NRCS Conservation Programs

NRCS's natural resources conservation programs help people reduce soil erosion, enhance water supplies, improve water quality, increase wildlife habitat, and reduce damages caused by floods and other natural disasters. Public benefits include enhanced natural resources that help sustain agricultural productivity and environmental quality while supporting continued economic development, recreation, and scenic beauty. To learn more see NRCS Conservation Programs.

Financial Information: Total Obligations | Technical Assistance | Financial Assistance | Reimbursable
Conservation Practice Implementation Reports: by Conservation Program |
by Conservation Practices related to:
Cropland Soil Quality | Fish and Wildlife Habitat | Forest Land Conservation | Grazing Land Conservation | Irrigation Efficiency | Water Quality | Wetlands


Financial Information

The Financial Information section presents data from the USDA Office of the Chief Financial Officer's Financial Management Modernization Initiative (FMMI) system and its predecessor, the Foundation Financial Information System (FFIS). The Financial Information presented here is Total Obligations which the Government Accountability Office defines as binding agreements (orders placed, contracts awarded, services rendered, etc.) that will result in outlays, immediately or in the future. Before obligations can be incurred, budgetary resources must be made available by Congress. The obligations displayed for each year are the total obligations reported as of the end of each fiscal year. Subsequent adjustments after the close of the fiscal year are not included.

There are three categories of Total Obligations presented below:

  • Technical Assistance (TA) refers to the scientific expertise, natural resource data, tools, and technology that USDA personnel provide to help producers, landowners, and communities develop conservation plans and implement conservation practices to solve natural resource problems at the field, operation, or larger landscape scales. NRCS is the Federal lead for providing technical assistance for USDA and does so through various programs using NRCS staff and private Technical Service Providers (TSPs).
  • Financial Assistance (FA) denotes payments (cost-share payments, easement payments, rental payments, etc.) that help producers and landowners pay the costs of implementing conservation measures, which can provide both on-site and off-site conservation benefits.
  • Reimbursable funds can be for Technical or Financial Assistance but are received from sources other than appropriations. They can also be transfers from other Federal agencies. For example, the Farm Service Agency administers the Conservation Reserve Program (CRP) and reimburses NRCS for providing technical support functions.

Total Obligations, by Fiscal Year and Type
Total Obligations, by Fiscal Year and Type
In millions of dollars
Fund Type 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012
Technical Assistance $975.6
$1,177.3
$1,294.6
$1,348.4
$1,319.7
$1,248.9
$1,346.6
$1,407.6
$1,549.0
$1,514.2
$1,431.2
Financial Assistance $801.2
$1,087.2
$1,342.9
$1,773.1
$1,610.2
$1,599.8
$1,724.0
$2,055.6
$2,792.2
$2,607.2
$2,896.2
Reimbursable $157.7
$125.5
$115.2
$138.6
$142.7
$156.4
$115.8
$98.8
$156.5
$201.4
$163.6
Total $1,934.5
$2,390.0
$2,752.7
$3,260.1
$3,072.6
$3,005.1
$3,186.4
$3,562.0
$4,497.7
$4,322.8
$4,491.0
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, 2012 data from Financial Management Modernization Initiative (FMMI), April 2013;
2002-2011 data from Foundation Financial Information System (FFIS), December 2011.
• Totals may not exactly match sum over funds due to rounding.

Total Obligations, by Program Fund and Fiscal Year
Includes Technical and Financial Assistance and Reimbursable Fund Types
In millions of dollars
Fund Name 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012
Agricultural Management Assistance (AMA) $6.9

$13.9
$13.8
$4.9
$4.6
$7.2
$7.4
$7.2
$7.5
$2.4
Agricultural Water Enhancement Program (AWEP)






$71.8
$72.2
$73.4
$58.8
Chesapeake Bay Watershed Initiative (CBWI)






$21.8
$44.0
$72.6
$49.7
Conservation Reserve Program (CRP) $23.1
$54.8
$61.9
$69.2
$77.7
$80.6
$62.6
$55.9
$59.6
$122.8
$101.5
Conservation Security Program (CSP)

$40.4
$201.6
$257.2
$294.4
$317.1
$276.0
$222.2
$198.9
$188.0
Conservation Stewardship Program (CSP)






$9.4
$389.8
$577.8
$741.6
Conservation Technical Assistance (CTA) $809.8
$756.4
$797.8
$772.0
$755.0
$704.9
$766.3
$763.8
$819.2
$833.2
$734.9
Environmental Quality Incentives Program (EQIP) $356.2
$709.1
$986.0
$1,024.8
$1,074.8
$1,070.9
$1,252.3
$1,054.6
$1,184.3
$1,244.7
$1,382.6
Farm and Ranch Lands Protection Program (FRPP) $50.0
$77.5
$91.4
$111.8
$73.6
$73.1
$96.2
$118.8
$152.1
$170.9
$144.9
Grassland Reserve Program (GRP)
$38.2
$56.8
$71.3
$35.5
$13.0
$2.8
$47.7
$100.1
$77.9
$65.3
Healthy Forests Reserve Program (HFRP)



$2.5
$2.2
$0.7
$2.6
$7.9
$17.9
$9.8
Plant Materials Center (PMC) $11.1
$11.3
$12.8
$14.7
$12.8
$13.9
$13.2
$14.1
$13.6
$13.3
$10.9
Resource Conservation and Development Program (RCD) $49.2
$50.0
$53.3
$52.2
$52.4
$52.4
$50.4
$50.6
$50.8
$22.8
$0.1
Snow Survey (SNOW) $9.1
$9.6
$10.0
$10.5
$11.4
$11.3
$11.4
$13.4
$10.4
$11.6
$10.2
Soil Survey (SOIL) $91.3
$91.0
$93.4
$94.8
$94.5
$97.0
$97.4
$99.0
$102.1
$98.7
$83.4
Watershed Surveys and Planning (WSP) $11.3
$11.1
$10.0
$6.9
$6.2
$6.1
$0.4




Watershed Protection and Flood Prevention Program (WFPO) $128.5
$133.8
$111.0
$112.5
$117.6
$64.0
$42.0
$67.2
$167.4
$25.3
$23.4
Watershed Rehabilitation (WRHB) $9.8
$29.3
$29.2
$28.6
$29.7
$36.2
$21.2
$55.4
$81.9
$23.7
$21.3
Emergency Watershed Protection Program (EWP) $81.6
$67.7
$45.5
$365.5
$244.7
$190.3
$178.8
$324.2
$299.2
$76.1
$212.4
Wetlands Reserve Program (WRP) $264.0
$309.6
$286.4
$267.3
$191.1
$247.9
$182.9
$435.7
$630.2
$569.1
$588.0
Wildlife Habitat Incentive Program (WHIP) $17.3
$24.9
$37.9
$45.3
$41.9
$42.5
$83.5
$72.7
$83.4
$83.9
$47.4
Other $15.4
$15.8
$15.1
$-2.8
$-11.0




$0.8
$14.3
Total $1,934.5
$2,390.0
$2,752.7
$3,260.1
$3,072.6
$3,005.1
$3,186.4
$3,562.0
$4,497.7
$4,322.8
$4,491.0
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, 2012 data from Financial Management Modernization Initiative (FMMI), April 2013;
2002-2011 data from Foundation Financial Information System (FFIS), December 2011.
• Totals may not exactly match sum over funds due to rounding.
• Negative numbers reflect fund adjustments made throughout the year.
• For GRP, except for the minor amount of due diligence funds administered by NRCS, the Farm Service Agency (FSA) administers the majority of GRP funds for both easements and rental contracts.
• CRP only includes reimbursable technical assistance funds used to plan and apply conservation practices. Data shown here do not include financial obligations made by the Farm Service Agency to landowners.
• In 2002 RCD includes $272,018 for Forest Service Technical Assistance; WFPO does not include $-11,003 for Forest Service in 2002 that was included in the FY 2004 Explanatory Notes.
• In 2003 RCD includes $256,111 and EWP includes $26,463 for Forest Service Technical Assistance.
• In 2005 total EWP obligations match Explanatory Notes data, but there are differences in technical assistance and financial assistance.
• In 2007 RCD includes $10,803 for Forest Service Technical Assistance.
• EWP, WRHB, and WFPO include American Recovery and Reinvestment Act funds in FY 2009 and FY 2010.
• EQIP includes General, Ground and Surface Water Conservation, Klamath Basin, and 1996 Farm Bill funds.
• CTA, PMC, SNOW, and SOIL also include multi-year funds.
• Other includes Biomass R&D, Colorado River Basin Salinity Control, Forestry Incentives Program, Fund for Rural America, Great Plains Conservation, Rural Abandoned Mine, SWCA, Waterbank Program,
and other accounting and adjustment funds.
Technical Assistance - Total Obligations, by Program Fund and Fiscal Year
In millions of dollars
Fund Name 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012
Agricultural Management Assistance (AMA)

