NRCS Conservation Programs

National

NRCS's natural resources conservation programs help people reduce soil erosion, enhance water supplies, improve water quality, increase wildlife habitat, and reduce damages caused by floods and other natural disasters. Public benefits include enhanced natural resources that help sustain agricultural productivity and environmental quality while supporting continued economic development, recreation, and scenic beauty.

The Agricultural Act of 2014 (enacted on February 7, 2014) made several changes to the Conservation Programs reported here. The Farm and Ranch Lands Protection Program (FRPP), Grassland Reserve Program (GRP), and Wetlands Reserve Program (WRP) were merged into the new Agricultural Conservation Easement Program (ACEP). The Agricultural Water Enhancement Program (AWEP) and Chesapeake Bay Watershed Initiative (CBWI) were merged into the new Regional Conservation Partnership Program (RCPP). The Wildlife Habitat Incentive Program (WHIP) was merged into the existing Environmental Quality Incentives Program (EQIP). To learn more see NRCS Conservation Programs.

Financial Information: Total Obligations | Technical Assistance | Financial Assistance | Reimbursable
Conservation Practice Implementation Reports: by Conservation Program |
by Conservation Practices related to: Cropland Soil Quality | Fish and Wildlife Habitat | Forest Land Conservation | Grazing Land Conservation | Irrigation Efficiency | Water Quality | Wetlands


Financial Information

The Financial Information section presents data from the USDA Office of the Chief Financial Officer's Financial Management Modernization Initiative (FMMI) system and its predecessor, the Foundation Financial Information System (FFIS). The Financial Information presented here is Total Obligations which the Government Accountability Office defines as binding agreements (orders placed, contracts awarded, services rendered, etc.) that will result in outlays, immediately or in the future. Before obligations can be incurred, budgetary resources must be made available by Congress. The obligations displayed for each year are the total obligations reported as of the end of each fiscal year. Subsequent adjustments after the close of the fiscal year are not included.

There are three categories of Total Obligations presented below:

  • Technical Assistance (TA) refers to the scientific expertise, natural resource data, tools, and technology that USDA personnel provide to help producers, landowners, and communities develop conservation plans and implement conservation practices to solve natural resource problems at the field, operation, or larger landscape scales. NRCS is the Federal lead for providing technical assistance for USDA and does so through various programs using NRCS staff and private Technical Service Providers (TSPs).
  • Financial Assistance (FA) denotes payments (cost-share payments, easement payments, rental payments, etc.) that help producers and landowners pay the costs of implementing conservation measures, which can provide both on-site and off-site conservation benefits.
  • Reimbursable funds can be for Technical or Financial Assistance but are received from sources other than appropriations. They can also be transfers from other Federal agencies. For example, the Farm Service Agency administers the Conservation Reserve Program (CRP) and reimburses NRCS for providing technical support functions.

Total Obligations, by Fiscal Year and Type
Total Obligations, by Fiscal Year and Type
In millions of dollars
Fund Type 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
Technical Assistance $975.6
$1,177.3
$1,294.6
$1,348.4
$1,319.7
$1,248.9
$1,346.6
$1,407.6
$1,549.0
$1,514.2
$1,431.2
$1,418.8
$1,519.9
$1,540.2
Financial Assistance $801.2
$1,087.2
$1,342.9
$1,773.1
$1,610.2
$1,599.8
$1,724.0
$2,055.6
$2,792.2
$2,607.2
$2,896.2
$2,668.9
$2,573.7
$2,300.5
Reimbursable $157.7
$125.5
$115.2
$138.6
$142.7
$156.4
$115.8
$98.8
$156.5
$201.4
$163.6
$135.3
$55.2
$91.0
Total $1,934.5
$2,390.0
$2,752.7
$3,260.1
$3,072.6
$3,005.1
$3,186.4
$3,562.0
$4,497.7
$4,322.8
$4,491.0
$4,223.0
$4,148.8
$3,931.7
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, 2012-2015 data from Financial Management Modernization Initiative (FMMI);
2002-2011 data from Foundation Financial Information System (FFIS).
• Totals may not exactly match sum over funds due to rounding.

Total Obligations, by Program Fund and Fiscal Year
Includes Technical and Financial Assistance and Reimbursable Fund Types
In millions of dollars
Fund Name 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
Agricultural Conservation Easement Program (ACEP)











$316.9
$297.3
Agricultural Management Assistance (AMA) $6.9

$13.9
$13.8
$4.9
$4.6
$7.2
$7.4
$7.2
$7.5
$2.4
$2.5
$6.6
$4.4
Agricultural Water Enhancement Program (AWEP)






$71.8
$72.2
$73.4
$58.8
$55.3
$5.4
$9.6
Chesapeake Bay Watershed Initiative (CBWI)






$21.8
$44.0
$72.6
$49.7
$49.4
$6.9
$3.9
Conservation Reserve Program (CRP) $23.1
$54.8
$61.9
$69.2
$77.7
$80.6
$62.6
$55.9
$59.6
$122.8
$101.5
$64.9
$65.5
$72.8
Conservation Security Program (CSP)

$40.4
$201.6
$257.2
$294.4
$317.1
$276.0
$222.2
$198.9
$188.0
$158.9
$120.4
$30.9
Conservation Stewardship Program (CSP)






$9.4
$389.8
$577.8
$741.6
$882.5
$1,030.9
$1,095.9
Conservation Technical Assistance (CTA) $809.8
$756.4
$797.8
$772.0
$755.0
$704.9
$766.3
$763.8
$819.2
$833.2
$734.9
$726.5
$721.3
$683.8
Environmental Quality Incentives Program (EQIP) $356.2
$709.1
$986.0
$1,024.8
$1,074.8
$1,070.9
$1,252.3
$1,054.6
$1,184.3
$1,244.7
$1,382.6
$1,391.2
$1,313.9
$1,248.4
Farm and Ranch Lands Protection Program (FRPP) $50.0
$77.5
$91.4
$111.8
$73.6
$73.1
$96.2
$118.8
$152.1
$170.9
$144.9
$118.1
$2.9
$4.8
Grassland Reserve Program (GRP)
$38.2
$56.8
$71.3
$35.5
$13.0
$2.8
$47.7
$100.1
$77.9
$65.3
$62.9
$1.5
$7.0
Healthy Forests Reserve Program (HFRP)



$2.5
$2.2
$0.7
$2.6
$7.9
$17.9
$9.8
$6.4
$0.6
$1.3
Plant Materials Center (PMC) $11.1
$11.3
$12.8
$14.7
$12.8
$13.9
$13.2
$14.1
$13.6
$13.3
$10.9
$10.1
$9.9
$8.4
Regional Conservation Partnership Program (RCPP)











$2.0
$44.0
Resource Conservation and Development Program (RCD) $49.2
$50.0
$53.3
$52.2
$52.4
$52.4
$50.4
$50.6
$50.8
$22.8
$0.1


$-0.1
Snow Survey (SNOW) $9.1
$9.6
$10.0
$10.5
$11.4
$11.3
$11.4
$13.4
$10.4
$11.6
$10.2
$8.4
$9.9
$9.0
Soil Survey (SOIL) $91.3
$91.0
$93.4
$94.8
$94.5
$97.0
$97.4
$99.0
$102.1
$98.7
$83.4
$77.7
$84.6
$83.6
Watershed Surveys and Planning (WSP) $11.3
$11.1
$10.0
$6.9
$6.2
$6.1
$0.4







Watershed Protection and Flood Prevention Program (WFPO) $128.5
$133.8
$111.0
$112.5
$117.6
$64.0
$42.0
$67.2
$167.4
$25.3
$23.4
$27.0
$11.1
$54.4
Watershed Rehabilitation (WRHB) $9.8
$29.3
$29.2
$28.6
$29.7
$36.2
$21.2
$55.4
$81.9
$23.7
$21.3
$15.4
$264.7
$116.1
Emergency Watershed Protection Program (EWP) $81.6
$67.7
$45.5
$365.5
$244.7
$190.3
$178.8
$324.2
$299.2
$76.1
$212.4
$102.0
$80.2
$53.7
Wetlands Reserve Program (WRP) $264.0
$309.6
$286.4
$267.3
$191.1
$247.9
$182.9
$435.7
$630.2
$569.1
$588.0
$400.2
$61.9
$81.9
Wildlife Habitat Incentive Program (WHIP) $17.3
$24.9
$37.9
$45.3
$41.9
$42.5
$83.5
$72.7
$83.4
$83.9
$47.4
$63.7
$9.6
$14.4
Other $15.4
$15.8
$15.1
$-2.8
$-11.0




$0.8
$14.3

$22.4
$6.2
Total $1,934.5
$2,390.0
$2,752.7
$3,260.1
$3,072.6
$3,005.1
$3,186.4
$3,562.0
$4,497.7
$4,322.8
$4,491.0
$4,223.0
$4,148.8
$3,931.7
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, 2012-2015 data from Financial Management Modernization Initiative (FMMI);
2002-2011 data from Foundation Financial Information System (FFIS).
• Totals may not exactly match sum over funds due to rounding.
• Negative numbers reflect fund adjustments made throughout the year.
• Other includes Biomass R&D, Colorado River Basin Salinity Control, Forestry Incentives Program, Fund for Rural America, Great Plains Conservation, Rural Abandoned Mine, SWCA, Waterbank Program,
and other accounting and adjustment funds.
• In 2014 CRP changed from a reimbursable to a direct program. Before FY 2014, CRP only includes reimbursable technical assistance funds used to plan and apply conservation practices. Data shown here do not include financial obligations made by the Farm Service Agency to landowners.
• For GRP, except for the minor amount of due diligence funds administered by NRCS, the Farm Service Agency (FSA) administers the majority of GRP funds for both easements and rental contracts.
• EWP, WRHB, and WFPO include American Recovery and Reinvestment Act funds in FY 2009 and FY 2010.
• EQIP includes General, Ground and Surface Water Conservation, Klamath Basin, and 1996 Farm Bill funds.
• CTA, PMC, SNOW, and SOIL also include multi-year funds.
• In 2002 RCD includes $272,018 for Forest Service Technical Assistance; WFPO does not include $-11,003 for Forest Service in 2002 that was included in the FY 2004 Explanatory Notes.
• In 2003 RCD includes $256,111 and EWP includes $26,463 for Forest Service Technical Assistance.
• In 2005 total EWP obligations match Explanatory Notes data, but there are differences in technical assistance and financial assistance.
• In 2007 RCD includes $10,803 for Forest Service Technical Assistance.
• Prior to the February 7, 2014 enactment of the Agricultural Act of 2014, AWEP and WHIP were authorized to obligate funds to new contracts. Upon enactment, the 2014 Act authorized the use of unobligated funds remaining from 2009 through 2013 to complete implementation of contracts entered into prior to the date of enactment, including the provision of technical assistance.
• The Agricultural Act of 2014 authorized the use of unobligated CBWI funds remaining from 2009 through 2013 to complete implementation of contracts entered into prior to the date of enactment, including the provision of technical assistance.
• The Agricultural Act of 2014 (the 2014 Act) authorized the use of prior year WRP, FRPP, and GRP funds remaining from 2009 through 2013 to carry out contracts, agreements, or easements entered into prior to the date of enactment of the 2014 Act, including the provision of technical assistance, provided that no such contract, agreement, or easement is modified so as to increase the amount of payment received. Pursuant to this authority, the funds obligated in FY 2014 were used to carry out acquisition and restoration activities on those prior contracts, agreements, or easements.

Technical Assistance - Total Obligations, by Program Fund and Fiscal Year
In millions of dollars
Fund Name 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
Agricultural Conservation Easement Program (ACEP)











$90.8
$99.7
Agricultural Management Assistance (AMA)

$3.6
$4.0
$1.2
$4.6
$1.5
$1.2
$1.2
$1.5
$0.5
$0.5
$1.4
$0.9
Agricultural Water Enhancement Program (AWEP)






$11.4
$11.3
$14.2
$11.0
$10.7
$4.8
$9.4
Chesapeake Bay Watershed Initiative (CBWI)






$3.2
$10.5
$12.5
$8.4
$7.5
$4.6
$1.9
Conservation Reserve Program (CRP)











$65.5
$72.8
Conservation Security Program (CSP)

$5.9
$30.2
$38.8
$25.9
$44.6
$29.9
$22.2
$21.2
$18.6
$13.2
$5.2
$6.8
Conservation Stewardship Program (CSP)






$9.4
$69.4
$69.7
$70.1
$92.4
$111.2
$208.0
Conservation Technical Assistance (CTA) $701.0
$712.4
$763.9
$747.1
$726.9
$674.6
$734.4
$738.2
$782.0
$796.6
$705.1
$698.7
$700.1
$667.5
Environmental Quality Incentives Program (EQIP) $43.2
$176.2
$230.9
$255.4
$262.3
$261.7
$284.6
$296.7
$317.3
$336.4
$373.4
$376.5
$361.0
$328.9
Farm and Ranch Lands Protection Program (FRPP)
$2.4
$3.3
$4.9
$3.2
$3.1
$5.7
$5.9
$5.9
$7.7
$6.6
$8.4
$2.4
$3.3
Grassland Reserve Program (GRP)
$16.2
$14.8
$13.7
$2.9
$3.1
$1.0
$6.6
$6.7
$7.6
$6.1
$6.2
$0.8
$2.0
Healthy Forests Reserve Program (HFRP)



