts $140.1
$223.5
$423.6
$129.6
Nevada $379.6
$789.2
$81.3
$62.7
New Hampshire $122.4
$133.3
$20.9
$32.4
New Jersey $268.1
$324.7
$336.6
$217.9
New York $921.2
$528.6
$596.5
$128.1
Pennsylvania $1,077.6
$855.1
$688.4
$168.0
Rhode Island $78.0
$81.1
$54.0
$44.3
Utah $690.3
$481.9
$216.7
$175.5
Vermont $201.3
$242.1
$138.3
$81.1
West Virginia $374.2
$273.6
$359.5
$128.1
Wyoming $767.3
$1,051.2
$625.2
$128.1
Total $6,181.4
$6,048.4
$5,939.9
$1,925.2
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, 2012 data from Financial Management Modernization Initiative (FMMI), April 2013;
2009-2011 data from Foundation Financial Information System (FFIS), December 2011.
• Totals may not exactly match sum over divisions due to rounding.

Contracts


NRCS enters into AMA contracts with eligible producers or landowners willing to implement conservation practices. Applicants must own or control the land. By entering into a contract, the participant agrees to apply specified conservation practices, and NRCS obligates funds to provide technical and financial assistance for planning and applying these conservation practices. AMA contracts can be up to ten years in length. The table below reports the number of active or completed AMA contracts signed during each contract fiscal year, and the acres associated with those contracts. For example, for a ten year contract signed in contract year 2009, funds are obligated in fiscal year 2009, and conservation practices may be applied using those funds during the 2009-2018 fiscal year time period.

The Agricultural Management Assistance (AMA) Maps page contains maps illustrating contracts enrolled, acres treated, and financial assistance obligated by state and year.

AMA Contract Data by State and Fiscal Year
State 2009 2010 2011 2012
Number of Active and Completed Contracts Total Acres on Active and Completed Contracts Number of Active and Completed Contracts Total Acres on Active and Completed Contracts Number of Active and Completed Contracts Total Acres on Active and Completed Contracts Number of Active and Completed Contracts Total Acres on Active and Completed Contracts
Connecticut 7
103.0
7
138.5
1
1.0
8
48.5
Delaware 7
4.5
4
721.3
5
53.1
10
103.3
Hawaii 5
19.1
4
48.7
5
76.0
4
24.0
Maine 6
762.0
19
385.2
39
2,645.7
13
256.1
Maryland 9
273.0
61
386.3
8
15.0
13
12.3
Massachusetts 11
75.6
13
168.1
23
299.1
8
60.8
Nevada 5
339.9
20
1,113.1
18
18.7
14
22.8
New Hampshire 6
50.0
11
38.2
2
7.5
9
145.3
New Jersey 10
623.3
17
473.2
15
234.8
11
288.1
New York 37
1,871.6
58
526.4
46
581.9
4
75.5
Pennsylvania 33
2,236.8
113
942.4
49
1,209.0
6
182.0
Rhode Island 6
172.5
6
97.4
4
22.5
5
14.9
Utah 6
1,832.9
18
1,334.9
8
685.3
3
120.5
Vermont 8
248.0
19
134.7
8
163.3
2
12.8
West Virginia 19
872.5
21
819.2
22
574.9
16
243.7
Wyoming 39
4,390.3
35
3,774.0
22
1,280.8
14
501.0
Total 214
13,874.9
426
11,101.6
275
7,868.5
140
2,111.5
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, ProTracts Program Contracts System, October 2012.
• Totals may not exactly match sum over states due to rounding.

Conservation Practice Implementation

Conservation practices are planned and applied at the land unit level. The land unit is the smallest unit of land that has a permanent or contiguous boundary, a common land cover and land management, and a common owner or a common producer. The following tables include data for the fiscal years covered by the 2008 Food, Conservation, and Energy Act (2008 Farm Bill), 2009 through 2012.

As conservation practices are measured in different units (acres, feet, square feet, etc.), the challenge for reporting performance at various levels is how to aggregate across practices. Although practices may affect resources beyond the land unit boundary, or be applied only on part of the land unit, the land unit does provide a common metric to aggregate over practices since each applied practice is associated with a specific land unit. Analysis of the data reveals that most practices are measured in acres and most of the practice applied amounts match the land unit acres of the field on which the practice was applied. Therefore, land unit acreage is the metric on which the acres of land receiving conservation treatment are calculated.

The data presented in this section reflect the fiscal year in which conservation practices were applied, which can occur at any point during the duration of the AMA contract. Totals presented here are not comparable to program enrollment acres or contract acres.


Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation

The following table summarizes land unit acres by fiscal year. Here, land unit acres are counted once when the program has been used to apply one or more practices on that land unit in a given fiscal year. Therefore, land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation (including practice count),
by Fiscal Year
AMA Practices
State 2009 2010 2011 2012
Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count
Connecticut 12
7
70
24
54
29
91
15
Delaware 260
22
735
44
640
33
712
74
Hawaii 13,997
12
3,221
49
22
40
48
43
Maine 37
1
102
9
708
32
1,500
95
Maryland 1,591
115
561
79
850
128
929
150
Massachusetts 57
7
117
26
184
38
330
56
Nevada 262
11
841
32
800
37
282
24
New Hampshire 181
12
343
17
110
13
378
16
New Jersey 325
58
490
78
1,064
198
883
128
New York 2,952
223
2,109
180
1,153
169
1,540
220
Pennsylvania 2,153
231
2,914
279
2,801
323
1,535
145
Rhode Island 78
61
60
13
5
8
31
10
Utah 4,333
104
5,731
78
24,556
39
335
57
Vermont 1,418
164
1,311
161
1,067
138
442
78
West Virginia 1,431
115
902
98
1,175
88
691
62
Wyoming 42,015
120
24,779
112
9,708
145
13,057
114
Total 71,102
1,263
44,286
1,279
44,897
1,458
22,783
1,287
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Conservation Planning Database, November 2012.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years.
• Totals may not exactly match sum over states due to rounding.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation by Practice

The following set of chart/table combinations present conservation practice data grouped by purpose: Cropland Soil Quality, Irrigation Efficiency, and Water Quality. Any practices not included in one of these groups are included in an All Other category. Data for practices in the All Other category can be downloaded in the Farm Bill Conservation Programs Profile csv file.

Note that there is some overlap between these groupings, since some practices address multiple resource concerns. Here land unit acres are counted each time a practice is applied on that land unit in the fiscal year. Therefore land unit acres may be counted multiple times across practices, practice groupings, and fiscal years. To learn more about specific conservation practices, see the National Handbook of Conservation Practices.


Conservation Practices Related to Cropland Soil Quality

The following chart and table includes practices that are related to Cropland Soil Quality Management. The six components of soil quality management are: enhancing organic matter, avoiding excessive tillage, managing pests and nutrients efficiently, preventing soil compaction, keeping the ground covered, and diversifying cropping systems. Choosing specific practices within each component depends on the situation since different types of soil respond differently to the same practice. Each combination of soil type and land use calls for a different set of practices to enhance soil quality. Note that only practices applied on cropland or hay land are included.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation, FY 2009-2012

Only practices representing a significant portion of the total for the period are included in the above chart. Practices not included are summed into the All Other category.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation (including practice count) by Fiscal Year
AMA Cropland Soil Quality Practices
Practice Name Practice Code 2009 2010 2011 2012
Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count
Deep Tillage 324 3
3


2
2
4
2
Conservation Cover 327 39
1
25
2
81
1


Conservation Crop Rotation 328 254
17
294
12
113
2
53
7
Residue and Tillage Management, No Till/Strip Till/Direct Seed 329 1,046
52
489
50
439
24
168
9
Cover Crop 340 1,280
76
1,239
100
778
69
887
94
Critical Area Planting 342

67
3
136
12
7
2
Residue Management, Seasonal 344 15
1


8
1


Residue and Tillage Management, Mulch Till 345 341
33
19
3
15
1


Diversion 362 28
2
53
2
81
1
20
1
Windbreak/Shelterbelt Establishment 380 74
4
0
1
58
3
20
5
Field Border 386



93
5


Riparian Forest Buffer 391

13
2




Grade Stabilization Structure 410





35
2
Grassed Waterway 412

54
3
85
2


Irrigation Water Management 449 3,287
59
999
66
1,576
110
1,395
111
Lined Waterway or Outlet 468



81
1


Mulching 484 408
29
265
23
255
16
66
18
Forage and Biomass Planting 512 456
24
88
1
96
11
83
8
Stripcropping 585 144
8
65
2




Nutrient Management 590 154
18
1,657
58
822
70
926
75
Integrated Pest Management (IPM) 595 1,736
82
3,759
133
2,140
162
2,759
82
Herbaceous Wind Barriers 603





6
2
Subsurface Drain 606 96
4


46
4
51
2
Underground Outlet 620 93
4


48
5
0
1
Water and Sediment Control Basin 638 81
3


4
1


Total 9,536
420
9,086
461
6,956
503
6,478
421
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Conservation Planning Database, November 2012.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years.
• Totals may not exactly match sum over states due to rounding.