$3.6
$4.0
$1.2
$4.6
$1.5
$1.2
$1.2
$1.5
$0.5
Agricultural Water Enhancement Program (AWEP)






$11.4
$11.3
$14.2
$11.0
Chesapeake Bay Watershed Initiative (CBWI)






$3.2
$10.5
$12.5
$8.4
Conservation Security Program (CSP)

$5.9
$30.2
$38.8
$25.9
$44.6
$29.9
$22.2
$21.2
$18.6
Conservation Stewardship Program (CSP)






$9.4
$69.4
$69.7
$70.1
Conservation Technical Assistance (CTA) $701.0
$712.4
$763.9
$747.1
$726.9
$674.6
$734.4
$738.2
$782.0
$796.6
$705.1
Environmental Quality Incentives Program (EQIP) $43.2
$176.2
$230.9
$255.4
$262.3
$261.7
$284.6
$296.7
$317.3
$336.4
$373.4
Farm and Ranch Lands Protection Program (FRPP)
$2.4
$3.3
$4.9
$3.2
$3.1
$5.7
$5.9
$5.9
$7.7
$6.6
Grassland Reserve Program (GRP)
$16.2
$14.8
$13.7
$2.9
$3.1
$1.0
$6.6
$6.7
$7.6
$6.1
Healthy Forests Reserve Program (HFRP)



$0.1
$0.1
$0.2
$1.4
$1.5
$1.8
$1.4
Plant Materials Center (PMC) $10.2
$10.2
$11.5
$13.3
$11.1
$11.9
$11.3
$12.5
$11.8
$11.5
$9.5
Resource Conservation and Development Program (RCD) $49.0
$49.9
$53.0
$51.9
$51.2
$52.3
$50.4
$50.6
$50.8
$22.8
$0.1
Snow Survey (SNOW) $8.6
$8.9
$9.6
$10.1
$10.8
$10.8
$10.6
$12.9
$10.0
$11.0
$10.0
Soil Survey (SOIL) $83.6
$83.5
$87.4
$88.7
$87.7
$90.6
$90.2
$91.1
$95.8
$93.8
$78.6
Watershed Surveys and Planning (WSP) $10.9
$10.9
$9.8
$6.8
$6.0
$6.0
$0.4




Watershed Protection and Flood Prevention Program (WFPO) $46.3
$43.9
$38.5
$36.8
$30.4
$14.4
$13.4
$13.5
$33.6
$5.3
$2.0
Watershed Rehabilitation (WRHB) $6.5
$16.7
$16.5
$15.2
$13.9
$18.1
$8.3
$28.8
$28.3
$15.2
$10.2
Emergency Watershed Protection Program (EWP) $11.7
$12.9
$7.5
$32.0
$33.1
$34.0
$30.5
$43.0
$34.4
$17.0
$25.3
Wetlands Reserve Program (WRP) $0.3
$24.6
$27.6
$27.0
$29.1
$27.3
$33.1
$30.8
$35.9
$45.7
$74.0
Wildlife Habitat Incentive Program (WHIP) $2.8
$7.2
$9.9
$11.2
$10.5
$10.3
$26.4
$20.6
$20.3
$22.9
$13.3
Other $1.5
$1.3
$0.7

$0.4





$7.2
Total $975.6
$1,177.3
$1,294.6
$1,348.4
$1,319.7
$1,248.9
$1,346.6
$1,407.6
$1,549.0
$1,514.2
$1,431.2
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, 2012 data from Financial Management Modernization Initiative (FMMI), April 2013;
2002-2011 data from Foundation Financial Information System (FFIS), December 2011.
• Totals may not exactly match sum over funds due to rounding.
• For GRP, except for the minor amount of due diligence funds administered by NRCS, the Farm Service Agency (FSA) administers the majority of GRP funds for both easements and rental contracts.
• In 2002 RCD includes $272,018 for Forest Service Technical Assistance.
• In 2003 RCD includes $256,111 and EWP includes $26,463 for Forest Service Technical Assistance.
• In 2007 RCD includes $10,803 for Forest Service Technical Assistance.
• EWP, WRHB, and WFPO include American Recovery and Reinvestment Act funds in FY 2009 and FY 2010.
• EQIP includes General, Ground and Surface Water Conservation, Klamath Basin, and 1996 Farm Bill funds.
• CTA, PMC, SNOW, and SOIL also include multi-year funds.
• Other includes Biomass R&D, Colorado River Basin Salinity Control, Forestry Incentives Program, Fund for Rural America, Great Plains Conservation, Rural Abandoned Mine, SWCA, Waterbank Program,
and other accounting and adjustment funds.
Financial Assistance - Total Obligations, by Program Fund and Fiscal Year
In millions of dollars
Fund Name 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012
Agricultural Management Assistance (AMA) $6.9

$10.3
$9.7
$3.7

$5.8
$6.2
$6.0
$5.9
$1.9
Agricultural Water Enhancement Program (AWEP)






$60.4
$60.8
$59.2
$47.8
Chesapeake Bay Watershed Initiative (CBWI)






$18.6
$33.5
$60.1
$41.3
Conservation Security Program (CSP)

$34.6
$171.4
$218.4
$268.5
$272.5
$246.1
$199.9
$177.7
$169.5
Conservation Stewardship Program (CSP)







$320.4
$508.1
$671.6
Environmental Quality Incentives Program (EQIP) $313.0
$532.9
$755.1
$769.4
$811.1
$806.8
$965.5
$757.4
$856.7
$894.5
$1,000.6
Farm and Ranch Lands Protection Program (FRPP) $50.0
$75.1
$88.1
$106.9
$70.2
$69.9
$90.5
$112.9
$144.0
$161.0
$138.3
Grassland Reserve Program (GRP)
$22.0
$42.0
$57.6
$32.6
$9.8
$1.8
$41.0
$93.4
$70.3
$59.2
Healthy Forests Reserve Program (HFRP)



$2.4
$2.1
$0.5
$1.3
$6.5
$16.1
$8.5
Watershed Protection and Flood Prevention Program (WFPO) $69.5
$77.4
$62.9
$42.8
$72.6
$21.3
$23.5
$49.0
$97.2
$4.6
$4.5
Watershed Rehabilitation (WRHB) $3.3
$12.6
$12.6
$12.5
$15.9
$17.0
$12.6
$25.5
$52.7
$9.7
$11.1
Emergency Watershed Protection Program (EWP) $67.1
$50.3
$36.6
$331.5
$201.3
$151.8
$144.5
$280.0
$264.1
$56.0
$187.4
Wetlands Reserve Program (WRP) $263.6
$284.9
$258.8
$240.2
$161.8
$220.4
$149.8
$404.9
$594.2
$523.3
$514.0
Wildlife Habitat Incentive Program (WHIP) $14.2
$17.6
$27.9
$34.1
$31.4
$32.1
$57.1
$52.1
$62.6
$60.6
$33.7
Other $13.7
$14.3
$14.1
$-3.1
$-11.3