$0.1
$0.1
$0.2
$1.4
$1.5
$1.8
$1.4
$1.2
$-3.0

Plant Materials Center (PMC) $10.2
$10.2
$11.5
$13.3
$11.1
$11.9
$11.3
$12.5
$11.8
$11.5
$9.5
$10.1
$8.7
$7.6
Regional Conservation Partnership Program (RCPP)











$1.9
$35.8
Resource Conservation and Development Program (RCD) $49.0
$49.9
$53.0
$51.9
$51.2
$52.3
$50.4
$50.6
$50.8
$22.8
$0.1



Snow Survey (SNOW) $8.6
$8.9
$9.6
$10.1
$10.8
$10.8
$10.6
$12.9
$10.0
$11.0
$10.0
$8.0
$9.6
$8.6
Soil Survey (SOIL) $83.6
$83.5
$87.4
$88.7
$87.7
$90.6
$90.2
$91.1
$95.8
$93.8
$78.6
$73.9
$81.8
$80.0
Watershed Surveys and Planning (WSP) $10.9
$10.9
$9.8
$6.8
$6.0
$6.0
$0.4







Watershed Protection and Flood Prevention Program (WFPO) $46.3
$43.9
$38.5
$36.8
$30.4
$14.4
$13.4
$13.5
$33.6
$5.3
$2.0
$0.7
$1.0
$2.7
Watershed Rehabilitation (WRHB) $6.5
$16.7
$16.5
$15.2
$13.9
$18.1
$8.3
$28.8
$28.3
$15.2
$10.2
$6.2
$26.1
$-33.2
Emergency Watershed Protection Program (EWP) $11.7
$12.9
$7.5
$32.0
$33.1
$34.0
$30.5
$43.0
$34.4
$17.0
$25.3
$16.0
$14.2
$5.7
Wetlands Reserve Program (WRP) $0.3
$24.6
$27.6
$27.0
$29.1
$27.3
$33.1
$30.8
$35.9
$45.7
$74.0
$69.4
$24.1
$20.1
Wildlife Habitat Incentive Program (WHIP) $2.8
$7.2
$9.9
$11.2
$10.5
$10.3
$26.4
$20.6
$20.3
$22.9
$13.3
$19.0
$7.1
$13.2
Other $1.5
$1.3
$0.7

$0.4





$7.2

$0.7
$-1.6
Total $975.6
$1,177.3
$1,294.6
$1,348.4
$1,319.7
$1,248.9
$1,346.6
$1,407.6
$1,549.0
$1,514.2
$1,431.2
$1,418.8
$1,519.9
$1,540.2
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, 2012-2015 data from Financial Management Modernization Initiative (FMMI);
2002-2011 data from Foundation Financial Information System (FFIS).
• Totals may not exactly match sum over funds due to rounding.
• Negative numbers reflect fund adjustments made throughout the year.
• Other includes Biomass R&D, Colorado River Basin Salinity Control, Forestry Incentives Program, Fund for Rural America, Great Plains Conservation, Rural Abandoned Mine, SWCA, Waterbank Program,
and other accounting and adjustment funds.
• In 2014 CRP changed from a reimbursable to a direct program. Before FY 2014, CRP only includes reimbursable technical assistance funds used to plan and apply conservation practices. Data shown here do not include financial obligations made by the Farm Service Agency to landowners.
• For GRP, except for the minor amount of due diligence funds administered by NRCS, the Farm Service Agency (FSA) administers the majority of GRP funds for both easements and rental contracts.
• EWP, WRHB, and WFPO include American Recovery and Reinvestment Act funds in FY 2009 and FY 2010.
• EQIP includes General, Ground and Surface Water Conservation, Klamath Basin, and 1996 Farm Bill funds.
• CTA, PMC, SNOW, and SOIL also include multi-year funds.
• In 2002 RCD includes $272,018 for Forest Service Technical Assistance.
• In 2003 RCD includes $256,111 and EWP includes $26,463 for Forest Service Technical Assistance.
• In 2007 RCD includes $10,803 for Forest Service Technical Assistance.
• Prior to the February 7, 2014 enactment of the Agricultural Act of 2014, AWEP and WHIP were authorized to obligate funds to new contracts. Upon enactment, the 2014 Act authorized the use of unobligated funds remaining from 2009 through 2013 to complete implementation of contracts entered into prior to the date of enactment, including the provision of technical assistance.
• The Agricultural Act of 2014 authorized the use of unobligated CBWI funds remaining from 2009 through 2013 to complete implementation of contracts entered into prior to the date of enactment, including the provision of technical assistance.
• The Agricultural Act of 2014 (the 2014 Act) authorized the use of prior year WRP, FRPP, and GRP funds remaining from 2009 through 2013 to carry out contracts, agreements, or easements entered into prior to the date of enactment of the 2014 Act, including the provision of technical assistance, provided that no such contract, agreement, or easement is modified so as to increase the amount of payment received. Pursuant to this authority, the funds obligated in FY 2014 were used to carry out acquisition and restoration activities on those prior contracts, agreements, or easements.

Financial Assistance - Total Obligations, by Program Fund and Fiscal Year
In millions of dollars
Fund Name 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
Agricultural Conservation Easement Program (ACEP)











$226.1
$197.6
Agricultural Management Assistance (AMA) $6.9

$10.3
$9.7
$3.7

$5.8
$6.2
$6.0
$5.9
$1.9
$2.0
$5.2
$3.5
Agricultural Water Enhancement Program (AWEP)






$60.4
$60.8
$59.2
$47.8
$44.5
$0.6
$0.3
Chesapeake Bay Watershed Initiative (CBWI)






$18.6
$33.5
$60.1
$41.3
$41.9
$2.3
$2.1
Conservation Security Program (CSP)

$34.6
$171.4
$218.4
$268.5
$272.5
$246.1
$199.9
$177.7
$169.5
$145.6
$115.2
$24.1
Conservation Stewardship Program (CSP)







$320.4
$508.1
$671.6
$790.1
$919.7
$887.9
Environmental Quality Incentives Program (EQIP) $313.0
$532.9
$755.1
$769.4
$811.1
$806.8
$965.5
$757.4
$856.7
$894.5
$1,000.6
$997.4
$936.0
$906.9
Farm and Ranch Lands Protection Program (FRPP) $50.0
$75.1
$88.1
$106.9
$70.2
$69.9
$90.5
$112.9
$144.0
$161.0
$138.3
$109.7
$0.5
$1.5
Grassland Reserve Program (GRP)
$22.0
$42.0
$57.6
$32.6
$9.8
$1.8
$41.0
$93.4
$70.3
$59.2
$56.7
$0.6
$5.0
Healthy Forests Reserve Program (HFRP)



$2.4
$2.1
$0.5
$1.3
$6.5
$16.1
$8.5
$5.2
$3.6
$1.3
Regional Conservation Partnership Program (RCPP)












$8.1
Watershed Protection and Flood Prevention Program (WFPO) $69.5
$77.4
$62.9
$42.8
$72.6
$21.3
$23.5
$49.0
$97.2
$4.6
$4.5
$6.6
$3.9
$3.2
Watershed Rehabilitation (WRHB) $3.3
$12.6
$12.6
$12.5
$15.9
$17.0
$12.6
$25.5
$52.7
$9.7
$11.1
$9.7
$233.7
$141.6
Emergency Watershed Protection Program (EWP) $67.1
$50.3
$36.6
$331.5
$201.3
$151.8
$144.5
$280.0
$264.1
$56.0
$187.4
$84.2
$64.2
$46.8
Wetlands Reserve Program (WRP) $263.6
$284.9
$258.8
$240.2
$161.8
$220.4
$149.8
$404.9
$594.2
$523.3
$514.0
$330.8
$37.8
$61.8
Wildlife Habitat Incentive Program (WHIP) $14.2
$17.6
$27.9
$34.1
$31.4
$32.1
$57.1
$52.1
$62.6
$60.6
$33.7
$44.5
$2.5
$1.2
Other $13.7
$14.3
$14.1
$-3.1
$-11.3





$7.0

$21.7
$7.7
Total $801.2
$1,087.2
$1,342.9
$1,773.1
$1,610.2
$1,599.8
$1,724.0
$2,055.6
$2,792.2
$2,607.2
$2,896.2
$2,668.9
$2,573.7
$2,300.5
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, 2012-2015 data from Financial Management Modernization Initiative (FMMI);
2002-2011 data from Foundation Financial Information System (FFIS).
• Totals may not exactly match sum over funds due to rounding.
• Negative numbers reflect fund adjustments made throughout the year.
• Other includes Biomass R&D, Colorado River Basin Salinity Control, Forestry Incentives Program, Fund for Rural America, Great Plains Conservation, Rural Abandoned Mine, SWCA, Waterbank Program,
and other accounting and adjustment funds.
• For GRP, except for the minor amount of due diligence funds administered by NRCS, the Farm Service Agency (FSA) administers the majority of GRP funds for both easements and rental contracts.
• EWP, WRHB, and WFPO include American Recovery and Reinvestment Act funds in FY 2009 and FY 2010.
• EQIP includes General, Ground and Surface Water Conservation, Klamath Basin, and 1996 Farm Bill funds.
• CRP, CTA, PMC, RCD, SNOW, SOIL, and WSP do not provide financial assistance.
• Prior to the February 7, 2014 enactment of the Agricultural Act of 2014, AWEP and WHIP were authorized to obligate funds to new contracts. Upon enactment, the 2014 Act authorized the use of unobligated funds remaining from 2009 through 2013 to complete implementation of contracts entered into prior to the date of enactment, including the provision of technical assistance.
• The Agricultural Act of 2014 authorized the use of unobligated CBWI funds remaining from 2009 through 2013 to complete implementation of contracts entered into prior to the date of enactment, including the provision of technical assistance.
• The Agricultural Act of 2014 (the 2014 Act) authorized the use of prior year WRP, FRPP, and GRP funds remaining from 2009 through 2013 to carry out contracts, agreements, or easements entered into prior to the date of enactment of the 2014 Act, including the provision of technical assistance, provided that no such contract, agreement, or easement is modified so as to increase the amount of payment received. Pursuant to this authority, the funds obligated in FY 2014 were used to carry out acquisition and restoration activities on those prior contracts, agreements, or easements.

Reimbursable - Total Obligations, by Program Fund and Fiscal Year
In millions of dollars
Fund Name 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
Conservation Reserve Program (CRP) $23.1
$54.8
$61.9
$69.2
$77.7
$80.6
$62.6
$55.9
$59.6
$122.8
$101.5
$64.9


Conservation Technical Assistance (CTA) $108.8
$44.0
$33.8
$25.0
$28.1
$30.3
$31.8
$25.6
$37.2
$36.7
$29.8
$27.9
$21.2
$16.3
Environmental Quality Incentives Program (EQIP)



$1.4
$2.4
$2.3
$0.5
$10.2
$13.8
$8.5
$17.3
$16.9
$12.6
Farm and Ranch Lands Protection Program (FRPP)



$0.2



$2.2
$2.2




Plant Materials Center (PMC) $1.0
$1.1
$1.3
$1.4
$1.7
$2.0
$1.9
$1.6
$1.9
$1.8
$1.4

$1.1
$0.8
Regional Conservation Partnership Program (RCPP)











$0.1

Resource Conservation and Development Program (RCD) $0.2
$0.1
$0.4
$0.2
$1.3
$0.1


$0.1




$-0.1
Snow Survey (SNOW) $0.5
$0.6
$0.4
$0.4
$0.6
$0.5
$0.8
$0.5
$0.4
$0.6
$0.2
$0.4
$0.3
$0.3
Soil Survey (SOIL) $7.8
$7.4
$5.9
$6.1
$6.7
$6.3
$7.2
$7.9
$6.3
$4.9
$4.8
$3.8
$2.8
$3.6
Watershed Surveys and Planning (WSP) $0.4
$0.1
$0.1
$0.1
$0.2
$0.1








Watershed Protection and Flood Prevention Program (WFPO) $12.7
$12.4
$9.5
$33.0
$14.6
$28.2
$5.0
$4.6
$36.6
$15.4
$16.9
$19.6
$6.2
$48.5
Watershed Rehabilitation (WRHB)


$0.9
$-0.1
$1.1
$0.2
$1.1
$0.9
$-1.2

$-0.5
$4.9
$7.7
Emergency Watershed Protection Program (EWP) $2.8
$4.4
$1.4
$1.9
$10.2
$4.5
$3.7
$1.1
$0.7
$3.1
$-0.2
$1.8
$1.8
$1.1
Wetlands Reserve Program (WRP)



$0.1
$0.1
$0.1


$0.1
$0.1



Wildlife Habitat Incentive Program (WHIP) $0.2
$0.2






$0.5
$0.4
$0.4
$0.2


Other $0.2
$0.2
$0.4
$0.2
$-0.1




$0.8
$0.1


$0.1
Total $157.7
$125.5
$115.2
$138.6
$142.7
$156.4
$115.8
$98.8
$156.5
$201.4
$163.6
$135.3
$55.2
$91.0
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, 2012-2015 data from Financial Management Modernization Initiative (FMMI);
2002-2011 data from Foundation Financial Information System (FFIS).
• Totals may not exactly match sum over funds due to rounding.
• Negative numbers reflect fund adjustments made throughout the year.
• Other includes Biomass R&D, Colorado River Basin Salinity Control, Forestry Incentives Program, Fund for Rural America, Great Plains Conservation, Rural Abandoned Mine, SWCA, Waterbank Program,
and other accounting and adjustment funds.
• In 2014 CRP changed from a reimbursable to a direct program. Before FY 2014, CRP only includes reimbursable technical assistance funds used to plan and apply conservation practices. Data shown here do not include financial obligations made by the Farm Service Agency to landowners.
• EWP, WRHB, and WFPO include American Recovery and Reinvestment Act funds in FY 2009 and FY 2010.
• EQIP includes General, Ground and Surface Water Conservation, Klamath Basin, and 1996 Farm Bill funds.
• CTA, PMC, SNOW, and SOIL also include multi-year funds.
• Prior to the February 7, 2014 enactment of the Agricultural Act of 2014, WHIP was authorized to obligate funds to new contracts. Upon enactment, the 2014 Act authorized the use of unobligated funds remaining from 2009 through 2013 to complete implementation of contracts entered into prior to the date of enactment, including the provision of technical assistance.
• The Agricultural Act of 2014 (the 2014 Act) authorized the use of prior year WRP and FRPP funds remaining from 2009 through 2013 to carry out contracts, agreements, or easements entered into prior to the date of enactment of the 2014 Act, including the provision of technical assistance, provided that no such contract, agreement, or easement is modified so as to increase the amount of payment received. Pursuant to this authority, the funds obligated in FY 2014 were used to carry out acquisition and restoration activities on those prior contracts, agreements, or easements.