Conservation Practices Related to Irrigation Efficiency

The following chart and table includes practices that are related to Irrigation Efficiency. The goal of these practices is to assist in properly designing, installing and maintaining irrigation systems to ensure uniform and efficient distribution of water, thereby conserving water and protecting water resources. Note that pumping plant (533) installation is only counted when applied on cropland or hay land.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation, FY 2009-2012

Only practices representing a significant portion of the total for the period are included in the above chart. Practices not included are summed into the All Other category.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation (including practice count) by Fiscal Year
AMA Irrigation Efficiency Practices
Practice Name Practice Code 2009 2010 2011 2012
Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count
Irrigation Ditch Lining 428

87
4
126
4
74
1
Irrigation Pipeline 430 2,904
88
2,276
110
1,461
117
1,916
171
Irrigation Reservoir 436 21
4
62
8
20
4
69
4
Irrigation System, Microirrigation 441 2,182
58
3,125
72
976
128
935
105
Irrigation System, Sprinkler 442 608
18
664
16
872
29
956
32
Irrigation System, Surface and Subsurface 443 24
1


61
1


Irrigation Water Management 449 3,287
59
1,122
70
1,622
111
1,450
113
Irrigation Land Leveling 464 33
3
16
1




Pumping Plant 533 193
12
584
29
611
34
664
38
Structure for Water Control 587 2,525
29
182
11
565
13
279
6
Total 11,776
272
8,118
321
6,315
441
6,342
470
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Conservation Planning Database, November 2012.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years.
• Totals may not exactly match sum over states due to rounding.

Conservation Practices Related to Water Quality

The following chart and table includes practices that are related to Water Quality. Water quality is an indicator of the health of our environment and reflects what occurs on the land. The primary water quality issues from agriculture are sediment, nutrients, pesticides, pathogens, and in some parts of the country, salinity. Using conservation practices to improve land in an environmentally sound manner will result in better water quality for drinking, recreation, wildlife, fisheries and industry.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation, FY 2009-2012

Only practices representing a significant portion of the total for the period are included in the above chart. Practices not included are summed into the All Other category.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation (including practice count) by Fiscal Year
AMA Water Quality Practices
Practice Name Practice Code 2009 2010 2011 2012
Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count
Waste Storage Facility 313 3
1
15
1




Animal Mortality Facility 316

15
1




Composting Facility 317

14
2


37
2
Conservation Cover 327 79
3
25
2
81
1


Conservation Crop Rotation 328 254
17
294
12
113
2
53
7
Residue and Tillage Management, No Till/Strip Till/Direct Seed 329 1,056
54
489
50
439
24
168
9
Cover Crop 340 1,280
76
1,239
100
778
69
887
94
Critical Area Planting 342 89
9
89
5
139
13
11
3
Residue and Tillage Management, Mulch Till 345 341
33
19
3
15
1


Water Well Decommissioning 351



12,898
1


Waste Facility Closure 360





57
2
Diversion 362 35
3
53
2
81
1
20
1
Windbreak/Shelterbelt Establishment 380 1,320
25
1,296
6
100
6
30
6
Riparian Herbaceous Cover 390 9
1
8
1




Riparian Forest Buffer 391 7
2
37
5




Filter Strip 393



113
4
5
1
Grade Stabilization Structure 410





46
3
Grassed Waterway 412

58
4
85
2


Irrigation System, Microirrigation 441 2,182
58
3,125
72
976
128
935
105
Irrigation Water Management 449 3,287
59
1,122
70
1,622
111
1,450
113
Access Control 472 37
5
81
8
138
2
52
3
Mulching 484 1,014
30
1,535
26
255
16
66
18
Prescribed Grazing 528 9,030
129
1,437
108
621
53
645
61
Roof Runoff Structure 558

15
2
57
7
4
2
Access Road 560 19
3
34
4
23
5
6
2
Heavy Use Area Protection 561 155
16
332
19
85
12
175
28
Stream Crossing 578 230
4


41
1


Streambank and Shoreline Protection 580 67
5
12
1




Stripcropping 585 144
8
65
2


220
1
Structure for Water Control 587 2,525
29
182
11
565
13
279
6
Nutrient Management 590 406
29
1,668
61
865
81
945
80
Integrated Pest Management (IPM) 595 6,985
153
8,305
169
6,033
180
5,260
102
Tree/Shrub Establishment 612 10
2
1
2
0
2


Waste Treatment 629



4
1


Waste Recycling 633 17
1






Waste Transfer 634 1,262
81
450
22
662
38
28
2
Water and Sediment Control Basin 638 81
3


4
1


Wetland Enhancement 659





1,013
10
Total 31,925
839
22,013
771
26,791
775
12,392
661
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Conservation Planning Database, November 2012.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years.
• Totals may not exactly match sum over states due to rounding.

More Information

The data in this report can be downloaded here.


For more information about NRCS Conservation Programs, visit http://www.nrcs.usda.gov/programs/

Citation for this website:
U.S. Department of Agriculture.
Financial Management Modernization Initiative (FMMI) April 2013
Foundation Financial Information System (FFIS) December 2011
ProTracts Program Contracts System October 2012
National Conservation Planning Database November 2012
Natural Resources Conservation Service, Washington, DC. 16 May 2013*
<http://soils.usda.gov/survey/rca/viewer/reports/fb08_cp_ama.html>

*[use date the website was accessed]