$7.0
Total $801.2
$1,087.2
$1,342.9
$1,773.1
$1,610.2
$1,599.8
$1,724.0
$2,055.6
$2,792.2
$2,607.2
$2,896.2
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, 2012 data from Financial Management Modernization Initiative (FMMI), April 2013;
2002-2011 data from Foundation Financial Information System (FFIS), December 2011.
• Totals may not exactly match sum over funds due to rounding.
• Negative numbers reflect fund adjustments made throughout the year.
• For GRP, except for the minor amount of due diligence funds administered by NRCS, the Farm Service Agency (FSA) administers the majority of GRP funds for both easements and rental contracts.
• EWP, WRHB, and WFPO include American Recovery and Reinvestment Act funds in FY 2009 and FY 2010.
• EQIP includes General, Ground and Surface Water Conservation, Klamath Basin, and 1996 Farm Bill funds.
• CRP, CTA, PMC, RCD, SNOW, SOIL, and WSP do not provide financial assistance.
• Other includes Biomass R&D, Colorado River Basin Salinity Control, Forestry Incentives Program, Fund for Rural America, Great Plains Conservation, Rural Abandoned Mine, SWCA, Waterbank Program,
and other accounting and adjustment funds.
Reimbursable - Total Obligations, by Program Fund and Fiscal Year
In millions of dollars
Fund Name 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012
Conservation Reserve Program (CRP) $23.1
$54.8
$61.9
$69.2
$77.7
$80.6
$62.6
$55.9
$59.6
$122.8
$101.5
Conservation Technical Assistance (CTA) $108.8
$44.0
$33.8
$25.0
$28.1
$30.3
$31.8
$25.6
$37.2
$36.7
$29.8
Environmental Quality Incentives Program (EQIP)



$1.4
$2.4
$2.3
$0.5
$10.2
$13.8
$8.5
Farm and Ranch Lands Protection Program (FRPP)



$0.2



$2.2
$2.2

Plant Materials Center (PMC) $1.0
$1.1
$1.3
$1.4
$1.7
$2.0
$1.9
$1.6
$1.9
$1.8
$1.4
Resource Conservation and Development Program (RCD) $0.2
$0.1
$0.4
$0.2
$1.3
$0.1


$0.1


Snow Survey (SNOW) $0.5
$0.6
$0.4
$0.4
$0.6
$0.5
$0.8
$0.5
$0.4
$0.6
$0.2
Soil Survey (SOIL) $7.8
$7.4
$5.9
$6.1
$6.7
$6.3
$7.2
$7.9
$6.3
$4.9
$4.8
Watershed Surveys and Planning (WSP) $0.4
$0.1
$0.1
$0.1
$0.2
$0.1





Watershed Protection and Flood Prevention Program (WFPO) $12.7
$12.4
$9.5
$33.0
$14.6
$28.2
$5.0
$4.6
$36.6
$15.4
$16.9
Watershed Rehabilitation (WRHB)


$0.9
$-0.1
$1.1
$0.2
$1.1
$0.9
$-1.2

Emergency Watershed Protection Program (EWP) $2.8
$4.4
$1.4
$1.9
$10.2
$4.5
$3.7
$1.1
$0.7
$3.1
$-0.2
Wetlands Reserve Program (WRP)



$0.1
$0.1
$0.1


$0.1
$0.1
Wildlife Habitat Incentive Program (WHIP) $0.2
$0.2






$0.5
$0.4
$0.4
Other $0.2
$0.2
$0.4
$0.2
$-0.1




$0.8
$0.1
Total $157.7
$125.5
$115.2
$138.6
$142.7
$156.4
$115.8
$98.8
$156.5
$201.4
$163.6
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, 2012 data from Financial Management Modernization Initiative (FMMI), April 2013;
2002-2011 data from Foundation Financial Information System (FFIS), December 2011.
• Totals may not exactly match sum over funds due to rounding.
• Negative numbers reflect fund adjustments made throughout the year.
• CRP only includes reimbursable technical assistance funds used to plan and apply conservation practices. Data shown here do not include financial obligations made by the Farm Service Agency to landowners.
• EWP, WRHB, and WFPO include American Recovery and Reinvestment Act funds in FY 2009 and FY 2010.
• EQIP includes General, Ground and Surface Water Conservation, Klamath Basin, and 1996 Farm Bill funds.
• CTA, PMC, SNOW, and SOIL also include multi-year funds.
• Other includes Biomass R&D, Colorado River Basin Salinity Control, Forestry Incentives Program, Fund for Rural America, Great Plains Conservation, Rural Abandoned Mine, SWCA, Waterbank Program,
and other accounting and adjustment funds.

Conservation Practice Implementation Reports

Conservation practices are planned and applied at the land unit level. The land unit is the smallest unit of land that has a permanent or contiguous boundary, a common land cover and land management, and a common owner or a common producer. The following chart/table combinations include data for the time period from fiscal year 2005 through fiscal year 2012. Data entry processes differed prior to 2005 and do not provide comparable data.

As conservation practices are measured in different units (acres, feet, square feet, etc.), the challenge for reporting performance at various levels is how to aggregate across practices. Although practices may affect resources beyond the land unit boundary, or be applied only on part of the land unit, the land unit does provide a common metric to aggregate over practices since each applied practice is associated with a specific land unit. Analysis of the data reveals that most practices are measured in acres and most of the practice applied amounts match the land unit acres of the field on which the practice was applied. Therefore, land unit acreage is the metric on which the acres of land receiving conservation treatment are calculated. Totals presented here are not comparable to program enrollment acres or contract acres.


Acres Receiving Conservation by Program

The following chart/table combination summarizes acres receiving conservation by program and fiscal year. For the Conservation Stewardship Program, acres represent contract acres and count represents contracts in the fiscal year. For all other programs, acres represent land unit acres and count represents practice counts. Here, land unit acres are counted once for each conservation program that has been used to apply one or more practices on that land unit in a given fiscal year. Therefore, land unit acres may be counted multiple times within each fiscal year - once for each program that has been used to apply at least one practice. Land unit acres may also be counted multiple times across fiscal years.

Acres Receiving Conservation by Conservation Program, FY 2005-2012

Only programs representing a significant portion of the total for the period are included in the above chart. Programs not included are summed into the All Other category.

Acres Receiving Conservation by Conservation Program, by Fiscal Year
Program 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012
Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count
Agricultural Management Assistance (AMA) 75,923
1,798
43,021
2,052
40,909
2,172
21,995
1,134
71,102
1,263
44,286
1,279
44,897
1,458
22,783
1,287
Agricultural Water Enhancement Program (AWEP)







14,629
248
366,749
3,739
234,909
5,612
324,838
6,483
Chesapeake Bay Watershed Initiative (CBWI)







4,932
557
99,008
9,414
145,099
11,842
194,652
17,097
Conservation Reserve Program (CRP) 1,616,787
195,839
2,627,136
278,254
3,497,697
311,185
2,436,335
216,726
1,870,955
162,393
1,425,762
138,775
2,194,818
166,657
2,259,566
148,746
Conservation Stewardship Program (CSP)









25,164,327
20,567
12,750,676
9,630
12,109,876
9,036
Conservation Technical Assistance (CTA) 21,193,017
653,693
22,725,806
722,124
23,659,871
716,781
25,977,830
711,024
24,970,595
624,863
27,090,819
608,000
28,322,659
587,107
28,106,794
576,145
Environmental Quality Incentives Program (EQIP) 13,750,942
237,318
18,797,395
342,226
23,350,006
408,307
23,918,040
406,644
23,278,367
341,141
24,202,669
344,746
22,527,391
335,701
24,362,248
342,339
Grassland Reserve Program (GRP) 147,809
4,072
156,521
2,998
88,963
1,867
72,655
1,794
45,712
1,279
122,346
1,670
98,122
1,823
92,181
1,922
Healthy Forests Reserve Program (HFRP)





91
1
1,085
1


10,943
53
4,472
94
Resource Conservation and Development Program (RCD) 2,540
89
2,231
40
18
2
260
15
27
10
1,744
39
1,201
11


Watershed Protection and Flood Prevention Program (WFPO) 70,749
2,447
59,427
1,703
24,041
1,286
12,159
718
6,597
499
13,700
480
18,420
439
3,378
128
Watershed Rehabilitation (WRHB)