Conservation Practice Implementation Reports

Conservation practices are planned and applied at the land unit level. The land unit is the smallest unit of land that has a permanent or contiguous boundary, a common land cover and land management, and a common owner or a common producer. The following chart/table combinations include data for the time period from fiscal year 2005 through fiscal year 2015. Data entry processes differed prior to 2005 and do not provide comparable data.

As conservation practices are measured in different units (acres, feet, square feet, etc.), the challenge for reporting performance at various levels is how to aggregate across practices. Although practices may affect resources beyond the land unit boundary, or be applied only on part of the land unit, the land unit does provide a common metric to aggregate over practices since each applied practice is associated with a specific land unit. Analysis of the NCP data reveals that most practices are measured in acres and most of the practice applied amounts match the land unit acres of the field on which the practice was applied. Therefore, land unit acreage is the metric on which the acres of land receiving conservation treatment are calculated. Totals presented here are not comparable to program enrollment acres or contract acres.


Acres Receiving Conservation by Program

The following chart/table combination summarizes acres receiving conservation by program and fiscal year. For the Conservation Stewardship Program, acres represent contract acres and count represents contracts in the fiscal year. For all other programs, acres represent land unit acres and count represents practice counts. Here, land unit acres are counted once for each conservation program that has been used to apply one or more practices on that land unit in a given fiscal year. Therefore, land unit acres may be counted multiple times within each fiscal year - once for each program that has been used to apply at least one practice. Land unit acres may also be counted multiple times across fiscal years.

Acres Receiving Conservation by Conservation Program, FY 2005-2015

Only programs representing a significant portion of the total for the period are included in the above chart. Programs not included are summed into the All Other category.

Acres Receiving Conservation by Conservation Program and Fiscal Year
Program 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count
Agricultural Conservation Easement Program (ACEP)

















2,580
18
5,680
336
Agricultural Management Assistance (AMA) 75,204
1,798
42,937
2,052
40,909
2,172
21,995
1,134
71,090
1,263
44,271
1,279
44,897
1,458
22,350
1,287
23,473
1,133
9,942
672
13,161
737
Agricultural Water Enhancement Program (AWEP)







14,629
248
366,441
3,739
234,814
5,612
324,323
6,483
298,981
7,016
289,673
8,167
190,319
5,436
Chesapeake Bay Watershed Initiative (CBWI)







4,932
557
98,275
9,414
143,837
11,842
193,539
17,097
119,754
12,151
146,344
15,307
95,079
9,867
Conservation Reserve Program (CRP) 1,614,573
195,839
2,618,442
278,254
3,487,838
311,185
2,422,246
216,726
1,863,877
162,393
1,419,590
138,775
2,188,714
166,657
2,254,134
148,746
1,822,699
115,194
1,139,610
77,143
789,149
68,889
Conservation Stewardship Program (CSP)









25,164,327
20,567
12,750,676
9,630
12,109,876
9,036
9,519,371
6,992
9,598,222
7,631
24,059,378
17,041
Conservation Technical Assistance (CTA) 21,130,824
653,693
22,660,055
722,124
23,583,829
716,781
25,858,346
711,024
24,899,950
624,863
27,009,183
608,000
28,217,303
587,107
28,009,645
576,145
27,371,645
539,629
20,623,221
390,756
20,518,512
373,730
Environmental Quality Incentives Program (EQIP) 13,713,789
237,318
18,731,617
342,226
23,226,022
408,307
23,834,264
406,644
23,175,167
341,141
24,114,797
344,746
22,458,802
335,701
24,301,639
342,339
24,418,414
327,228
19,465,088
278,004
18,604,761
287,813
Grassland Reserve Program (GRP) 147,809
4,072
156,490
2,998
88,963
1,867
72,571
1,794
45,712
1,279
120,953
1,670
98,122
1,823
92,181
1,922
119,451
1,436
111,857
1,462
98,032
999
Healthy Forests Reserve Program (HFRP)





91
1
1,085
1


10,943
53
4,472
94
11,802
35
9,453
86
432
12
Resource Conservation and Development Program (RCD) 2,540
89
2,231
40
18
2
260
15
27
10
1,744
39
1,201
11


127
2




Watershed Protection and Flood Prevention Program (WFPO) 70,606
2,447
59,427
1,703
24,019
1,286
12,160
718
6,597
499
13,700
480
18,378
439
3,378
128
2,679
83
574
32
307
10
Watershed Rehabilitation (WRHB)







487
3
12
1
94
2
682
42




120
1
Emergency Watershed Protection Program (EWP) 22,577
334
60,431
3,374
96,288
1,318
100,686
1,761
141,265
1,527
35,964
356
5,138
210
5,182
325
1,785
42
5,670
43
674
11
Wetlands Reserve Program (WRP) 283,294
8,431
323,098
10,742
273,442
9,183
269,227
6,887
238,899
6,628
235,204
5,990
238,858
7,388
348,557
9,797
303,991
10,304
101,493
3,508
61,492
2,357
Wildlife Habitat Incentive Program (WHIP) 428,192
10,795
1,186,651
12,248
1,307,212
17,676
1,791,859
17,212
1,290,358
17,610
1,864,718
19,861
2,405,471
26,891
1,978,265
24,378
1,759,551
17,871
1,468,542
16,983
1,263,967
9,242
Other 102,692
2,394
87,769
1,225
36,737
864
8,293
586
22,515
1,719
5,516
167
21,333
695
7,340
618
23,370
900
60,378
236
19,013
409
Notes:
• Data Sources: CSP Program - USDA-NRCS, ProTracts Program Contracts System, October 2015; all other programs - USDA-NRCS, National Planning and Agreements Database, November 2015.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across programs within each fiscal year and across fiscal years, but are only counted once per program per fiscal year.
• EWP, WRHB, and WFPO include conservation practices funded by the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act in FY 2009 and FY 2010.
• EQIP includes General, Ground and Surface Water Conservation, and Klamath Basin.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation

The following table summarizes the land units treated in a fiscal year. Here, a land unit is counted only once in a fiscal year, regardless of how many practices were applied on it, or how many conservation programs were used to apply practices. These data therefore reflect the geographic extent of the land treated with conservation practices during a fiscal year. Given that multiple conservation programs can be used to treat the resource concerns associated with a specific land unit, the percentage of land units (acres and number) that are treated by more than one conservation program within a fiscal year is also shown.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation by Fiscal Year
2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
Acres Number Acres Number Acres Number Acres Number Acres Number Acres Number Acres Number Acres Number Acres Number Acres Number Acres Number
Land units treated by at least one program 34,196,346
436,368
40,429,368
563,390
46,376,905
647,223
48,856,627
642,853
47,173,204
584,866
49,854,606
589,217
51,096,363
623,020
52,567,951
631,854
50,955,301
601,007
40,282,958
458,771
38,806,246
432,425
Percent of land units treated by multiple programs 10.09%
10.40%
13.76%
11.83%
12.63%
11.62%
11.35%
10.88%
9.74%
8.41%
10.95%
8.36%
9.68%
7.68%
9.33%
7.31%
10.39%
7.33%
7.77%
5.31%
7.39%
5.19%
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Planning and Agreements Database, November 2015.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years.
Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation by Practice

The following set of chart/table combinations present the conservation practice data grouped by purpose: Cropland Soil Quality, Fish & Wildlife Habitat, Forest Land Conservation, Grazing Land Conservation, Irrigation Efficiency, Water Quality, and Wetlands. Any practices not included in one of these groups are included in an All Other category. Data for practices in the All Other category can be downloaded in the Conservation Programs Profile csv file.

Note that there is some overlap between these groupings, since some practices address multiple resource concerns. Here land unit acres are counted each time a practice is applied on that land unit in the fiscal year. Therefore land unit acres may be counted multiple times across practices, practice groupings, and fiscal years. To learn more about specific conservation practices, see the National Handbook of Conservation Practices.


Conservation Practices Related to Cropland Soil Quality

The following chart and table includes practices that are related to Cropland Soil Quality Management. The six components of soil quality management are: enhancing organic matter, avoiding excessive tillage, managing pests and nutrients efficiently, preventing soil compaction, keeping the ground covered, and diversifying cropping systems. Choosing specific practices within each component depends on the situation since different types of soil respond differently to the same practice. Each combination of soil type and land use calls for a different set of practices to enhance soil quality. Note that only practices applied on cropland or hay land are included.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation, FY 2005-2015

Only practices representing a significant portion of the total for the period are included in the above chart. Practices not included are summed into the All Other category.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation by Practice (including practice count) and Fiscal Year
Cropland Soil Quality Practices
Practice Name Practice Code 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count
Alley Cropping 311 2,058
245
1,827
167
1,200
123
605
77
410
38
127
15
410
69
156
26
229
28
36
1
46
3
Conservation Cover 327 870,083
35,324
1,600,398
52,256
3,139,186
82,698
1,706,769
49,322
1,106,042
35,917
932,620
30,635
1,847,578
51,157
1,766,377
50,290
1,478,029
39,399
937,161
26,645
671,555
22,581
Conservation Crop Rotation 328 5,428,493
147,227
6,032,578
171,835
6,015,860
163,752
6,383,937
171,256
5,771,487
158,565
6,005,018
159,094
5,768,069
151,041
6,295,961
153,798
5,701,926
151,998
3,702,192
98,110
3,964,949
102,112
Contour Buffer Strips 332 18,644
1,016
24,098
890
14,439
943
18,423
948
19,824
781
24,664
1,125
15,984
796
10,098
738
6,606
319
3,927
248
3,541
208
Contour Farming 330 701,403
19,943
780,748
22,040
657,980
19,702
605,251
18,220
510,764
14,377
496,939
14,071
442,715
12,592
423,604
11,073
391,408
11,494
231,333
5,823
231,432
6,080
Contour Orchard and Other Perennial Crops 331 2,426
256
3,679
234
3,197
265
2,433
138
2,064
112
2,559
80
767
99
1,643
122
1,593
133
1,077
67
316
67
Cover Crop 340 505,036
17,703
711,553
26,507
748,644
24,701
728,908
28,285
654,878
25,986
860,771
27,838
992,578
31,848
1,218,649
40,128
1,277,382
41,291
1,410,403
43,686
1,541,151
47,451
Critical Area Planting 342 101,154
2,841
115,736
3,179
123,253
3,150
174,761
3,742
217,665
4,296
247,992
4,773
283,980
5,314
280,449
4,866
223,690
4,018
185,445
3,474
229,638
4,148
Cross Wind Ridges 588 3,960
34
2,811
38
3,877
27
5,140
64
3,831
56
3,613
25
5,954
68
158
8
276
3
2,053
7
85
2
Cross Wind Trap Strips 589C 10,290
114
3,984
41
6,804
25
619
25
1,359
12
9,496
25
2,183
22
4,221
8
1,426
6
2,530
17
532
9
Deep Tillage 324 56,466
1,138
47,450
839
67,700
1,316
73,649
1,588
75,732
2,072
57,250
2,622
56,196
1,170
67,409
2,239
93,770
1,795
52,674
795
58,887
1,007
Diversion 362 28,837
495
34,478
508
25,571
485
25,845
480
34,190
571
33,929
440
34,947
550
31,752
556
27,046
485
23,719
455
26,834
409
Field Border 386 191,527
8,331
196,125
10,002
187,022
8,535
153,376
7,127
88,209
3,836
107,416
3,697
80,670
3,045
56,630
2,063
39,259
1,434
21,981
1,028
37,760
1,887
Forage and Biomass Planting 512 177,539
7,300
315,843
10,150
289,746
8,593
260,111
8,695
198,340
7,024
205,673
6,802
146,420
4,937
207,293
5,817
226,351
5,094
124,876
3,387
148,774
3,878
Grade Stabilization Structure 410 86,559
2,391
114,227
2,726
126,097
3,007
154,964
3,173
133,088
2,816
112,752
2,533
136,758
2,785
129,550
2,714
111,983
2,455
111,652
2,059
119,234
2,521
Grassed Waterway 412 451,821
14,009
516,047
15,450
414,193
12,581
391,410
10,758
446,766
11,079
420,821
10,724
473,316
11,191
414,297
10,069
266,988
7,829
212,384
5,445
205,925
5,197
Herbaceous Wind Barriers 603 3,537
49
2,469
49
1,584
25
9,808
111
1,660
12
3,935
59
2,220
40
825
23
695
20
406
22
493
23
Integrated Pest Management (IPM) 595 2,585,798
73,854
3,354,683
99,250
4,304,735
108,202
3,870,626
94,694
2,805,603
71,214
2,729,212
68,299
2,810,387
68,020
2,645,739
56,422
1,926,336
45,073
1,489,305
39,480
1,286,876
28,159
Irrigation Water Management 449 1,112,835
15,896
1,125,723
19,138
1,301,072
20,118
1,276,328
18,808
1,141,138
17,400
1,117,690
17,785
1,054,251
16,649
1,140,327
17,915
1,299,011
21,307
1,058,580
17,783
799,665
14,066
Lined Waterway or Outlet 468 7,157
154
5,283
142
10,229
251
8,703
217
9,982
250
17,290
358
19,302
421
13,831
356
13,361
317
8,963
259
9,548
261
Mulching 484 24,218
1,203
29,577
1,201
61,742
1,732
69,166
1,789
65,147
1,567
70,310
1,804
74,233
2,078
67,357
1,832
63,883
1,732
94,922
2,300
116,258
2,901
Nutrient Management 590 3,160,713
90,728
3,714,913
108,135
4,513,314
127,645
4,274,693
120,523
3,333,022
94,309
3,289,349
91,288
2,833,234
79,980
2,888,168
82,774
2,498,742
76,188
2,238,837
69,483
2,027,237
60,198
Residue Management, Seasonal 344 1,374,717
31,039
1,371,180
32,374
1,568,175
31,499
1,548,705
31,320
1,427,821
28,074
1,448,783
26,498
1,258,742
24,209
1,179,606
23,117
1,345,640
27,169
931,789
19,518
513,789
8,505
Residue and Tillage Management, Mulch Till 345 2,171,751
50,906
2,413,164
58,046
2,180,940
51,075
2,149,627
49,360
1,824,975
41,734
1,818,234
42,867
1,668,318
38,629
1,650,640
37,207
1,448,623
33,845
997,853
23,587
1,294,837
27,230
Residue and Tillage Management, No-Till/Strip Till/Direct Seed 329 2,398,717
68,960
3,033,732
86,417
2,929,377
79,517
3,002,749
76,049
2,459,441
65,505
2,655,566
66,657
2,337,213
61,236
2,422,414
63,890
2,252,208
62,125
1,774,155
48,566
1,695,483
46,366
Residue and Tillage Management, Ridge Till 346 50,316
758
30,686
606
28,719
521
22,300
384
24,055
379
17,553
281
22,329
425
14,844
340
12,867
349
7,622
360
3,540
128
Riparian Forest Buffer 391 37,694
3,147
28,814
3,054
36,754
2,746
28,712
2,043
24,068
1,297
13,157
1,226
14,924
1,006
11,427
1,082
11,075
1,039
6,058
800
13,311
1,241
Row Arrangement 557 52,236
1,496
27,133
1,147
29,449
681
31,870
1,208
33,058
1,016
31,034
979
19,014
632
28,006
798
29,340
891
18,055
615
13,784
540
Silvopasture Establishment 381