487
3
12
1
94
2
682
42
Emergency Watershed Protection Program (EWP) 22,854
334
60,753
3,374
96,295
1,318
100,686
1,761
141,265
1,527
35,964
356
5,138
210
5,182
325
Wetlands Reserve Program (WRP) 283,345
8,431
323,421
10,742
276,016
9,183
270,358
6,887
239,823
6,628
237,053
5,990
239,249
7,388
349,677
9,797
Wildlife Habitat Incentive Program (WHIP) 428,284
10,795
1,186,752
12,248
1,309,350
17,676
1,792,507
17,212
1,294,210
17,610
1,866,484
19,861
2,407,345
26,891
1,983,271
24,378
Other 102,692
2,394
87,769
1,225
36,979
864
8,300
586
22,522
1,719
5,516
167
21,333
695
7,340
618
Notes:
• Data Sources: CSP Program - USDA-NRCS, ProTracts Program Contracts System, October 2012; all other programs - USDA-NRCS, National Conservation Planning Database, November 2012.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across programs within each fiscal year and across fiscal years.
• EWP, WRHB, and WFPO include conservation practices funded by the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act in FY 2009 and FY 2010.
• EQIP includes General, Ground and Surface Water Conservation, and Klamath Basin.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation

The following table summarizes the land units treated in a fiscal year. Here, a land unit is counted only once in a fiscal year, regardless of how many practices were applied on it, or how many conservation programs were used to apply practices. These data therefore reflect the geographic extent of the land treated with conservation practices during a fiscal year. Given that multiple conservation programs can be used to treat the resource concerns associated with a specific land unit, the percentage of land units (acres and number) that are treated by more than one conservation program within a fiscal year is also shown.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation by Fiscal Year
2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012
Acres Number Acres Number Acres Number Acres Number Acres Number Acres Number Acres Number Acres Number
Land units treated by at least one program 34,305,173
438,088
40,594,969
565,753
46,649,580
651,091
49,138,809
647,175
47,433,073
588,769
50,139,650
593,632
51,389,358
627,294
52,851,370
635,826
Percent of land units treated by multiple programs 9.84%
10.31%
13.41%
11.71%
12.20%
11.40%
11.08%
10.66%
9.46%
8.17%
10.64%
8.05%
9.37%
7.39%
9.04%
7.07%
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Conservation Planning Database, November 2012.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years.
Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation by Practice

The following set of chart/table combinations present the conservation practice data grouped by purpose: Cropland Soil Quality, Fish & Wildlife Habitat, Forest Land Conservation, Grazing Land Conservation, Irrigation Efficiency, Water Quality, and Wetlands. Any practices not included in one of these groups are included in an All Other category. Data for practices in the All Other category can be downloaded in the Conservation Programs Profile csv file.

Note that there is some overlap between these groupings, since some practices address multiple resource concerns. Here land unit acres are counted each time a practice is applied on that land unit in the fiscal year. Therefore land unit acres may be counted multiple times across practices, practice groupings, and fiscal years. To learn more about specific conservation practices, see the National Handbook of Conservation Practices.


Conservation Practices Related to Cropland Soil Quality

The following chart and table includes practices that are related to Cropland Soil Quality Management. The six components of soil quality management are: enhancing organic matter, avoiding excessive tillage, managing pests and nutrients efficiently, preventing soil compaction, keeping the ground covered, and diversifying cropping systems. Choosing specific practices within each component depends on the situation since different types of soil respond differently to the same practice. Each combination of soil type and land use calls for a different set of practices to enhance soil quality. Note that only practices applied on cropland or hay land are included.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation, FY 2005-2012

Only practices representing a significant portion of the total for the period are included in the above chart. Practices not included are summed into the All Other category.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation (including practice count) by Fiscal Year
Cropland Soil Quality Practices
Practice Name Practice Code 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012
Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count
Alley Cropping 311 2,058
245
1,827
167
1,200
123
605
77
410
38
127
15
410
69
156
26
Conservation Cover 327 870,083
35,324
1,600,398
52,256
3,139,186
82,698
1,706,769
49,322
1,106,042
35,917
932,620
30,635
1,847,578
51,157
1,766,377
50,290
Conservation Crop Rotation 328 5,428,493
147,227
6,032,578
171,835
6,015,860
163,752
6,383,937
171,256
5,771,487
158,565
6,005,018
159,094
5,768,069
151,041
6,295,961
153,798
Contour Buffer Strips 332 18,644
1,016
24,098
890
14,439
943
18,423
948
19,824
781
24,664
1,125
15,984
796
10,098
738
Contour Farming 330 701,403
19,943
780,748
22,040
657,980
19,702
605,251
18,220
510,764
14,377
496,939
14,071
442,715
12,592
423,604
11,073
Contour Orchard and Other Perennial Crops 331 2,426
256
3,679
234
3,197
265
2,433
138
2,064
112
2,559
80
767
99
1,643
122
Cover Crop 340 505,036
17,703
711,553
26,507
748,644
24,701
728,908
28,285
654,878
25,986
860,771
27,838
992,578
31,848
1,218,649
40,128
Critical Area Planting 342 101,154
2,841
115,736
3,179
123,253
3,150
174,761
3,742
217,665
4,296
247,992
4,773
283,980
5,314
280,449
4,866
Cross Wind Ridges 588 3,960
34
2,811
38
3,877
27
5,140
64
3,831
56
3,613
25
5,954
68
158
8
Cross Wind Trap Strips 589C 10,290
114
3,984
41
6,804
25
619
25
1,359
12
9,496
25
2,183
22
4,221
8
Deep Tillage 324 56,466
1,138
47,450
839
67,700
1,316
73,649
1,588
75,732
2,072
57,250
2,622
56,196
1,170
67,409
2,239
Diversion 362 28,837
495
34,478
508
25,571
485
25,845
480
34,190
571
33,929
440
34,947
550
31,752
556
Field Border 386 191,527
8,331
196,125
10,002
187,022
8,535
153,376
7,127
88,209
3,836
107,416
3,697
80,670
3,045
56,630
2,063
Forage and Biomass Planting 512 177,539
7,300
315,843
10,150
289,746
8,593
260,111
8,695
198,340
7,024
205,673
6,802
146,420
4,937
207,293
5,817
Grade Stabilization Structure 410 86,559
2,391
114,227
2,726
126,097
3,007
154,964
3,173
133,088
2,816
112,752
2,533
136,758
2,785
129,550
2,714
Grassed Waterway 412 451,821
14,009
516,047
15,450
414,193
12,581
391,410
10,758
446,766
11,079
420,821
10,724
473,316
11,191
414,297
10,069
Herbaceous Wind Barriers 603 3,537
49
2,469
49
1,584
25
9,808
111
1,660
12
3,935
59
2,220
40
825
23
Integrated Pest Management (IPM) 595 2,585,798
73,854
3,354,683
99,250
4,304,735
108,202
3,870,626
94,694
2,805,603
71,214
2,729,212
68,299
2,810,387
68,020
2,645,739
56,422
Irrigation Water Management 449 1,112,835
15,896
1,125,723
19,138
1,301,072
20,118
1,276,328
18,808
1,141,138
17,400
1,117,690
17,785
1,054,251
16,649
1,140,327
17,915
Lined Waterway or Outlet 468 7,157
154
5,283
142
10,229
251
8,703
217
9,982
250
17,290
358
19,302
421
13,831
356
Mulching 484 24,218
1,203
29,577
1,201
61,742
1,732
69,166
1,789
65,147
1,567
70,310
1,804
74,233
2,078
67,357
1,832
Nutrient Management 590 3,160,713
90,728
3,714,913
108,135
4,513,314
127,645
4,274,693
120,523
3,333,022
94,309
3,289,349
91,288
2,833,234
79,980
2,888,168
82,774
Residue Management, Seasonal 344 1,374,717
31,039
1,371,180
32,374
1,568,175
31,499
1,548,705
31,320
1,427,821
28,074
1,448,783
26,498
1,258,742
24,209
1,179,606
23,117
Residue and Tillage Management, Mulch Till 345 2,171,751
50,906
2,413,164
58,046
2,180,940
51,075
2,149,627
49,360
1,824,975
41,734
1,818,234
42,867
1,668,318
38,629
1,650,640
37,207
Residue and Tillage Management, No Till/Strip Till/Direct Seed 329 2,398,717
68,960
3,033,732
86,417
2,929,377
79,517
3,002,749
76,049
2,459,441
65,505
2,655,566
66,657
2,337,213
61,236
2,422,414
63,890
Residue and Tillage Management, Ridge Till 346 50,316
758
30,686
606
28,719
521
22,300
384
24,055
379
17,553
281
22,329
425
14,844
340
Riparian Forest Buffer 391 37,694
3,147
28,814
3,054
36,754
2,746
28,712
2,043
24,068
1,297
13,157
1,226
14,924
1,006
11,427
1,082
Row Arrangement 557 52,236
1,496
27,133
1,147
29,449
681
31,870
1,208
33,058
1,016
31,034
979
19,014
632
28,006
798
Silvopasture Establishment 381







118
4






Stripcropping 585 52,869
1,871
42,432
1,704
31,429
1,703
29,910
1,303
26,956
1,542
28,206
1,018
21,772
700
12,461
504
Subsurface Drain 606 74,247
2,169
74,768
2,097
83,134
2,254
85,648
2,044
94,344
2,196
118,400
2,272
106,300
2,261
105,221
2,179
Terrace 600 495,494
6,923
659,802
8,350
531,797
6,681
556,466
7,075
626,215
8,424
514,686
7,081
590,235
7,983
576,201
7,916
Toxic Salt Reduction 610 21,997
413
28,078
532
104,856
1,528
72,363
1,150
36,548
524
38,843
897
40,223
592
50,923
941
Underground Outlet 620 183,936
3,054
258,775
4,144
206,176
3,417
242,262
3,915
345,243
5,444
325,440
5,363
346,407
5,946
362,864
6,185
Water and Sediment Control Basin 638 69,931
1,178
89,123
1,631
99,228
1,769
107,477
1,859
123,539
2,084
132,322
2,168
134,196
2,380
120,890
2,152
Windbreak/Shelterbelt Establishment 380 53,067
3,752
76,399
3,110
86,489
3,002
87,355
2,567
82,310
2,013
74,024
1,857
67,355
1,780
82,505
1,647
Windbreak/Shelterbelt Renovation 650 2,354
83
1,859
54
2,028
46
4,922
78
4,249
57
3,494
71
5,343
98
8,252
103
Total 22,569,882
616,000
26,870,172
748,043
29,935,997
774,315
28,165,886
720,395
23,754,138
612,583
23,969,167
603,327
23,714,524
591,749
24,290,749
591,898
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Conservation Planning Database, November 2012.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across practices, practice groupings, and fiscal years.
• Totals may not exactly match sum over practices due to rounding.

Conservation Practices Related to Fish and Wildlife

The following chart and table includes practices that are related to Fish and Wildlife Habitat Management. The environment that NRCS helps its clients conserve, maintain, and improve is also habitat for fish and wildlife and other biological resources. While every practice and management action taken on the land has some effect on biological resources, the following practices are specifically related to fish and wildlife habitat.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation, FY 2005-2012

Only practices representing a significant portion of the total for the period are included in the above chart. Practices not included are summed into the All Other category.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation (including practice count) by Fiscal Year
Fish and Wildlife Practices
Practice Name Practice Code 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012
Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count
Access Control 472 804,032
40,453
1,270,178
54,852
2,021,455
59,927
1,681,992
45,555
1,495,462
33,469
1,137,524
31,476
1,841,648
42,761
1,715,281
40,048
Aquatic Organism Passage 396 3,970
14
2,797
22
2,768
52
5,350
65
12,650
68
6,914
55
7,428
56
31,041
43
Conservation Cover 327 943,261
41,185
1,770,194
60,138
3,295,628
90,174
1,865,000
55,695
1,460,025
39,937
1,081,684
34,357
2,122,917
55,970
1,958,771
54,800
Early Successional Habitat Development/Management 647 95,157
4,684
340,827
11,166
262,813
9,919
295,311
9,746
240,152
8,540
208,068
8,801
348,589
10,705
325,737
9,786
Hedgerow Planting 422 4,405
217
6,732
321
6,839
236
8,605
254
11,101
272
7,624
289
9,532
322
14,936
348
Restoration and Management of Rare or Declining Habitats 643 124,905
3,363
243,794
7,302
320,429
6,601
291,632
4,667
329,673
3,934
281,697
4,232
823,218
6,615
467,893
5,537
Riparian Forest Buffer 391 151,102
6,909
215,535
7,322
335,700
7,608
224,748
5,649
123,934
4,113
66,039
3,266
62,781
3,335
83,800
2,756
Riparian Herbaceous Cover 390 19,607
580
25,171
980
125,402
772
34,148
748
14,064
615
33,468
849
185,093
1,032
24,626
879
Shallow Water Development and Management 646 19,176
670
38,456
953
62,234
787
21,117
585
24,871
540
41,757
581
472,756
7,766
201,209
3,572
Stream Habitat Improvement and Management 395 9,062
81
6,936
160
51,450
367
77,366
358
22,251
276
28,547
244
56,572
137
17,295
197
Streambank and Shoreline Protection 580 57,897
611
354,759
1,207
67,724
892
79,917
742
111,174
814
67,314
643
76,951
523
39,604
618
Upland Wildlife Habitat Management 645 9,415,571
83,542
13,105,564
120,382
15,306,012
157,058
15,357,065
127,945
12,965,944
99,672
12,642,556
82,311
12,540,804
85,497
11,048,241
76,916
Wetland Creation 658 22,942
339
26,261
442
22,431
423
22,864
302
29,930
209
18,304
205
13,177
169
5,590
143
Wetland Enhancement 659 207,338
1,008
283,587
1,128
152,748
1,559
173,440
1,346
204,916
1,409
157,823
1,307
270,031
1,259
179,993
1,434
Wetland Restoration 657 264,289
6,865
401,089
7,581
297,185
7,345
314,146
6,406
336,742
5,490
291,906
5,743
277,611
5,704
328,259
6,271
Wetland Wildlife Habitat Management 644 559,221
7,035
741,297
8,635
1,220,648
10,074
613,318
8,207
795,166
6,676
530,382
5,820
501,716
5,290
355,686
7,288
Total 12,701,936
197,556
18,833,179
282,591
23,551,466
353,794
21,066,020
268,270
18,178,055
206,034
16,601,609
180,179
19,610,822
227,141
16,797,962
210,636
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Conservation Planning Database, November 2012.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across practices, practice groupings, and fiscal years.
• Totals may not exactly match sum over practices due to rounding.
• Watering Facility (614) is not included in the above table. It is included for the purposes of this report in the All Other Practices category.

Conservation Practices Related to Forest Land Conservation

The following chart and table includes practices that are related to Forest Land Conservation. The goals of these practices are to restore and protect forest resources and improve fish and wildlife habitat and are related to: tree planting; forest stand improvement, thinning; prescribed burning; and controlling invasive plants. Note that only practices applied on grazed forest or forest land are included.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation, FY 2005-2012

Only practices representing a significant portion of the total for the period are included in the above chart. Practices not included are summed into the All Other category.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation (including practice count) by Fiscal Year
Forest Land Conservation Practices
Practice Name Practice Code 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012
Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count
Access Control 472 31,392
1,144
34,954
1,317
79,747
2,224
74,501
2,327
76,720
1,983
218,508
3,308
189,145
3,942
176,424
3,198
Brush Management 314 6,267
96
31,204
175
37,323
208
28,222
244
80,221
249
59,020
366
412,317
606
187,181
1,356
Early Successional Habitat Development/Management 647 6,487
148
92,289
196
25,392
317
58,180
517
44,943
463
52,931
584
130,194
903
114,979
1,062
Firebreak 394 18,732
317
32,551
618
169,770
1,389
186,612
1,634
201,960
1,597
198,562
2,010
197,342
1,961
166,851
2,016
Forest Stand Improvement 666 146,871
2,749
288,686
3,617
634,565
6,874
840,663
6,829
1,143,627
6,635
2,113,040
9,720
1,585,635
11,079
1,514,288
9,262
Forest Trails and Landings 655 7,403
101
25,577
117
29,420
312
32,352
231
116,245
274
70,330
485
73,484
530
67,333
495
Fuel Break 383

668
4
10,672
16
4,138
51
4,505
56
11,462
49
36,159
129
37,867
168
Herbaceous Weed Control 315











16,019
104
40,550
418
Integrated Pest Management (IPM) 595 32,586
646
101,343
846
111,114
1,364
169,886
1,626
252,236
1,673
457,804
2,523
240,967
2,542
208,325
1,800
Multi-Story Cropping 379