118
4








145
2


Stripcropping 585 52,869
1,871
42,432
1,704
31,429
1,703
29,910
1,303
26,956
1,542
28,206
1,018
21,772
700
12,461
504
14,332
538
10,136
428
6,766
391
Subsurface Drain 606 74,247
2,169
74,768
2,097
83,134
2,254
85,648
2,044
94,344
2,196
118,400
2,272
106,300
2,261
105,221
2,179
73,567
1,742
52,667
1,177
59,932
1,213
Terrace 600 495,494
6,923
659,802
8,350
531,797
6,681
556,466
7,075
626,215
8,424
514,686
7,081
590,235
7,983
576,201
7,916
394,962
5,593
385,445
5,173
400,329
5,608
Toxic Salt Reduction 610 21,997
413
28,078
532
104,856
1,528
72,363
1,150
36,548
524
38,843
897
40,223
592
50,923
941
123,097
1,190
54,753
748
45,413
639
Underground Outlet 620 183,936
3,054
258,775
4,144
206,176
3,417
242,262
3,915
345,243
5,444
325,440
5,363
346,407
5,946
362,864
6,185
268,567
4,753
239,879
3,962
272,541
4,559
Water and Sediment Control Basin 638 69,931
1,178
89,123
1,631
99,228
1,769
107,477
1,859
123,539
2,084
132,322
2,168
134,196
2,380
120,890
2,152
102,511
1,848
100,384
1,606
140,849
2,197
Windbreak/Shelterbelt Establishment 380 53,067
3,752
76,399
3,110
86,489
3,002
87,355
2,567
82,310
2,013
74,024
1,857
67,355
1,780
82,505
1,647
47,150
1,142
52,091
1,008
48,092
1,071
Windbreak/Shelterbelt Renovation 650 2,354
83
1,859
54
2,028
46
4,922
78
4,249
57
3,494
71
5,343
98
8,252
103
8,842
92
6,273
82
6,305
93
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Planning and Agreements Database, November 2015.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across practices and fiscal years.

The following table includes program information under which the above practices related to Cropland Soil Quality Management were applied. These data reflect the geographic extent of cropland treated with soil quality practices by each conservation program during a fiscal year. Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across programs and fiscal years, but are only counted once per program per fiscal year.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation (including practice count) by Program and Fiscal Year
Cropland Soil Quality Practices
Program 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count
Agricultural Conservation Easement Program (ACEP)

















2
1
196
12
Agricultural Management Assistance (AMA) 4,583
543
13,928
704
9,445
944
5,352
347
8,511
420
6,468
461
4,651
503
4,386
421
6,246
398
2,212
215
2,163
204
Agricultural Water Enhancement Program (AWEP)







4,768
110
35,505
1,019
94,522
2,551
116,633
3,556
160,041
4,430
162,491
5,553
129,207
4,156
Chesapeake Bay Watershed Initiative (CBWI)







4,349
481
88,139
8,056
113,859
7,974
146,899
11,671
72,313
6,750
99,359
9,840
59,850
5,614
Conservation Reserve Program (CRP) 974,681
72,565
1,623,181
99,891
2,318,638
123,467
1,442,891
75,370
1,014,757
58,092
853,085
51,288
1,427,578
65,944
1,405,595
58,605
979,064
40,590
670,210
28,239
454,675
25,450
Conservation Technical Assistance (CTA) 6,009,367
420,137
6,517,529
465,017
7,030,162
436,328
7,885,677
439,632
7,222,341
394,703
7,898,295
388,460
7,854,817
367,165
8,627,724
368,305
8,340,463
354,942
6,064,454
259,093
5,879,833
241,635
Emergency Watershed Protection Program (EWP) 14
1
22
5


82
1
6
3
1,448
42
536
9
1,338
93
33
4




Environmental Quality Incentives Program (EQIP) 2,867,371
119,617
4,166,947
180,201
5,346,770
212,090
5,505,627
204,022
4,678,939
156,913
4,605,066
153,029
4,456,224
146,088
4,533,893
147,878
4,185,299
144,920
3,048,500
123,881
2,929,743
124,975
Grassland Reserve Program (GRP) 1,613
74
796
39
459
39
495
28
285
34
358
27
762
43
299
56
639
52
321
32
285
33
Resource Conservation and Development Program (RCD) 93
5




43
3
18
3
1,275
30
52
5








Watershed Protection and Flood Prevention Program (WFPO) 35,543
1,372
30,433
1,156
17,980
719
6,560
355
4,375
233
7,570
186
13,948
279
2,841
94
1,601
42
442
25
307
10
Watershed Rehabilitation (WRHB)









12
1
94
2
682
42




120
1
Wetlands Reserve Program (WRP) 6,630
152
12,319
196
8,514
247
9,178
185
6,114
138
9,070
149
9,754
236
9,109
223
8,418
227
2,437
55
1,716
39
Wildlife Habitat Incentive Program (WHIP) 6,395
325
6,410
333
6,207
285
6,229
414
6,541
364
8,703
477
12,266
553
14,202
535
49,967
2,042
32,639
1,198
18,704
562
Other 16,092
1,209
11,831
501
2,866
196
1,036
38
13,868
1,089
4,245
102
16,079
397
4,954
419
5,488
337
1,340
74
10,805
258
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Planning and Agreements Database, November 2015.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across programs and fiscal years, but are only counted once per program per fiscal year.

The following table includes unique land unit acres for practices related to Cropland Soil Quality Management. Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years, but are only counted once per fiscal year.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation (including practice count) by Fiscal Year
Cropland Soil Quality Practices
2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count
Land Unit Acres treated by at least one practice 9,037,359
616,000
11,247,867
748,043
13,412,173
774,315
13,491,021
720,395
11,985,957
612,583
12,499,437
603,327
13,125,265
591,749
13,920,159
591,898
12,978,251
554,734
9,657,746
428,206
9,088,491
402,949
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Planning and Agreements Database, November 2015.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years.

Conservation Practices Related to Fish and Wildlife

The following chart and table includes practices that are related to Fish and Wildlife Habitat Management. The environment that NRCS helps its clients conserve, maintain, and improve is also habitat for fish and wildlife and other biological resources. While every practice and management action taken on the land has some effect on biological resources, the following practices are specifically related to fish and wildlife habitat.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation, FY 2005-2015

Only practices representing a significant portion of the total for the period are included in the above chart. Practices not included are summed into the All Other category.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation by Practice (including practice count) and Fiscal Year
Fish and Wildlife Practices
Practice Name Practice Code 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count
Access Control 472 804,032
40,453
1,270,178
54,852
2,021,455
59,927
1,681,992
45,555
1,495,462
33,469
1,137,524
31,476
1,841,648
42,761
1,715,281
40,048
1,535,867
31,072
1,135,727
20,617
841,244
22,162
Aquatic Organism Passage 396 3,970
14
2,797
22
2,768
52
5,350
65
12,650
68
6,914
55
7,428
56
31,041
43
13,480
40
25,498
37
76,075
35
Conservation Cover 327 943,261
41,185
1,770,194
60,138
3,295,628
90,174
1,865,000
55,695
1,460,025
39,937
1,081,684
34,357
2,122,917
55,970
1,958,771
54,800
1,644,012
43,099
1,034,572
29,393
892,319
25,701
Early Successional Habitat Development/Management 647 95,157
4,684
340,827
11,166
262,813
9,919
295,311
9,746
240,152
8,540
208,068
8,801
348,589
10,705
325,737
9,786
283,622
9,168
286,953
8,140
355,295
6,328
Hedgerow Planting 422 4,405
217
6,732
321
6,839
236
8,605
254
11,101
272
7,624
289
9,532
322
14,936
348
8,599
310
9,223
235
9,454
223
Restoration and Management of Rare or Declining Habitats 643 124,905
3,363
243,794
7,302
320,429
6,601
291,632
4,667
329,673
3,934
281,697
4,232
823,218
6,615
467,893
5,537
363,936
4,374
388,598
3,391
234,467
2,378
Riparian Forest Buffer 391 151,102
6,909
215,535
7,322
335,700
7,608
224,748
5,649
123,934
4,113
66,039
3,266
62,781
3,335
83,800
2,756
40,580
2,131
28,112
1,508
55,155
2,009
Riparian Herbaceous Cover 390 19,607
580
25,171
980
125,402
772
34,148
748
14,064
615
33,468
849
185,093
1,032
24,626
879
15,645
775
7,282
445
14,256
488
Shallow Water Development and Management 646 19,176
670
38,456
953
62,234
787
21,117
585
24,871
540
41,757
581
472,756
7,766
201,209
3,572
236,042
4,940
134,869
2,449
116,278
1,793
Stream Habitat Improvement and Management 395 9,062
81
6,936
160
51,450
367
77,366
358
22,251
276
28,547
244
56,572
137
17,295
197
18,507
154
15,035
149
48,654
81
Streambank and Shoreline Protection 580 57,897
611
354,759
1,207
67,724
892
79,917
742
111,174
814
67,314
643
76,951
523
39,604
618
47,775
523
44,600
525
160,846
603
Upland Wildlife Habitat Management 645 9,415,571
83,542
13,105,564
120,382
15,306,012
157,058
15,357,065
127,945
12,965,944
99,672
12,642,556
82,311
12,540,804
85,497
11,048,241
76,916
9,791,715
58,406
7,890,087
41,749
7,882,959
38,529
Wetland Creation 658 22,942
339
26,261
442
22,431
423
22,864
302
29,930
209
18,304
205
13,177
169
5,590
143
4,105
75
4,087
61
3,965
39
Wetland Enhancement 659 207,338
1,008
283,587
1,128
152,748
1,559
173,440
1,346
204,916
1,409
157,823
1,307
270,031
1,259
179,993
1,434
149,572
862
288,132
226
23,783
142
Wetland Restoration 657 264,289
6,865
401,089
7,581
297,185
7,345
314,146
6,406
336,742
5,490
291,906
5,743
277,611
5,704
328,259
6,271
215,793
5,396
91,298
2,178
110,954
2,320
Wetland Wildlife Habitat Management 644 559,221
7,035
741,297
8,635
1,220,648
10,074
613,318
8,207
795,166
6,676
530,382
5,820
501,716
5,290
355,686
7,288
275,326
5,679
184,763
3,255
215,021
3,666
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Planning and Agreements Database, November 2015.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across practices and fiscal years.
• Watering Facility (614) is not included in the above table. It is included for the purposes of this report in the All Other Practices category.