38
1
2
1
Prescribed Burning 338 32,576
423
36,132
584
165,393
1,608
193,064
1,896
255,384
1,956
269,117
2,315
271,309
2,713
209,612
2,500
Prescribed Forestry 409



62,732
522
59,229
936
130,835
1,451
89,419
909
61,903
534
13,471
129
Restoration and Management of Rare or Declining Habitats 643 2,414
50
7,121
104
19,084
201
11,712
240
83,572
344
46,667
476
45,931
522
77,269
808
Riparian Forest Buffer 391 9,479
520
7,544
524
25,762
554
16,335
402
19,561
365
19,889
308
17,153
349
25,723
274
Road/Trail/Landing Closure and Treatment 654







125
1
353
3
2,563
3
8,050
5
Stream Habitat Improvement and Management 395 1,109
4
1,790
6
22,484
19
3,995
16
4,993
21
6,244
21
2,357
10
10,585
31
Tree/Shrub Establishment 612 56,480
1,748
73,890
2,080
276,276
2,720
252,948
3,260
340,777
2,507
411,009
3,174
335,542
3,805
349,742
3,834
Tree/Shrub Pruning 660 3,210
67
10,725
97
13,776
182
15,339
204
20,248
255
33,584
305
37,985
401
82,440
463
Tree/Shrub Site Preparation 490 31,846
1,040
99,939
1,418
101,489
1,766
110,159
2,353
134,002
2,085
182,210
2,501
171,996
2,639
346,308
3,249
Upland Wildlife Habitat Management 645 263,707
3,632
296,432
4,906
653,201
9,350
783,989
9,539
805,842
8,447
1,299,332
7,456
1,176,049
8,196
955,829
7,862
Woody Residue Treatment 384

293
12
6,430
85
55,205
207
62,615
421
90,091
661
195,022
850
364,752
1,063
Total 650,559
12,685
1,141,137
16,621
2,444,629
29,711
2,896,530
32,512
3,778,410
30,783
5,629,574
37,174
5,199,110
41,819
4,957,579
39,994
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Conservation Planning Database, November 2012.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across practices, practice groupings, and fiscal years.
• Totals may not exactly match sum over practices due to rounding.

Conservation Practices Related to Grazing Land Conservation

The following chart and table includes practices that are related to Grazing Land Conservation. NRCS is committed to conserving and enhancing private grazing land resources. This includes conservation practices which: conserve and improve wildlife habitat on private grazing land; conserve and improve fish habitat and aquatic systems through grazing land conservation treatment; protect and improve water quality; improve the dependability and consistency of water supplies; and identify and manage weed, noxious weed, and brush encroachment problems. Note that only practices applied on grazed range, grazed forest, native and naturalized pasture, or pasture land are included.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation, FY 2005-2012

Only practices representing a significant portion of the total for the period are included in the above chart. Practices not included are summed into the All Other category.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation (including practice count) by Fiscal Year
Grazing Land Conservation Practices
Practice Name Practice Code 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012
Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count
Access Road 560 102,887
210
37,182
300
77,007
342
47,510
312
187,483
308
109,668
336
228,140
328
223,362
371
Animal Trails and Walkways 575 11,684
279
9,434
398
19,207
399
96,880
523
56,344
407
19,588
418
32,858
481
28,587
492
Brush Management 314 2,477,732
6,954
2,829,259
9,632
3,689,530
9,456
5,450,615
10,950
4,117,216
10,584
4,822,937
10,540
5,017,913
11,168
7,778,581
11,250
Channel Bank Vegetation 322 1,280
6
170
3
2,792
9
1,626
7
1,315
8
1,297
27
1,959
22
2,997
28
Channel Bed Stabilization 584 1,304
19
53
5
12,921
21
144
14
104
7
5,716
20
6,902
15
2,846
17
Critical Area Planting 342 90,511
1,402
111,486
1,747
263,957
1,890
164,698
2,009
219,790
2,003
157,501
1,995
193,352
1,961
185,647
2,006
Fence 382 1,953,949
11,133
3,556,513
17,761
3,467,782
19,407
3,801,169
20,992
3,983,915
20,519
4,410,594
20,062
4,143,578
19,743
4,169,595
19,396
Forage Harvest Management 511 131,600
5,747
137,566
5,417
165,627
6,628
163,068
6,217
142,395
4,902
148,891
5,265
164,606
6,560
184,441
7,150
Forage and Biomass Planting 512 331,101
10,529
324,799
12,441
384,972
13,237
513,834
13,868
471,611
12,624
363,585
11,184
309,952
10,186
317,769
10,123
Grazing Land Mechanical Treatment 548 32,060
107
28,293
118
52,584
106
119,386
107
96,735
187
44,511
357
29,105
217
17,050
126
Heavy Use Area Protection 561 42,919
1,727
78,420
2,760
126,137
4,000
163,105
4,581
154,175
4,195
259,962
4,476
280,272
4,634
336,186
4,525
Herbaceous Weed Control 315











43,864
922
317,077
5,126
Integrated Pest Management (IPM) 595 1,479,738
31,695
2,083,059
32,053
2,264,380
32,964
2,357,743
32,117
2,194,465
28,219
2,299,829
26,090
1,886,302
21,501
1,413,884
17,916
Livestock Pipeline 516 3,133,288
8,649
3,930,590
12,443
3,751,972
13,371
5,091,794
13,958
4,591,847
12,765
4,924,297
12,282
4,394,120
12,316
4,657,188
12,717
Nutrient Management 590 950,382
33,899
957,551
35,062
972,632
34,562
917,830
32,813
771,355
26,272
663,194
23,672
690,969
22,202
620,157
21,720
Pond 378 369,574
2,144
394,721
2,771
413,082
2,390
402,536
2,533
504,434
2,203
545,726
1,915
367,045
1,931
327,410
1,637
Prescribed Burning 338 209,598
838
119,066
631
214,086
873
382,516
1,237
250,558
1,041
242,581
1,124
294,221
1,202
207,431
729
Prescribed Grazing 528 15,924,262
77,658
15,211,939
82,800
17,213,623
84,250
17,451,334
80,411
17,211,725
75,661
17,604,950
75,802
19,866,061
82,249
20,937,991
81,079
Pumping Plant 533 428,629
591
533,323
804
873,784
981
1,165,155
1,474
1,754,031
1,510
2,410,924
2,004
1,543,513
2,076
2,109,152
2,315
Range Planting 550 149,874
777
217,832
1,013
380,169
1,119
500,214
1,365
494,302
1,047
421,513
1,120
423,022
912
343,294
893
Silvopasture Establishment 381 49
3
24
1
704
13
155
2
328
14
505
7
706
19
1,559
14
Streambank and Shoreline Protection 580 11,247
302
16,659
369
29,282
448
18,084
349
45,479
373
36,091
286
24,279
191
13,388
235
Toxic Salt Reduction 610 561
5
1,019
13
928
19
563
5
59,271
9
294
5
63,585
7
194
3
Waste Recycling 633 105,001
4,310
84,163
4,013
115,619
3,967
91,253
3,788
62,960
2,845
67,607
3,412
59,160
2,357
47,543
2,313
Water Well 642 823,922
1,967
978,585
2,515
1,009,141
2,551
1,210,335
2,878
1,179,326
2,252
1,662,597
2,274
1,007,174
2,077
1,104,853
2,312
Water and Sediment Control Basin 638 32,672
129
10,755
174
13,900
181
10,610
194
17,117
178
11,778
181
50,710
158
8,169
163
Watering Facility 614 3,715,416
10,345
5,293,285
14,534
5,521,955
16,295
7,562,420
17,354
7,290,902
15,709
8,636,865
14,979
7,231,778
15,087
8,148,660
15,733
Windbreak/Shelterbelt Establishment 380 69,878
409
79,461
450
65,790
368
98,876
465
86,003
408
119,836
466
71,939
415
71,082
380
Windbreak/Shelterbelt Renovation 650 225
7
1,250
13
1,057
10
4,557
13
801
7
1,180
21
2,003
17
3,440
27
Total 32,581,342
211,841
37,026,455
240,241
41,104,621
249,857
47,788,013
250,536
45,945,986
226,257
49,994,018
220,320
48,429,088
220,954
53,579,534
220,796
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Conservation Planning Database, November 2012.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across practices, practice groupings, and fiscal years.
• Totals may not exactly match sum over practices due to rounding.