The following table includes program information under which the above practices related to Fish and Wildlife Management were applied. These data reflect the geographic extent of the land treated with fish and wildlife habitat practices by each conservation program during a fiscal year. Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across programs and fiscal years, but are only counted once per program per fiscal year.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation (including practice count) by Program and Fiscal Year
Fish and Wildlife Practices
Program 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count
Agricultural Conservation Easement Program (ACEP)

















665
5
4,613
103
Agricultural Management Assistance (AMA) 1,916
35
316
22
856
17
2,291
33
280
20
263
21
219
3
1,084
15
2,600
27
15
3
58
7
Agricultural Water Enhancement Program (AWEP)







3,384
24
13,592
49
4,447
76
6,412
82
1,747
79
1,214
44
807
28
Chesapeake Bay Watershed Initiative (CBWI)







32
4
2,047
122
3,487
177
5,411
282
5,730
279
7,577
329
6,779
220
Conservation Reserve Program (CRP) 1,197,167
120,447
2,103,719
181,816
2,910,127
213,799
1,949,456
141,384
1,357,251
104,680
1,112,755
88,456
1,864,391
112,987
1,736,395
101,505
1,360,133
78,941
927,722
55,144
672,320
48,033
Conservation Technical Assistance (CTA) 7,680,543
57,909
10,026,585
76,398
10,943,185
108,714
11,011,462
98,605
9,822,783
75,277
9,500,918
66,680
10,278,455
78,608
8,024,302
72,482
7,729,867
59,876
6,082,464
40,386
6,217,437
43,015
Emergency Watershed Protection Program (EWP) 4,607
177
11,798
1,133
9,402
78
32,524
181
54,235
198
2,992
112
3,653
114
3,726
192
359
28
410
23
403
7
Environmental Quality Incentives Program (EQIP) 693,531
5,905
1,002,610
8,265
2,047,920
13,168
1,570,184
12,812
2,033,063
11,572
2,204,673
10,459
1,827,049
15,154
2,563,725
17,298
1,966,049
13,788
1,426,028
10,053
1,382,424
9,695
Grassland Reserve Program (GRP) 53,021
581
100,040
608
57,420
388
33,542
336
19,872
185
40,479
267
36,657
221
19,086
221
22,936
82
46,770
119
47,832
128
Healthy Forests Reserve Program (HFRP)











71
4
58
27
47
3
1,242
3
233
5
Resource Conservation and Development Program (RCD) 28
13
1,932
25




27
10












Watershed Protection and Flood Prevention Program (WFPO) 1,469
42
470
16
625
43
377
29
370
34
544
57
1,577
17
24
1
478
3




Watershed Rehabilitation (WRHB)







487
3












Wetlands Reserve Program (WRP) 248,407
5,994
297,900
7,065
247,908
6,483
241,448
4,827
219,574
4,872
212,757
4,557
217,892
5,632
325,760
7,380
277,996
7,521
85,176
2,286
49,884
1,564
Wildlife Habitat Incentive Program (WHIP) 295,902
6,256
986,226
7,188
1,013,437
11,094
1,403,756
10,053
765,811
9,139
892,354
9,392
1,185,018
14,131
773,631
11,140
409,568
6,309
514,336
5,933
371,446
3,600
Other 8,062
197
2,846
55
1,733
10
300
10
135
16
231
7
460
17
376
11
1,068
68
554
30
2,293
92
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Planning and Agreements Database, November 2015.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across programs and fiscal years, but are only counted once per program per fiscal year.
• Watering Facility (614) is not included in the above table. It is included for the purposes of this report in the All Other Practices category.

The following table includes unique land unit acres for practices related to Fish and Wildlife Management. Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years, but are only counted once per fiscal year.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation (including practice count) by Fiscal Year
Fish and Wildlife Practices
2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count
Land Unit Acres treated by at least one practice 10,050,455
197,556
14,046,613
282,591
16,515,143
353,794
15,915,402
268,270
14,042,441
206,034
13,785,234
180,179
15,141,964
227,141
13,128,467
210,636
11,502,518
167,004
8,958,027
114,358
8,641,346
106,497
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Planning and Agreements Database, November 2015.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years.

Conservation Practices Related to Forest Land Conservation

The following chart and table includes practices that are related to Forest Land Conservation. The goals of these practices are to restore and protect forest resources and improve fish and wildlife habitat and are related to: tree planting; forest stand improvement, thinning; prescribed burning; and controlling invasive plants. Note that only practices applied on grazed forest or forest land are included.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation, FY 2005-2015

Only practices representing a significant portion of the total for the period are included in the above chart. Practices not included are summed into the All Other category.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation by Practice (including practice count) and Fiscal Year
Forest Land Conservation Practices
Practice Name Practice Code 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count
Access Control 472 31,392
1,144
34,954
1,317
79,747
2,224
74,501
2,327
76,720
1,983
218,508
3,308
189,145
3,942
176,424
3,198
196,727
3,019
150,250
2,102
186,992
1,922
Brush Management 314 6,267
96
31,204
175
37,323
208
28,222
244
80,221
249
59,020
366
412,317
606
187,181
1,356
443,163
2,028
711,097
2,304
406,793
2,288
Early Successional Habitat Development/Management 647 6,487
148
92,289
196
25,392
317
58,180
517
44,943
463
52,931
584
130,194
903
114,979
1,062
93,834
829
102,522
780
197,091
866
Firebreak 394 18,732
317
32,551
618
169,770
1,389
186,612
1,634
201,960
1,597
198,562
2,010
197,342
1,961
166,851
2,016
185,508
1,977
222,958
2,568
219,007
2,498
Forest Stand Improvement 666 146,871
2,749
288,686
3,617
634,565
6,874
840,663
6,829
1,143,627
6,635
2,113,040
9,720
1,585,635
11,079
1,514,288
9,262
1,640,448
8,151
1,363,530
7,569
1,736,905
6,556
Forest Trails and Landings 655 7,403
101
25,577
117
29,420
312
32,352
231
116,245
274
70,330
485
73,484
530
67,333
495
52,288
333
61,621
468
86,562
446
Fuel Break 383

668
4
10,672
16
4,138
51
4,505
56
11,462
49
36,159
129
37,867
168
55,599
143
39,769
93
153,565
120
Herbaceous Weed Control 315











16,019
104
40,550
418
89,319
733
103,296
1,064
175,344
1,173
Integrated Pest Management (IPM) 595 32,586
646
101,343
846
111,114
1,364
169,886
1,626
252,236
1,673
457,804
2,523
240,967
2,542
208,325
1,800
120,478
1,179
65,758
999
71,950
897
Multi-Story Cropping 379











38
1
2
1
649
4
165
1
455
3
Prescribed Burning 338 32,576
423
36,132
584
165,393
1,608
193,064
1,896
255,384
1,956
269,117
2,315
271,309
2,713
209,612
2,500
278,196
3,126
630,194
4,060
348,115
3,718
Prescribed Forestry 409



62,732
522
59,229
936
130,835
1,451
89,419
909
61,903
534
13,471
129
5,584
36
34
1
257
5
Restoration and Management of Rare or Declining Habitats 643 2,414
50
7,121
104
19,084
201
11,712
240
83,572
344
46,667
476
45,931
522
77,269
808
58,354
801
78,306
536
36,349
382
Riparian Forest Buffer 391 9,479
520
7,544
524
25,762
554
16,335
402
19,561
365
19,889
308
17,153
349
25,723
274
15,292
213
7,637
191
23,866
145
Road/Trail/Landing Closure and Treatment 654







125
1
353
3
2,563
3
8,050
5
394,916
13
162,151
7
10,568
19
Stream Habitat Improvement and Management 395 1,109
4
1,790
6
22,484
19
3,995
16
4,993
21
6,244
21
2,357
10
10,585
31
5,689
29
4,347
40
44,832
22
Tree/Shrub Establishment 612 56,480
1,748
73,890
2,080
276,276
2,720
252,948
3,260
340,777
2,507
411,009
3,174
335,542
3,805
349,742
3,834
1,154,986
4,181
1,105,205
4,292
381,283
4,193
Tree/Shrub Pruning 660 3,210
67
10,725
97
13,776
182
15,339
204
20,248
255
33,584
305
37,985
401
82,440
463
124,520
434
262,536
353
302,477
352
Tree/Shrub Site Preparation 490 31,846
1,040
99,939
1,418
101,489
1,766
110,159
2,353
134,002
2,085
182,210
2,501
171,996
2,639
346,308
3,249
635,724
3,568
786,044
3,548
251,929
3,660
Upland Wildlife Habitat Management 645 263,707
3,632
296,432
4,906
653,201
9,350
783,989
9,539
805,842
8,447
1,299,332
7,456
1,176,049
8,196
955,829
7,862
1,102,872
6,285
677,044
5,900
632,194
5,177
Woody Residue Treatment 384

293
12
6,430
85
55,205
207
62,615
421
90,091
661
195,022
850
364,752
1,063
298,633
995
622,391
894
664,623
919
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Planning and Agreements Database, November 2015.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across practices and fiscal years.

The following table includes program information under which the above practices related to Forest Land Conservation were applied. These data reflect the geographic extent of forest and grazed forest land treated with conservation practices by each conservation program during a fiscal year. Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across programs and fiscal years, but are only counted once per program per fiscal year.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation (including practice count) by Program and Fiscal Year
Forest Land Conservation Practices
Program 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count
Agricultural Conservation Easement Program (ACEP)

















112
1


Agricultural Management Assistance (AMA) 48
6
239
5


255
2


2
6
133
1






64
5
Agricultural Water Enhancement Program (AWEP)







171
7
17
3
22
2


4
1
84
1
28
2
Chesapeake Bay Watershed Initiative (CBWI)









432
22
2,052
34
5,603
117
5,497
114
6,562
121
5,029
65
Conservation Reserve Program (CRP) 10,275
1,971
20,723
2,697
25,380
2,734
20,311
2,341
12,113
1,321
16,123
1,344
12,959
1,479
10,796
981
5,888
686
5,020
859
4,362
857
Conservation Technical Assistance (CTA) 285,958
6,986
314,335
8,065
678,805
14,781
773,737
15,296
878,596
13,219
1,325,927
16,094
1,209,612
16,955
883,076
12,954
1,292,793
12,031
849,732
10,717
709,109
9,644
Emergency Watershed Protection Program (EWP) 8,809
43
44,553
187
84,824
1,100
92,959
1,570
92,475
1,303
4,232
113
849
36
380
37


42
2
414
4
Environmental Quality Incentives Program (EQIP) 97,111
2,365
244,144
4,596
604,869
8,986
760,713
11,068
1,049,912
12,009
1,485,103
15,443
1,279,366
16,799
1,532,730
17,535
1,752,408
19,298
1,876,265
19,360
1,636,320
21,349
Grassland Reserve Program (GRP) 144
6
55
2
40
6
33
3


5
1
94
12
378
3
62
2
7
3


Healthy Forests Reserve Program (HFRP)





91
1
1,085
1


145
14
57
43
850
15


140
1
Resource Conservation and Development Program (RCD)

243
4


















Watershed Protection and Flood Prevention Program (WFPO) 5,403
13
378
10
3
1




14
1
13
1


105
1




Wetlands Reserve Program (WRP) 3,033
27
1,302
22
9,553
63
1,111
38
1,727
43
2,017
56
1,212
35
3,974
54
1,471
57
854
47
1,202
37
Wildlife Habitat Incentive Program (WHIP) 40,491
964
51,219
977
88,672
2,030
107,918
2,183
141,775
2,876
368,883
4,087
520,579
6,434
417,569
8,264
296,938
5,866
382,224
6,659
287,581
3,379
Other 5,427
304
1,026
56
896
10
252
10
127
4
132
4
261
17
206
6
22
6


701
18
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Planning and Agreements Database, November 2015.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across programs and fiscal years, but are only counted once per program per fiscal year.

The following table includes unique land unit acres for practices related to Forest Land Conservation. Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years, but are only counted once per fiscal year.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation (including practice count) by Fiscal Year
Forest Land Conservation Practices
2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count
Land Unit Acres treated by at least one practice 429,783
12,685
622,620
16,621
1,340,382
29,711
1,566,111
32,512
1,934,023
30,783
3,007,769
37,174
2,723,228
41,819
2,648,173
39,994
2,614,995
38,077
2,990,752
37,770
2,440,461
35,361
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Planning and Agreements Database, November 2015.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years.

Conservation Practices Related to Grazing Land Conservation

The following chart and table includes practices that are related to Grazing Land Conservation. NRCS is committed to conserving and enhancing private grazing land resources. This includes conservation practices which: conserve and improve wildlife habitat on private grazing land; conserve and improve fish habitat and aquatic systems through grazing land conservation treatment; protect and improve water quality; improve the dependability and consistency of water supplies; and identify and manage weed, noxious weed, and brush encroachment problems. Note that only practices applied on grazed range, grazed forest, native and naturalized pasture, or pasture land are included.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation, FY 2005-2015

Only practices representing a significant portion of the total for the period are included in the above chart. Practices not included are summed into the All Other category.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation by Practice (including practice count) and Fiscal Year
Grazing Land Conservation Practices
Practice Name Practice Code 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count
Access Road 560 102,887
210
37,182
300
77,007
342
47,510
312
187,483
308
109,668
336
228,140
328
223,362
371
225,984
289
489,855
311
87,947
225
Animal Trails and Walkways 575 11,684
279
9,434
398
19,207
399
96,880
523
56,344
407
19,588
418
32,858
481
28,587
492
11,279
332
20,605
260
40,625
240
Brush Management 314 2,477,732
6,954
2,829,259
9,632
3,689,530
9,456
5,450,615
10,950
4,117,216
10,584
4,822,937
10,540
5,017,913
11,168
7,778,581
11,250
4,324,788
10,664
5,267,951
9,137
7,622,978
8,652
Channel Bank Vegetation 322 1,280
6
170
3
2,792
9
1,626
7
1,315
8
1,297
27
1,959
22
2,997
28
374
5
408
7
14
3
Channel Bed Stabilization 584 1,304
19
53
5
12,921
21
144
14
104
7
5,716
20
6,902
15
2,846
17
14,955
16
1,257
28
3,047
60
Critical Area Planting 342 90,511
1,402
111,486
1,747
263,957
1,890
164,698
2,009
219,790
2,003
157,501
1,995
193,352
1,961
185,647
2,006
145,312
1,769
309,749
1,678
253,396
1,751
Fence 382 1,953,949
11,133
3,556,513
17,761
3,467,782
19,407
3,801,169
20,992
3,983,915
20,519
4,410,594
20,062
4,143,578
19,743
4,169,595
19,396
4,697,340
16,330
3,063,850
14,291
2,869,938
14,984
Forage Harvest Management 511 131,600
5,747
137,566
5,417
165,627
6,628
163,068
6,217
142,395
4,902
148,891
5,265
164,606
6,560
184,441
7,150
172,266
6,401
92,092
3,295
58,295
2,271
Forage and Biomass Planting 512 331,101
10,529
324,799
12,441
384,972
13,237
513,834
13,868
471,611
12,624
363,585
11,184
309,952
10,186
317,769
10,123
332,868
11,203
262,800
7,803
248,993
7,023
Grazing Land Mechanical Treatment 548 32,060
107
28,293
118
52,584
106
119,386
107
96,735
187
44,511
357
29,105
217
17,050
126
11,733
63
16,885
173
8,336
42
Heavy Use Area Protection 561 42,919
1,727
78,420
2,760
126,137
4,000
163,105
4,581
154,175
4,195
259,962
4,476
280,272
4,634
336,186
4,525
428,155
4,511
555,785
4,972
509,535
6,641
Herbaceous Weed Control 315











43,864
922
317,077
5,126
609,670
8,012
603,432
6,963
699,031
7,560
Integrated Pest Management (IPM) 595 1,479,738
31,695
2,083,059
32,053
2,264,380
32,964
2,357,743
32,117
2,194,465
28,219
2,299,829
26,090
1,886,302
21,501
1,413,884
17,916
1,195,966
13,162
875,150
7,427
537,198
6,472
Livestock Pipeline 516 3,133,288
8,649
3,930,590
12,443
3,751,972
13,371
5,091,794
13,958
4,591,847
12,765
4,924,297
12,282
4,394,120
12,316
4,657,188
12,717
5,113,551
12,347
4,214,683
10,079
4,097,422
10,528
Nutrient Management 590 950,382
33,899
957,551
35,062
972,632
34,562
917,830
32,813
771,355
26,272
663,194
23,672
690,969
22,202
620,157
21,720
501,105
16,990
332,326
11,880
315,695
9,860
Pond 378 369,574
2,144
394,721
2,771
413,082
2,390
402,536
2,533
504,434
2,203
545,726
1,915
367,045
1,931
327,410
1,637
415,235
1,622
255,087
1,054
130,909
1,020
Prescribed Burning 338 209,598
838
119,066
631
214,086
873
382,516
1,237
250,558
1,041
242,581
1,124
294,221
1,202
207,431
729
169,181
547
441,276
712
144,418
550
Prescribed Grazing 528 15,924,262
77,658
15,211,939
82,800
17,213,623
84,250
17,451,334
80,411
17,211,725
75,661
17,604,950
75,802
19,866,061
82,249
20,937,991
81,079
19,785,644
75,295
14,233,498
54,219
14,294,232
51,226
Pumping Plant 533 428,629
591
533,323
804
873,784
981
1,165,155
1,474
1,754,031
1,510
2,410,924
2,004
1,543,513
2,076
2,109,152
2,315
2,737,032
2,655
1,521,402
2,332
1,824,078
2,489
Range Planting 550 149,874
777
217,832
1,013
380,169
1,119
500,214
1,365
494,302
1,047
421,513
1,120
423,022
912
343,294
893
509,328
869
371,583
947
529,393
883
Silvopasture Establishment 381 49
3
24
1
704
13
155
2
328
14
505
7
706
19
1,559
14
61
4
458
24
1,586
8
Streambank and Shoreline Protection 580 11,247
302
16,659
369
29,282
448
18,084
349
45,479
373
36,091
286
24,279
191
13,388
235
16,528
161
22,275
195
136,037
249
Toxic Salt Reduction 610 561
5
1,019
13
928
19
563
5
59,271
9
294
5
63,585
7
194
3
446
7
285
5
165
3
Waste Recycling 633 105,001
4,310
84,163
4,013
115,619
3,967
91,253
3,788
62,960
2,845
67,607
3,412
59,160
2,357
47,543
2,313
38,009
1,759
23,057
912
13,493
580
Water Well 642 823,922
1,967
978,585
2,515
1,009,141
2,551
1,210,335
2,878
1,179,326
2,252
1,662,597
2,274
1,007,174
2,077
1,104,853
2,312
1,668,276
2,839
1,224,156
2,103
811,456
2,021
Water and Sediment Control Basin 638 32,672
129
10,755
174
13,900
181
10,610
194
17,117
178
11,778
181
50,710
158
8,169
163
12,455
130
3,335
96
5,362
134
Watering Facility 614 3,715,416
10,345
5,293,285
14,534
5,521,955
16,295
7,562,420
17,354
7,290,902
15,709
8,636,865
14,979
7,231,778
15,087
8,148,660
15,733
9,227,758
14,641
9,238,124
12,461
7,623,129
13,006
Windbreak/Shelterbelt Establishment 380 69,878
409
79,461
450
65,790
368
98,876
465
86,003
408
119,836
466
71,939
415
71,082
380
33,840
253
56,808
283
48,580
321
Windbreak/Shelterbelt Renovation 650 225
7
1,250
13
1,057
10
4,557
13
801
7
1,180
21
2,003
17
3,440
27
3,790
38
3,249
41
7,894
75
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Planning and Agreements Database, November 2015.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across practices and fiscal years.

The following table includes program information under which the above practices related to Grazing Land Conservation were applied. These data reflect the geographic extent of grazing land treated with conservation practices by each conservation program during a fiscal year. Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across programs and fiscal years, but are only counted once per program per fiscal year.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation (including practice count) by Program and Fiscal Year
Grazing Land Conservation Practices
Program 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count
Agricultural Conservation Easement Program (ACEP)

















383
4
24
2
Agricultural Management Assistance (AMA) 63,416
708
19,502
581
19,987
460
8,317
356
54,122
302
30,636
262
32,818
226
8,978
220
11,223
230
5,081
110
5,945
102
Agricultural Water Enhancement Program (AWEP)







3,100
34
222,999
306
44,511
421
103,338
384
44,186
411
48,702
469
34,888
395
Chesapeake Bay Watershed Initiative (CBWI)







374
38
5,136
530
17,772
1,803
24,737
2,921
27,620
2,929
28,950
3,092
22,820
2,533
Conservation Reserve Program (CRP) 54,123
2,692
47,411
2,351
53,863
2,913
54,880
3,116
66,253
2,896
24,867
1,514
18,113
1,151
24,381
1,260
23,637
840
10,170
352
4,849
271
Conservation Technical Assistance (CTA) 12,264,104
133,441
10,914,018
134,773
10,975,579
126,311
13,149,437
126,137
13,213,916
111,412
14,677,312
107,536
16,282,911
107,774
16,127,239
105,073
15,100,072
96,887
12,040,738
69,517
11,537,973
64,539
Emergency Watershed Protection Program (EWP) 6
1


4,870
71
2,017
24
224
10
13
1
387
9
12
1
173
4
5
1
235
1
Environmental Quality Incentives Program (EQIP) 9,804,679
70,248
12,930,419
98,930
15,453,243
116,935
15,611,779
117,968
14,877,535
108,732
15,757,226
107,130
14,845,991
105,891
15,663,517
107,166
15,887,847
97,941
12,586,266
76,838
11,096,425
79,084
Grassland Reserve Program (GRP) 121,463
2,987
120,889
2,184
58,324
1,369
45,626
1,358
32,959
961
114,062
1,254
88,002
1,369
87,470
1,535
118,023
1,214
110,418
1,233
93,315
714
Healthy Forests Reserve Program (HFRP)











10,304
19
4,415
16
10,951
16
9,404
29


Resource Conservation and Development Program (RCD) 1,670
53
203
4
7
1
99
6
4
1
413
7
1,149
6


52
1




Watershed Protection and Flood Prevention Program (WFPO) 26,949
557
25,397
265
3,984
174
2,321
110
651
70
795
30
1,012
16
191
20
303
24




Wetlands Reserve Program (WRP) 17,425
41
8,791
85
4,596
44
2,474
35
2,518
29
4,992
18
1,799
23
4,128
38
9,635
67
2,111
11
407
9
Wildlife Habitat Incentive Program (WHIP) 101,395
574
83,730
644
728,981
1,038
568,462
983
471,801
1,335
412,078
1,704
747,561
2,166
646,383
2,064
728,729
1,965
683,252
1,975
435,311
1,193
Other 72,774
539
55,442
424
31,239
541
5,866
443
6,437
437
629
28
1,805
80
1,272
98
14,750
385
58,055
57
6,183
34
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Planning and Agreements Database, November 2015.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across programs and fiscal years, but are only counted once per program per fiscal year.

The following table includes unique land unit acres for practices related to Grazing Land Conservation. Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years, but are only counted once per fiscal year.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation (including practice count) by Fiscal Year
Grazing Land Conservation Practices
2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count
Land Unit Acres treated by at least one practice 21,038,129
211,841
22,502,873
240,241
25,463,919
249,857
27,159,506
250,536
26,665,095
226,257
28,471,634
220,320
29,534,451
220,954
30,446,025
220,796
29,775,942
202,914
23,938,088
153,688
21,870,020
148,877
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Planning and Agreements Database, November 2015.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years.

Conservation Practices Related to Irrigation Efficiency

The following chart and table includes practices that are related to Irrigation Efficiency. The goal of these practices is to assist in properly designing, installing and maintaining irrigation systems to ensure uniform and efficient distribution of water, thereby conserving water and protecting water resources. Note that pumping plant (533) installation is only counted when applied on cropland or hay land.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation, FY 2005-2015

Only practices representing a significant portion of the total for the period are included in the above chart. Practices not included are summed into the All Other category.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation by Practice (including practice count) and Fiscal Year
Irrigation Efficiency Practices
Practice Name Practice Code 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count
Above Ground, Multi-Outlet Pipeline 443 157,354
2,954
120,598
3,458
108,340
3,204
97,134
2,399
77,224
2,011
79,713
2,390
54,345
1,318
49,363
1,379
79,446
1,934
44,522
842
49,245
1,209
Irrigation Canal or Lateral 320 6,542
6
366
4
967
9
2,250
9
3,753
27
554
5
90
3
119
1
437
6
74
1
904
6
Irrigation Ditch Lining 428 13,254
460
37,103
596
21,740
724
40,517
476
25,380
309
5,926
209
6,106
242
4,232
180
7,104
191
5,972
169
3,208
103
Irrigation Field Ditch 388 29,585
43
2,492
57
3,472
63
4,297
81
2,198
36
2,162
36
4,500
10
2,014
35
2,581
31
1,565
24
2,370
23
Irrigation Land Leveling 464 52,246
1,417
74,475
1,868
107,880
2,247
93,681
2,109
106,492
2,190
80,675
1,771
90,933
1,647
82,553
1,724
105,165
2,161
79,112
1,588
78,423
1,571
Irrigation Pipeline 430 378,311
4,652
382,836
5,415
408,293
5,484
479,484
6,044
369,222
5,037
374,174
5,324
292,225
4,506
365,204
4,602
305,114
4,749
267,435
4,196
242,202
3,901
Irrigation Reservoir 436 8,564
118
19,201
208
15,965
234
19,475
232
12,378
177
16,239
229
16,402
200
9,561
171
18,908
221
13,966
272
13,532
245
Irrigation System, Microirrigation 441 51,531
1,172
100,123
1,689
74,130
1,653
85,774
1,994
72,136
1,677
70,380
1,674
86,256
2,189
82,167
2,214
91,216
2,127
77,837
2,008
81,319
2,181
Irrigation System, Sprinkler 442 542,997
5,515
531,530
5,917
486,877
5,370
551,862
6,044
362,163
4,108
366,675
4,471
307,167
3,852
290,113
3,770
312,361
3,817
202,394
2,690
202,681
2,612
Irrigation System, Tailwater Recovery 447 6,447
93
9,960
130
9,416
140
14,515
132
8,490
126
5,059
99
6,411
102
6,957
103
5,484
100
2,112
39
2,938
45
Irrigation Water Management 449 1,159,834
16,929
1,168,983
20,268
1,377,461
21,360
1,343,203
20,078
1,215,847
18,398
1,154,034
18,742
1,083,103
17,323
1,185,221
18,695
1,329,649
22,110
1,091,778
18,471
822,088
14,777
Pumping Plant 533 54,626
674
51,812
648
66,455
843
82,379
1,051
79,860
906
98,826
1,239
94,336
1,174
89,429
1,161
77,699
1,111
69,524
1,116
90,180
1,334
Structure for Water Control 587 367,725
2,636
305,248
3,815
332,465
4,192
427,612
3,923
605,805
3,546
435,641
3,496
885,930
3,317
893,532
3,766
1,618,657
4,163
903,523
3,789
695,320
4,671
Toxic Salt Reduction 610 22,579
421
29,122
548
105,978
1,567
74,203
1,227
96,828
594
39,600
930
103,989
606
66,792
964
123,678
1,201
55,164
758
45,763
644
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Planning and Agreements Database, November 2015.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across practices and fiscal years.