Conservation Practices Related to Irrigation Efficiency

The following chart and table includes practices that are related to Irrigation Efficiency. The goal of these practices is to assist in properly designing, installing and maintaining irrigation systems to ensure uniform and efficient distribution of water, thereby conserving water and protecting water resources. Note that pumping plant (533) installation is only counted when applied on cropland or hay land.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation, FY 2005-2012

Only practices representing a significant portion of the total for the period are included in the above chart. Practices not included are summed into the All Other category.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation (including practice count) by Fiscal Year
Irrigation Efficiency Practices
Practice Name Practice Code 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012
Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count
Irrigation Canal or Lateral 320 6,542
6
366
4
967
9
2,250
9
3,753
27
554
5
90
3
119
1
Irrigation Ditch Lining 428 13,254
460
37,103
596
21,740
724
40,517
476
25,380
309
5,926
209
6,106
242
4,232
180
Irrigation Field Ditch 388 29,585
43
2,492
57
3,472
63
4,297
81
2,198
36
2,162
36
4,500
10
2,014
35
Irrigation Land Leveling 464 52,246
1,417
74,475
1,868
107,880
2,247
93,681
2,109
106,492
2,190
80,675
1,771
90,933
1,647
82,553
1,724
Irrigation Pipeline 430 378,311
4,652
382,836
5,415
408,293
5,484
479,484
6,044
369,222
5,037
374,174
5,324
292,225
4,506
365,204
4,602
Irrigation Reservoir 436 8,564
118
19,201
208
15,965
234
19,475
232
12,378
177
16,239
229
16,402
200
9,561
171
Irrigation System, Microirrigation 441 51,531
1,172
100,123
1,689
74,130
1,653
85,774
1,994
72,136
1,677
70,380
1,674
86,256
2,189
82,167
2,214
Irrigation System, Sprinkler 442 542,997
5,515
531,530
5,917
486,877
5,370
551,862
6,044
362,163
4,108
366,675
4,471
307,167
3,852
290,113
3,770
Irrigation System, Surface and Subsurface 443 157,354
2,954
120,598
3,458
108,340
3,204
97,134
2,399
77,224
2,011
79,713
2,390
54,345
1,318
49,363
1,379
Irrigation System, Tailwater Recovery 447 6,447
93
9,960
130
9,416
140
14,515
132
8,490
126
5,059
99
6,411
102
6,957
103
Irrigation Water Management 449 1,159,834
16,929
1,168,983
20,268
1,377,461
21,360
1,343,203
20,078
1,215,847
18,398
1,154,034
18,742
1,083,103
17,323
1,185,221
18,695
Pumping Plant 533 54,626
674
51,812
648
66,455
843
82,379
1,051
79,860
906
98,826
1,239
94,336
1,174
89,429
1,161
Structure for Water Control 587 367,725
2,636
305,248
3,815
332,465
4,192
427,612
3,923
605,805
3,546
435,641
3,496
885,930
3,317
893,532
3,766
Toxic Salt Reduction 610 22,579
421
29,122
548
105,978
1,567
74,203
1,227
96,828
594
39,600
930
103,989
606
66,792
964
Total 2,851,595
37,090
2,833,849
44,621
3,119,439
47,090
3,316,385
45,799
3,037,775
39,142
2,729,659
40,615
3,031,793
36,489
3,127,257
38,765
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Conservation Planning Database, November 2012.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across practices, practice groupings, and fiscal years.
• Totals may not exactly match sum over practices due to rounding.

Conservation Practices Related to Water Quality

The following chart and table includes practices that are related to Water Quality. Water quality is an indicator of the health of our environment and reflects what occurs on the land. The primary water quality issues from agriculture are sediment, nutrients, pesticides, pathogens, and in some parts of the country, salinity. Using conservation practices to improve land in an environmentally sound manner will result in better water quality for drinking, recreation, wildlife, fisheries and industry.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation, FY 2005-2012

Only practices representing a significant portion of the total for the period are included in the above chart. Practices not included are summed into the All Other category.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation (including practice count) by Fiscal Year
Water Quality Practices
Practice Name Practice Code 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012
Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count
Access Control 472 804,032
40,453
1,270,178
54,852
2,021,455
59,927
1,681,992
45,555
1,495,462
33,469
1,137,524
31,476
1,841,648
42,761
1,715,281
40,048
Access Road 560 128,079
780
146,140
1,089
191,140
1,330
205,898
1,198
264,859
1,081
231,544
1,063
685,038
982
1,054,280
1,262
Alley Cropping 311 2,091
250
1,831
169
1,200
123
608
78
430
39
127
15
418
70
156
26
Animal Mortality Facility 316 2,606
111
4,825
250
4,512
247
5,883
322
3,992
262
7,296
340
5,343
286
5,029
310
Channel Bank Vegetation 322 1,917
14
2,958
378
4,090
54
3,120
24
2,447
39
3,989
74
4,658
92
5,076
68
Composting Facility 317 5,068
327
4,834
347
6,467
388
6,585
314
4,388
238
7,449
344
5,130
258
6,169
325
Conservation Cover 327 943,261
41,185
1,770,194
60,138
3,295,628
90,174
1,865,000
55,695
1,460,025
39,937
1,081,684
34,357
2,122,917
55,970
1,958,771
54,800
Conservation Crop Rotation 328 5,453,327
148,236
6,055,193
172,695
6,059,982
164,538
6,420,149
172,077
5,806,486
159,372
6,026,647
159,863
5,792,670
151,713
6,391,949
154,911
Constructed Wetland 656 494
13
5,034
34
5,433
20
114
6
5,133
18
185
11
306
11
55
5
Contour Buffer Strips 332 18,720
1,054
24,108
897
14,533
961
18,467
965
19,973
784
24,676
1,133
16,026
802
10,171
739
Contour Farming 330 704,169
20,071
783,166
22,150
660,068
19,778
607,961
18,295
514,602
14,494
498,220
14,120
444,091
12,646
424,894
11,132
Contour Orchard and Other Perennial Crops 331 2,440
258
3,732
237
3,197
265
2,433
139
2,121
117
2,562
82
767
99
1,644
123
Cover Crop 340 518,736
18,137
724,020
26,971
773,634
25,064
744,880
28,747
671,407
26,243
876,248
28,238
1,011,994
32,461
1,258,649
41,058
Critical Area Planting 342 229,445
5,103
269,282
6,749
457,385
6,101
407,477
6,812
507,275
7,318
486,021
8,028
569,840
8,446
534,672
8,028
Diversion 362 71,780
808
104,015
877
91,284
878
55,057
861
134,989
986
113,846
871
89,444
862
139,149
921
Drainage Water Management 554 1,445
23
13,083
123
1,872
77
5,701
120
1,895
53
8,951
160
3,548
130
10,765
251
Filter Strip 393 206,087
16,189
214,671
16,801
197,835
15,420
235,235
15,632
149,147
10,151
143,135
8,867
111,652
7,003
93,041
6,331
Grade Stabilization Structure 410 172,182
3,609
241,659
4,444
299,173
4,500
303,941
4,567
443,088
4,131
324,478
3,609
416,826
3,745
649,076
3,695
Grassed Waterway 412 463,019
14,500
539,004
16,070
427,055
13,076
405,887
11,196
492,633
11,484
432,454
11,118
486,491
11,544
425,236
10,444
Heavy Use Area Protection 561 58,469
2,946
101,181
4,603
170,538
6,296
208,793
6,925
360,501
6,704
305,529
7,461
317,545
6,942
387,883
7,008
Integrated Pest Management (IPM) 595 4,164,070
109,482
5,615,360
135,760
7,057,794
146,348
6,525,555
131,918
5,343,049
103,841
5,433,180
99,485
4,971,383
94,152
4,313,731
78,064
Irrigation System, Microirrigation 441 51,531
1,172
100,123
1,689
74,130
1,653
85,774
1,994
72,136
1,677
70,380
1,674
86,256
2,189
82,167
2,214
Irrigation System, Tailwater Recovery 447 6,447
93
9,960
130
9,416
140
14,515
132
8,490
126
5,059
99
6,411
102
6,957
103
Irrigation Water Management 449 1,159,834
16,929
1,168,983
20,268
1,377,461
21,360
1,343,203
20,078
1,215,847
18,398
1,154,034
18,742
1,083,103
17,323
1,185,221
18,695
Land Reclamation, Abandoned Mined Land 543 8
2