The following table includes program information under which the above practices related to Irrigation Efficiency were applied. These data reflect the geographic extent of land treated to improve irrigation efficiency by each conservation program during a fiscal year. Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across programs and fiscal years, but are only counted once per program per fiscal year.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation (including practice count) by Program and Fiscal Year
Irrigation Efficiency Practices
Program 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count
Agricultural Conservation Easement Program (ACEP)

















105
1
2,199
26
Agricultural Management Assistance (AMA) 3,417
130
13,518
316
11,625
203
5,876
165
8,066
272
5,005
321
4,160
441
4,475
470
3,701
404
3,056
342
6,360
424
Agricultural Water Enhancement Program (AWEP)







2,850
37
93,492
1,820
130,406
2,593
144,383
2,764
142,881
2,716
137,231
2,749
71,953
1,367
Chesapeake Bay Watershed Initiative (CBWI)







29
2
3,009
109
2,497
108
3,643
189
2,033
94
2,286
121
1,010
64
Conservation Reserve Program (CRP) 3,048
245
5,239
332
65,869
1,117
28,481
825
8,679
343
14,301
625
7,821
350
7,188
286
7,993
254
3,421
128
1,938
105
Conservation Technical Assistance (CTA) 652,981
12,726
673,594
15,044
818,114
14,849
834,520
14,089
733,151
13,663
741,786
13,959
715,868
12,006
727,822
12,734
955,132
17,285
760,847
12,592
454,470
9,243
Emergency Watershed Protection Program (EWP) 169
3


312
2


480
9
124
1


59
2
35
1




Environmental Quality Incentives Program (EQIP) 1,040,426
23,342
1,189,923
28,102
1,256,302
30,230
1,365,154
30,180
1,285,187
24,369
1,044,181
23,354
1,084,555
20,597
1,150,068
21,976
1,172,393
22,913
955,277
19,833
926,716
22,012
Grassland Reserve Program (GRP) 1,727
3
1,384
2












1
1




Healthy Forests Reserve Program (HFRP)











9,092
3
1,655
12
1,211
2
1,211
26


Resource Conservation and Development Program (RCD) 1
1
88
7






619
1










Watershed Protection and Flood Prevention Program (WFPO) 5,156
311
4,753
195
4,084
339
3,761
213
1,749
152
5,770
168
2,608
59
813
18
750
11
285
11
120
3
Wetlands Reserve Program (WRP) 16,387
225
28,452
446
23,493
246
15,138
203
15,575
193
15,361
165
11,796
171
16,434
214
10,675
203
4,186
104
2,056
59
Wildlife Habitat Incentive Program (WHIP) 2,487
66
5,324
101
4,162
90
3,572
122
4,120
99
12,755
90
19,306
155
3,333
95
2,367
36
2,961
55
1,543
19
Other 2,764
38
16,695
76
628
14
70
2
41
3
139
2
213
6
274
5
176
2
36
1


Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Planning and Agreements Database, November 2015.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across programs and fiscal years, but are only counted once per program per fiscal year.

The following table includes unique land unit acres for practices related to Irrigation Efficiency. Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years, but are only counted once per fiscal year.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation (including practice count) by Fiscal Year
Irrigation Efficiency Practices
2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count
Land Unit Acres treated by at least one practice 1,604,479
37,090
1,774,105
44,621
2,038,830
47,090
2,128,462
45,799
1,966,809
39,142
1,809,698
40,615
1,869,589
36,489
1,948,106
38,765
2,153,676
43,922
1,810,171
35,963
1,439,906
33,322
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Planning and Agreements Database, November 2015.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years.

Conservation Practices Related to Water Quality

The following chart and table includes practices that are related to Water Quality. Water quality is an indicator of the health of our environment and reflects what occurs on the land. The primary water quality issues from agriculture are sediment, nutrients, pesticides, pathogens, and in some parts of the country, salinity. Using conservation practices to improve land in an environmentally sound manner will result in better water quality for drinking, recreation, wildlife, fisheries and industry.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation, FY 2005-2015

Only practices representing a significant portion of the total for the period are included in the above chart. Practices not included are summed into the All Other category.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation by Practice (including practice count) and Fiscal Year
Water Quality Practices
Practice Name Practice Code 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count
Access Control 472 804,032
40,453
1,270,178
54,852
2,021,455
59,927
1,681,992
45,555
1,495,462
33,469
1,137,524
31,476
1,841,648
42,761
1,715,281
40,048
1,535,867
31,072
1,135,727
20,617
841,244
22,162
Access Road 560 128,079
780
146,140
1,089
191,140
1,330
205,898
1,198
264,859
1,081
231,544
1,063
685,038
982
1,054,280
1,262
1,899,595
959
870,473
870
1,239,434
834
Alley Cropping 311 2,091
250
1,831
169
1,200
123
608
78
430
39
127
15
418
70
156
26
229
28
36
1
46
3
Animal Mortality Facility 316 2,606
111
4,825
250
4,512
247
5,883
322
3,992
262
7,296
340
5,343
286
5,029
310
5,257
296
238,257
734
10,823
434
Channel Bank Vegetation 322 1,917
14
2,958
378
4,090
54
3,120
24
2,447
39
3,989
74
4,658
92
5,076
68
681
39
545
16
168
7
Composting Facility 317 5,068
327
4,834
347
6,467
388
6,585
314
4,388
238
7,449
344
5,130
258
6,169
325
4,068
243
2,158
143
3,440
123
Conservation Cover 327 943,261
41,185
1,770,194
60,138
3,295,628
90,174
1,865,000
55,695
1,460,025
39,937
1,081,684
34,357
2,122,917
55,970
1,958,771
54,800
1,644,012
43,099
1,034,572
29,393
892,319
25,701
Conservation Crop Rotation 328 5,453,327
148,236
6,055,193
172,695
6,059,982
164,538
6,420,149
172,077
5,806,486
159,372
6,026,647
159,863
5,792,670
151,713
6,391,949
154,911
5,748,058
153,360
3,730,113
99,108
4,002,104
103,396
Constructed Wetland 656 494
13
5,034
34
5,433
20
114
6
5,133
18
185
11
306
11
55
5
41
5
107
4
115
3
Contour Buffer Strips 332 18,720
1,054
24,108
897
14,533
961
18,467
965
19,973
784
24,676
1,133
16,026
802
10,171
739
7,167
338
3,949
254
3,639
214
Contour Farming 330 704,169
20,071
783,166
22,150
660,068
19,778
607,961
18,295
514,602
14,494
498,220
14,120
444,091
12,646
424,894
11,132
393,470
11,589
232,563
5,900
232,298
6,120
Contour Orchard and Other Perennial Crops 331 2,440
258
3,732
237
3,197
265
2,433
139
2,121
117
2,562
82
767
99
1,644
123
1,593
133
1,079
68
316
67
Cover Crop 340 518,736
18,137
724,020
26,971
773,634
25,064
744,880
28,747
671,407
26,243
876,248
28,238
1,011,994
32,461
1,258,649
41,058
1,321,427
42,168
1,457,169
44,706
1,596,916
48,725
Critical Area Planting 342 229,445
5,103
269,282
6,749
457,385
6,101
407,477
6,812
507,275
7,318
486,021
8,028
569,840
8,446
534,672
8,028
522,958
6,882
553,259
6,251
1,201,814
7,146
Diversion 362 71,780
808
104,015
877
91,284
878
55,057
861
134,989
986
113,846
871
89,444
862
139,149
921
54,304
778
60,635
674
63,423
646
Drainage Water Management 554 1,445
23
13,083
123
1,872
77
5,701
120
1,895
53
8,951
160
3,548
130
10,765
251
32,882
573
22,198
465
24,256
483
Filter Strip 393 206,087
16,189
214,671
16,801
197,835
15,420
235,235
15,632
149,147
10,151
143,135
8,867
111,652
7,003
93,041
6,331
65,213
5,000
39,264
3,053
51,809
2,818
Grade Stabilization Structure 410 172,182
3,609
241,659
4,444
299,173
4,500
303,941
4,567
443,088
4,131
324,478
3,609
416,826
3,745
649,076
3,695
293,862
3,246
180,561
2,850
199,206
3,451
Grassed Waterway 412 463,019
14,500
539,004
16,070
427,055
13,076
405,887
11,196
492,633
11,484
432,454
11,118
486,491
11,544
425,236
10,444
274,911
8,131
218,393
5,734
217,394
5,572
Heavy Use Area Protection 561 58,469
2,946
101,181
4,603
170,538
6,296
208,793
6,925
360,501
6,704
305,529
7,461
317,545
6,942
387,883
7,008
508,122
6,758
609,359
7,264
1,693,432
9,065
Integrated Pest Management (IPM) 595 4,164,070
109,482
5,615,360
135,760
7,057,794
146,348
6,525,555
131,918
5,343,049
103,841
5,433,180
99,485
4,971,383
94,152
4,313,731
78,064
3,274,615
61,126
2,463,751
49,021
1,926,425
36,239
Irrigation System, Microirrigation 441 51,531
1,172
100,123
1,689
74,130
1,653
85,774
1,994
72,136
1,677
70,380
1,674
86,256
2,189
82,167
2,214
91,216
2,127
77,837
2,008
81,319
2,181
Irrigation System, Tailwater Recovery 447 6,447
93
9,960
130
9,416
140
14,515
132
8,490
126
5,059
99
6,411
102
6,957
103
5,484
100
2,112
39
2,938
45
Irrigation Water Management 449 1,159,834
16,929
1,168,983
20,268
1,377,461
21,360
1,343,203
20,078
1,215,847
18,398
1,154,034
18,742
1,083,103
17,323
1,185,221
18,695
1,329,649
22,110
1,091,778
18,471
822,088
14,777
Land Reclamation, Abandoned Mined Land 543 8
2


63
2
299
5
591
9
989
3
13
1
247
1
410
8




Land Reclamation, Currently Mined Land 544







61
1




286
6






Mulching 484 52,568
1,805
110,921
2,348
112,865
2,570
111,101
2,488
261,138
2,300
101,568
2,466
105,067
2,708
105,780
2,486
105,282
2,550
156,041
3,676
814,738
4,773
Nutrient Management 590 4,143,557
126,401
4,702,131
144,600
5,520,478
163,631
5,223,238
154,592
4,138,501
121,362
3,980,414
115,772
3,551,520
103,039
3,541,115
105,392
3,026,099
93,901
2,613,135
82,235
2,376,782
70,876
Prescribed Grazing 528 16,319,518
83,590
15,787,631
90,374
17,842,760
93,279
18,190,560
89,003
17,859,797
83,166
17,974,504
81,741
20,375,951
89,445
21,565,299
89,389
20,351,249
82,786
14,548,541
58,792
14,730,785
55,140
Residue and Tillage Management, Mulch Till 345 2,178,118
51,078
2,416,563
58,221
2,190,356
51,246
2,153,804
49,469
1,828,280
41,858
1,822,731
43,035
1,671,071
38,748
1,663,712
37,362
1,453,925
34,055
1,002,278
23,754
1,309,715
27,551
Residue and Tillage Management, No-Till/Strip Till/Direct Seed 329 2,404,421
69,262
3,046,109
86,855
2,964,894
79,996
3,015,387
76,518
2,468,095
65,854
2,665,282
66,889
2,347,196
61,523
2,438,012
64,307
2,288,411
62,522
1,780,965
48,900
1,705,206
46,787
Residue and Tillage Management, Ridge Till 346 50,316
758
30,686
606
28,719
521
22,321
385
24,061
380
17,553
281
22,346
426
15,036
347
12,929
351
7,622
360
3,543
129
Riparian Forest Buffer 391 151,102
6,909
215,535
7,322
335,700
7,608
224,748
5,649
123,934
4,113
66,039
3,266
62,781
3,335
83,800
2,756
40,580
2,131
28,112
1,508
55,155
2,009
Riparian Herbaceous Cover 390 19,607
580
25,171
980
125,402
772
34,148
748
14,064
615
33,468
849
185,093
1,032
24,626
879
15,645
775
7,282
445
14,256
488
Roof Runoff Structure 558 4,431
346
4,614
429
8,361
485
10,540
603
16,857
587
13,353
651
8,852
682
12,237
887
11,062
858
11,814
733
13,120
896
Sediment Basin 350 5,908
130
17,065
215
17,799
256
16,084
231
11,833
222
18,221
197
19,633
131
6,180
124
7,784
113
3,933
101
2,842
63
Stream Crossing 578 5,083
271
18,261
526
20,259
689
136,728
898
226,449
967
132,552
967
595,821
1,141
499,309
1,217
583,569
924
354,828
886
338,123
861
Stream Habitat Improvement and Management 395 9,062
81
6,936
160
51,450
367
77,366
358
22,251
276
28,547
244
56,572
137
17,295
197
18,507
154
15,035
149
48,654
81
Streambank and Shoreline Protection 580 57,897
611
354,759
1,207
67,724
892
79,917
742
111,174
814
67,314
643
76,951
523
39,604
618
47,775
523
44,600
525
160,846
603
Stripcropping 585 53,289
1,882
42,488
1,708
31,497
1,705
29,926
1,305
27,416
1,548
28,368
1,022
22,193
702
12,681
505
14,359
542
10,159
429
6,896
394
Structure for Water Control 587 367,725
2,636
305,248
3,815
332,465
4,192
427,612
3,923
605,805
3,546
435,641
3,496
885,930
3,317
893,532
3,766
1,618,657
4,163
903,523
3,789
695,320
4,671
Terrace 600 499,121
7,006
666,126
8,463
538,008
6,762
561,709
7,159
653,747
8,506
517,734
7,162
594,777
8,063
581,622
7,982
405,339
5,705
389,434
5,236
403,247
5,706
Toxic Salt Reduction 610 22,579
421
29,122
548
105,978
1,567
74,203
1,227
96,828
594
39,600
930
103,989
606
66,792
964
123,678
1,201
55,164
758
45,763
644
Tree/Shrub Establishment 612 230,252
8,744
436,718
10,972
838,167
12,839
517,564
11,137
541,997
8,263
671,138
8,359
666,944
9,289
505,450
8,567
1,384,167
8,298
1,196,080
6,822
489,643
6,389
Vegetated Treatment Area 635 974
41
375
48
746
81
1,159
118
2,915
121
1,413
131
2,094
114
3,207
179
6,463
168
3,343
118
5,671
119
Waste Facility Closure 360 935
93
2,472
144
4,049
157
2,067
174
2,578
163
3,508
181
2,359
154
2,138
178
2,304
175
1,974
131
1,863
156
Waste Recycling 633 294,859
11,333
294,074
11,592
406,315
13,986
347,698
13,432
278,508
10,794
278,183
10,578
239,683
9,385
213,742
9,135
158,359
7,016
102,072
4,131
65,112
2,289
Waste Storage Facility 313 47,411
1,913
56,908
2,426
54,746
2,243
48,932
2,123
43,267
1,767
41,098
1,532
32,926
1,592
36,680
1,646
29,470
1,441
28,767
1,265
29,240
1,290
Waste Transfer 634 51,647
1,356
76,378
1,777
63,797
1,769
58,176
1,690
49,710
1,219
50,338
1,209
47,363
1,203
49,344
1,255
42,373
1,085
37,028
1,052
32,120
977
Waste Treatment 629 55
10
857
16
115
16
1,291
21
205
19
552
36
801
55
2,725
121
2,373
131
4,112
187
3,888
155
Waste Treatment Lagoon 359 688
25
1,139
46
2,328
101
3,544
93
2,699
100
1,746
77
312
24
517
16
1,352
19
713
10
727
9
Water Well Decommissioning 351 33,630
354
51,327
357
58,262
460
64,341
502
38,784
444
49,191
419
52,943
334
136,376
416
43,984
307
37,458
280
585,693
269
Water and Sediment Control Basin 638 102,997
1,321
106,978
1,847
123,970
1,997
120,538
2,093
157,092
2,294
151,784
2,395
187,616
2,587
130,158
2,361
115,308
1,997
104,654
1,735
182,114
2,411
Wetland Creation 658 22,942
339
26,261
442
22,431
423
22,864
302
29,930
209
18,304
205
13,177
169
5,590
143
4,105
75
4,087
61
3,965
39
Wetland Enhancement 659 207,338
1,008
283,587
1,128
152,748
1,559
173,440
1,346
204,916
1,409
157,823
1,307
270,031
1,259
179,993
1,434
149,572
862
288,132
226
23,783
142
Wetland Restoration 657 264,289
6,865
401,089
7,581
297,185
7,345
314,146
6,406
336,742
5,490
291,906
5,743
277,611
5,704
328,259
6,271
215,793
5,396
91,298
2,178
110,954
2,320
Windbreak/Shelterbelt Establishment 380 162,775
5,439
168,932
4,719
170,383
4,446
204,435
4,219
184,097
3,380
210,169
3,248
155,259
3,128
174,447
3,142
94,459
2,154
121,205
1,950
106,795
2,111
Windbreak/Shelterbelt Renovation 650 3,597
191
4,541
170
4,016
144
10,597
200
7,289
166
6,268
230
10,692
343
18,846
507
17,283
411
12,465
379
20,109
548
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Planning and Agreements Database, November 2015.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across practices and fiscal years.

The following table includes program information under which the above practices related to Water Quality were applied. These data reflect the geographic extent of land treated with water quality practices by each conservation program during a fiscal year. Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across programs and fiscal years, but are only counted once per program per fiscal year.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation (including practice count) by Program and Fiscal Year
Water Quality Practices
Program 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count
Agricultural Conservation Easement Program (ACEP)

















405
7
4,045
221
Agricultural Management Assistance (AMA) 16,099
1,151
25,071
1,263
33,730
1,368
17,280
730
27,490
839
13,165
771
21,068
775
9,184
661
8,975
606
3,259
398
5,890
374
Agricultural Water Enhancement Program (AWEP)







7,982
159
93,703
2,017
151,053
3,582
178,426
4,581
205,326
5,274
215,378
6,525
150,892
4,786
Chesapeake Bay Watershed Initiative (CBWI)







4,565
498
92,520
8,543
129,377
9,716
171,492
14,309
100,949
9,292
132,042
13,036
86,275
8,054
Conservation Reserve Program (CRP) 1,284,958
131,050
2,172,337
175,980
2,898,043
202,435
1,885,333
134,635
1,398,071
100,732
1,052,047
86,518
1,768,586
110,566
1,775,106
97,055
1,391,389
70,240
862,327
47,261
572,350
42,482
Conservation Technical Assistance (CTA) 17,496,267
522,480
16,934,411
566,505
17,656,285
541,271
20,751,018
542,636
20,408,282
479,861
21,758,035
471,901
23,300,931
454,386
23,618,625
450,240
22,237,645
423,437
17,167,171
307,177
17,192,627
299,792
Emergency Watershed Protection Program (EWP) 13,410
191
54,467
2,119
10,343
89
14,562
87
54,071
145
31,902
165
3,910
117
3,743
260
555
16
365
11
260
3
Environmental Quality Incentives Program (EQIP) 8,002,337
165,374
10,297,887
239,923
14,246,493
286,821
12,579,382
275,180
11,825,403
221,274
11,185,975
216,670
11,771,407
210,302
13,405,390
214,578
12,894,663
202,251
8,256,818
168,899
7,960,214
171,022
Grassland Reserve Program (GRP) 124,927
2,719
119,373
1,953
57,615
1,142
40,844
1,070
35,556
945
113,537
1,165
88,727
1,221
85,768
1,315
116,732
1,081
110,730
1,153
96,225
643
Healthy Forests Reserve Program (HFRP)











10,474
20
2,925
50
1,909
12
1,211
74


Resource Conservation and Development Program (RCD) 1,304
47
274
11
12
1
172
8
22
9
1,236
29
1,161
8


52
1




Watershed Protection and Flood Prevention Program (WFPO) 61,542
1,637
40,287
1,188
20,245
768
8,541
432
5,378
286
7,955
224
16,652
289
2,994
97
1,991
49
442
24
307
10
Watershed Rehabilitation (WRHB)







48
1
12
1
94
1
682
42




120
1
Wetlands Reserve Program (WRP) 249,887
5,038
286,957
6,334
217,593
4,713
205,595
3,924
206,616
3,543
205,248
3,699
198,360
4,612
313,483
6,386
263,092
5,720
83,926
1,955
46,503
1,396
Wildlife Habitat Incentive Program (WHIP) 161,568
3,102
148,867
3,305
227,779
3,938
222,194
3,978
240,152
4,055
441,127
4,690
480,009
5,470
402,615
5,441
304,738
4,857
509,186
3,898
272,884
2,117
Other 68,909
1,755
51,394
782
10,052
278
2,778
129
15,590
1,171
4,541
101
16,678
423
2,403
102
4,777
121
651
27
10,935
207
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Planning and Agreements Database, November 2015.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across programs and fiscal years, but are only counted once per program per fiscal year.

The following table includes unique land unit acres for practices related to Water Quality. Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years, but are only counted once per fiscal year.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation (including practice count) by Fiscal Year
Water Quality Practices
2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count
Land Unit Acres treated by at least one practice 26,240,252
834,544
28,453,185
999,363
33,496,123
1,042,824
33,808,409
962,809
32,676,804
813,518
33,520,633
796,494
36,471,473
801,488
38,215,203
795,117
36,133,298
722,957
26,538,507
550,445
25,747,089
531,108
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Planning and Agreements Database, November 2015.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years.

Conservation Practices Related to Wetlands

The following chart and table includes practices that are related to Wetlands. Healthy wetland ecosystems function to modulate drought and floods, provide wildlife habitat, filter pollutants, retain sediment, store carbon, and cycle nutrients. The goal of the wetland conservation practices is to restore, enhance and protect the quality and quantity of wetlands.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation, FY 2005-2015
Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation by Practice (including practice count) and Fiscal Year
Wetlands Practices
Practice Name Practice Code 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count
Wetland Creation 658 22,942
339
26,261
442
22,431
423
22,864
302
29,930
209
18,304
205
13,177
169
5,590
143
4,105
75
4,087
61
3,965
39
Wetland Enhancement 659 207,338
1,008
283,587
1,128
152,748
1,559
173,440
1,346
204,916
1,409
157,823
1,307
270,031
1,259
179,993
1,434
149,572
862
288,132
226
23,783
142
Wetland Restoration 657 264,289
6,865
401,089
7,581
297,185
7,345
314,146
6,406
336,742
5,490
291,906
5,743
277,611
5,704
328,259
6,271
215,793
5,396
91,298
2,178
110,954
2,320
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Planning and Agreements Database, November 2015.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across practices and fiscal years.

The following table includes program information under which the above practices related to Wetlands were applied. These data reflect the geographic extent of land treated with wetland conservation practices by each conservation program during a fiscal year. Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across programs and fiscal years, but are only counted once per program per fiscal year.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation (including practice count) by Program and Fiscal Year
Wetlands Practices
Program 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count
Agricultural Conservation Easement Program (ACEP)

















31
1
3,746
35
Agricultural Management Assistance (AMA)













1,013
10
4
1




Agricultural Water Enhancement Program (AWEP)







198
2
14
1
139
1




96
1


Conservation Reserve Program (CRP) 66,742
3,984
91,064
4,195
105,932
5,233
105,108
3,935
92,433
3,311
83,171
3,086
81,197
2,578
63,076
2,148
43,871
1,783
27,822
1,082
30,227
1,184
Conservation Technical Assistance (CTA) 138,666
1,157
164,573
1,502
133,019
1,604
161,851
1,689
218,957
1,523
149,127
1,584
225,088
1,506
85,895
1,358
46,503
862
17,496
159
27,250
523
Emergency Watershed Protection Program (EWP) 3,118
117
2,531
24
374
3
89
10
378
4
443
21
1,927
38
1,908
66
69
3
34
1
249
2
Environmental Quality Incentives Program (EQIP) 2,200
62
1,892
67
3,600
54
1,711
43
8,123
47
1,152
26
2,839
37
9,224
83
6,343
86
1,235
49
3,918
62
Grassland Reserve Program (GRP) 34
2
8
1




27
3












Resource Conservation and Development Program (RCD) 19
9




















Watershed Protection and Flood Prevention Program (WFPO)

14
1






389
15
1,282
9








Watershed Rehabilitation (WRHB)







48
1












Wetlands Reserve Program (WRP) 215,996
2,655
256,534
3,124
172,304
2,233
164,310
2,126
177,327
2,076
171,617
2,383
165,842
2,837
284,527
4,025
225,308
3,557
71,865
1,157
38,457
690
Wildlife Habitat Incentive Program (WHIP) 16,418
221
15,128
232
9,494
200
20,923
251
8,952
140
8,837
139
8,472
126
8,714
158
2,773
41
544
15
220
5
Other 173
5
288
5




0
1












Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Planning and Agreements Database, November 2015.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across programs and fiscal years, but are only counted once per program per fiscal year.

The following table includes unique land unit acres for practices related to Wetlands. Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years, but are only counted once per fiscal year.

Land Unit Acres Receiving Conservation (including practice count) by Fiscal Year
Wetlands Practices
2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count Acres Count
Land Unit Acres treated by at least one practice 440,989
8,212
529,632
9,151
422,620
9,327
444,197
8,054
491,913
7,108
405,164
7,255
476,685
7,132
452,953
7,848
322,305
6,333
118,415
2,465
102,524
2,501
Notes:
• Data Source: USDA-NRCS, National Planning and Agreements Database, November 2015.
• Land unit acres may be counted multiple times across fiscal years.

More Information

The data in this report can be downloaded here.


For more information about NRCS Conservation Programs, visit http://www.nrcs.usda.gov/programs/

Citation for this website:
U.S. Department of Agriculture.
Financial Management Modernization Initiative (FMMI) 2012-2015 Data
Foundation Financial Information System (FFIS) 2009-2011 Data
National Planning and Agreements Database November 2015
ProTracts Program Contracts System October 2015
Natural Resources Conservation Service, Washington, DC. 30 September 2016*
<http://www.nrcs.usda.gov/Internet/NRCS_RCA/reports/cp_nat.html>

*[use date the website was accessed]