63
2
299
5
591
9
989
3
13
1
247
1
Land Reclamation, Currently Mined Land 544







61
1




286
6
Mulching 484 52,568
1,805
110,921
2,348
112,865
2,570
111,101
2,488
261,138
2,300
101,568
2,466
105,067
2,708
105,780
2,486
Nutrient Management 590 4,143,557
126,401
4,702,131
144,600
5,520,478
163,631
5,223,238
154,592
4,138,501
121,362
3,980,414
115,772
3,551,520
103,039
3,541,115
105,392
Prescribed Grazing 528 16,319,518
83,590
15,787,631
90,374
17,842,760
93,279
18,190,560
89,003
17,859,797
83,166
17,974,504
81,741
20,375,951
89,445
21,565,299
89,389
Residue and Tillage Management, Mulch Till 345 2,178,118
51,078
2,416,563
58,221
2,190,356
51,246
2,153,804
49,469
1,828,280
41,858
1,822,731
43,035
1,671,071
38,748
1,663,712
37,362
Residue and Tillage Management, No Till/Strip Till/Direct Seed 329 2,404,421
69,262
3,046,109
86,855
2,964,894
79,996
3,015,387
76,518
2,468,095
65,854
2,665,282
66,889
2,347,196
61,523
2,438,012
64,307
Residue and Tillage Management, Ridge Till 346 50,316
758
30,686
606
28,719
521
22,321
385
24,061
380
17,553
281
22,346
426
15,036
347
Riparian Forest Buffer 391 151,102
6,909
215,535
7,322
335,700
7,608
224,748
5,649
123,934
4,113
66,039
3,266
62,781
3,335
83,800
2,756
Riparian Herbaceous Cover 390 19,607
580
25,171
980
125,402
772
34,148
748
14,064
615
33,468
849
185,093
1,032
24,626
879
Roof Runoff Structure 558 4,431
346
4,614
429
8,361
485
10,540
603
16,857
587
13,353
651
8,852
682
12,237
887
Sediment Basin 350 5,908
130
17,065
215
17,799
256
16,084
231
11,833
222
18,221
197
19,633
131
6,180
124
Stream Crossing 578 5,083
271
18,261
526
20,259
689
136,728
898
226,449
967
132,552
967
595,821
1,141
499,309
1,217
Stream Habitat Improvement and Management 395 9,062
81
6,936
160
51,450
367
77,366
358
22,251
276
28,547
244
56,572
137
17,295
197
Streambank and Shoreline Protection 580 57,897
611
354,759
1,207
67,724
892
79,917
742
111,174
814
67,314
643
76,951
523
39,604
618
Stripcropping 585 53,289
1,882
42,488
1,708
31,497
1,705
29,926
1,305
27,416
1,548
28,368
1,022
22,193
702
12,681
505
Structure for Water Control 587 367,725
2,636
305,248
3,815
332,465
4,192
427,612
3,923
605,805
3,546
435,641
3,496
885,930
3,317
893,532
3,766
Terrace 600 499,121
7,006
666,126
8,463
538,008
6,762
561,709
7,159
653,747
8,506
517,734
7,162
594,777
8,063
581,622
7,982
Toxic Salt Reduction 610 22,579
421
29,122
548
105,978
1,567
74,203
1,227
96,828
594
39,600
930
103,989
606
66,792
964
Tree/Shrub Establishment 612 230,252
8,744
436,718
10,972
838,167
12,839
517,564
11,137
541,997
8,263
671,138
8,359
666,944
9,289
505,450
8,567
Vegetated Treatment Area 635 974
41
375
48
746
81
1,159
118
2,915
121
1,413
131
2,094
114
3,207
179
Waste Facility Closure 360 935
93
2,472
144
4,049
157
2,067
174
2,578
163
3,508
181
2,359
154
2,138
178
Waste Recycling 633 294,859
11,333
294,074
11,592
406,315
13,986
347,698
13,432
278,508
10,794
278,183
10,578
239,683
9,385
213,742
9,135
Waste Storage Facility 313 47,411
1,913
56,908
2,426
54,746
2,243
48,932
2,123
43,267
1,767
41,098
1,532
32,926
1,592
36,680
1,646
Waste Transfer 634 51,647
1,356
76,378
1,777
63,797
1,769
58,176
1,690
49,710
1,219
50,338
1,209
47,363
1,203
49,344
1,255
Waste Treatment 629 55
10
857
16
115
16
1,291
21
205
19
552
36
801
55
2,725
121
Waste Treatment Lagoon 359 688
25
1,139
46
2,328
101
3,544
93
2,699
100
1,746
77
312
24
517
16
Water Well Decommissioning 351 33,630
354
51,327
357
58,262
460
64,341
502
38,784
444
49,191
419
52,943
334
136,376
416
Water and Sediment Control Basin 638 102,997
1,321
106,978
1,847
123,970
1,997
120,538
2,093
157,092
2,294
151,784
2,395
187,616
2,587
130,158
2,361
Wetland Creation 658 22,942
339
26,261
442
22,431
423
22,864
302
29,930
209
18,304
205
13,177
169
5,590
143
Wetland Enhancement 659 207,338
1,008
283,587
1,128
152,748
1,559
173,440
1,346
204,916
1,409
157,823
1,307
270,031
1,259
179,993
1,434
Wetland Restoration 657 264,289
6,865
401,089
7,581
297,185
7,345
314,146
6,406
336,742
5,490
291,906
5,743
277,611
5,704
328,259
6,271
Windbreak/Shelterbelt Establishment 380 162,775
5,439
168,932
4,719
170,383
4,446
204,435
4,219
184,097
3,380
210,169
3,248
155,259
3,128
174,447
3,142
Windbreak/Shelterbelt Renovation 650 3,597
191
4,541
170
4,016
144
10,597
200
7,289
166
6,268
230
10,692
343
18,846
507
Total 42,937,946
834,544
48,864,536
999,363
55,699,317
1,042,824
53,434,711
962,809
49,351,984
813,518
48,252,516
796,494
52,719,068
801,488
54,014,661
795,117
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Conservation Planning Database, November 2012.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across practices, practice groupings, and fiscal years.
• Totals may not exactly match sum over practices due to rounding.

Conservation Practices Related to Wetlands

The following chart and table includes practices that are related to Wetlands. Healthy wetland ecosystems function to modulate drought and floods, provide wildlife habitat, filter pollutants, retain sediment, store carbon, and cycle nutrients. The goal of the wetland conservation practices is to restore, enhance and protect the quality and quantity of wetlands.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation, FY 2005-2012
Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation (including practice count) by Fiscal Year
Wetlands Practices
Practice Name Practice Code 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012
Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count
Wetland Creation 658 22,942
339
26,261
442
22,431
423
22,864
302
29,930
209
18,304
205
13,177
169
5,590
143
Wetland Enhancement 659 207,338
1,008
283,587
1,128
152,748
1,559
173,440
1,346
204,916
1,409
157,823
1,307
270,031
1,259
179,993
1,434
Wetland Restoration 657 264,289
6,865
401,089
7,581
297,185
7,345
314,146
6,406
336,742
5,490
291,906
5,743
277,611
5,704
328,259
6,271
Total 494,569
8,212
710,938
9,151
472,364
9,327
510,450
8,054
571,588
7,108
468,033
7,255
560,819
7,132
513,842
7,848
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Conservation Planning Database, November 2012.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across practices, practice groupings, and fiscal years.
• Totals may not exactly match sum over practices due to rounding.

More Information

The data in this report can be downloaded here.


For more information about NRCS Conservation Programs, visit http://www.nrcs.usda.gov/programs/

Citation for this website:
U.S. Department of Agriculture.
Financial Management Modernization Initiative (FMMI) April 2013
Foundation Financial Information System (FFIS) December 2011
National Conservation Planning Database November 2012
ProTracts Program Contracts System October 2012
Natural Resources Conservation Service, Washington, DC. 31 May 2013*
<http://soils.usda.gov/survey/rca/viewer/reports/cp_nat.html>

*[use date the website was accessed]